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Full text of "The Symmes memorial : a biographical sketch of Rev. Zechariah Symmes, minister of Charlestown, 1634-1671, with a genealogy and brief memoirs of some of his descendants. And an autobiography"

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V  llllliilllliillillillllllilliilllilllllllilli 

J  3  1833  01798  1579 

929.  2 

'^..  .4.  triv. ^ 

The  Symmes  Memorial. 







Embracing  Notices  of  many  of  the  Name,   both   in    Europe  and  America, 
not  connected  with  his  Family. 








Fortes  creantur  fortibus  et  bonis, 
Doctrina  sed  vim  promovet  insitam.— HOR. 

The  glory  of  children  are  their  fathers.— Solomon. 



Entered,  according  to  act  of  Congress,  in  the  year  1873, 

By  John  Adams  Vinton, 

In  the  Office  of  the  Librarian  of  Congress,  at  Wasliington, 

^1  1158968 

^0        As  there  are  indications,  scarcely  to  be  mistaken,  that  my  life  on  earth  is 

jN-  drawing  to  a  close,  I  deem  it  proper,  for  the  satisfaction  of  those  who  may 

IX/  come  after  me,  to  make  some  statements  concerning  the   manner  in  which 

\  my  life  has  been  passed. 

"Sj       I  was  born  in  Winter  Street,  Boston,  Feb.  5,  1801;  just  five  weeks  after 

A  the  commencement  of  the  nineteenth  century.      I  was   the   eldest  son   of 

Josiah  and    Betsey  (Giles)    Vinton,  who  were  married  in  Boston,  April  7, 

^  ♦   1800.     I  was  named  John  Adams,  from  the  strong  attachment  entertained 

. ''■^  by  my  father  for  his  kinsman,  the  second  President  of  the  United   States ; 

\    my  flither's  mother,  Anne  Adams,  being  a  daughter  of  Boylston  Adams,  a 

^   first  cousin  of  the  President,  whose  term  of  office  was  then  just  expiring. 

>^       On  the  side  of  both  father  and  mother,  I  trace  my  ancestry  to  no  less 

^k  than  thirty-five  men  of  different  names,  in  the   first  generation  of  New 

v^  England  people.       On  the  side  of  my  father  I  am  descended  from  the 

^\  Huguenots  of  Fi'ance,  exiled  300  years  ago. 

XJ  Though  feeble  in  body,  I  was  always  disposed  to  mental  effort,  the  more 
perhaps  on  that  very  account.  I  was  able  to  read  at  a  very  early  age,  and 
when  five  years  old  could  read  a  psalm  in  the  Bible  without  serious  diffi- 
culty. When  seven  years  of  age,  I  had  read  the  New  Testament  through. 
I  could  also  make  rude  letters  and  figures  on  a  slate.  I  began  to  write  on 
paper  the  summer  after  I  was  seven  years  old. 

My  advantages  for  education  were  always  very  limited.  I  never  attended 
a  public  school  in  Boston,  of  any  kind.  This  was  not  then  permitted  to 
children  under  seven  years  of  age.  In  Boston  I  went  to  women's  schools, 
supported  by  private  subscription.  After  the  removal  of  the  family  to 
Braintree,  in  March,  1808,  I  attended  a  woman's  school  in  summer,  and  a 
man's  school  in  winter ;  each  of  them,  perhaps,  three  months  in  length. 
The  teachers  in  those  days  were  poorly  qualified  ;  and  I  learned  but  little, 
except  by  myself  in  private.  My  knowledge  of  arithmetic  I  obtained  by 
turning  round  in  my  seat  and  witnessing  the  operations  of  the  older  boys, 
some  of  them  young  men,  in  the  seat  behind  me.  I  soon  became  able  to 
assist  them,  and  show  them  how  to  solve  a  question  in  arithmetic.  My 
grammar  and  arithmetic  were  acquired,  chiefly,  without  any  help  from  the 


master.  In  Angnst,  1811,  my  father  took  me  into  his  store  to  assist  him. 
I  still  attended  school  part  of  the  day  in  winter ;  but  several  months  before 
I  was  thirteen  my  school -days  ceased  entirely.  Since  November,  1813,  I 
have  never  attended  school. 

I  was  extremely  fond  of  reading,  especially  in  books  of  history.  My 
father  took  no  newspaper  during  several  years  ;  but  when  I  could  get  hold 
of  one,  it  afforded  a  perfect  treat.  He  had  some  valuable  books,  which  I 
devoured  with  the  keenest  appetite.  Before  I  was  thirteen,  I  had  read 
through  Josephus,  6  vols.;  Prideaux's  Connections,  4  vols.;  Marshall's  Life 
of  Washington,  5  vols. ;  Rollin's  Ancient  History,  6  vols.,  and  Pinkerton's 
GeograjD^y,  2  vols. ;  most  of  them  large  octavos.  He  had  also  an  atlas  of 
60  maps.     These  books  were  to  me  treasures  of  untold  value. 

My  fondness  for  books,  however,  did  not  please  my  father.  He  thought 
I  must  get  my  living,  as  he  had,  in  a  store.  He  never  seemed  to  think  that 
my  desire  for  an  education  could  be  turned  to  any  good  account.  He 
always  frowned  upon  it.  He  often  told  me,  with  great  emphasis,  that  if  I 
spent  so  much  time  over  books,  I  should  starve  !  He  persistently 
discouraged,  even  till  after  I  entered  college,  my  desire  for  an  education. 
The  feeling  went  through  the  family.  My  brothers  and  sisters  seemed  to 
look  upon  me  as  an  inferior  sort  of  being,  because  I  wanted  to  know 
something,  to  be  a  man  of  education  and  refined  culture,  a  man  of  thoughts 
and  ideas ;  instead  of  giving  all  my  attention  to  the  acquisition  of  wealth. 
I  well  remember,  as  though  it  were  a  thing  of  yesterday,  how,  from  my 
father's  dry-goods  store  on  Washington  Street,  the  part  at  that  time  called 
Cornhill,  I  watched  the  boys  of  the  Latin  School,  then  situated  on  School 
Street,  Boston,  as  they  were  returning  from  school,  swinging  the  satchels 
containing  their  books ;  and  how  sad  I  felt  that  the  ojiportunities  they  were 
enjoying  could  not  be  mine.  My  thirst  for  an  education  was  always 
subordinate  to  an  earnest  desire  to  be  useful ;  to  help  others,  if  I  could,  to 
be  good  and  to  be  happy. 

The  Spirit  of  God  strove  with  me  from  my  childhood.  My  iather,  being 
a  church  member,  was  wont,  of  a  Sunday  afternoon,  after  meeting,  to  take 
his  children  into  a  room  by  themselves,  and  hear  them  recite  the  answers  in 
the  Assembly's  Shorter  Catechism ;  closing  the  service  with  prayer.  This 
was  about  all  the  religious  education  I  received.  There  was  no  explanation 
of  the  catechism ;  no  attempt  to  make  us  understand  it.  Even  in  my 
childhood,  I  wondered  that  the  exercise  was  so  mechanical  and  formal. 
Still  the  exercise  was  not  lost.  The  impression  was  good,  and  remains  to 
this  day.  Oh !  if  my  parents  had  talked  kindly  and  tenderly  to  me  of  the 
love  of  Christ,  and  my  duty  to  love  and  obey  him,  how  different  had  been 
my  early  life !  There  were  no  Sabbath  schools  in  those  days :  1  never 
attended  one  till,  in  1817,  I  attended  as  a  teacher.  Ministers  seldom  or 
never  preached  to  the  young. 

When  I  was  between  eight  and  nine  years  of  age,  a  small  book,  intended 
for  children,  came  to  my  hands,  entitled  a  Memoir  of  Dinah  Doudney,  of 
Portsea,  England,  written  by  Rev.  John  Griffin,  a  minister  of  that  place. 
I  think  this  was  the  iirst  book,  except  the  spelling-book  and  Testament, 
that  I  ever  read,  and  it  impressed  my  mind  very  strongly.  It  was  an 
account  of  a  little  girl,  about  my  own  age,  who  was  a  remarkable  example 
of  early  piety.  That  a  child  of  my  own  age  could  be  devotedly  pious,  and 
could  die  and  go  to  heaven  —  the  impression  never  wholly  left  me.  The 
book,  I  think,  was,  many  years  after,  issued  as  a  tract  by  the  American 
Tract  Society. 


I  do  not  remember  any  special  concern  for  my  salvation  after  this,  till 
October,  1811,  when  I  was  in  my  eleventh  year.  The  solemn,  earnest 
preaching  of  Rev.  Daniel  A.  Clark,  then  just  settled  as  our  minister,  in 
East  Braintree,  and  the  death  of  a  young  girl  in  the  neighborhood,  gave 
rise  to  many  solemn  reflections,  and  drove  me  to  secret  prayer  and  earnest 
cries  for  mercy.  These  impressions  of  divine  truth  were  never  wholly  lost. 
I  find  in  my  diary,  which  I  began  to  keep  in  my  eleventh  year,  a  great  deal 
that  indicates  a  strong  desire  to  be  a  true  christian,  and  even  a  belief,  two 
or  three  years  later,  that  I  was  one.  At  the  age  of  fourteen,  I  deliberately 
and  solemnly  entered  into  a  written  covenant  with  God,  to  be  His  only, 
and  forever.  I  never  wholly  lost  the  impressions  of  that  hour  ;  though  I 
wandered  away  from  God,  lost  the  spirit  of  prayer,  and  at  times  had  fearful 
experience  of  a  heart  in  rebellion  against  my  Maker.  T*  can  conceive  of 
nothing  more  truly  indicative  of  a  renewed  state  of  mind  than  some  things 
which  I  wrote  the  winter  I  was  fourteen,  particularly  a  prayer  which  I 
have  lately  found  among  my  papers.  But  months  and  years  elapsed  ere  I 
obtained  a  confirmed  hope.  I  remember,  and  find  it  so  written,  that  in  the 
autumn  after  I  was  fourteen,  I  had  earnest  desires  to  be  a  minister  of  the 
gospel.  But  none  of  my  friends,  and  nobody  else,  encouraged  this  desire. 
The  desire,  however,  remained ;  it  had  existed,  in  some  degree,  ever  since  I 
was  ten  years  old.*  Now,  at  the  age  of  fourteen,  I  made  it  a  matter  of 
fervent  prayer  for  the  divine  guidance.  My  feelings  continued  to  be  very 
tender,  and  my  impressions  from  divine  truth  were  at  times  overpowering. 
I  prayed  much  and  earnestly.  Yet  I  said  nothing  to  any  of  my  friends  ; 
for  I  knew  it  would  do  no  good. 

I  read  the  works  of  Jonathan  Edwards,  of  Joseph  Bellamy,  and  other 
writers  of  that  stamp.  The  views  therein  set  forth,  and  the  preaching  I 
heard  from  Park  Street  pulpit,  after  our  return  to  Boston,  in  November, 
1813,  impressed  me  very  deeply.  The  effect  was  to  make  me  feel  myself 
unutterably  sinful,  loathsome  and  vile ;  lost  and  undone  forever.  I  knew 
that  God  was  merciful,  but  only  to  the  truly  penitent.  How  could  I 
become  truly  penitent?  I  labored  under  the  great  mistake  that  I  must 
become  so  by  my  own  endeavors ;  and  I  felt  that  I  could  as  soon  make  a 
world,  as  to  change  my  own  heart  and  make  myself  truly  good :  that  I 
could  as  easily  chase  away  the  darkness  of  primeval  chaos,  as  to  produce 
one  sincere  emotion  of  true  love  to  God.  Oh !  if  I  could  have  known  that 
such  a  work  was  not  expected  at  my  hands ;  that  all  I  had  to  do  was  to 
surrender  myself  absolutely  and  forever  into  the  hands  of  God,  give  up  my 
will  to  his,  devote  my  all  to  him,  and  to  trust  wholly  in  Christ  for  this 
great  salvation  !  what  a  relief  it  would  have  been ! 

At  length,  after  years  of  struggle  and  of  unspeakable  distress,  I  came  to 
see  all  this.  I  came  to  see,  as  in  the  noon-day  sun,  that  my  efforts  to  make 
my  heart  better  would  never  amount  to  anything ;  and  that  Christ  was 
ready  to  take  me  just  as  I  was,  in  all  my  sin  and  guilt,  and  to  make  me  his 
own,  immediately  and  forever.  Now,  fifty-four  years  afterwards,  the  tears 
burst  from  my  eyes  as  I  remember  what  a  change  then  took  place  in  me. 
It  was  like  the  clearing  of  the  sky  after  a  storm :  it  was  the  noonday 
brightness  after  stark  midnight :  it  was  the  sensible  flowing  in  of  the  divine 
life  upon  the  soul :  it  was  a  resurrection  from  the  dead  !      Nobody 

*  Mr.  Clark,  our  minister  at  Braintree,  speaking  to  my  father,  and  refen-ing  to  mc,  once 
said— "That  boy  will  get  an  education,  if  ho  has  to  wait  till  you  and  your  wife  arc  both 


can  liave  any  idea  of  it  but  from  experience.  I  enjoyed  a  heaven  upon 
earth.  At  times,  I  was  perfectly  overcome.  Everything  around  me  was 
changed.  More  than  all,  God,  who  had  formerly  been  contemplated  with 
alarm  and  terror,  if  not  with  aversion,  now  appeared  unspeakably  glorious 
and  excellent.  Never,  from  that  day  to  the  present,  have  I  doubted  the 
reality  of  the  change. 

I  am  at  this  time  tenderly  and  deeply  impressed  with  God's  wonderful 
goodness,  in  bringing  me  so  early  and  so  distinctly  to  know  Him  as  my 
Father,  Redeemer,  and  Sanctifier.  I  well  remember  exercises  of 
mind,  when  only  sixteen  years  of  age,  which  could  only  have  been  felt  by 
a  renewed  soul.  During  four  or  five  years  I  suffered  extreme  distress,  in 
view  of  being  in  an  unconverted  state,  and,  as  such,  exposed  to  the  wrath 
of  God  through  ftiterminable  ages.  God  was  to  me  an  object  of  unspeak- 
able teri'or,  as  a  holy,  just,  and  righteous  Being,  the  inflexible  Enemy  and 
Punisher  of  sin.  I  knew  he  was  not  vindictive ;  but  that  holy  law  of  his 
he  must  maintain.  I  could  not  flee  out  of  his  hands  ;  I  could  not  render 
myself  acceptable  to  him ;  I  could  not  even  produce  in  my  heart  the 
repentance  and  faith  which  the  gospel  requires ;  what  could  I  do  ? 

I  now  see  that  I  gave  way,  unduly,  to  a  certain  morbid  tendency  of 
mind,  a  disposition  to  look  too  much  on  the  dark  side.  This  has  always 
afflicted  me,  I  was  looking  into  my  heart  for  comfort,  and  no  comfort 
could  poss^ibly  arise  thence.  Oh !  if  I  had  fully  realized  that  Christ  came 
to  save  the  lost ;  that  I  might  apply  to  him  just  as  I  was,  bad  as  I  was, 
wretched  and  undone  as  I  felt  myself  to  be ;  and  that  it  was  safe  and 
proper  to  cast  myself  simply  and  wholly  on  Him,  an  all-sufficient  vSaviour, 
giving  myself  wholly  to  Him,  relying  on  His  boundless  grace.  His  unspeak- 
able love.  His  infinite  power  ;  it  had  been  well  with  me  !  Foolish  creature 
that  I  was,  to  think  I  must  make  some  preparation  for  believing  in  Christ  1 
when,  according  to  scripture,  and  to  every  christian's  experience,  believing 
in  Christ,  trusting  wholly  in  Him,  is  the  very  first  step  in  the  way  to 
Heaven ! 

Oh !  what  relief  I  felt  when  I  came  at  length  to  realize  Christ's  infinite 
ability  and  willingness  to  save !  when  1  felt  that  I  had  nothing  to  do,  in  the 
affair  of  my  salvation,  but  to  cast  all  my  burden,  all  my  care,  my  whole 
soul,  on  Christ !  I  felt  just  as  the  Pilgrim  felt  when  he  came  in  sight  of 
the  cross.  The  tears  now  start  freshly  from  my  eyes,  at  the  bare  recollec- 
tion of  what  I  felt  more  than  fifty  years  ago,  and  for  a  long  time  after. 

I  was  one  of  twelve  young  persons  who  made  a  public  profession  of 
religion  in  Park  Street  Church,  Boston,  June  4,  1820,  being  then  a  little 
over  nineteen. 

When  I  became  of  age,  February,  1822,  I  was  released  from  my  long 
and  irksome  service  in  m^^  father's  store,  which  had  continued,  with  some 
intermissions,  from  August,  1811.  For  this  long  service  of  ten  years  or 
more,  I  received  nothing  but  my  board  and  clothing ;  and  my  clothing  was 
for  the  most  part,  I  think,  made  up  from  my  father's  old  clothes.  After 
trying,  four  or  five  months,  without  success,  to  get  into  business  in  Boston,  I 
went  to  Philadelphia,  at  the  invitation  of  my  two  uncles  there,  my  father's 
brothers,  and  assisted  in  their  wholesale  dry-goods  store  until  the  spring  of 
1823.  All  this  while,  my  mind  was  exercised  on  the  subject  of  a  prepara- 
tion for  the  gospel  miuistiy.  At  length  my  mind  became  fully  settled,  and 
I  made  known  to  my  uncles  and  my  father  my  fixed  purpose,  if  life  were 
spared,  to  become  a  minister.  My  father  said  plainly  that  he  could  not 
assist  me.     My  uncles  warmly  approved  my  design.     They  said  they  had 


ever  thonght  that  I  ought  to  receive  a  liberal  education,  and  had  even 
intended  to  send  me  to  college  at  their  own  expense ;  but  were  prevented 
by  reverses  in  business.  As  it  was,  they  agreed  to  bear  a  certain  part  of 
the  expense. 

I  returned  to  Boston  in  May,  and  found  the  Providence  of  God  had 
prepared  the  way  before  me.  It  was  decided  that  I  should  go  to  Exeter,  N.  H., 
and  apply  for  admission  on  the  Phillips  Fund.  I  walked  nearly  all  the  way 
thither,  forty-eight  miles,  under  a  iDurniiig  sun,  at  the  summer  solstice, 
carrying  my  bundle  of  clothing  and  books,  and  arriving  th^re  faint  and 
weary.  A  good  lady,  Mrs.  Halliburton,  took  me  to  board  at  a  little  more 
than  half  price.*  After  a  few  weeks,  I  was  made  a  charity  scholar  on  the 
Phillips  Fund,  receiving  one  dollar  a  week  from  it,  which  paid  nearly  two- 
thirds  of  my  board. 

At  Exeter,  to  make  up  felt  deficiencies,  I  studied  very  hard,  even  till 
twelve  or  one  o'clock  at  night,  and  got  along  well,  even  to  the  wonder  of 
the  other  students,  who,  nevertheless,  sometimes  could  not  suppress  feelings 
of  malignant  envy.  In  fourteen  months  I  was  found  prepared  to  enter  any 
college  in  the  land.     I  entered  Dartmouth  College,  Sept.  22,  1824. 

I  was  punctual  in  all  the  exercises  of  college,  never  absent,  and  never 
late,  but  for  just  cause.  I  made  good  progress  in  my  studies,  and  soon 
gained  the  confidence  of  the  Faculty,  and  of  my  fellow-students.  I  taught 
school  eveiy  winter,  which  helped  to  defray  my  expenses.  In  the  summer, 
I  was  engaged  in  Sabbath  schools  in  the  vicinity  of  Hanover. 

There  was  a  great  revival  of  religion  in  college  and  in  the  village,  during 
the  spring  term  of  1826.  I  enjoyed  the  season  greatly,  and  did  what  I  could 
to  promote  the  work.  And  here  I  may  remark,  that  from  the  time  when  I 
began  to  indulge  a  settled  hope  of  my  own  salvation,  I  was  disposed  to 
speak  to  others,  as  I  had  opportunity,  especially  to  those  about  my  own  age, 
respecting  their  need  of  salvation.  An  eminent  clergyman  of  our  denomi- 
nation, who  has  occupied  important  spheres  of  usefulness,  both  as  a  pastor 
and  as  an  ofticer  of  one  of  our  great  national  societies,  to  whom  the 
christian  church  is  indebted  for  some  of  our  sweetest,  noblest  hymns  of 
praise  —  hymns  that  are  used  wherever  American  christians  meet  for 
worship  and  pious  conference  —  said  to  me,  at  a  casual  meeting,  some  years 
ago  —  "I  remember,  Brother  V.,  how  you  used  to  walk,  and  talk  with  me 
about  my  soul ! " 

While  a  member  of  college,  I  employed  my  winter  vacations  in  teaching 
school,  and  my  spring  and  fall  vacations  in  pedestrian  tours.  I  visited 
Northampton,  Hartford  and  the  towns  along  Connecticut  River  to  its  mouth 
nearly,  New  Haven,  Providence,  Middlebury,  Burlington,  Lakes  Champlain 
and  George,  Cape  Ann,  Portland,  the  White  Mountains  and  many  other 
places,  going  on  foot  nearly  all  the  way,  the  foot  travel  amounting  to  more 
than  one  tliousand  miles.  In  these  journeys  I  was  careful  to  take  religious 
tracts  witli  me  and  distribute  them  by  the  way,  and  to  converse  on  the 
concerns  of  the  soul  as  I  had  opportunity,  often  with  entire  strangers.  I 
found  my  health  greatly  benefited  by  this  course. 

I  was  chosen  a  member  of  the  Phi  Beta  Kappa  Society  in  June,  1827, 
at  the  first  election  made  from  my  class.  The  whole  number  then  elected 
was  nine.  Four  were  elected  afterwards.  I  graduated,  August  20,  1828, 
having  the  fifth  appointment,  the  Greek  Oration,  in  a  class  of  forty 
members.       Six   of    those    who    ranked   after    me,    subsequently    became 

*  She  gave  me  four  weeks'  board  out  of  ten. 


professors  in  American  colleges.  I  might  have  held  a  similar  position,  had 
not  my  inclination  led  me  another  way.  I  had  the  degree  of  A.M.  from 
Dartmouth  College. 

But  it  is  time  to  state  what  my  expenses  were  at  Exeter  and  at  college, 
and  whence  my  supplies  were  derived.  I  kept  an  accurate  account  all  the 
while ;  and  it  is  now  before  me. 

Expenses  at  Exeter,  while  fitting  for  college,  from.  June  23,  1823,  to 
Aug.  20,  1824,  nearly  all  of  which  was  for  board,  say  52  weeks  —  leaving 
out  vacations  —  at  about  $1.50  per  week,  $102.11. 

Rec'*.  of  my  father,  $  4.30 

llec*^.  of  the  Charity  Fund  of  Phillips  Exeter  "> 

Academy,  one  dollar  a  week,  during  the  >-     43.00 
time  I  was  thus  aided,  ) 

Rec'^.  of  my  uncles,  T.  &  A.  Vinton,  Philadelphia,   40.00 
Rec'^.  of  Richard  Chamberlain,  Boston,  20.00 

Rec^.  of  George  J.  Homer,  Boston,  5.(>0 

Rec'^.  of  John  Kent,  Boston,  a  young  friend,  5.00 

Rec*^.  of  William  T.  Boutwell,  my  room-mate,  .50 

Rec'^.  of  Mrs.  Ladd,  for  cuttinir  wood,  1.50 

Total  receipts  for  fourteen  months,  $119.30 

My  total  expenses  during  those  fourteen  months,  including  vacations, 
travelling,  and  incidentals  of  all  sorts,  were  exactly  $121.92,  which 
amounted  to  one  hundred  dollars  for  a  year,  nearly. 

At  college,  the  sum  total  of  my  expenses  was  $693.63 

viz. :  Freshman  year,      $153.76 

Sophomore  year,       192.04 

Junior  year,  1 65.00 

Senior  year,  182.83 


At  Exeter  I  had  nothing  to  pay  for  tuition,  being  a  charity  scholar.  At 
college,  being  a  charity  scholar,  one-half  of  the  amount  of  my  term  bills, 
or  seventy  (70)  dollars  in  all,  was  remitted.  My  board  at  Hanovei',  in  the 
entire  four  years,  cost  me  $175;  room  rent,  $27.80;  travelling,  $77.47; 
clothing,  $152.50.     I  gave  in  charity,  $20. 

My  receipts,  while  in  college,  were  as  follows : 

From  my  ftither,  in  the  whole,  $150.00 

For  my  own  labors,  of  which  were  $156.87  for)  ixoOO 

teaching  school  four  winters,  f 

From  Mr.  Richard  Chamberlain,  Boston,  80.00 

From  Mr.  George  J.  Homer,  Boston,  120.00 

From  my  uncles,  T.  &  A.  Vinton,  Philadelphia,  116.64 

From  George  Vinton,  my  brother,  22.00 

From  my  mother,  besides  bedding  and  some  clothing,  2.61 

From  Mrs.  Carter,  Peacham,  Vt.,  5.00 

From  a  society  in  college,  4.60 

Total  receipts  in  four  years,  $680.85. 

My  expenses    in    Andover    Theological    Seminary,    three    years,    were 
$628.26.     Tuition  is  free  at  Andover  Seminary  to  all  the  students. 


Received  from  my  father,  $170.00 

"            "     my  brother  George,  23.00 

"            "     my  mother,  $o.OO;  sister  Eliza,  $3.00,  G.OO 

"            "     George  J.  Homer,  Bostou,  25.00 

"            "     Dauiel  SafFord,  Boston,  20.00 

"            "     American  Education  Society,  80.00 

"            "     Ropes  Fund,  Andover,  20.00 

Avails  of  personal  labor,  of  which  I  received  for  clerk ") 

hire,  $38.61 ;  preaching,  $4:3.00  ;  writing  for  the  press,  >-  1G3.00 
$24.00  ;  agency  for  N.  H.  Bible  Soc.  5  weeks,  $30.00,  ) 

Total,  $511.00 

The  amount  received  from  the  Ropes  Fund  I  afterwards  repaid,  as  also 
the  greater  part  of  what  I  received  from  the  American  Pxlucation  Society ; 
I  also  repaid  $114,  received  from  Seminary  Fund,  with  interest,  in  1839, 
eight  years  after.  The  Ropes  Fund  was  established  by  Mr.  William  Ropes, 
an  eminent  christian  merchant  of  Boston.  Mr.  George  Joy  Homer  was 
one  of  the  partners  in  the  well-known  firm  of  Homes  &  Homer,  hardware 
merchants,  Union  Street,  Boston. 

I  entered  the  Theological  Seminary  at  Andover,  Oct.  31,  1828.  Every 
thing  there  concurred  to  promote  my  intellectual  progress,  and  spirituality 
of  mind.  The  light  shone  brightly  upon  my  path,  and  I  found  myself  as  it 
were  in  the  very  suburbs  of  heaven. 

The  subject  of  Foreign  Missions  had  for  many  years  occupied  my  mind. 
I  read  and  conversed  much  on  the  subject.  Dr.  Woods,  the  professor  of 
theology,  and  others,  warmly  approved  of  my  inclination  to  be  a  foreign 
missionary.  He  advised  me  to  cherish  the  desire  I  felt.  After  due 
deliberation  and  much  prayer,  I  made  a  formal  tender  of  my  services  to 
the  American  Board  of  Commissioners  for  Foreign  Missions.  I  was 
willing  to  go  wherever  tliey  might  wish  to  send  me.  The  offer  was  kindly 
received;  but  after  some  delay.  Dr.  Anderson,  the  secretary,  told  me  frankly, 
in  February,  1831,  that  my  own  slender  health,  and  that  of  my  intended 
wife,  presented  an  insuperable  bar  to  its  acceptance.*  The  matter  had 
been  by  me  fully  laid  before  Dr.  Woods,  who  was  a  member  of  the 
Prudential  Committee,  and  supposed  to  be  acquainted  with  the  missionary 
work  in  all  its  bearings.  I  had  told  him  about  Miss  Haskell's  health,  and 
every  thing  else  I  could  think  of^  bearing  on  the  case ;  I  had  talked  the 
matter  over  and  over,  with  him,  several  times ;  and  he  had  uniformly  and 
strongly  approved  of  my  going  as  a  missionary.     The  matter  had  also  been 

*  My  tender  of  myself  to  the  Foreign  Missionary  Society  was  decliaed  in  tlie  following 
letter : 

^"■Missionanj  Rooms,  Boston,  Feb.  17,  1S31. 
"  M\'  Dear  Sir  :  I  stated  your  case  to  the  Prudential  Committee  as  you  described  it  to 
me,  particularly  in  relation  to  your  intended  partner's  health;  and  it  appeared  to  them  so 
very  doubtful  whether  duty  required  you  to  go  on  a  mission,  that  they  were  not  prepared 
to  vote  you  an  appointment  at  present.  This  is  the  reason  why  none  is  sent  you.  They 
have  long  made  it  a  rule  not  to  give  an  appointment,  unless  the  case  is  a  clear  one.  You 
will  not  consider  this,  however,  as  a  refusal  of  your  services.  The  committee  mean  to  say 
nothing  more  than  this: — that,  as  circumstances  now  appear,  they  do  not  feel  warranted 
to  decide  in  favor  of  your  becoming  a  missionary  to  the  heathen.  May  the  Lord  enlighten 
your  path,  and  render  you  eminently  uscf  d  wherever  may  be  your  field  of  lalior. 

"  I  am,  ray  dear  Sir,  very  truly  yours, 

"R.  Andeeson." 
"  Mr.  John  A.  Vinton,  Theol.  Sem.,  Andover." 


laid  before  my  class  in  the  seminary,  and  tlieir  opinion  requested ;  and 
thirty-uine  out  of  forty,  by  express  vote,  said  it  was  my  duty  to  go.  The 
students  in  the  other  classes  took  the  same  view.  Mr.  Evarts,  also,  the 
former  secretary,  who  knew  me  well,  both  being  members  of  the  same 
church  in  Boston,  told  me  in  an  interview  at  Andover,  in  August,  1830, 
that  it  was  probable  the  Prudential  Committee  would  wish  to  send  me  out 
as  a  missionary,  and  he  bade  me  get  my  testimonials  ready.  Bridgman, 
afterwards  missionary  to  China ;  Schauffler,  now  and  for  many  years 
missionary  at  Constantinople ;  Emerson,  missionary  to  the  Hawaiian 
Islands ;  Munson  and  Lyman,  the  martyr-missionaries  of  Sumatra  —  all 
these  were  intimate  friends  of  mine,  all  being  members  of  the  Society  of 
'•  Brethren,"  and  all.  of  course,  consecrated  personally  to  go  out  as  mission- 
aries, if  God  should  open  the  way  ;  we  all  talked  over  the  matter  together, 
and  all  approved  of  my  going.  I  was  therefore  surprised  at  the  letter  of 
Dr.  Anderson,  and  not  only  surprised,  but  disappointed.  After  the  lapse 
of  more  than  forty  years,  it  is  my  decided  belief  that  I  ought  to  have  been 
a  foreign  missionary.  I  now  regret  nothing  so  much  as  that  I  was  not  a 
missionary.  I  should  have  been  a  translator,  and  my  work  done  chiefly 
•  within  doors.  The  fatigues  and  exposures  of  a  missionary  life  in  the  Turkish 
Empire,  would,  I  apprehend,  have  been  no  more  oppressive  or  injurious  to 
our  health  than  those  which  I  and  my  wife  actually  endured  in  America. 
She  lived  but  six  years  after  marriage,  here,  in  New  England.  Very  likely 
she  would  have  lived  as  long  in  Turkey.  For  myself  I  must  say  I  have 
never  been  satisfied  with  the  life  I  have  since  passed  in  the  United  States. 
I  should  have  been  far  happier  and  more  useful  abroad.  It  has  always 
afforded  me  comfort  that  I  did,  after  much  deliberation,  fully  make  up  my 
mind  to  go ;  I  am  sure  it  was  from  love  to  Christ  and  his  cause ;  and  I 
trust  that,  as  in  the  case  of  David,  God  accepted  the  will  for  the  deed. 

The  writer  begs  permission  to  say,  that  from  those  days  to  the  present, 
he  has  been  able  to  conceive  of  no  human  employment  so  worthy,  so  noble, 
so  congruous  to  all  our  true  relations  to  God  and  to  eternity,  so  much  in 
harmony  with  the  example  of  Cln-ist  and  the  genius  of  his  gospel,  as  that 
of  making  known  to  the  benighted,  perishing  heathen  the  infinite  riches  of 
a  Saviour's  love. 

I  completed  tlie  full  theological  course  of  study  at  Andover,  Sept.  28, 
1831,  and  immediately  entered  on  the  work  of  the  ministry  at  Bloomfield, 
Me.,  now  called  Skowhegan,  on  the  Kennebec  river.  Here  and  in  the 
neighboring  towns  my  labors  wei-e  incessant,  arduous  and  exhausting, 
though  to  myself  unspeakably  joyous.  The  glad  anticipations  of  many 
years  now  began  to  be  realized.  Through  the  divine  blessing,  my  labors, 
though  I  had  help  from  others,  resulted  in  a  precious  revival  of  religion, 
just  about  doubling  the  church.  The  church  was  saved  from  extinction  ; 
but,  as  often  happens,  the  consequences  to  me  were  personally  disastrous. 
Worldly  people  were  displeased  with  me  ;  and  the  church,  to  please  the 
worldly  people,  and  to  secure  a  continuance  of  their  favor,  after  giving  me 
a  unanimous  call  to  be  their  minister,  retracted  the  vote. 

I  was  ordained  pastor  of  the  church  at  New  Sharon,  Me.,  May  IG,  1832. 
I  was  married  at  Hanover,  N.  H.,  June  6,  1832,  to  Orinda  Haskell,  who 
was  born  in  Strafford,  Vt.,  Jan.  14,  1805,  daughter  of  Thomas  L.  and 
Orinda  (Carpenter)  Haskell,  successively  of  Strafford  and  of  Hanover. 

I  need  not  detail  my  subsequent  labors  in  Maine,  where  I  spent,  in  all, 
seven  years ;  nor  in  Vermont,  where  I  passed  four  or  five  years ;  nor  in 
Massachusetts,  where  I  spent  about  four  years.     I  found  the  work  very 


laborious  and  exhausting.  Part  of  the  time,  I  was  almost  constantly  in  the 
saddle.  I  labored  under  the  great  disadvantage  of  weak  lungs,  and  ;i 
slender  physical  frame.  From  these  causes,  I  could  not  hold  competitiou 
with  men  of  Herculean  stature,  of  Milonian  strength,  and  of  a  Stentorian 
voice.  It  would  have  been  far  better  for  me  to  have  labored  in  Western 
Asia.  My  labors  were  very  inadequately  recompensed.  Only  in  one  or 
two  instances,  did  I  receive  even  the  small  salary  that  was  promised,  never 
exceeding  five  hundred  dollars  a  year,  and  very  often  less  than  four  hun- 
dred. Part  of  the  time,  my  family  barely  escaped  absolute  want.  In 
many  instances,  my  services  were  given  away,  or  nearly  so. 

At  length,  when  I  had  been  in  the  ministry  twenty  years,  my  health,  and 
that  of  my  wife,  utterly  broke  down  :  we  could  stand  it  no  longer.  What 
little  strength  we  had,  wholly  failed.  We  could  no  longer  endure  such 
hardships  and  such  treatment.  These  hardships  and  this  treatment  had 
cost  me  the  life  of  one  beloved  wife,  and  of  three  sweet  infants  ;  the 
confirmed  ill  health  of  another  wife,  and  my  own  permanent  disabilit)^ 

My  former  wife  died  Aug.  4,  1838,  during  my  ministry  at  Chatham, 
Mass.  I  was  married  to  my  present  wife,  Laurinda,  daughter  of  Deacon 
Reuben  and  Sarah  (Vinton)  Richardson,  at  Stoneham,  Feb.  24,  1840. 

I  have  no  hesitation  in  saying  that  no  dereliction  of  duty,  as  a  minister, 
was  ever  laid  to  my  charge.  Weak  lungs,  imperfect  health,  and  advancing 
years,  and  nothing  else,  compelled  me  to  quit  the  pulpit. 

Since  leaving  the  ministry,  in  1852,  much  of  my  time  has  been  occupied 
in  writing  for  the  press.  This  employment  commenced,  indeed,  when  I 
was  but  little  more  than  seventeen  years  of  age.  I  have  a  list  of  one 
hundred  and  thirty-four  articles  written  by  me  between  1817  and  1872, 
which  have  appeared  in  eight  or  ten  influential  periodical  publications,  such 
as  the  old  Boston  Recorder,  the  New  England  Puritan,  Congregationalist, 
Christian  Watchman,  Christian  Mirror,  Vermont  Chronicle,  Spirit  of  the 
Pilgrims,  Boston  Traveller,  Congregational  Journal,  Congregational  Quar- 
terly, Genealogical  Register,  &c.  Most  of  them  were  religious  in  character, 
though  many  were  historical  and  literary.  Some  were  articles  of  consider- 
able length,  as,  "Japan,"  18  pages,  8vo. ;  "Reminiscences  of  the  Early 
History  of  Park  Street  Church,  Boston,"  in  8  numbers;  "Memoir  of  Rev. 
Jonathan  Parsons,"  22  pages;  "Memoir  of  Rev.  Parsons  Cooke,"  26  pages; 
"History  of  the  Antinomian  Controversy  of  1637,"  about  80  pages ;  and 
some  others.  For  a  time,  my  articles  prepared  for  the  Boston  Recorder 
were  printed  as  editorial.  Seven  bound  volumes,  compiled  by  me,  have 
issued  from  the  press,  viz. :  The  Vinton  Memorial,  Giles  Memorial,  Upton 
IMemorial — which  is  still  in  press,  nearly  finished  —  Sketches  of  the  Vinton 
and  other  Families,  The  Sampson  Family,  The  Female  Review,  and  The 
Bill  Family.  Some  of  these  contain  from  500  to  600  pages,  octavo.  In 
these  volumes  may  be  found  memoirs,  more  or  less  full,  of  between  thirty 
and  forty  Families  descended  from  early  settlers  of  New  England.  They 
have  cost  me  much  time  and  labor,  and  have  aftbrded  little  pecuniary  profit. 

To  as  many  as  fifteen  extensive  and  valuable  historical  works,  written  by 
others,  and  extending  through  thirty  or  more  octavo  volumes,  I  have 
prepared  analytical  indexes.  The  works  are :  Bancroft's  History  of  the 
United  States,  9  vols. ;  Plutarcli's  Morals,  5  vols. ;  Parkman's  Conspiracy 
of  Pontiac,  2  vols. ;  The  Jesuits  in  North  America ;  The  Discovery  of  the 
Great  West ;  Wood's  New  England  Prospect ;  The  Hutchinson  Papers  ; 
Mourt's  Relation  ;  Church's  Indian  War  ;  News  from  Virginia;  Lechford's 
Plain  Dealing,  and  I  know  not  how  many  more.     I  have  also  prepared  a 


Supplement  to  Di'.  Anderson's  History  of  the  Mission  to  the  Sandwich 
Islands;  a  Supplement  to  his  History  of  the  Missions  to  the  Decayed 
Oriental  Churches ;  a  Supplement  to  his  History  of  the  Missions  in  Ceylon 
and  Southern  India ;  each  containing  about  thirty  octavo  pages.  I  have 
assisted  other  authors  in  their  vporks.  Tlie  Triennial  Catalogue  of  the 
Theological  Seminary  at  Andover  for  1870,  is  partly  my  work.  Indeed, 
something  of  the  sort  has  been  constantly  in  hand  for  the  last  twenty  years. 

After  leaving  the  pulpit,  I  resided  in  South  Boston  about  eighteen  years, 
or  till  July,  1870.  I  then  removed  to  Winchester,  a  pleasant  town  eight 
miles  northwest  of  Boston,  where  I  now  reside.  I  have  suffered  much,  and 
still  suffer,  from  ill  health,  and  the  present  indications  are  that  I  have  but  a 
little  longer  to  live.  Notwithstanding  the  gloomy  forebodings  of  some  of 
my  friends,  fifty  or  sixty  years  ago,  that  if  I  indulged  my  literary  inclina- 
tions, I  should  come  to  utter  want,  I  am  happy  to  say,  through  the  Divine 
Goodness,  that  period  has  not  yet  arrived,  nor  does  it  at  present  seem  near. 

In  what  I  have  said  of  the  discouragements  offered  to  me  by  my  father, 
I  wish  not  to  be  understood  as  in  the  least  impeaching  his  integrity.  He 
was  a  man  of  great  uprightness  and  unspotted  purity  of  character,  a  good 
christian,  a  useful  man ;  a  friend  to  all  worthy  enterprises.  But  his  means, 
unfortunately,  were  at  that  time  quite  limited,  and  he  honestly  sup|X)sed  that 
he  could  afford  me  little  or  no  aid  in  obtaining  an  education.  He  did  not 
even  feel  able  to  hire  help  in  his  store.  Hence  he  hept  me  with  him  during 
those  ten  gloomy  years  of  my  life,  from  the  age  of  eleven  till  twenty-one. 
My  father's  intentions  were  good,  but  he  erred  in  judgment.  Success  is 
seldom  or  never  attendant  on  the  efforts  of  any  one  who  enters  on  a 
business  which  he  utterly  dislikes. 

This  sketch  of  my  life  has  been  committed  to  writing  for  two  reasons : 

I.  To  honor  and  commemorate  the  wonderful  goodness  of  God,  my 
heavenly  Father,  towards  me ;  first,  in  recovering  me  from  that  abyss  of  sin 
and  ruin,  in  which  all  men  are  sunk  by  nature,  and  from  which  they  cannot, 
by  any  efforts  of  their  own,  deliver  themselves.  He,  through  the  grace  of 
the  gospel,  has  done  this  for  me ;  and  for  it  I  will  praise  His  glorious  name 
forever  and  ever.     And  secondly,  by  wonderfully  opening  the  way  before 

me  into  the  ministry  of  the  gospel,  and  giving  me  some  souls  as  seals  of  my 

ministry,  and  crowns  of  my  everlasting  joy. 

II.  For  the  encouragement  of  young  men,  who,  like  myself,  may  be 
longing  for  an  education,  but  find  themselves  beset  with  difficulties  appa- 
rently insurmountable.  Their  hindrances  cannot  be  greater  than  were  mine 
for  many  years.  But  let  them  hope !  hope  in  God,  and  hope  in  themselves. 
Let  them  examine  their  motives :  let  them  see  to  it  that  they  are  aiming  to 
be  useful  in  the  world :  let  them  lay  aside  all  thoughts  of  becoming  great 
and  honorable  :  let  them  commit  their  case  to  God  in  prayer,  and  He  will, 
by  some  methods  now  unthought  of,  open  the  way  before  them. 

Ever  since  God  was  pleased  to  speak  peace  to  my  soul,  now  fifty-four 
years  ago,  I  have  been  able  to  feel  His  sustaining  arm,  and  to  see  his  finger 
j^ointing  out  before  me  the  way  I  should  go.  I  have  been  as  sure  of  it,  as 
of  my  own  existence.  I  do  not  refer  to  any  miraculous  interposition,  to 
any  thing  like  special  revelation,  or  divine  impulse  :  to  nothing  but  what 
every  true  christian  has,  or  at  least  may  have,  if  faithful  to  his  Lord. 

I  had  nearly  forgotten,  to  mention  that  the  daguerreotype  likeness,  from 
which  the  frontispiece  was  copied,  was  taken  in  July,  1857,  sixteen  years 
ago,  and  therefore  does  not  accurately  represent  me  as  I  am  now. 


This  work  owes  its  existence  to  a  desire  entertained  by  the  com- 
piler, to  collect,  treasure  up,  and  preserve,  all  that  can  now  be 
known  of  one  of  the  worthiest  of  the  founders  of  New  England 
—  whom  he  is  happy  to  recognize  as  his  own  ancestor  —  and  of  his 
descendants  to  the  present  day.  To  render  the  work  as  full  and 
complete  as  possible,  no  effort  has  been  spared.  The  materials 
have  been  drawn  from  a  great  variety  of  sources,  and  nothing  has 
been  admitted  which  is  not  believed  to  be  authentic.  The  author, 
now  in  failing  health,  and  as  he  trusts  he  may  be  allowed  to  say, 
"on  the  bright  side  of  seventy,"  dedicates  these  pages  to  those  of 
the  Symmes  Family  who  now  follow  in  the  steps  of  that  man  of  God 
who  is  here  commemorated. 

The  writer  is  not  solicitous  to  enter  on  a  labored  defence  of  the 
propriety  and  value  of  a  work  such  as  is  here  attempted.  If  some 
persons  —  existing  only  in  the  present,  regardless  of  every  thing 
which  does  not  minister  to  the  wants  of  the  passing  hour,  and  as 
careless  about  the  past  as  they  are  about  the  future  —  can  look  with 
a  stolid  indifference  on  such  inquiries  as  are  here  answered,  there  are 
many  others  who  would  not  willingly  let  the  honored  names  of 
worthy  ancestors  perish  in  oblivion. 

It  is  most  certain  rfiat  those  who  are  thus  willing  to  forget  the 
past,  will  not  themselves  perform  anything  worthy  of  remembrance. 
Such  persons  betray,  too  plainly,  a  lack  of  sound  moral  sentiment, 
a  stupid  indifference  to  high  and  noble  ends,  which  will  not  suffer 
them  to  deserve  well  of  future  generations. 

A  distinguished  American  clergyman  has  remarked  :  "  There  are 
riches  of  moral  power  in  such  an  ancestry  as   ours."     One  of  our 


most  eminent  divines  said  in  a  letter  (the  writer  being  in  his  eighty- 
first  year)  :  "I  am  asliamed,  my  dear  Sir,  that  the  business  of  gene- 
alogy has,  in  times  past,  engaged  so  little  of  my  attention  ;  and 
that  now,  when  I  see  so  mueh  of  its  real  value,  a  great  deal  truly 
interesting  to  me  has  irrecoverably  gone."  Multitudes  have  had 
occasion  for  a  similar  acknowledgment ! 

Washington,  in  the  midst  of  his  duties  as  President  of  the  United 
States,  in  1792,  found  time  to  collect  and  write  out  the  genealogy 
of  his  family  ;  and  Benjamin  Franklin,  when  in  England,  undertook 
a  journey  for  the  express  purpose  of  ascertaining  his  lineage  and 

It  cannot  be  doubted  by  any  reflecting  mind,  that  New  England 
is  largely  indebted  to  her  traditions  of  the  past  for  her  culture  and 
refinement,  her  high  intellectual  and  moral  character,  and  even  for 
her  commercial  and  manufacturing  prosperity.  Equally  true  is  it 
that  as  you  go  soutli  and  south-west,  the  civilization,  the  moral 
principle,  the  intellectual  energy,  and  even  the  power  of  commercial 
achievement,  diminish  in  exact  proportion  to  the  reverence  entertained 
by  the  people  for  their  ancestors. 

The  considerations  now  presented  have,  if  we  mistake  not,  a 
special  application  to  the  case  now  in  hand.  It  is  not  difficult  to 
discover,  among  the  descendants  of  Rev.  Zechaeiah  Symmes,  a 
train  of  most  happy  influences  operating  all  the  way.  With  com- 
paratively few  exceptions,  his  posterity  have  sustained  a  high  moral 
character.  None  of  them,  so  far  as  we  know,  have  taken  to  vicious 
courses,  and  none  have  come  to  want.  Many  have  been  distin- 
guished for  virtue  and  piety.  A  number  have  been  worthy  and 
viseful  ministers  of  the  gospel.  Others  have  borne  office  in  civil  life. 
One  of  the  number  w-as  a  Justice  of  the  Superior  Court  of  New  Jer- 
sey, Lieutenant-Governor  of  that  State,  and  one  of  the  founders  of 
the  State  of  Ohio.  His  daughter  became  the  wife  of  a  President  of 
the  United  States.  Several  distinguished  themselves  in  the  late  War 
for  the  Union.  So  far  as  the  writer  is  informed,  all  the  living  are 
useful  and  happy. 

While  we  fully  admit  that  truly  religious  persons  become  such 
"  not  of  blood,  nor  of  the  will  of  man,"  but  by  the  free  grace  of  God, 
we  firmly  believe  that  the  influence  of  personal  character  and  exam- 
ple, subtle  and  unseen  though  it  be,  is  for  the  most  part  decisive 
from  generation  to  generation,  and  that  children,  as  a  general  fact, 
walk  in  the  footsteps  of  their  parents. 


I  take  pleasure  in  expressing  my  obligations  for  aid  rendered  in 
the  compilation  of  this  work,  to  Mr.  Edward  Symmes,  of  Westford, 
Mass.  ;  to  Rev.  Francis  Marion  Symmes,  of  Crawfordsville,  Ind.  ; 
to  Miss  Harriet  Symmes,  of  Charlestown  ;  and  to  Miss  Mary  Wright 
Symmes,  now  of  Winchester,  Mass.,  my  near  neighbor.  The 
materials  which  they  had  been  collecting  during  many  years,  and 
which  were  truly  valuable,  were  freely  placed  at  my  disposal,  and 
were  essential  to  the  proper  execution  of  my  design.  For  the 
Appendix,  I  am  largely  indebted  to  Mr.  Isaac  J.  Greenwood,  of 
New  York  city,  and  Mr.  George  C.  Mahon,  of  Framingham,  Mass. 

I  have  also  availed  myself  of  information  contained  in  the  follow- 
ing publications  :  Johnson's  AYonder- Working  Providence,  Mather's 
Magnalia,  Winthrop's  New  England,  edited  by  James  Savage, 
Hutchinson's  JNIassachusetts,  Felt's  Ecclesiastical  History  of  New 
England,  Allen's  Biographical  Dictionary,  the  several  volumes  of 
the  Register  of  the  New-England  Historic,  Genealogical  Society, 
the  American  Quarterly  Register,  Brooks's  History  of  Medford, 
Perry's  History  of  Bradford,  the  Records  of  Middlesex  and  Suffolk 
Counties,  and  the  Records  of  many  towns  ;  besides  deriving  much 
aid  from  private  correspondence. 

I  should  do  injustice  to  my  own  feelings,  did  I  not  express  my 
high  sense  of  obligation  to  the  worthy  printers,  Messrs.  David 
Clapp  &  Son,  Boston,  for  the  tasteful  and  accurate  manner  in  which 
the  mechanical  execution  of  the  work  has  been  performed. 

The  origin  of  the  name  is  lost  in  obscurity.  There  is  no  end  to 
conjecture ;  but  we  have  no  information  relative  to  the  history  of  the 
family  farther  back  than  about  1390.  Two  generations  later,  the 
whole  realm  of  England  was  convulsed  by  the  Wars  of  the  Roses ; 
and  it  is  said  that  a  portiqji  of  the  Symmes  family  then  took  refuse 
in  Scotland.  This  corresponds  Avith  what  we  know  to  be  the  fact, 
viz.,  that  in  later  times,  and  now,  there  has  been,  and  is,  a  branch 
of  the  family  in  Scotland.  There  is  also  at  the  present  time  a  branch 
of  the  family  in  Ireland. 

The  family  has  been  long  seated  in  Northamptonshire,  in  England. 
There  are  also  branches  in  the  counties  of  Devon  and  Somerset. 
Jeremiah  Symes,  a  younger  son  of  the  Northamptonshire  family, 
was  rewarded  by  Charles  II.  for  some  services,  with  a  grant  of 
lands  in  Middleton,  in  the  county  of  AYexford,  in  Ireland.  The 
name  soon  spread  into  the  adjoining  county  of  AYicklow.  From 
him   descended  several  clergymen  and  other  men  of  note,  anion o- 


whom  was  a  Michael  Symes,  lieutenant-colonel  of  the  76th  regi- 
ment, ambassador  to  the  court  of  Ava,  who  was  killed  at  Corunna, 

The  name  has  been  variously  spelled,  as  fancy  or  caprice  dic- 
tated :  as  8ym,  Syme,  8yms,  in  Scotland ;  Symes,  /Syms,  Sims, 
8ymmes,  in  England  and  Ireland.  Several  coats  of  arms  are 
known,  indicating  respectability,  if  nothing  more.  In  the  city  of 
New  York,  as  will  appear  in  Appendix  II.,  the  name  is  spelled  in 
seven  different  ways. 

This  work  is  the  result  of,  at  least,  eight  months'  severe  labor, 
performed  under  the  pressure  of  constant  and  immedicable  illness, 
often  when  the  writer  was  scarcely  able  to  be  about  house,  or  even 
to  stand,  and  when  he  was  vmable  to  see  company  or  to  converse. 
He  could  think  and  write,  but  he  could  do  nothing  else.  He  could 
not  even  go  to  the  post-office,  though  less  than  half  a  mile  distant, 
nor  has  he  been  able  once  to  attend  church  during  the  eight  months 
past.  Gladly  would  he  have  been  excused  from  the  labor  attendant 
on  this  work,  and  only  a  solemn  sense  of  duty  prevented.  The 
labor  has  been  exceedingly  arduous  :  none  but  those  accustomed  to 
such  employment  can  have  any  tolerable  idea  of  what  it  is. 

Winchester,  Massachusetts,  July  31,  1873. 


The  plan  of  this  volume  is  simple.  A  consecutive  numbering  runs  through  the 
whole,  beginning  with  Rev.  Zechariau  Svmues,  of  Charlestown,  the  original  emi- 
grant, who  came  to  this  country  in  1G34.  This  numbering  is  found  on  the  left  hand 
of  the  page,  before  the  name  of  each  individual  in  the  series  of  his  recorded  descend- 
ants. Thus,  on  page  33,  are  found  eight  children  of  William  and  Ruth  Symmes, 
numbered  from  53  to  60,  inclusive. 

This  mark  +,  immediately  preceding  a  consecutive  number,  denotes  that  a  dis- 
tinct and  additional  notice  of  the  person  to  whom  that  number  belongs  is  reserved 
for  a  separate  and  subsequent  paragraph.  The  place  where  this  promise  is  fulfilled 
may  be  found  by  looking  for  the  same  consecutive  number  in  heavy  tj'pe,  like  this, 
80,  in  the  middle  of  a  line,  and  occupying  a  line  by  itself.  Thus,  Thomas  Symmes, 
whose  consecutive  number,  found  on  page  40,  is  80.  is  afterwards  found  on  page  46, 
as  the  head  of  a  family. 

Only  one  consecutive  number  belongs  to  an  individual.  By  means  of  this,  and  in 
the  use  of  a  copious  index  at  the  end  of  the  volume,  he  is  immediately  found,  and 
his  ancestry  and  posterity  are  easily  traced. 

If  there  be  occasion  to  mention  an  individual  elsewhere,  his  place  in  the  series  is 
indicated  by  his  consecutive  number  in  brackets,  thus  :  [102]. 

A  small  figure  after  a  name,  and  just  above  the  line,  thus,  William  Symmes,* 
denotes  the  generation  to  which  the  individual  belongs,  and  serves  in  part  to  dis- 
tinguish him  from  others  of  the  same  name. 

When  a  woman's  name  occurs  in  this  fashion,  Eleanor  (Thompson)  Moody,  the 
name  in  parenthesis  was  her  original  or  maiden  name,  and  the  name  following  was 
the  name  acquired  by  a  foi'mer  marriage. 

The  name  of  the  head  or  parent  of  each  separate  family  is  found  at  the  beginning 
of  the  notice  of  such  family,  printed  in  capitals.  It  is  found  to  be  a  great  conve- 
nience to  insert,  immediately  after  the  parent's  name,  the  names  of  his  or  her  Ameri- 
can progenitors,  thus  :  TIMOTHY  SYMMES*  {Timothy.^  William,-  Zechariah^) . 

The  families  are  ranged  in  the  order  of  seniority,  as  they  occur  in  the  second 
generation.  Thus,  the  posterity  of  Zechariah,-  second  son  of  Rev.  Zechariah 
Symmes,^  follow,  in  each  generation,  the  posterity  of  William,-  the  eldest  son. 

When  a  town  is  named  without  any  specification  of  State,  Massachusetts  is  to  be 
understood,  unless  the  place  be  universally  known,  as  Portland  or  Cincinnati. 

H.  C.  1733,  means  that  the  person  graduated  at  Harvard  College  in  that  year. 


Previous  to  the  year  1752,  two  methods  of  reckoning  time  existed  in  Great  Britain 
and  her  colonies.  According  to  one  of  these  methods,  the  year  began  on  the  25tli 
of  March — this  being  supposed  to  be  the  time  of  the  conception  of  our  Saviour.  By 
this  reckoning,  February  was  the  twelfth  month  ;  this  was  the  civil,  legal,  or 
ecclesiastical  year.  According  to  the  other  method,  the  year  began,  as  among  the 
Romans  after  the  time  of  Julius  Caesar,  on  the  first  of  January  ;  this  was  the  historical 
year,  closing  with  December.  In  old  records  these  two  methods  were  frequently 
combined,  thus  :  Feb.  9,  1723-4,  which  means  that  the  year  was  172.3  of  the  civil, 
but  1724  of  the  historical  yeav.  When  in  dates  between  January  1  and  March  25, 
only  one  reckoning  occurs  in  an  old  record,  a  year  is  for  the  most  part  to  be  added,  to 
make  it  conform  to  our  present  usage.  In  the  following  pages,  this  practice  of 
"  double  dating  "  will  occasionally  be  found.  To  change  Old  Stj'le  into  New,  add 
ten  days  to  dates  between  1600  and  1700  ;  or  add  eleven  days  to  dates  between  1700 
and  Sept.  3,  1752,  at  which  date  the  New  Style  Avas  inaugurated  by  act  of  Parlia- 
ment— the  3d  of  September  being  counted  as  the  14th,  and  the  year  made  to  begin 
with  January. 

To  find  the  name  of  an  individual  recorded  in  this  volume.  Suppose  it  to  be  Timo- 
thy Symmcs,  the  father  of  Hon.  John  Cleves  Symmes.  Thirteen  persons  of  that 
name  are  recorded  in  this  book.  This  Timothy  was  born  in  1714.  Find  the  name 
Timothy  among  the  Christian  names  of  the  Symmes  Family  in  Index  I.,  preceded  by 
1714,  the  year  of  his  birth,  and  following  the  name  is  the  consecutive  number, 
which  you  will  find  in  its  proper  place  in  the  body  of  the  work. 



Rev.  ZECHARIAH  SYMMES'  was  the  ancestor  of  most  of  those 
who  bear  the  name  in  America,  so  far  as  is  known.  He  was  born 
in  England  of  most  respectable  and  worthy  parents,  who  had  been 
steadfast  in  the  faith  of  the  gospel,  even  in  the  worst  of  times. 

His  grandfather,  William  Symmes,  was  a  trnly  religious  man, 
and  a  firm  protestant,  in  the  reign  of  the  bloody  Queen  Mary,  from 
1553  to  1558.     His  wife  was  like-minded.     Their  son. 

Rev.  William  Symmes,  was  ordained  to  the  ministry  of  the  gospel 
in  that  famous  year  1588.  He  exercised  his  office  faithfully,  at  a 
time  when  it  exposed  him  to  great  suffering.  Queen  Elizabeth  was 
afraid  of  carrying  the  Reformation  too  far.  She  had  set  up  a  stand- 
ard of  her  own  in  things  ecclesiastical,  retaining  many  of  the  old 
Popish  rites,  and  she  determined  that  all  her  subjects  should  conform 
to  it.  She  inherited  the  stern,  unrelenting  spirit  of  her  fatlier,  and 
was  fond  of  the  old  ceremonies  in  which  she  had  been  educated. 
The  year  after  her  accession,  the  parliament  made  her  the  supreme 
head  of  the  Church  of  England,  and  conferred  on  her  the  right  of 
regulating  all  its  affairs.  Her  authority  was  thus  made  to  supersede 
the  authority  of  the  Lord  Jesus  Christ;  and  the  power  thus  conferred 
she  was  not  slow  to  exert.     She  was  in  effect  the  Pope  of  England. 

Slie  claimed,  and  pretended  to  exercise,  supreme  authority  in  mat- 
ters of  faith,  to  determine  what  every  man  between  the  four  seas 
should  believe,  in  what  manner  he  should  worship  God,  and  what 
should  be  the  terms  of  his  acceptance  with  his  Maker.  To  enforce 
these  higli  claims  a  court  was  erected,  called  the  Court  of  tligli 
Commission,  which  was  little  else  than  the  Spanish  Inquisition  in 
disguise.  If  any  persons  did  not  conform  precisely  to  the  orders 
and  decrees  of  this  tribunal,  the  court  were  authorized  to  punish 
them  by  fine  or  imprisonment,  at  their  discretion.  This  power  was 
exercised  with  the  most  unrelenting  severity.  Many  of  the  best  peo- 
ple in  England,  both  ministers  and  laymen,  were  fined  far  beyond 


their  ability,  and  to  tlieir  utter  ruin ;  otliers  were  sluit  up  in  prison 
without  a  trial,  and  kept  there  for  months  and  even  for  years,  none 
of  their  friends,  not  even  their  wives,  being  allowed  to  speak  to  thcni 
except  in  the  presence  of  the  jailor,  and  twenty  or  more  excellent 
ministers  perished  in  jail.  Many  hundreds  of  faithful  ministers, 
whose  only  ofience  was  that  they  chose  to  obey  God  rather  than 
man,  were  turned  out  of  their  parishes,  and  their  families  left  to 
starve.  Some,  of  whom  the  world  was  not  worthy,  were  executed 
as  felons.* 

Such  things  rendered  the  condition  of  upright,  conscientious  men 
in  England  intolerable.  To  escape  the  suflerings  which  awaited 
them  there,  great  numbers  went  over  to  Holland,  and  thousands  at 
length  souglit  refuge  beyond  the  stormy  Atlantic.  It  was  such  a 
state  of  affairs  which,  in  the  reign  of  the  weak  and  bigoted  Charles 
Stuart,  compelled  Zcchariah  Symmes  and  his  family  to  emigrate  to 

Amid  all  these  dangers  our  Symmes  ancestors  stood  firm.  Cotton 
Mather  relates  that  Rev.  William  Symmes  charged  his  sons  Zccha- 
riah and  William  never  to  defile  themselves  with  any  idolatryf  or 
superstition,  but  to  derive  their  religion  from  God's  holy  word,  and 
to  worship  God  as  he  himself  has  directed,  and  not  after  the  devices 
and  traditions  of  men.  He  says,  in  a  passage  preserved  by  Cotton 
Mather:  "I  went  to  Sandwich  in  Kent  to  preach,  the  first  or  second 
year  after  I  was  ordained  a  minister,  in  1587  or  1588,  and  preached 
in  St.  Mary's,  where  Mr.  Rawson,  an  ancient  godly  preacher,  was 
minister,  who  knew  my  parents  well,  and  me  too  at  school."  How 
long  he  remained  at  Sandwich  we  do  not  know. 

He  had  at  least  two  sons,  Zcchariah  and  William.  It  is  uncertain 
whether  William  came  to  America.:}:  There  is  no  evidence  that  he 
did  come,  as  we  have  found  his  name  in  no  early  record,  save  his 
brother's  will.  He  was  living  in  1G64,  as  we  learn  from  the  docu- 
ment just  mentioned.  From  that  document  we  infer  that  he  pos- 
sessed some  property,  some  of  which  had  been  used  for  the  relief 
of  the  suffering  brother  and  his  family. 

Rev.  Zcchariah  Symmes,  son  of  Rev.  William,  and  grandson  of 
Mr.  William  Symmes,  already  mentioned,  was  born  at  Canterbury, 
in  England,  April  5,  1599.  He  gave  evidence  of  piety  at  an  early 
age.  He  was  educated  at  Emanuel  College,  in  the  University  of 
Cambridge,  where  he  was  graduated  in  1620.  The  next  year  he 
was  chosen  lecturer  at  St.  Anthony,  or  Antholine's,  in  the  city  of 
London.     Being  frequently  harassed  by  prosecutions  in  the  Bish- 

*  Hcmy  Bavrow,  a  lawj-er,  John  Greenwood  and  John  Peniy,  clergymen,  to  gratify  tlic 
spite  of  an  angry  prelate,  were  executed  without  any  legal  authority,  and  by  the  mere  sen- 
tence of  the  High  Commission,  in  1593,  after  being  kept  three  years  in  prison. 

t  The  worship  of  the  Church  of  Rome,  some  of  which  still  lingers  in  the  Church  of 
England,  is  essentially  idolatrous. 

X  Could  he  have  been  the  father  of  Miss  Sarah  Simes,  who  died  in  Cambridge,  near 
Boston,  June  11,  1653  ? 


op's  courts  "^  for  his  nonconformity,  ho  removed  to  Dinistable  t  in 
1625,  where,  as  rector,  he  continued  for  eight  3'ears  his  labors  in 
the  gospel.  Still  annoyed  by  prosecutions  of  this  nature,  he  at 
length  determined  to  remove  to  America. 

He  arrived  in  Boston,  with  his  wife  and  seven  children,  in  the 
ship  Griffin,  September  18,  1G34.  This  ship  brought  over  about 
two  hundred  emigrants,  among  whom  were  William  and  Anne  Hutch- 
inson and  Rev.  John  Lothrop.  Mr.  Lothrop,  after  preaching  in 
Scituate  three  or  four  years,  settled  in  Barnstable  in  1639.  This 
emigration,  and  others  that  took  place  in  the  six  years  following, 
were  greatly  promoted  by  an  apprehension  now  entertained  by 
godly  people  in  England,  that  there  "  was  a  special  providence  of 
God  in  raising  this  plantation,  which  generally  stirred  their  hearts 
to  come  over.":|:  Mr.  Lothrop,  for  instance,  was  accompanied  in  his 
voyage  by  about  thirty  of  his  former  charge  in  London. 

Mr.  Symracs,  and  his  wife  Sarah  —  of  whom  more  in  the  sequel  — 
were  admitted  to  the  church  in  Charlestown,  December  6,  1634.  On 
the  22d  of  the  same  month,  on  a  fast-day  appointed  for  the  occasion, 
he  was  elected  and  ordained  their  teacher. 

There  is  no  reason  to  doubt  that  Mr.  Symmes  was  set  apart  to 
the  ministry  of  the  gospel  by  the  church  in  Charlestown  themselves, 
on  the  very  day  of  his  election.  He  had  received  Episcopal  ordina- 
tion in  England;  but  our  fathers,  on  their  arrival  in  this  country, 
threw  off  entirely  the  yoke  of  bishops,  which  had  set  so  uneasily  on 
their  necks.  The  churches  of  New  England,  in  the  early  times, 
chiimed  and  exercised  the  power  of  ordaining  their  own  officers  — 
pastors  and  teachers,  as  well  as  deacons  and  ruling  elders.  Rev. 
John  Wilson,  the  first  minister  in  Boston,  was  set  apart  to  his  office, 
Aug.  27,  1630,  by  imposition  of  the  hands  of  the  church.  "  This 
was  done,"  says  Gov.  Wiuthrop,  "  only  as  a  sign  of  election  and  con- 
firmation, not  of  any  intent  that  Mr.  Wilson  should  renounce  his 
ministry  received  in  England."  Rev.  John  Cotton  was  chosen 
teacher  of  the  church  in  Boston,  Oct.  10,  1633,  and  on  the  same  day, 
immediately  after,  the  pastor,  Mr.  Wilson,  and  two  ruling  elders, 
laid  their  hands  on  him,  in  behalf  of  the  church,  solemnly  designating 
him  to  his  holy  office.  Rev.  Thomas  Carter,  the  first  minister  of 
Woburn,  was  ordained  by  the  laying  on  of  hands  of  two  private 
members  of  the  church,  one  of  whom  probably  was  Edward  John- 
son, the  author  of  the  "  Wonder- Working  Providence."  The  trans- 
action, which  took  place  Dec.  2,  1642,  is  minutely  related  both  in  the 
town  records  and  by  Johnson  in  the  Wonder-Working  Providence. 

*  The  execrable  William  Land  was  then  bishop  of  London,  a  fit  instrument  of  arbitrary 
power.  He  was  arehliishop  of  Canterl)urv  from  1033  to  1644.  He  was  beheaded  on  Tower 
Hill  for  his  agency  in  subvcrtin-  the  lilicvties  of  En-lan<l,  Jan.  10,  1644-5. 

t  In  Bedfordshire,  Ihirty-fonr  miles  N.  W.  from  London. 

+  Tliis  statement  wa-i  made  l)y  Mr.  John  Humphrey,  who  with  his  wife  Snsan,  a  sister 
of  the  Earl  of  Lincoln,  arrived  in  Boston,  July,  163 1.  The  lady  Arabella,  wife  of  Isaac 
Johnson,  who  came  with  Wiuthrop  iu  163.),  was  daughter  of  that  uoblemau. 


Nine  ministers  were  present,  one  of  whom  was  Mr.  Symmes,  the 
nearest  minister,  yet  none  of  them  took  part  in  the  ordination.  Mr. 
Carter  himself  preached  and  prayed.  Other  instances  of  this  sort 
might  be  mentioned,  all  of  which  show  that  such  was  the  prevailing, 
as  it  was  the  primitive  practice.* 

The  First  Church,  Boston,  was  originally  formed  in  Charlestown, 
July  30,  1630.t  But  it  being  found  diiiicult  to  cross  the  river, 
especially  in  winter,  the  church  was  removed  to  Boston,  where  a 
majority  of  its  members  resided,  and  a  new  church,  consisting  of  six- 
teen men  and  their  wives,  and  three  unmarried  men  living  on  the 
north  side  of  the  river,  organized  in  Charlestown,  Nov.  2,  1632.  Of 
this  new  church.  Rev.  Thomas  James,  who  arrived  in  Boston  with 
Rev.  Stephen  Batchelor  and  Rev.  Thomas  Welde,  June  5,  1632,  was 
chosen  the  first  pastor.  It  being  customary  for  each  church  to  enjoy 
the  labors  of  two  ministers,  Mr.  Symmes,  in  December,  1634,  was 
ordained  as  colleague  with  Mr.  James,  taking  on  him  the  work  of 
teacher,  while  Mr.  James  confined  himself  to  prts/oraHabors.  Diffi- 
culties soon  arose  between  the  two  ministers,  a  majority  of  the  peo- 
ple adhering  to  Mr.  Symmes,  which  occasioned  the  calling  of  an 
ecclesiastical  council.  This  council,  on  the  11th  of  March,  1636, 
advised  Mr.  James  to  ask  a  dismission,  which  was  accordingly  done. 
He  went  to  Providence  in  1637,  and  thence  to  New  Haven,  where 
he  engaged  in  teaching.  In  October,  1642,  he  accompanied  Rev. 
Messrs.  Knowles  of  Watertown  and  Tonipson  of  Braintree,  in  their 
unsuccessful  mission  to  Virginia,  returning  with  them  in  June  of  the 
following  year.  Not  long  after  this,  he  returned  to  England;  was 
resettled  at  Necdham  in  Suffolk;  was  deprived  of  his  parish  for  non- 
conformity, and  died  about  1678,  aged  86.  In  all  iiis  trials  he 
approved  himself  as  a  faithful  servant  of  Christ,  and  appears  to  have 
been  a  truly  good  man4 

*  It  was  held,  and  such  is  the  theory  at  the  present  time,  that  by  the  appointment  of 
Christ  himself,  all  church  power,  under  Christ,  resides  in  the  church  itself;  i.  e.,  in  the 
body  of  church  members.  Every  church,  therefore,  has  the  ri.trht  of  choosing  its  own 
officers;  a  right  which  no  man  can  take  from  it.  But  tlie  power  of  cfec<<o»  inij)Iies  and 
includes  the  power  of  ordination.  For,  as  the  Cambridge  Platform  says,  "  Ordina- 
tion is  nothing  else  but  the  solemn  putting  a  man  into  his  place  and  office  in  the  church, 
whereunto  he  had  right  l)efore  by  election.    Ordination  is  to  follow  election.     Ordination 

doth  not  constitute  an  officer,  nor  give  him  the  essentials  of  his  office In  churches 

where  there  are  elders,  imposition  of  hands  in  ordination  is  to  be  performed  by  those 

elders For  if  the  people  may  elect  officers,  which  is  the  greater,  they  may  much 

more  impose  hands  in  ordination,  which  is  less." 

To  this  practice  the  churches  of  New  England  seem  to  have  adhered  for  many  years. 
The  earliest  instance  of  departure  which  has  l^een  observed,  was  at  the  ordination  of  Rev. 
Moses  Fiske,  of  Braintree  (now  Quincy),  Sept.  21,  1672,  when  Rev.  Mr.  Oxenbridge  of 
Boston  and  the  deacons  joined  in.  the  laying  on  of  hands.    This  is  Mr.  Fiske's  own  account. 

At  length,  near  tlie  close  of  that  century,  ministers  began  to  cl.iim  the  power  of  imposi- 
tion of  hands  in  ordination  as  tlicir  cxchisive  right,  and  the  churches  by  courtesy  yielded 
it  to  them.  Still,  t(i  the  present  day  it  is  held  that  ministers,  in  ordination,  act  only  in  behalf 
of  the  church  as  their  agents,  by  their  ajipointment,  and  not  by  any  right  in  tile  ministry 

t  For  some  time  they  met  for  worship  under  the  shadow  of  a  great  oak,  "  where,"  says 
one,  "  I  heard  Mr.  Wilson  and  Mr.  Phillips  [afterwards  of  Watertown]  preach  many  a  good 
sermon."    This  tree  was  alive  and  flourishing  nearlj'  a  century  after. 

t  Felt's  Eccl.  Hist,  of  New  England, 


The  Rev.  John  Harvard,  who,  with  Anna  his  wife,  came  over  in 
1637,  was  with  her  admitted  a  member  of  the  Charlestown  church, 
Nov.  6,  in  that  year.  He  graduated  at  Emanuel  College,  Cambridge, 
in  1631,  and  took  his  second  degree  there  in  1635.  He  must  have 
been,  therefore,  at  this  time,  a  young  man.  He  has  usually  been 
reckoned  one  of  the  ministers  of  Charlestown,  and  a  colleague  with 
Mr.  Symmes.*  But  though  a  resident  in  Charlestown,  and  a  mem- 
ber of  that  church,  it  is  next  to  certain,  says  Rev.  Sanuiel  Sewall, 
that  he  never  Avas  called  to  office  in  that  church.  The  only  notice 
to  be  found  of  him  in  the  church  records  is  of  his  admission  as  a 
member,  at  the  date  already  mentioned.f  He  died  of  consumption, 
Sept.  14,  1638;  and  this  fact  appears,  not  from  the  church  records, 
but  from  Danforth's  Almanack  for  1649,  printed  at  Cambridge. 
But  his  generous  bequest  to  the  college,  which  has  so  long  borne 
his  name,  has  insured  to  him  a  perpetual  remembrance.  The 
legacy  amounted  to  .£779  17  2  —  a  large  sum  for  those  days,  and 
one  half  of  all  his  property.  Johnson  speaks  of  him  as  an  earnest 
christian  and  as  an  impressive  preacher.:^ 

Rev.  Thomas  Allen  was  admitted  a  member  of  the  church  in 
Charlestown,  Dec.  22,  1639,  0.  S.,  answering  to  Jan.  1,  1640,  N.  S., 
and  soon  after,  if  not  at  the  same  time,  became  the  colleague  of 
^Ir.  Symmes.  He  was  the  teadier,  whereas  Mr.  Symraes,  from  the 
time  of  the  dismission  of  Mr.  James,  1636,  was  the  juintor.  Mr. 
Allen  was  born  in  Norwich,  Eng.,  1608;  graduated  at  Caius  Col- 
lege, Cambridge,  1627;  was  minister  of  St.  Edmund's  Church  in 
his  native  city,  but  was  deprived  for  nonconformity,  1636,  and  came 
with  his  wife  Anne  to  New  England  in  1638.  It  is  supposed  that 
she  soon  died,  and  that  he  married  the  widow  of  Joliu  Harvard. § 
In  1651  Mr.  Allen  visited  England,  spent  the  rest  of  his  life  there, 
and  published  several  books.  In  1659,  he  was  again  minister  in 
Norwich.  He  was  again  ejected,  as  were  two  thousand  other  faith- 
ful ministers,  in  1662,  but  still  preached  to  his  people,  as  opportu- 
nity offered,  till  his  death  in  that  city,  Sept.  21,  1673,  aged  65. ||  He 
was  called  "a  holy  man  of  God  and  faithful  servant  of  Christ." 

Mr.  Symmes  had  one  other  colleague,  in  the  person  of  Rev.  Tho- 
mas Shepard,  born  in  London,  England,  April  5,  1635,  eldest  son  of 

*  Eliot,  in  his  biography,  calls  him  "pastor  of  the  church  in  Charlestown."  In  a  list  of 
its  ministers,  drawn  up  in  modern  times,  and  inserted  in  the  second  volume  of  the  clinrcli 
records,  Mr.  Harvard  is  numbered  among  them.  But  all  this  appears  to  be  founded  in 

t  Sec  American  Quarterly  Register,  vol.  xi.  p.  49. 

X  As  early  as  May,  1636,  measures  had  been  .put  in  train  for  a  college  in  Massachusetts. 
Salem  was  at  first  proposed  ;  but  in  November,  1637,  the  legislature  resolved  on  the  erec- 
tion of  a  college  in  CamV)ridge,  then  a  part  of  Newton,  for  the  support  of  wJiirh  it  was 
agreed  to  give  four  hundred  pounds,  whereof  two  hundred  jiouiids  to  lie  paid  tiie  lirst  year, 
and  two  hundred  pounds  when  the  work  was  finished. — Felt's  Eccl.  Hist.  N.  E.,  vol.  i.  pp. 
25i,  263,  320. 

;j  The  General  Court,  June  6,  1639,  granted  to  Rev.  Thomas  Allen  five  hundred  acres  of 
land,   "  in  regard  to  Mr.  ILirvard's  gift." — FcWs  Eccl.  Hist.  N.  i?.,  vol.  i.  p.  377. 

II  Am.  Quar.  Keg.  vol  xi.,  pp.  40,  49;  vol.  xiii  p.  41. 


the  emineut  Thomas  Shcpard,  of  our  Cambridge;  grad,  11.  C.  1G53; 
was  ordained  teacher  of  the  church  in  Charlestown,  April  13,  1659. 
The  imposition  of  hands  was  by  Mr.  Symmes,  Rev.  Jolm  Wilson  of 
Boston,  and  Rev.  Richard  Mather  of  Dorchester,  at  the  express  desire 
of  the  churchy  and  acting  in  their  behalf.'-"  He  died  suddenly,  of  small- 
pox, caught  while  visiting  one  of  his  flock,  Dec.  22, 167T.  President 
Oakes,  in  a  Latin  oration,  pronounced  at  the  Commencement  after  his 
death,  extolled  him  "  as  holding  the  first  rank  among  the  ministers 
of  his  day." 

Mr.  Symmes  was  admitted  freeman  of  the  colony,  May  6,  1635. 

Not  long  after  his  settlement  in  Charlestown  he  Ijecame  involved 
in  the  celebrated  controversy  with  Mrs.  Ann  Hutchinsonf  and  the 
Antinomians.  As  already  observed,  he  was  a  fellow-passenger, 
1634,  with  Mrs.  Hutchinson  in  the  voyage  from  England.  Mrs. 
Hutchinson  had  startled  him  and  other  passengers  by  some  eccen- 
tricities and  speculations  of  her  own  in  matters  of  religion,  and 
especially  by  "  revelations  "  which  she  professed  to  have  received. 
According  to  her  statement,  revelations  from  heaven  were  with  her 
matters  of  frequent  occurrence.  After  her  arrival,  Mr.  Symmes  felt 
it  his  duty  to  inform  the  Boston  church  of  what  he  had  heard  her 
say  during  the  passage.  This  caused  some  delay  in  her  admission 
to  that  church,  which,  however,  took  place  early  in  November. 

*  Ibid,  vol.  xii.  p.  244. 

t  She  was  the  diuightcr  of  Rev.  Francis  Marbiny,  of  Lincohishirc,  and  was  baptized  at 
Alford,  July  20,  1591.  At  the  age  of  twenty  she  was  married  to  Willian-i  Hutchinson,  a 
prosperous  merchant  of  that  phice.  At  the  time  of  the  controversy  spoken  of  in  the  text, 
she  was  forty-five  years  of  age,  and  had  several  chilch-en  ah'eady  come  to  maturity.  She 
was  an  exceedingly  capable  and  resolute  woman.  After  her  l)anishment  from  Massachu- 
setts, she  ami  licr  hnsliand  went  to  Rhode  Island,  where  he  died  in  16i2.  She  then  went 
to  reside  under  the  Dutch  Jurisdiction  at  Pelhani  Neck,  near  New  Rochelle,  N.  Y.,  where 
she  was  killed  Ij.y  tlie  Indians,  witli  most  of  her  family,  in  September  of  the  following  j'ear. 
Some  of  lier  children  and  grandchildren  arose  to  wealth  and  distinction  in  Massachusetts. 
Thomas  Hutchinson,  her  great-great-grandson,  was  governor  of  that  province,  1771-74. 

The  following  is  the  testimony  given  by  Mr.  Symmes  on  the  trial  of  Mrs.  Hutchinson 
before  the  court  at  Newtown  (now  Cambridge)  in  1637.  "We  find  it  in  Hutchinson's  History 
of  Massachusetts,  published  in  1767. 

"  For  my  own  part,  being  called  to  speak  in  this  case,  to  discharge  the  relation  wherein 
I  stand  to  the  Commonwealth,  and  that  wherein  I  stand  to  God,  I  shall  speak  briefly. 

"  For  my  acquaintance  with  this  person,  I  had  none  in  our  native  country,  only  I  had 
occation  to  be  in  her  company  once  or  twice  before  I  came,  where  I  did  perceive  that  she 
did  slight  the  ministers  of  the  word  of  God.  But  I  came  along  with  lier  in  the  ship,  and  it 
so  fell  out  that  we  were  in  the  great  cabin  together,  and  therein  did  agree  with  the  labours 
of  Mr.  Lathrop  and  mj'self,  only  there  was  a  secret  opposition  to  things  delivered.  The 
main  thing  that  was  then  in  hand  was  about  evidencing  of  a  good  estate,  and  among  the  rest 
about  that  place  in  John  concerning  the  love  of  the  brethren.  That  which  I  took  notice  of 
was  the  corruptness  and  narrowness  of  her  opinions ;  which  I  doubt  not  I  may  call  them 
so ;  but  she  said,  wiien  she  came  to  Boston  there  would  be  something  seen 

"  And  being  come,  and  she  desiring  to  be  admitted  a  member,  I  was  desired  to  be  there, 
and  then  Mr.  Cotton  did  give  me  full  satisfoction  in  the  things  in  question. 

"  And  for  things  which  have  been  here  spoken,  as  far  as  I  can  remember,  they  are  the 
truth :  and  when  I  asked  her  what  she  thought  of  me,  she  said,  Alas  !  you  know  my  mind 
long  ago.  Yet  I  do  not  think  myself  disparaged  by  her  testimony  ;  and  I  would  not  trou- 
ble the  court,  only  this  one  thing  I  shall  put  in,  that  Mr.  Dudley  and  Mr.  Haines  were  not 
wanting  in  the  cause,  after  I  had  given  notice  of  her." 

Thomas  Dudley  came  to  New  England  with  Winthrop  in  1633 ;  was  deputy  governor  of 
Massachusetts,  16.J0-1633  ;  governor,  1634  and  1640  ;  died  July  31,  l(i53.  John  Haynes  came 
with  John  Cotton  in  1633;  was  governor,  1633;  governor  of  Connecticut  manv  years  ;  died 
March  1,  16-54. 


Soon  after  her  arrival,  she  began  to  hold  meetings  once  or  twice 
a  week,  at  first  for  w^omen  only,  afterwards  meetings  at  Avhich  men 
as  well  as  women  were  present.  Sixty  or  eighty  or  even  one^;hnn- 
dred  women  attended  these  meetings,  some  of  them  from  the  prin- 
cipal families  of  the  town.  On  these  occasions  she  urged  her  pecu- 
liar opinions  with  great  earnestness,  and  with  no  small  measure  of 
success.  Among  them  "were  such  sentiments  as  these:  —  That  the 
outward  life  is  not  a  sure  test  of  character ;  that  the  evidence  of 
our  acceptance  with  God,  need  not,  any  part  of  it,  be  exhibited  to 
the  view  of  others  ;  that  the  evidence  of  a  man's  piety  is  and  must  be 
shut  up  in  one's  own  breast,  and  cannot  be  increased  by  any  outward 
manifestation.  She  insisted  very  strongly  on  an  inward  Avitness  of 
the  Spirit,  amounting  to  an  immediate  revelation  from  God,  that  the 
pei'son  is  in  a  state  of  favor  and  acceptance  with  him.  Of  course, 
if  I  have  a  promise  coming  immediately  and  specially  from  God  that 
I  shall  be  saved,  what  need  of  further  evidence? 

The  ministers  of  the  colony,  who  held  that  the  evidence  of  a  man's 
piety  must,  partly  at  least,  be  furnished  by  a  holy  life,  and  must 
therefore  be  patent,  thus  far,  to  the  eyes  of  others;  that  a  man  must 
be  a  good  man  outwardly  in  order  to  be  a  true  Christian — she  de- 
nounced, in  no  measured  terms,  as  holding  to  a  "  covenant  of  works," 
and  therefore  as  preaching  no  gospel  at  all.  As  she  made  herself 
very  prominent  in  this  affair,  she  was  of  course  opposed  by  the  minis- 
ters whom  she  thus  misrepresented,  and  by  none  more  decidedly 
than  by  Mr.  Symmes. 

The  promulgation  of  Mrs.  Hutchinson's  views,  in  the  manner  and 
style  which  she  chose  to  adopt,  soon  raised  a  prodigious  ferment. 
The  whole  colony  was  shaken  to  its  centre.  Her  teachings  were 
regarded  by  the  most  judicious  and  sober-minded  persons  as  not 
only  dangerous  to  the  souls  of  men,  but  as  tending  to  revolution 
in  the  state.  If,  as  she  claimed,  revelations  from  God  were  to  be 
expected,  and  were  actually  enjoyed  by  her,  not  only  in  the  affair 
of  our  salvation,  but  in  reference  to  the  more  important  concerns 
of  life,  these  revelations  having  equal  authority  with  the  Scriptures, 
who  could  tell  how  far  they  might  extend,  what  direction  they  might 
take,  or  what  line  of  conduct  they  might  prescribe  for  her  follow- 
ers ?  Suppose  Mrs.  Hutchinson  to  have  a  revelation  requiring  her 
followers  to  take  the  sword ;  what  then  ? 

Serious  apprehension  existed,  therefore,  that  the  whole  fabric, 
civil  and  religious,  for  the  erection  of  which  our  fathers  had  left 
their  native  laud  and  incurred  all  the  toils  and  perils  of  the  wilder- 
ness, might  be  overthrown.  The  followers  of  this  able  and  daring- 
woman  appeared  likely  to  carry  the  controversy,  thus  awakened,  to 
the  most  dangerous  extremes.  It  became  necessary,  therefore,  to 
resort  to  extreme  measures.  The  General  Court,  impressed  with 
the  belief  that  the  peace  of  the  civil  community  and  of  the  churches 
demanded  a  decisive   course,  found  Mrs.  Hutchinson  and  a  large 


number  of  her  adherents  guilty  of  sedition,  and  proceeded  to  disarm, 
disfranchise  and  banish  from  the  colony  seventy-five  of  the  more 
prominent  men,  and  banished  Mrs.  Hutchinson  herself.  If  this 
measure  was  a  stretch  of  power,  it  at  least  saved  the  country  from 
ruin.     Mr.  Syrames  took  part  in  these  proceedings. 

Mr.  Symmes  appears  to  have  been  held  in  esteem  by  his  cotem- 
poraries,  and  when  we  remember  who  they  were,  this  is  no  small 
praise.  In  regard  to  literary  attainment,  he  appears  to  have  been 
respectable.  He  had  for  those  times  a  good  library,  containing 
the  works  of  the  able  divines  of  his  day.  But  so  far  as  we  can 
now  discover,  he  was  more  distinguished  for  practical  talent  and 
general  usefulness  than  for  intellectual  eminence.  He  must  have 
been  a  man  of  no  small  ability  to  retain  a  firm  hold  of  such  a  parish 
for  so  many  years.  He  wrote  his  sermons,  and  left  a  large  number 
in  manuscript,  most  of  them  bound  up  in  volumes.  ^'  He  knew  his 
Bible  well,"  says  Cotton  Mather,  "  and  he  was  a  preacher  of  what 
he  knew,  and  a  suff'erer  for  what  he  preached." 

Of  his  wife,  Edward  Johnson,  in  the  Wonder-Working  Provi- 
dence, writes  as  follows :  ''  Among  all  the  godly  women  that  came 
through  the  perilous  seas  to  war  their  warfare,  the  wife  of  this 
zealous  teacher,  Mrs.  Sarah  Symmes,  shall  not  be  omitted.  This  vir- 
tuous woman,  endued  by  Christ  with  grace  fit  for  a  wilderness 
condition,  her  courage  exceeding  her  stature,  with  much  cheerful- 
ness did  undergo  all  the  difficulties  of  those  times  of  straits,  her 
God  through  faith  in  Christ  supplying  all  wants,  with  great  indus- 
try nurturing  up  her  young  children  in  the  fear  of  the  Lord ;  their 
number  being  ten,'^  both  sons  and  daughters;  a  certain  sign  of  the 
Lord's  intent  to  people  this  vast  wilderness.  God  grant  they  may 
be  as  valiant  in  fight  against  sin,  Satan,  and  all  the  enemies  of 
Christ's  kingdom,  following  the  example  of  their  father  and  grand- 
father, who  have  both  suiTered  for  the  same ;  in  remembrance  of  whom 
these  following  lines  are  penned  : 

"  Come  Zachary,  thou  must  re-edify 

Christ's  churches  in  this  desert-land  of  his, 

With  Moses'  zeal,  stamped  unto  dust,  defy 

All  crooked  ways  that  Christ's  true  worship  miss. 

"With  Spirit's  sword  and  armour  girt  about, 

Thou  layedcst  on  proud  prelate's  crown  to  crack, 

And  Avilt  not  suffer  wolves  thy  flock  to  rout, 

Though  close  they  creep,  with  sheep-skins  on  their  back. 

Thy  father's  spirit  douljled  is  upon 

Thee,  Symmes  !  then  war  :  thy  father  fighting  died. 

In  prayer  then  prove  thou  a  like  champion  ! 

Hold  out  till  death,  and  Christ  will  crown  provide." 

If  these  lines  have  little  poetic  merit,  they  aptly  express  the  spirit 
and  life  of  the  Cliarlestown  pastor. 

*  We  have  the  names  of  twelve,  of  whom  ten  were  then  living. 


Woburn  was  settled  from  CharlestowQ  in  1641.  The  first  set- 
tlers had  been  members  of  Mr.  Symmes's  church  and  congregation. 
The  first  sermon  ever  preached  in  Woburn  was  by  Mr.  Symmes,Nov. 
21,  1641,  from  the  text,  Jer.  4:3:  "Thus  saith  the  Lord,  break  up 
your  fallow  ground,  and  sow  not  among  thorns."  Very  appropriate, 
certainly,  to  the  occasion.  Mr.  Symmes  was  present  at  the  formation 
of  the  church,  Aug.  24,  1642.  On  that  occasion  he  "continued  in 
prayer  and  preaching  about  the  space  of  four  or  five  houres.""^  He 
was  also  present  at  the  ordination  of  Mr.  Thomas  Carter,  the  first 
minister,  December  2,  following. 

He  preached  tlie  Election  Sermon  in  1648. 

In  July,  1656,  the  Quakers  first  came  to  Boston.  The  sect  then 
bearing  that  name  were  not  the  peaceable,  order-loving  citizens  now 
known  to  us  under  that  designation.  They  were  people  who,  pro- 
fessing to  have  revelations  and  impulses  directly  from  heaven,  made 
it  their  special  business  to  disquiet  all  who  differed  from  them,  to 
the  utmost  of  their  power.  In  England  George  Fox  and  others 
travelled  through  the  land,  declaiming  against  the  ministers  and 
churches,  interrupting  public  worship,  and  refusing  any  respect  to 
the  civil  magistrate.  Some  of  them,  even  females,  went  into  meet- 
ings for  public  worship  stark  naked.  Many  opened  their  shops  on 
the  Lord's  day,  in  defiance  of  the  laws.  Others  went  about  the 
streets  of  London  denouncing  the  judgments  of  God  against  the 

The  advent  of  these  people  to  New  England  was  dreaded  as 
among  the  worst  of  evils.  But  in  1656,  two  Quaker  women  came 
from  Barbadoes  to  Boston,  as  they  expressly  stated,  to  propagate 
their  contempt  of  the  ministry  and  of  the  civil  power.  A  month 
later,  several  other  Quakers  arrived  with  similar  intent.  They  con- 
tinued to  come.  They  would  not  have  been  molested,  if  they  had 
been  quiet  and  peaceable.  But  they  were  not  peaceable.  On  Mar- 
tha's Vineyard  they  tried  to  induce  the  Indians  not  to  hear  Mr. 
Mayhew,  and  not  to  read  the  scriptures.:]:  In  other  places  their 
conduct  was  in  the  highest  degree  riotous,  turbulent  and  provoking. 
They  were  continually  disturbing  congregations  assembled  for  pub- 
lic worship.  Margaret  Brewster  went  into  a  meeting-house  with  her 
face  smeared  over  with  black  paint.  Deborah  Wilson  went  through 
the  streets  of  Salem  naked,  as  a  sign  to  the  people.  Lydia  Ward- 
well  went  into  a  meeting-house  in  Newbury,  as  naked  as  she  was 
born.  The  Quakers  in  those  days  were  not  so  much  a  religious 
sect  as  a  band  of  miscreants.  Bishop  Burnet,  whose  opinion  is  wor- 
thy of  respect,  says  they  were  dangerous  to  the  peace  of  the  com- 

*  Johnson's  Wonder-Working  Providence ;  Sewall's  Hist,  of  Woburn. 
t  Neal's  Hist,  of  the  Puritans,  vol.  iv.  pp.  175,  176. 
+  Fell's  Eccl.  Hist,  of  N.  E.,  vol.  ii.  p.  162. 


The  General  Court  of  Massachusetts  passed  an  act  aganist  tlie 
Quakers,  imposing  heavy  fines,  sentencing  offenders  to  prison  and 
banishing  them  from  the  colony.  Some  of  them,  after  being  sent 
away,  returned  a  second  or  a  third  time,  notwithstanding  that  the 
penalty  of  death  was  denounced  upon  them  in  case  of  their  return.* 

The  government  were  very  reluctant  to  proceed  to  extremities. 
But  exercising  the  right  which  every  householder  has  to  clear  his 
house  of  disorderly  persons,  and  finding  that  these  wretches,  after 
being  sent  away,  would  still  return,  and,  as  some  of  them  avowed, 
for  the  express  purpose  of  defying  and  trampling  upon  the  laws  of 
the  land,  the  executive  authority  made  use  of  the  last  resort ;  they 
hanged  four  of  these  Quakers. t  But  they  were  not  hanged  for  be- 
ing Quakers;  they  were  not  thus  dealt  with,  nor  were  they  fined, 
imprisoned  or  banished,  for  opinion's  sake,  but  for  riot  and  sedi- 
tion, for  endeavoring  the  overthrow  of  the  civil  authority,  and  for 
disturbing  the  public  peace. 

While  some  of  these  Quakers  were  in  prison,  Mr.  Symmes  visited 
them  for  religious  conversation  suited  to  their  need.  For  this  and 
similar  efforts  he  was  grievously  reviled  by  the  Quakers. 

The  latter  part  of  the  life  of  Mr.  Symmes  was  embittered  by  the 
conduct  of  some  of  the  members  of  his  church,  who  were  among  the 
founders  of  the  First  Baptist  Church  in  Boston.  This  church  was 
originally  gathered  in  Charlestown,  about  the  year  1665.  Thomas 
Gould,,  a  member  of  Mr.  Symmes's  church,  had  a  child  born  to  him 
in  1655,  which  he  withheld  from  baptism.  For  this,  and  for  absent- 
ing himself  from  the  worship  and  ordinances  of  that  church,  in  disre- 
gard of  covenant  vows,  he  was  repeatedly  admonished,  and  at  length, 
with  some  others,  excommunicated.  They  were  also  prosecuted  in 
the  civil  courts.  The  Baptist  historians  blame  Mr.  Symmes  for  the 
part  he  took  in  these  proceedings.  But  he,  in  common  with  his 
brethren,  honestly  regarded  Mr.  Gould  and  his  associates  as  dis- 
turbers of  the  public  peace.  They  remembered  the  disturbances 
and  murders  caused  by  the  Anabaptists  in  Germany  the  century  pre- 
vious. They  feared  the  influence  of  the  principles  now  held  by  the 
Baptists  in  conmion  with  those  incendiaries.  Mr.  Symmes  and  those 
Avho  acted  with  him,  are  not  to  be  blamed  for  not  possessing  the 
light  we  now  enjoy.  Moreover,  the  Congregationalists  of  that  day  sup- 
posed that  as  they  had,  at  the  cost  of  much  labor,  expense  and  suffer- 
ing, procured  on  these  shores  an  asylum  for  themselves  and  their 
brethren  of  like  faith,  it  was  a  grievous  wrong  for  persons  of  a  dif- 
fircnt  faith,  and  maintaining  other  forms  of  worship,  to  intrude  among 
them,  when  there  was  room  enough  elsewhere.  They  considered 
themselves  as  acting  in  self-defence.  These  considerations  should 
shield  them  from  the  charge  of  persecution.  The  charge  is  utterly 
groundless. I 

*  Ibid,  vol.  il.  211,  et  seq. ;  Palfrey,  ii.  464,  &c. 

t  Felt's  Eccl.  Hist.  N.  E.,  ii.  pp.  208,  211  et  seq.  254 ;  Palfrey,  ii.  464  et  seq. 

+  Felt's  Eccl.  Hist.N.  E.,  ii.  138,  151,  341,362,  371,513;  Palfrey,  iii.  89,  90. 


In  1648,  and  about  that  time,  the  salary  of  Mr.  Symmes  was  nine- 
ty pounds  sterling.  Only  one  other  minister  in  the  colony,  the  elo- 
quent and  eminent  John  Cotton,  of  Boston,  had  as  much.  Thomas 
Weld  of  Roxbury,  John  Knowles  of  Watertown,  and  Ezckiel  Rogers 
of  Rowley,  had  eighty  pounds  each.  Others  had  from  seventy 
pounds  each  down  to  twenty  pounds.  Thomas  Allen,  the  col- 
league of  Mr.  Symmes,  had  sixty  pounds.  These  salaries  and 
public  taxes  generally,  were  paid,  for  the  most  part,  not  in  cash,  but 
in  the  produce  of  the  farm."^ 

The  church  of  Charlestown  was  gathered  Nov.  2,  1632,  and  the 
records,  still  in  existence,  and  in  good  preservation,  begin  at  tliat 
time.  From  that  date  till  1677,  it  appears  that  five  hundred  and 
twenty  persons  were  admitted  to  full  communion  in  this  church,  of 
whom  two  hundred  were  males.  Of  this  period  of  forty-five  years, 
thirty-seven  years  belonged  to  the  ministry  of  Mr.  Symmes.  It  is 
probable,  therefore,  that  during  his  ministry,  more  than  four  hundred 
persons  were  added  to  his  church. 

A  synod,  assembled  in  Boston  in  1662,  introduced  into  the  New 
England  churches  what  has  long  been  known  as  the  "  half-way  cove- 
nant," whereby  persons  baptized  in  infancy,  on  coming  to  maturity 
and  owning  the  covenant  made  by  their  parents  at  their  baptism, 
were  entitled  to  have  their  children  baptized,  without  themselves 
coming  to  the  communion.  This  new  practice  was  strenuously  re- 
sisted by  many,  while  others,  among  whom  was  Mr.  Symmes,  were  its 
zealous  advocates.  The  practice  was  immediately  introduced  into 
his  church.  In  this  affair,  as  in  others,  he  acted  in  concurrence  witii 
such  men  as  Richard,  Eleazar  and  Increase  Mather,  Thomas  Shepard, 
John  Wilson,  John  Allin,  Samuel  Whiting,  Thomas  Cobbett,  John 
Higginson  and  John  Ward.f 

The  town  of  Charlestown  gave  Mr.  Symmes  a  tract  of  three  hun- 
dred acres  of  land,  extending  from  the  north  end  of  Mystic  Pond  to 
the  borders  of  Woburn.  In  his  will  he  calls  it  "  my  farm  near  Wo- 
burn."  It  continued  for  a  longtime  within  the  limits  of  Charlestown, 
but  is  now  included  within  the  town  of  Winchester.  A  more  par- 
ticular description  is  reserved  for  the  notice  of  his  eldest  son  William, 
who  owned  it  after  the  father's  death.  Part  of  it,  fifty  or  sixty  acres, 
remains  in  the  possession  and  occupancy  of  his  descendants  to  this 

The  town  of  Charlestown  also  granted  to  Mr.  Symmes  three  hun- 
dred acres  in  the  ''Land  of  Nod,"   the  history  of  which  is  as  follows  : 

The  town  of  Woburn  was  separated  from  Charlestown  in  1G42, 
but  the  divisional  line  between  the  two  towns  was  not  established  till 

*  Felt's  Eccl.  Hist.  N.  E.,  ii.  3;  Palfrey,  ii.  57;  Scwall's  Hist,  of  Woburn,  p.  50.  Silver 
was  scarce ;  the  most  that  had  been  brought  over,  was  sent  back  to  England  for  supplies. 

t  The  compiler  hopes  that  in  this  instance,  as  in  others,  he  will  be  understood  simply  as 
acting  the  part  of  the  faithful  historian,  in  stating  the  facts  as  they  were.  He  does  not 
undertake  any  justification  of  the  practice. 


eight  years  after.  There  had  been  some  misunderstanding  about 
the  line,  which  was  at  length  quieted  by  an  arrangement  entered  into 
July  29,  1650,  by  a  committee  mutually  chosen.  By  this  arrange- 
ment Charlestown  relinquished  to  Woburn  five  hundred  acres  of 
land,  beginning  at  the  east  corner  of  Edward  Convers's  farm,  which 
was  in  Woburn,  and  running  north  to  Charlestown  Head  Line ;  in 
exchange  for  which  Woburn  ceded  to  Charlestown  three  thousand 
acres  lying  further  north. 

Edward  Convers  lived  near  where  the  Orthodox  church  in  Win- 
chester now  stands.  His  farm,  of  course,  was  in  the  neighborhood 
of  his  house,  including  what  was  long  known  as  Convers's  Mill,  on 
the  Mystic  River,  in  the  present  village  of  Winchester,  and  now  in 
the  occupation  of  Joel  Whitney,  or  very  near  it.  Mr.  Symmes's  farm 
lay  immediately  west  of  the  farm  of  Convers.  The  arrangement  now 
entered  into  gave  to  Woburn  the  farms  and  lota  on  "Richardson's 
Row,"  now  Washington  Street,  in  Winchester,  respecting  a  part  of 
which  there  had  been  some  dispute.  But  Woburn  relinquished  to 
Charlestown  three  thousand  acres  of  land,  of  which  the  rights  of 
property  were  to  be  vested  in  Charlestown,  though  considered  to  be 
within  the  bounds  of  Woburn.  When  AVoburn  Avas  incorporated, 
October,  1642,  it  was  four  miles  square,  and  the  three  thousand  acres 
lay  at  its  nortliern  extremity,  within  the  limits  of  the  present  town  of 
Wilmington.  It  was  long  known  as  the  "  Land  of  Nod,"  and  is  so 
called  by  many  at  the  present  day.^"  This  name  was  probably  sug- 
gested by  its  forlorn  condition,  so  far  from  church  ordinances,  which 
seemed  to  justify  a  comparison  with  that  distant  region  to  which  Cain 
banished  himself  when  he  went  from  the  presence  of  the  Lord — Gen. 
4:  16.  This  tract  of  land  lay  for  many  years  in  a  neglected,  uncul- 
tivated state.  It  was  divided  by  Charlestown,  in  1G43,  among 
twelve  of  her  prominent  citizens,  of  whom  Mr.  Synimes  was  one.  The 
share  given  to  him  was  three  hundred  acres ;  none  had  more  than 
this,  some  had  less.  But  the  lots  were  not  surveyed  nor  staked  out 
till  1718,  and  were  considered  of  so  little  value,  that  several  of  the 
gentlemen  resigned  their  grants  to  the  town  again. f  In  1671,  Mr. 
Symmes's  three  hundred  acres  were  valued  at  only  five  pounds. 

Mr.  Symmes  continued  to  be  pastor  of  the  church  in  Charlestown 
till  his  death,  which  took  place  Feb.  4,  1670-1,:];  at  the  age  of  71 
years  and  ten  months.  His  wife  Sarah  survived  him,  dying  in  1676. 
Mather  says  his  epitaph§  represents  him  as  having  lived  with  his 
wife  forty-nine  years  and  seven  months,   and   as   having  had  by  her 

*  A  mill  in  that  vicinity  is  still  called  "  Nod's  Mill." 

t  Scwall's  Hist.  Woburn,  pp.  8,  23,  29,  540,  541. 

+  A  different  date  is  given  in  the  N.  E.  Geneal.  Reg,,  vol.  xiii.  207,  viz.,  Feb.  24,  IG71. 
But  Mather,  in  his  Magnalia,  says  Mr.  Symmes  died  Feb.  4,  1670,  which  of  course  is  old 
style.  Ten  days  must  be  added  to  make  it  conform  to  the  new  style,  and  tlie  true  date, 
according  to  our  present  mode  of  i-eckoning,  is  Feb.  14,  1671.  This  also  corresponds  witli 
the  date  as  given  in  Hobart's  Journal  and  in  Judge  Scwall's  interleaved  ahnanac.  (Sec 
Geneal.  Reg.,  vii.  206.)    Moreover,  the  inver.tory  is  dated  Feb.  15,  1670-1. 

^  It  Is  to  be  regretted  that  this  epitaph  now  exists  only  in  the  Magnalia, 


five  sons  and  eight  daughters.  According  to  this  statement  he  must 
have  been  married  to  her  as  early  as  July,  1G21,  the  year  after  he 
graduated  at  college.  He  resided  in  London  from  1621  to  1625, 
and  his  two  eldest  children  seem  to  have  been  born  there.  We  have 
the  names  of  twelve  children,  none  of  whom  were  born  previous  to 

He  was  honorably  interred  at  the  expense  of  the  town.  His  grave 
was  "  covered  and  set  comelie  "  by  a  stone- work  laid  in  lime,  together 
with  a  tomb-stone,  procured  by  the  selectmen  of  the  town  and  the 
deacons  of  the  church,  in  pursuance  of  a  vote  of  the  town.  The 
epitaph,  which  has  been  wholly  eflfaccd  by  the  ravages  of  time,  con- 
tained the  following  lines : 

"  A  prophet  lies  beneath  this  stone  : 
His  words  shall  live,  though  he  be  gone." 

His  will  is  dated  Jan.  20,  1664-5;  it  was  proved  March  31, 
1671,  and  is  recorded  Midd.  Prob.  3,  234.  I  have  carefully  exa- 
mined the  original  document,  written  with  his  own  hand,  which  I 
shall  here  quote  exact  and  entire. 

The  twentieth  day  of  January  16G4,  I  Zecliariah  Symmes  of  Charles- 
town,  New  England,  being  at  present,  through  God's  free  mercy,  in  some 
competent  measure  of  health,  yet  daily  wayting  for  my  change,  have  revised 
the  last  former  draught  of  my  will,  but  revoking  it,  do  establish  this  follow- 
ing as  my  last  will  and  testament,  and  do  hereby  appoint  my  dear  and  faith- 
ful wife  Mrs.  Sarah  Symmes  sole  executrix  thereof. 

First,  I  commit  and  commend  what  I  am  and  have  into  the  hands  of  my 
most  loving  Father  and  Gracious  God  in  Christ  Jesus :  my  soul  immedi- 
ately upon  my  death  to  be  received  into  those  heavenly  mansions  which  my 
blessed  Saviour  hath  prepared  for  me  ;  my  body  to  be  for  a  time,  in  a  come- 
ly, but  not  over  costly  manner,  interred,  in  assured  faith  and  hope  that  my 
Saviour  will  in  his  time  raise  up  my  vile  body  and  make  it  like  his  glorious 
body,  and,  uniting  it  to  my  soul,  will  continue  them  forever  with  himself  in 
Ijcrfect  l)lessedness  and  glore. 

For  my  temporal  estate  wherewith  the  Lord  hath  blessed  me,  it  is  already 
in  good  parte  disposed  of  by  reason  of  the  mariage  of  my  eldest  soime 
William,  and  of  six  of  my  daughters,  viz.,  Sarah,  Marye,  Elizabeth,  Hul- 
dah,  Rebeckah,  Deborah.  To  each  of  these  seven  I  have  already  given 
such  a  portion,  as  our  own  necessities  would  permitt,  and  that  without  any 
partialitie  farther  than  a  legacy  given  to  my  daughter  Brock,  and  daughter 
vSavage  did  equity  require  ;  therefore  my  earnest  desire  and  will  is  that 
none  of  them  grudge  at  any  of  the  other,  or  trouble  their  mother  in  the 
least  wise  any  further  demand,  or  motion  about  what  is  already  disposed  of. 

For  Ruth,*  my  wife  hath  already  set  by  for  her  such  a  portion  as  with 
a  very  small  enlargement  (which  I  leave  to  my  widow's  discretion)  may 
equal  her  portion  with  her  sisters. 

For   my  two  sonnes   Zecliariah   and  Timothy,!    to   the  former  upon  his 

*  Ruth  was  the  seventh  daughter,  not  then  married.  Deborah,  younger  than  she,  had 
been  married  a  few  weeks  previous. 

t  No  other  sons  are  mentioned  in  the  will  than  these  three,  William,  Zechariah  and 


going  to  Rehoboth  I  gave  some  books,  with  some  household  stuff,  and  to 
make  up  his  first  dividend,  I  assign  unto  him  all  my  library,  except  what  is 
after  mentioned,  and  provided  that  sooue  after  my  death  he  oblige  himself 
in  a  bonde  of  eighty  pounds,  together  with  his  heirs  and  assigns,  to  pay  unto 
his  brother  Timothie  fourty  pounds  sterling  in  money,  or  merchantable  goods 
at  money  price,  within  one  year  after  my  decease,  or  in  case  his  brother 
Timothy  dye  before  the  year  expired,  then  to  pay  it  to  my  other  children 
surviving,  in  equal  portions,  reserving  a  double  portion  to  my  eldest  sonne 

Other  legacies  doe  some  of  my  dear  friends  deserve,  and  therefore  may 
probably  expect,  but  considering  my  dear  widos  probable  necesseties,  and 
that  farr  most  of  our  first  estate  came  by  her,  I  trust  they  will  take  it  well 
though  I  do  dispose  of  the  remainder  of  my  estate  in  the  manner  following. 

First,  my  debts  being  discharged  (which  are  none  that  I  know  of  but  what 
my  wife  is  privy e  unto)  and  one  legacy  of  five  pounds  to  my  dear  brother  Mr. 
William  Symmes,  to  which  I  know  my  wife  will  be  as  willing  as  myself,  it 
being  but  a  small  remembrance  of  his  very  great  love  and  costs  to  us  and 
ours,  I  then  give  and  bequeath  to  my  faithful  and  dearly  beloved  wife, 
the  whole  use  and  benefit  of  all  my  temporal  estate,  consisting  in  lands, 
houses,  cattell,  moneye,  plate,  with  all  other  goods  and  moveables  which  the 
Lord  hath  given,  to  her  own  proper  use,  to  have,  hold  and  enjoy  during  the 
whole  time  of  her  widowhood.  In  case  she  shall  see  good  to  marry,  which 
I  suppose  she  will  never  do  without  good  advice,  then  I  take  it  for  granted 
that  it  will  be  with  one  that  may  bring  some  comfortable  outward  estate 
with  him,  and  therefore  in  case  slie  shall  marry  I  give  a  third  part  of  my 
whole  estate  to  be  equally  divided  among  my  children  then  living,  only  a 
double  part  to  my  eldest  sonne,  and  at  her  death  the  other  two  thirds  to  be 
alike  divided,  only  I  give  her  liberty  and  power  at  her  decease  to  dispose 
of  fifty  pounds  sterling  to  any  of  her  children  or  any  other  of  her  relatives 
or  friends  as  she  shall  see  mete.  Further,  out  of  my  books  and  papers,  I 
give  her  that  large  English  Bible  w*^''  was  her  mothers,  also  such  books  as 
I  have  of  Doc  Sibs  or  Doc  Prestons,*  also  a  book  of  Baynes  letters,!  and 
about  comfortable  walking  with  God.  Also  all  my  notes  of  my  sermons, 
one  book  in  octavo  upon  IGth  Mat.  24  and  17  cap  of  John,  2  small  books 
of  my  latter  sermons,  one  in  decimo  sexto,  the  other  hath  yet  but  a  few 
sermons.  Also  I  give  to  my  eldest  sonne  Fulke  t  on  Rhem.  Test,  with  4 
books  in  quarto  of  Mr.  Bolton's  works,§  as  also  a  fourth  part  of  such  manu- 
scripts either  mine  owne  or  my  father's  sermons,  as  are  in  papers  or  sticht, 
but  not  bound  up.  All  my  written  books  besides  I  give  to  Zech:  with  the 
rest  of  the  manuscripts,  yet  so  as  upon   their  requests  not  to  deny  the  lend- 

*  Dr.  Richard  Sibbes,  a  celebrated  Puritan  preacher,  and  the  author  of  some  highly  ap- 
proved works,  the  most  noted  of  which  was  "  Tlie  Bruised  Reed,"  to  whicli  Baxter  says  he 
owed  his  conversion.  He  died  in  1635,  ased  59.  Dr.  John  Preston  was  another  distinguished 
Puritan  divine,  master  of  Emanuel  College,  Cambridge,  and  might  have  been  bishop  of 
Gloucester,  but  he  refused.    He  was  a  remarkably  eloquent  preacher,  and  died  July,  1628. 

+  Paul  Baynes  was  a  preacher  of  great  learning  and  exemplary  piety,  and  the  author  of 
several  valuable  works.  He  suffered  much  for  his  nonconformity,  and  was  reduced  to 
great  poverty  and  want  for  religion's  sake. 

+  Dr.  William  Fulke,  an  eminent  and  learned  Puritan  divine,  born  1540,  died  1589.  He 
exposed  the  mistakes  in  the  translation,  and  the  false  glosses  put  upon  the  sacred  text,  in 
what  was  called  the  Rhemish  Testament;  which  was  an  English  version  from  the  Latin 
Vulgate  of  the  New  Testament,  made  in  the  (Romish)  English  College  at  Rheims,  France, 
in  1582. 

^  Robert  Bolton,  born  1572,  died  1G31,  was  a  very  learned  Puritan  minister,  a  most  awak- 
ening and  al)le  preacher,  a  very  devout  and  holy  man.  He  could  speak  Greek  with  almost 
as  great  facility  as  his  mother  tongue. 


ing  of  them  for  a  small  time  to  any  of  their  brethren  or  sisters  to  peruse 
for  their  owne  private  use  onely,  for  I  never  intended  nor  prepared  anything 
of  mine  to  be  put  in  print. 

Item.  At  my  wives  death  I  give  my  form  neere  "Woburne  and  land  at 
Nottimos*  to  my  eldest  sonne,  provided  that  he  bynde  it  over  to  pay  unto 
the  rest  of  my  children  a  hundred  pounds  in  equall  portions  in  two  years 
time  :  50  pounds  per  annum. 

Item.  I  give  to  all  my  sonnes  in  law,  at  the  death  of  my  wife,  to  each 
of  them  thirty  shillings  for  a  ring,  or  any  other  meanes  of  remembering  my 
love  to  them ;  and  to  each  of  my  grandchildren,  by  nature  or  by  law,  thir- 
teen shillings  four  pence  for  a  spoone." 

Witnesses.     Francis  Norton,  Joshua  Teed  [Tidd]. 

There  is  a  codicil  dated  Dec.  19,  1667,  making  no  essential 

Inventory  of  Estate  of  Mr.  Zechariah  Simmes,  deceased,  made  Feb.   15, 
1670-1.    [Exactly  copied,  as  was  the  will,  from  the  Probate  Records.] 

Dwelling  house  and  outhouses,  w"*  orchard  &  yard 

Two  acres  of  land  by  Thomas  Carters 

Ten  acres  of  meadow  by  Mr.  Palgraves 

Two  Cow  Commons 

A  farm  bordering  upon  Wooburne  with  G  acres  of  land  at 

Monotamie  [W.  Cambridge,  now  Arlington] 
Fourty  seven  acres  of  Woodland 
Three  hundred  acres  in  y^  Land  of  Nodd 

In  Cattell 

In  Waring  apparell 

His  Library 

In  Plate  and  Mony 

Household  Goods. 
Pewter,  £10.  0.  0  ;  Brass,  £5.  10.  0  ] 
Iron  ware,  £7.  15.  0  I 

Beding  &  bedsteds,  £24.  15.  0  (  G7.  11.  G 

Lynnen  £19.  11.  G 




0.  0 






0.  0 








0.  0 


0.  0 


0.  0 





Coverlets,  Blankets,  Searge,  Flannell,  Flax,  Yarn, 

Carpets,  &c.  £7.  19.  o 

Eleaven  Cushions  1.    (5.  0 

One  clock  2.  10.  0 

In  trunks,  chests,  Tables,  Chaires,  Stooles  &  Desks    8.    2.  0 
In  Lumber  1.    0.  9  20.  17.  9 

Signed  by  Thomas  Linde,  William  Stitson,        | 
Lawrence  Hammond,  and  Joshua  Tidd,  appraisers,  j 

Midd.  Probate  Records,  3  :  237. 

*  Menotoray  in  West  Cambridge. 

£681.     0.  0 


The  following  is,  with  some  slight  omissions,  the  will  of  Mrs. 
Sarah  Symmes,  as  found  on  record  in  the  Suffolk  Registry,  vol.  vi. 
fol.  145.     It  was  proved  Dec.  28,  1676. 

Will  of  Sarah  Simjis,  relict  of  Zecbariah  Simms, 
late  of  Charlestown. 

I  do  freely  give  and  resigne  my  soul  into  the  hands  of  my  blessed  Crea- 
to'  and  Redeemer,  desiring  for  the  merit  of  Christ  alone  to  be  accepted,  and 
desire  with  thankfulness  to  acknowledge  his  grace  for  that  measure  of  as- 
surance thereof  which  hee  hath  vouchsafed  unto  mee.  Aud  for  that  tempo- 
rail  Estate  which  I  have  which  is  onely  tfifty  pound,  which  my  husband  in 
his  last  will  and  Testament  gave  me  liberty  to  dispose  of  as  I  saw  good,  I 
do  dispose  and  give  as  foUowe"' 

I  do  give  unto  my  son  Zachary  Simms  fifteen  pounds. 

I  do  give  to  my  grandchikl  Margaret  Prout  ten  pounds. 

I  give  to  my  sou  Timothy  Simms  seven  pounds. 

I  give  unto  my  grandchikl  Margaret  Da\'is  five  pounds. 

I  give  to  my  grandchild  Hannah  Davis  five  pounds. 

The  remaining  eight  pounds  I  give  to  my  son  William  Simms,  to  my 
son  John  Broke  and  to  his  wife,  to  my  son  Zachary  Simms  and  to  his  wife, 
to  my  son  Timothy  Simms  and  to  his  wife,  to  my  son  Thomas  Savage  and 
to  his  wife,  to  my  son  Timothy  Prout  and  to  his  wife,  to  my  son  Hum- 
phrey Booth,  to  my  son  Edward  Willies  and  his  wife,  to  each  an  equal  part 
for  to  buy  each  of  them  a  Ring,  which  I  desire  them  to  accept  as  a  token 
of  my  love,  I  not  having  farther  to  give  unto  them. 

Thomas  Savage  and  Edward  Willis  were  Executors. 

Mr.  Symmes  had  by  his  wife  Sarah,  according  to  Cotton  Mather, 
thirteen  children,  five  sons  and  eight  daughters.  We  find  but  ten 
mentioned  in  the  foregoing  will;  the  same  number  assigned  to  him 
by  Johnson  —  this  being  the  number  living  in  1652,  the  date  of  tlie 
"  Wonder- Working  Providence."  Eight  were  born  in  England,  of 
whom  seven  accompanied  him  to  this  country.  Five  were  born 

Born  in  London,  Eng. 
2.  A  son,*  born  about  1G23.     This  must  be  supposed,  to  make  out  the 
number  assigned  to  him  by  Mather.     Died  early. 
-|-3.  Sarah,^  b.  about  1G25;  m.  first,  Rev.   Samuel  Haugh ;  m.  second, 
Rev.  John  Brock,  both  of  Reading. 

Born  in  Dunstable,  Eng. 
-f-4.  WiLLrAM,^'  bapt.  Jan.  10,  162G-7  ;  m.  first,  Sarah  (?) ;  m.  sec- 
ond, Mary . 

-f-o.  Mary,^  bapt.  April  16,  1628  ;  m.  Thomas  Savage. 

-|-6.  Elizabeth,^  bapt.  Jan.  1,  1629-30  ;  m.  Hezekiah  Usher. 

-j-7.  Huldah,"  bapt.  March  18,  1630-1  ;  m.  William  Davis. 

8.  Hannah,*  bapt.  Aug.  22,  1632  ;  unm. ;  d.  early. 

9.  Rebecca,-  bapt.  Feb.  12,  1633-4;  m.  Humphrey  Booth. 

Born  in  Charlestown,  Neio  England. 
10.  Ruth,*  b.  Oct.  18,  1635  ;  m.  Edward  Willis,  June  15,  1668. 
-[-11.  Zechariah,*  b.  Jan.  9,  1637-8;   m.  first,  Susannah   Graves;   m. 
second,  Mehitable  Dalton. 


12.  Timothy,'  b.  May  7,  1640  ;  d.  Sept.  25,  1641. 

13.  Deborah,^  b.  Aug.  28,  1642  ;  m.  Timothy  Prout,  Dec.  13,  1664— 

his  second  wife  ;  his  first  wife's  name  was  Margaret. 
-}-14.  Timothy,^  b.  1643;  m.  first,  Mary  Nichols  ;   m.  second,  Elizabeth 

The  baptisms   of  the  children  born   in  Dunstable  appear  in  Mr. 
Savage's  "  Gleanin<?s." 

-Srcontr  ©feneration. 


SARAH  SYMMES,^  daughter  of  Rev.  Zcchariah  and  Sarah 
Symmes — the  eldest  of  their  children  except  a  son  who  died  in 
infancy  —  was  born  in  England  about  1625  ;  accompanied  her  father 
to  America  in  1634;  admitted  to  the  church  in  Charlestown,  April 
17,  1642;  m.  first,  Rev.  Samuel  Haugh,*  in  1650.  He  was  born 
in  England,  son  of  Atherton  Haugh,  who  came  in  1633  from  Boston 
in  Old  England,  where  he  had  been  mayor,  and  settled  in  Boston, 
New  England.  He  came  in  the  ship  Griffin,  of  three  hundred  tons, 
with  Messrs.  Hooker,  Stone  and  Cotton,  the  last  of  whom  was  pro- 
bably his  pastor  in  England.  He  was  an  adherent  of  Mrs.  Hutchin- 
son in  1637,  and  representative  from  Boston  with  Yane  and  Cod- 
dington.  Samuel,  the  son,  was  a  member  of  the  first  class  in  Har- 
vard College,  though  for  some  reason  he  did  not  graduate.  He  came 
to  Reading,  or  what  is  now  Wakefield,  in  1648,  and  was  ordained 
pastor  of  the  church  there,  March  26,  1650.  He  was  the  second 
minister  of  the  place,  succeeding  the  Rev.  Henry  Green.  He  died 
at  the  house  of  his  brother-in-law,  Hezekiah  Usher,  in  Boston,  March 
30,  1662.     He  left  three  daughters,  and  a  son  Samuel. 

She  married  second,  Rev.  John  Brock,  of  Reading,  now  Wake- 
field, Nov.  14,  1662.  He  was  born  in  Stradbrook,  in  Suffolk, 
Eng.,  1620;  came  to  this  country  in  1637;  grad.  at  Harvard  Col- 
lege, 1646;  began  to  preach,  1648,  first  at  Rowley  till  1650,  then  to 
the  fishermen  at  the  Isle  of  Shoals,  where  he  labored  twelve  years. 
He  was  ordained  at  Reading  [Wakefield]  Nov.  13,  1662,  as  succes- 
sor to  Mr.  Haugh,  and  on  the  day  following  married  his  widow.  Ho 
was  eminently  a  devout  and  holy  man,  and  was  supposed  to  exercise 
what  is  called  a  "  particular  faith  "  in  prayer,  or  an  assurance  that 
the  very  thing  prayed  for  will  be  granted.  He  died  June  18,  1688, 
aged  68. 

*  rronounced  Uoff. 



Capt  WILLIAM  SYMMES,'^  the  eldest  son  of  Rev.  Zecliariah' 
and  Sarah  Symmes  who  came  to  maturity;  born  in  Dunstable,  Bed- 
fordshire, Eng.;  bapt.  Jan.  10,  1626-7;  came  to  New  England  with 
his  parents  at  eight  years  of  age;  and  was  twice  married.  iUe 
name  of  his  first  wife  is  not  known.  As  she  had  a  daughter  :^arah, 
this  may  have  been  her  name.*     The  second  wife  was  Mary . 

Not  much  is  known  respecting  him.  He  resided  in  Charlestown, 
in  that  part  which  lay  north  of  Mystic  Pond,  and  which  is  iiow  in- 
cluded in  Winchester;  was  chosen  ty thing-man  there  in  lb  i J. 

The  Indians  gave  a  deed  of  the  land  afterwards  known  as  Uiehns- 
ford  April  3  1660.  Of  this  deed  William  Symes  was  a  subscrib- 
ing witness.  '  The  others  were  Samuel  Green  and  James  Convers. 
rS^'ee  Allen's  History  of  Chelmsford,  page  163.]  .    .mi. 

Sept  21  1674.  In  behalf  of  the  proprietors  of  the  Land  ot  Node, 
William  Sims  and  Edward  Wilson,  both  of  Charlestown,  .rcccn-ed 
from  the   town  of  Woburn  a  quit-claim  of  that  tract,  being  oOOU 

He  appears  to  have  adhered  to  the  royal  government  during  the 
melancholy  time  from  1684  to  1689.  Tlic  charter  of  Massachusetts 
nnder  which  the  colony  had  prospered  for  fifty-four  years,  was  vacated 
in  October,  1684,  and  the  people  now  lay  at  the  mercy  of  the  king. 
In  December,  1686,  Sir  Edmund  Andros  arrived  in  Boston  as  royal 
o-overnor  of  all  New  England.  His  government  was  oppressive  in 
the  highest  degree.  He  pronounced  the  titles  under  which  the  inhabi- 
tants held  their  land  utterly  worthless.  Their  land,  he  said,  belong- 
ed to  the  king  of  England.  If  they  would  retain  possession  they 
must  take  out  new  titles  from  him  or  his  agents.  In  March,  Ibbb, 
he  and  his  council  passed  an  act  which  struck  at  the  root  of  that  sys- 
tem of  town  government,  which  is  the  safeguard  of  our  civi  Ijl^erties 
This  act  forbade  that  more  than  one  town  meeting  should  be  hcia 
in  a  year,  on  any  pretence  whatever;  and  this  only  for  the  election 
of  town  officers;  and  this  meeting  must  be  called,  not  by  the  select- 
men, but  by  certain  justices  of  the  peace  within  the  county. 

The  town  of  Woburn  met  in  IMarch,  as  usual,  and  chose  five  wor- 
thy men  for  selectmen.  But  within  a  fortnight  the  election  was  de- 
clared null  and  void,  and  the  inhabitants  were  directed  to  mec  for 
a  new  choice,  by  a  warrant  issued  by  Jonathan  Wade  of  Medford, 

*  Wp  find  on  file  in  the  Probate  Office  at  East  Cambridge,  the  will  of  "  Sarah  Simes  of 

JeSr  Amount  of  inventory,  £44  11  9,  all  personal  estate, 
t  Sewall's  Hist,  of  Woburn,  p.  540. 


John  Brown  of  Reading,  and  William  Sjmraes  of  Charlcstown,  three 
justices  of  the  peace  for  the  County  of  Middlesex.  These  justices 
had  been  appointed  by  the  arbitrary  royal  Governor,  and  were  ex- 
pected to  be  subservient  to  his  will.* 

After  his  father's  death,  and  probably  before,  he  resided  on  the 
farm  given  to  his  father  by  the  town  of  Charlestown,  and  which  by 
will  the  father  gave  to  him  to  be  his  after  his  mother's  death,  on 
condition  that  he  pay  to  his  brothers  and  sisters  one  hundred  pounds 
in  equal  portions  within  two  years.  This  condition  was  never 
performed,  as  we  learn  from  a  document,  dated  1692-3,  which  will 
now  be  quoted.  It  was  signed  by  his  brother,  Zechariah  Symmes, 
of  Bradford,  and  the  other  children  then  living.  After  speaking  of 
themselves  as  the  children  of  the  Rev.  Zechariah  Symmes,  late  of 
Charlcstown,  deceased,  and  of  his  having  made  a  will  devising  his 
property,  they  say  that  "  Mr.  William  Symmes,  eldest  son  of  the 
aforesaid  Zechariah,  having  died  in  an  untimely,  aggravated  and 
sudden  manner,t  and  his  affairs  having  been  left  in  a  complicated 
and  unsettled  state,"  they  have  taken  it  upon  them  to  look  into  and 
settle  his  affairs,  or  something  to  that  amount. 

The  document  proceeds  as  follows  :  "  That  whereas  our  brother 
William,  deceased,  being  our  father's  eldest  son,  at  our  honored 
mother's  death,  concerning  whom  the  will  runs  thus  :  '  Item.  At  my 
wife's  death,  I  give  my  farm  near  Woburn  and  land  at  Menotomy  to 
my  eldest  son  provided  that  he  bind  it  over  to  pay  unto  the  rest  of 
my  children  a  hundred  pounds  in  equal  portions  in  two  years  time ; ' 
which  condition  as  yet  has  not  been  performed :  therefore  we  the 
subscribers  of  this  instrument  do  resign  up  all  our  inheritance  and 
claim  to  and  interest  in  the  aforementioned  farm  upon  these  provi- 
sos, viz.  1.  That  the  debts  due  from  the  farm  be  first  responded. 
2.  That  his  relict,  as  administratrix,  and  his  heirs  as  they  come  of 
age,  do  subscribe  with  their  hands  and  seals  to  this  instrument  of 
accommodation  and  concord.  But  if  they  refuse,  this  instrument  is 
of  no  force  to  secure  the  farm  to  them." 
Signed  by 

Zechariah  Symmes  and  others. 

Inventory  of  the  Estate  of  Capt.  William  Symmes,  Esq.  [szc]  of  Charles- 
town,  who  deceased  Sept.  22,  1691. 

Housing  and  lands 

£G24.  0.  0 

Money  and  Plate 



Horned  beasts,  sheep,  horses  &  swine 



English  &  Indian  Corn 



Goods  in  the  Hall 



Goods  in  the  chambers,  garret,  kitchen  &  cellar 



Table  linen  &  other  linen 


15.  8 

*  Palfi-cy,  Hist,  of  New  Ensland,  vol.  iii.  p.  550;  Sewall's  Hist,  of  Wol)nm,  p.  129. 
t  He  died,  as  per  Inventory,  Sept.  22, 1691.    We  know  not  the  manner  of  liis  death. 


Books,  £G.  11.  0  ;  Wearing  apparel,  £10.  0.  0  IG.  11.  0 

Arms  and  ammuuition  4.    0.  0 

Cart,  plow,  chains  &  other  utensils  of  husbandry  4.  10.  0 

Sundries  3.    7.  0 

2.  2 

Total         £792.  2.  2 
Desperate  debts,  £38.    Rates,  &c.  £34.  8.  3.    Funeral  charges,  £11.  0.  0 
Appraisers — 

James  Convers,  Sen.     Matthew  Johnson,  Sen.     James  Convers,  2d.* 
This  Inventory  was  exhibited  in  court,  Jan.  3,  1093-4. 

As  an  index  to  the  housekeeping  of  those  days,  even  in  good  fami- 
lies, we  introduce  the  following,  exactly  copied  from  the  original. 

"  John  "Warner  of  Lawfull  age  doth  testefy  y'  he  lined  with  Capt"  W"" 
Syiiis  late  of  Charlestoune  a  many  years,  in  perticuler  he  lined  there  at  y' 
time  when  y"  Reverend  M''  Moses  ffisk,  courted  and  Marryed  his  daughter 
Mrs.  Sarah  Syiiis,  and  s*^  Mr.  ffisk  rec*^  and  had  Caryed  to  Brantre  a  Con- 
siderable quantity  of  Goods  y'  were  Mr.  Syilises.  Imp'f  two  tables  one 
forme  six  Joynstools  and  two  or  three  chests  y'  went  not  away  Empty.  Six 
chairs  of  John  Larkin  at  Chariest"  also  90  weight  of  fethers,  and  a  new  tick- 
ing for  those  fethers  that  cost  three  shilling  a  yard,  also  a  considerable  sum 
of  money  laid  out  at  y^  vpholsters,  for  his  Master's  daughter  afores'',  and 
Consid"^"  sum  for  Ditto  at  a  Braziors  shop,  and  she  had  som  plate  viz  one 
silver  Beakert  and  two  silver  cups  and  3  silver  spoons,  &  brass,  one  brass 
kittle  from  horn  y'  would  hold  about  three  pailfuls,  and  one  or  two  Iron 
pots,  and  fine  pounds  cap*"  Syiiis  paid  towards  Mr.  ffisks  purches  at  Brantre, 
also  a  pair  of  hand  Irons  &  a  Spitt  or  two,  and  a  tramill§  naade  by  Hen: 
Balcomb  at  Charlst",  likewise  she  had  som  pevter  out  of  the  hous,  and  four 
pounds  more  he  gaue  her  at  Mr.  Rich*^  Barnads. 

"  Likewise  when  my  Master  was  a  widower,  his  s*^  daughter  caryed  away 
at  twice,  two  considerable  quantetyes  of  Linen,  sheets  and  napkins  and  such 
like,  which  was  by  my  Masters  order. 

"  my  Master  spake  of  glueing  his  s^  daughter  fifty  pound  vpon  Marriage, 
y^  which  I  doubt  not  but  he  perform*^  with  great  advantage,  how  many 
cows  and  sheep  I  do  not  remember. 

"  also  my  Master  lent  M"'  ffisk  a  Larg  Concordance  y*  sum  did  Judg  was 
well  worth  forty  shillings. 

"  also  M""  ffisk  borrowed  a  small  birding  piece  of  my  Master  very  Injenious 
work,  my  Master  was  offered  twenty  S.  for  it,  these  he  jiromised  to  returne 

This  paper  has  no  date,  but  must  have  been  used  in  settlement  of 
Capt.  Symmes's  estate. 

*  James  Convers,  Senior,  was  son  of  Dea,  Edward  Convers,  one  of  the  founders  of 
Woburn,  and  father  of  Maj.  James  Convers,  the  third  appraiser  and  the  gallant  defender 
of  Storer's  jrarrison  in  Wells,  in  June,  1692. 

t  Imprimis,  first  in  ordei*. 

+  A  cup  of  peculiar  construction,  ending  in  a  beak  or  poiii^-. 

^S  A  trammel,  a  sort  of  pot-hook  that  might  be  varied  in  length,  to  hung  kettles  over  the 


Capt.  Symmes  received  that  title  from  being  an  officer  in  the  train 
bands.  He  was  a  lieutenant  in  1687.  At  the  time  of  his  death, 
Sept.  22,  1691,  he  was  in  his  65th  year. 

There  is  a  long  interval  between  the  birth  of  his  daughter  Sarah 
in  1652,  and  the  birth  of  his  next  child  Mary,  which  was  in  1676. 
We  know  of  no  other  child  than  Sarah  by  the  first  marriage.  The 
conviction  forces  itself  upon  us  that  his  first  wife  died  in  1653,  in 
Cambridge,  while  living  apart  from  him,  and  that  he  lived  in  a 
widowed  state  till  about  1675.  Probably  his  second  wife  was  con- 
siderably younger  than  himself.  She  had  by  him  six  children,  and 
outlived  him  nearly  thirty  years. 

Unfortunately,  no  record  of  Capt.  Symmes 's  family  has  been  pre- 
served."^'  We  derive  our  information  from  other  but  authentic 
sources,  especially  the  court  records  and  the  will  of  Mrs.  Mary  Tor- 
rey,  who  had  been  the  second  wife  of  Capt.  Symmes. 

Capt.  Symmes  left  no  wilL  His  Avidow  Mary  was  appointed 
administratrix,  and  gave  bonds  in  the  sum  of  X1200,  with  Matthew 
Johnson,  Sen.,  and  John  Carter,t  both  of  Woburn,  as  sureties,  to 
exhibit  an  inventory  of  the  goods  and  chattels  of  the  deceased  in 
court  on  or  before  Jan.  3, 16.93-4.  This  inventory  has  been  already 

Commissioners  were  appointed  to  attend  to  the  settlement  of  the 
estate  of  Capt.  Symmes.  They  reported  that  William,  the  eldest 
son,  should  have  his  share  in  upland. 

Mary,  the  old  house,  &c. 

Timothy,  part  of  tlie  new  house,  &g. 

Elizabeth  and  Zechariah,  to  have  shares. 

Nathaniel,  the  old  mill,  &c. 

Mr.  Fiske,  a  portion  of  the  swamp. 

Mr.  Fiske's  wife  Sarah,  a  portion. 

Here  we  have  the  names  of  all  the  living  children  of  Capt. 
Symmes,  none  of  whom,  except  Mrs.  Fiske,  were  then  of  age. 

This  document  was  signed  by  the  commissioners,  Josiah  Parker 
and  others,  March  10,  1693-4. 

This  settlement  of  the  estate  was  consented  to  by  the  widow  of 
Capt.  Symmes,  and  by  Rev.  Moses  Fiske,  husband  of  his  eldest  daugh- 
ter Sarah.     But  no  division  or  appraisement  was  made  at  that  time. 

Mrs.  Mary  Symmes,  the  widow  of  Capt.  Symmes,  was  married  to 
Rev.  Samuel  Torrey,  of  Weymouth,  July  30,  1695.  He  was  born 
in  England,  1632;  was  brought  by  his  father  to  this  country  in 
1640;  was  educated  at  Harvard  College,  but  left  that  institution 
the  year  he  was  to  have  graduated;  labored  fifty  years  in  the  minis- 

*  There  arc  many  deficiencies  in  our  early  town  record.-;.  There  was  no  law  then  reqnir- 
ing  the  rei;istrntioii  of  fomilies.  One  reason  for  the  deficiency  in  this  case  may  have  been 
the  fact  tliat  C'ajit.  Symmes  lived  seven  or  eight  miles  from  the  town  clerk. 

t  Mattliew  Johnson  was  the  son  of  Capt.  Edward  Johnson,  the  author  of  the  "  Wonder- 
working Providence."  He  was  often  employed  in  town  business.  John  Carter  was  a  son 
of  Capt.  John  Carter,  one  of  the  founders  of  Woburn. — SeioaWs  Ilist.  of  Woburn. 


try,  three  years  in  Hull  and  forty-seven  in  Weymouth  ;  and  died  April 
21,  1707,  aged  75.  He  was  probably  much  older  than  his  wife 
Mary ;  and  his  children,  at  least  two  of  them,  seem  to  have  married 
hers.  Cotemporary  writers  represent  him  as  possessing  command- 
ing mental  abilities,  richly  ornamented  with  science,  and  as  truly  a 
great  and  good  man.  He  was  three  times  chosen  by  the  legislature 
to  preach  the  Election  Sermon,  in  1674,  1683,  and  1693 ;  and  all 
three  of  the  sermons  were  printed.  He  was  chosen  president  of 
Harvard  College,  1684,  but  declined  the  honor.* 

No  division  of  Capt.  Symmes's  estate  was  made  till  July  31,  1705. 
At  that  date  a  survey  of  the  farm  was  executed,  and  a  plot  of  it 
made  by  Capt.  Joseph  Burnap,  of  Reading,  a  noted  surveyor.  This 
plot  may  now  be  found  among  the  papers  on  file  in  the  probate  office 
at  East  Cambridge.  I  have  given  it  a  careful  examination,  and  an 
exact  copy  is  now  before  me.  The  farm  is  to  my  eyes  quite  a  fami- 
liar object.  Indeed  it  came  up  within  a  few  rods  of  the  spot  where 
I  now  write.  It  extended  from  the  north  end  of  Mystic  Pond  to 
the  confines  of  Woburn.  It  had  Mystic  Pond  on  tlie  south-west ; 
the  Gardiner  farm,  originally  granted  to  Increase  Nowell,  of  Charles- 
town,  afterwards  owned  by  Samuel  Gardiner,  and  recently  by  Hon. 
Edward  Everett,  on  the  west;  on  the  north  it  extended  to  what  was 
from  1753  till  1850,  the  boundary  line  between  Medford  and  Wo- 
burn. It  lay  on  both  sides  of  the  Aberjona  (by  some  called  Mystic) 
River.f  It  had  on  its  west  border  the  road  which  is  now  known  as 
Church  Street.  Most  of  it,  nearly  all,  lay  west  of  what  is  now 
^lain  Street,  in  Winchester.  The  farm,  originally  granted  to  Dca. 
Edward  Convers,  and  long  occupied  by  his  descendants,  lay  on  the 
north-west.  The  main  body  of  the  farm,  on  which  the  houses  stood, 
was  found,  on  the  survey,  to  contain  279  acres  and  64  poles;  the 
meadow,  called  Bare  Meadow,  which  appears  to  have  been  in  the 
south  part  of  what  is  now  Stoneham,  11  acres  and  126  poles;  and 
the  salt  marsh:}:  at  Menotomy,  9  acres  and  15  poles:  the  whole  mak- 
ing out  the  300  acres  granted  by  Charlestown  to  Rev.  Zechariah 
Symmes.  There  was  also  a  parcel  of  Swamp  on  Alewive  Brook,  at 
a  little  distance  south-east,  containing  7  acres,  41  poles. 

East  of  the  river  were  111  acres  53  poles:  west  of  the  river  were 
126  acres  99  poles.  All  this  lay  in  a  compact  body;  besides  which 
were  several  smaller  detached  parcels. §  The  "  old  house,  barn  and 
die  hous,"  were  near  the  north  end  of  the  farm,  near  the  river,  and 
on  its  west  side.  A  ''  new  house  "  appears  on  the  east  side  of  the 
river,  near  the  centre  of  the  farm.     It  was  a  few  rods  east  of  where 

*  Am.  Quar.  Reg.,  viii.  57. 

t  It  was  often  called  Symmes's  River. 

J  Farmers  in  those  days,  and  ever  since,  have  thought  it  desirable  to  have  a  piece  of  salt 
marsh.  Tliis  piece  lay  two  or  three  miles  south  of  the  farm,  ou  Mystic  River,  where  the 
tide  ebbs  and  flows. 

^  One  piece,  of  twenty  acres,  lay  near  Spot  Pond,  at  a  distance  of  about  two  miles  east, 
valued  at  £9  10  0. 


John  Bacon  and  his  sister  Ann  Bacon  now  live.  That  part  of  the 
farm  which  lay  on  the  river  Avas  low,  and  often  overflowed.  Indeed, 
several  acres  are  now  permanently  flowed  for  the  supply  of  the 
Charlestown  waterworks. 

The  farm  is  of  course  very  greatly  altered  since  that  time.  Most 
of  it  has  gone  out  of  the  family.  Forty  acres,  however,  remain  in 
the  present  possession  and  occupancy  of  Marsliall  Symmes.  Smaller 
portions  are  owned  by  Theodore  Symmes,  Hosea  Dunbar,  whose 
wife  was  a  daughter  of  Edmund  Symmes,  and  other  heirs. 

One  third  of  the  farm,  or  98  acres  and  75  poles,  were  at  this 
time,  July,  1705,  set  off  to  Mrs.  Mary  Torrey,  the  relict  of  the  de- 
ceased Capt.  Symmes.  This  was  the  south  and  south-west  part,  near 
Mystic  Pond.  It  contained  the  new  house,  barn,  mill,  mill-pond, 
and  an  orchard.  It  was  appraised  at  ,£148  10  0.  The  remainder, 
186  acres  and  149  poles,  could  not  be  divided  without  spoiling  the 
whole,  and  was  therefore  assigned  to  William  Symmes,  clothier,  of 
Charlestown,  eldest  son  of  the  deceased,  March  7,  1705-6,  on  his 
giving  bond,  in  the  sum  of  £566  5  0,  with  Josiah  Convers,  of  Wo- 
burn,  maltster,  as  surety,  to  pay  the  other  heirs,  the  children  of  the 
deceased,  their  several  shares  of  the  estate.  William  Symmes  lived 
on  the  farm,  and  was  now  28  years  of  age.  The  final  settlement 
was  made  April  4,  1709. 

Mrs.  Torrey  also  had,  as  a  part  of  her  dower,  one  third  of  Btire 
Meadow,  3  acres  147  poles,  valued  at  £7  0  0;  one-third  of  the  salt 
marsh  at  Menotomy,  3  acres  5  poles,  valued  at  £24  0  0 ;  and  one- 
third  of  a  wood-lot  near  Bare  Meadow,  13  acres  54  poles,  valued  at 
.£5  15  —  the  aggregate  value  of  her  third  part  of  the  farm  being- 
estimated  at  £189  8  4. 

The  whole  farm  at  this  time  lay  in  Charlestown.  In  1753  it  was 
annexed  to  Medford.  Since  1850  it  has  been  included  in  the  town 
of  Winchester. 

William  Symmes,  the  clothier,  afterwards  bought  his  mother's 
third,  and  thus  came  into  possession  of  the  whole. 

Mrs.  Mary  Torrey,  in  her  will  dated  June  26,  1720,  bequeaths 
various  articles  of  household  furniture  to  her  eldest  son,  Wil- 
liam Symmes,  of  Charlestown ;  to  her  son  Timothy  Symmes,  of 
Scituate;  to  her  daughter  Mary  Torrey,  to  whom  she  gives  all  her 
wearing  apparel ;  to  her  daughter  Elizabeth  Torrey,  a  ticking  bed 
and  feathers,  lying  in  the  best  chamber.  Her  son  Nathaniel  Symmes 
she  makes  her  executor  and  residuary  legatee. 

From  all  which  we  gather  that  the  children  of  Capt.  William 
Symmes  were  —  by  first  wife  : 

-[-15.  Sarah,''  b.  1G52  ;  m.  Rev.  Moses  Fiske,  of  Braintree. 
By  second  wife  Mart,  afterwards  Mrs.  Torrey  : 

16.  Mary,'  b.  167G;  m. Torrey. 

+17.  William,''  b.  1678  ;  m.  Ruth  Convers. 


-]-18.  TuroTHY,'  b.  1G83;  m.  Elizabeth  (Collamore)  Eose. 

19.  Elizabeth,^  m. Torrey. 

-|-20.  Zechariah.' 
-|-21.  Nathaniel.'' 

One  of  the  above  daughters  was  the  wife  of  Joseph  Torrey.  This 
is  certain,  because  Mrs.  Torrey  in  her  will  says  her  oldest  brass  ket- 
tle was  then  lent  to  her  son-in-law,  Joseph  Torrey.  He  was  proba- 
bly the  husband  of  Mary ;  but  which  it  was  we  do  not  know.  Joseph 
and  the  other  Torrey  were  probably  sons  of  Rev.  Samuel. 


MAKY  SYMMES,^  sister  of  the  preceding,  and  second  daughter 
of  Rev.  Zechariah  Symmes,'  of  Charlestown ;  born  in  Dunstable,  in 
the  county  of  Bedford,  England,  and  baptized  there,  April  16,  1628; 
was  brought  by  her  father  to  this  country  in  1634,  when  a  little  more 
than  six  years  old ;  admitted  to  the  church  in  Charlestown,  July  9, 

She  married  Thomas  Savage,  of  Boston,  Sept.  15,  1652.-  She 
was  his  second  wife,  and  much  younger  than  her  husband.  His  first 
wife,  to  whom  he  was  married  about  1637,  was  Faith  Hutchinson, 
born  at  Alford,  in  Lincolnshire,  England,  and  baptized  there,  Aug. 
14,  1617  —  the  daughter  of  William  and  the  famous  Anne  (Marbury) 
Hutchinson ;  came  with  her  parents  to  this  country  in  the  Griffin, 
with  the  Symmes  family.  She  died  in  Boston,  Feb.  20,  1651-2.  By 
this  his  first  wife  Mr.  Savage  had  TIabijah,  b.  1638;  Thomas,  1640; 
Hannah,  1643;  E2)hraim,  1645;  Mary,  1647;  Dionxjsia,  1649; 
Ferez,  1652. 

Mr.  Savage  —  admitted  freeman.  May  25,  1636  —  was  a  success- 
ful merchant  and  eminent  citizen  of  Boston,  though  for  a  time  unhap- 
pily implicated  in  the  Hutchinson  controversy.  He  rose  to  wealth 
and  high  respectability;  was  deputy  from  Boston  to  the  General 
Court,  1654-1676;  was  Speaker  of  the  House  of  Deputies  in  1660; 
Assistant,  1680-1;  and  rose  through  all  the  military  grades  from 
sergeant  to  be  commander-in-chief  of  the  Massachusetts  forces  in 
the  early  part  of  Philip's  war.  He  died  suddenly,  but  greatly 
respected,  Feb.  15,  1681-2. 

The  will  of  Maj.  Thomas  Savage  was  dated  June  28,  1675,  the 
very  day  he  commenced  his  march  against  the  Indian  chieftain  Philip  ; 
proved  Feb.  23,  1681-2;  recorded  Suff.  Prob.  vi.  370.  He  gives 
to  wife  Mary  Savage  the  use  of  his  new  house  at  Hog  Island,  with 
the  new  garden  and  orchard,  forty  acres  of  marsh,  five  cows,  two 
oxen,  eight  swine  and  seventy  sheep,  divers  articles  of  house-keeping 

*  She  and  her  sister  Elizabeth  were  married  by  Increase  Nowell,  Esq.,  of  Charlestown- 
It  was  customary  then  for  justices  and  other  magistrates  to  solemnize  marriages — marriage 
being  held  to  be  a  civil  ordinance.  I  discover  no  foundation  for  the  statement  in  Brooks's 
Hi-'tory  of  Medford,  p.  512,  that  Mary  Symmes  married  a  second  husband,  Anthony 


goods,  sheets,  beds,  &c.,  also  a  negro  maid.  To  his  daughter  Han- 
nah Gillam,  =£180,  and  £50  to  each  of  her  three  children.  To  his 
son  Thomas  Savage,  XI 50,  and  £50  to  each  of  his  three  children. 
To  his  daughter  Mary  Thacher,  £150,  and  £50  to  each  of  her  four 
children.  To  his  grandson  Thomas  Savage,  son  of  testator's  sou 
Habiah  Savage,  deceased,  £150,  and  £50  to  each  of  his  two  daugh- 
ters. To  Habiah's  widow  Hannah,  £50.  To  the  testator's  son 
Ephraim  Savage,  £150,  and  £50  to  each  of  his  three  children.  To 
the  testator's  daughter  Higginson,  all  his  land  in  Salem  Town,  or 
£200,  whichever  she  may  choose.  To  her  daughter  Mary  Higgin- 
son, £50.  To  the  testator's  daughter  Dlnnke  (Dionysia),  £100. 
To  his  son  Ebenezer,  £300.  To  his  son  Benjamin,  £300.  To  his 
son  Perez,  £300.     Total,  £2830,  besides  the  house,  farm,  &c. 

The  children  of  Thomas  and  Mary  (Stmmes)  Savage  were: 

-j-22.  Sakah  (Savage),  b.  .June  25,  1653  ;    m.  Hon.  John  Higginson. 

23.  Zechariah  (Savage),  b.  Dec.  20),  1G54;  died  Aug.  23,  1G5G. 

Probably  also : 

24.  Ebenezer  (Savage). 

25.  Benjamin  (Savage). 


ELIZABETH  SYMMES,='  sister  of  the  preceding;  bapt.  at  Dun- 
stable, England,  Jan.  1,  1629-30;  came  with  her  parents  to  Ame- 
rica in  1634;  admitted  to  the  church  in  Charlestown,  Sept.  23,  1652  ; 
married  Hezekiah  Usher,  Nov.  2,  1652.     She  was  his  second  wife. 

His  first  wife  was  Frances ,  who  died  April  25,  1652.     By  her 

he  had  Hezekiah,  1639  ;  Elizabeth ;  John,  b.  April  27,  1648 ;  Hannah 
and  Fetcr.  His  son  John  was  a  printer  and  bookseller  in  Boston ; 
was  a  Mandamus  Councillor,  1686-1689,  under  Dudley  and  Andros, 
and  Lieut.-Governor  of  New  Hampshire.  He  lived  in  Boston,  1689, 
but  afterwards  moved  to  Medford,  where  he  died  Sept.  25,  1726. 

Hezekiah  Usher  was  a  prominent  merchant  of  Boston ;  a  man  of 
decidedly  religious  character ;  one  of  the  original  members  of  the 
Old  South  Church,  1669,  and  ready  to  good  works.  He  assisted  in 
the  redemption  of  Mrs.  Rowlandson,  wife  of  Rev.  Joseph  Rowland- 
son,  from  Indian  captivity,  in  1676.  He  died  soon  after.  We  know 
of  but  one  child  of  Hezekiah  and.  Elizabeth  (Symmes)  Usher,  viz.  : 

26.  Zechariah  (Usher),  b.  Dec.  26,  1654. 


HULDAH  SYMMES,'  sister  of  the  preceding;  bapt.  at  Dunsta- 
ble, England,   March   18,1630-1;  was  brought  by  her  parents  to 
America  in  1634;  admitted  to  the  church  in  Charlestown,  Nov.  27, 
1652;  married  William  Davis. 


He  was  an  apothecary  in  Boston  in  1647;  freeman,  May,  1645; 
a  prosperous  merchant,  1655;  chosen  selectman,  1655,  1656;  one  of 
the  original  members  of  the  Old  South  Church,  1669;  and  was  often 
employed  in  public  business. 

His  first  wife  was  Margaret,  daughter  of  William  Pynchon,  of 

Thomas  Davis,  an  innholder  of  Boston,  a  son  of  William  and 
Huldah  (Symmes)  Davis,  married  Hannah,  daughter  of  Gov.  John 


Eev.  ZECBARIAH  SYMMES,'  second  son  of  Rev.  Zechariah 
Symmes,*  of  Charlestown,  was  born  in  Charles  town,  Mass.,  Jan.  9, 
1637-8;  baptized  three  days  after.     He  had  two  wives. 

He  married,  first,  Susannah  Graves,  Nov.  18,  1669  (8,  0.  S.).  She 
was  born  July  8,  1643,  daughter  of  Thomas  Graves,  of  Charles- 
town,  a  prominent  citizen  of  that  place.^  She  died  July  23,  1681, 
and  he  married,  second,  Mehitable  (Palmer)  Dalton,  Nov.  26, 1683. 
She  was  the  daughter  of  Henry  Palmer  —  one  of  the  founders  of 
Haverhill,  and  a  distinguished  citizen  there  —  and  widow  of  Hon. 
Samuel  Dalton,  of  Hampton,  N.  H. 

He  was  admitted  to  his  father's  church  in  Charlestown,  Aug.  22, 
1658,  and  grad.  H.  C.  1657.  He  is  the  first  named  of  his  class  in 
the  catalogue,  which  indicates  that  he  was  the  first  scholar  in  rank. 
He  became  one  of  the  fellows  of  the  college.  The  Latin  inscription 
on  his  tombstone  says  that  he  was  distinguished  for  learning  and 
piety.  He  went  to  Rehoboth  (now  Pawtucket,  R.  I.)  to  preach  as 
early  as  1661 — probably  a  year  or  two  before.  In  September, 
1661,  the  church  and  town  voted  that  he  should  receive  £40  a  year, 
"  besides  his  diet  at  Mr.  Newman's."  This  was  Rev.  Samuel  New- 
man, who  was  pastor  of  the  church  there,  and  compiler  of  a  valuable 
concordance ;  a  very  learned  and  excellent  man.  He  died  July  5, 
1663,  aged  63.  He  revised  the  concordance  by  the  light  of  pine 

Mr.  Symmes  was  admitted  an  inhabitant  of  Rehoboth,  April  13, 

*  Felt's  Eccl.  Hist,  of  New  England,  vol.  il.  65. 

t  Geneal.  Reg.,  iv.  134. 

t  Thomas  Graves  was  born  in  RatclifFe,  near  London,  in  England,  June  6,  1G05.  He 
was  a  seafaring  man,  and  master  of  several  ships,  as  the  Whale,  the  Elizabeth  Bonadven- 
tui-e,  the  James,  the  Trial,  that  made  voyages  from  Old  to  New  England.  He  came  every 
year,  from  1629  to  1635,  inclusive.  He  at  length  settled  in  Charlestown,  or  between  that 
place  and  Woburn,  and  married  Catharine  Coytmore,  dau.  of  Thomas  and  Catharine  Cnyt- 
more,  of  Charlestown.  He  and  his  wife  Catharine  were  admitted  to  the  church  in  that 
place,  Oct.  7,  1639.  Some  of  his  descendants  are  still  living  in  Charlestown.  He  was  one 
of  those  who  undertook  the  settlement  of  AVoburn,  but  became  discouraged  and  returned 
to  a  seafaring  life.  For  his  good  conduct  in  capturing,  though  in  a  merchant  ship,  a  Dutch 
privateer  in  the  English  Channel,  he  was  put  in  command  of  a  ship  of  war  and  made  a  rear 
admiral  by  Cromwell.  He  died  in  Charlestown,  July  31,  1653. — SeivaU's  Hist,  of  Woburn, 
pp.  69,  70;  Frothingham' s  Hist,  of  Charlestown,  pp.  139,  140. 


1666.  About  this  time,  or  a  little  earlier,  Rev.  John  Miles,  who  had 
been  pastor  of  a  Baptist  church  in  Swansea,  Wales,  came  to  the 
place  —  or  rather  that  part  of  it  which  is  now  Swanzey  —  and 
preached,  and  the  people  became  divided  in  religious  sentiment.  A 
Baptist  church  was  formed  there  in  1667.  Mr.  Symmes  left  Reho- 
both  that  year  and  came  to  Bradford,  a  new  town  on  the  Merrimack, 
previously  known  as  Rowley  Village  —  incorporated  as  a  town  in 
1675.  There  he  became  permanently  established  in  1668,  and  was 
the  first  minister  of  the  town,  though  not  ordained  till  Dec.  27,  1682. 
The  people  built  a  house  for  him  in  1668,  which  was  standing  in 
1838.  There  was  no  church  in  the  place,  regularly  organized,  till 
the  date  just  mentioned.  His  salary  was  fifty  pounds  a  year,  be- 
sides which  the  people  gave  him  forty  acres  of  land,  and  chose  a 
committee  from  year  to  year  to  provide  for  having  his  work  done. 
The  whole  period  of  his  ministry  in  Bradford  was  forty  years.  He 
died  there,  March  22,  1707-8,  aged  70  years.* 

He  was  much  beloved  by  his  people,  and  respected  in  all  the 
region  around. 

His  children  were  all  by  his  first  wife,  and  all  born  in  Bradford, 
except  Catharine,  who  was  born  in  Charlestown.  The  family  record 
is  copied  here : 

27.  Susanna,'  b.  Oct.  11,  1670  ;  m.  first,  John  Chickering,  of  Charles- 

town;  second,  Benjamin  Stevens,  Oct.  18,  1715. 

28.  Sarah,'  b.  May  20,  1672 ;   m.  Joshua  Scottow,  May  25,  1697. 
■j~29.  Zechariaii,'  b.  March  13,  1674  ;  m.  Dorcas  Brackenbury. 

30.  Catharine,'  b.  March  29,  1 076. 
-fol.  Thomas,'  b.  Feb.  1,  1677-8  ;  m.  first,  Elizabeth  Blowers;  second, 
Hannah  Pike ;  third,  Eleanor  (Thompson)  Moody. 

32.  William,' b.  Jan.  7,  1679-80;   m.  Eliza  Langdon,  Boston,  June 

13,  1706. 

33.  Rebecca,'  b.  July  20,  1681  ;   m.  Ebenezer  Osgood,*  of  Andover, 

Dec.  20,  1710.  He  was  born  in  Andover,  March  16,  1685,  son 
of  John'  b.  1654,  son  of  John*  b.  1631  in  Old  England,  who 
came  with  his  father  John*  Osgood,  and  settled  in  Andover,  1644, 
or  5.  The  children  of  Ebenezer  and  Rebecca  (Symmes)  Osgood 
were — Ebenezer,  Rebecca,  Susanna,  Ruth. 


TIMOTHY  SYMMES,'  youngest  son  of  Rev.  Zechariah  Symmes,' 
of  Charlestown;  probably  l3orn  there  in  1643;  married,  first,  Mary 
Nichols,  Dec.  10,  1668.  She  probably  died  soon  after  the  birth  of 
her  only  child.  He  married,  second,  Elizabeth  Norton,  Sept.  21, 

*  Felt's  Eccl.  Hist,  of  New  England,  ii.  317,  387;  Am.  Quart.  Reg.,  x.  2-l:5;  Budington's 
Hist,  of  First  Church  in  Charlestown,  p.  210. 


He  resided  iu  Cliarlestown ;  and  died  of  smallpox,  July  4,  1678. 
His  widow  probably  married  Capt.  Ephraim  Savage,  sou  of  Maj. 
Tliomas  Savage,  May  12,  1688. 

His  children  were — by  first  wife  : 

34.  Timothy,^  b.  Sept.  6,  1669  ;  died  in  infancy. 

By  second  wife : 

35.  TiM0THT,=  b.  November  18,  1672. 

36.  ELizABETn,^  b.  July  24,  1674  ;  m.  James  Herrick,  Jan.  19,  1708-9. 

37.  Sakah,=  b.  Aug.  6,  1676.* 

2ri)ivti  (ScuciMtiou, 


SARAH  SYMMES'  {IViUiam^  Zechariak'),  daughter  of  Capt. 
William  Symmes,"*  of  Charlestown;  born  1652  :t  married  Nov.  7, 
1672,  Rev.  Moses  Fiske,  pastor  of  the  church  in  Braintree,  then 
including  the  present  town  of  Quincy.:}: 

Moses  Fiske  was  born  in  Wenham,  1643;  grad.  H.  C.  1662,  in 
the  class  with  the  renowned  Solomon  Stoddard,  of  Northampton  ;  was 
ordained  at  Braintree,  now  Quincy,  Sept.  11,  1672,  being  the  third 
minister  of  that  place ;  and  was  pastor  there  thirty-six  years,  till  his 
death,  Aug.  20,  1708,  aged  66.§ 

He  appears  to  have  enjoyed  and  retained  the  affections  of  his  flock. 
The  following  testimony  to  his  worth  is  given  in  the  Diary  of  John 
Marshall,  who  sat  under  his  ministry  and  knew  him  well : 

"  This  excellent  person  was  ordained  pastor  of  the  church  in  Braintree, 
in  September,  1672,  in  which  sacred  employment  he  continued  till  his  dying 
day,  a  diligent,  faithful  laborer  in  the  harvest  of  Jesus  Christ ;  studious  iu 
the  Holy  Scriptures,  having  an  extraordinary  gift  in  prayer  above  many 

*  Geneal.  Reg.,  xiii.  136. 

t  Marshall's  Diary. 

X  He  was  the  youngest  son  of  Rev.  John  Fiske,  of  Wenham  and  Chelmsford.  The 
father  was  born  1601,  in  the  parish  of  St.  James,  Suffolk.  Eng.,  and  was  educated,  it  is 
helieved,  at  Emanuel  College,  Cambridge.  He  not  only  preached,  but  practised  medicine, 
upon  a  thorough  examination,  in  England;  came  to  this  country  in  1637,  bringing  with 
him  a  large  propertj';  was  admitted  freeman,  Nov.  2,  in  that  year;  resided  in  Salem  about 
three  years,  engaged  in  teaching  and  occasionally  preaching.  About  16-10,  he  commenced 
preaching  in  Wenham,  the  settlement  of  which  began  in  1639,  and  continued  there  till 
1655;  when  he  removed,  with  a  majority  of  his  church,  to  Chelmsford,  then  a  new  town  ; 
being  in  each  case  the  earliest  minister.  He  continued  pastor  at  Chelmsford  till  his  death, 
Jan.  14,  1676-7.  He  was  highly  esteemed,  both  as  a  divine  and  as  a  physician.  In  the 
course  of  his  ministry,  he  expounded  almost  the  whole  of  the  Bilileto  his  people;  and  went 
twice  through  the  Assembly's  Catechism.  Suffering  from  the  gout  and  the  stone,  he  was 
carried  in  his  latter  years  in  a  chair  to  and  from  the  pulpit,  and  preached  in  a  sitting  pos- 
ture.   He  was  an  eminently  laborious  and  godly  man. 

^  At  the  time  of  Mr.  Fiske's  death,  the  number  of  polls  in  Braintree  was  195;  oxen  219, 
cows  738,  horses  190,  sheep  1375,  swiue  78, 

THIRD   GENERATION.  29     , 

good  men  ;  and  in  preaching  equal  to  the  most,  inferior  to  few  ;  zealously 
diligent  for  God  and  the  good  of  men  ;  one  who  thought  no  labor,  cost  or 
sufl'ering  too  dear  a  price  for  the  good  of  his  people.  His  jjublic  preaching 
was  attended  with  convincing  light  and  clearness,  and  powerful,  affectionate 
api^lication  ;  and  his  private  oversight  was  performed  with  humility  and  un- 
wearied diligence.  He  lived  till  he  was  near  sixty-five  years  of  age,  beloved 
and  honored  of  the  most  that  knew  him.  On  the  18th  of  July,  being  the 
Lord's  day,  he  preached  all  day  in  j^ublic,  but  was  not  well.  The  distem- 
per continued  and  proved  a  malignant  fever.  Small  hoj^e  of  his  recovery 
being  entertained,  his  church  assembled  together  and  earnestly  besought  the 
Great  Shepherd  of  the  sheep,  that  they  might  not  be  deprived  of  him. 
But  Heaven  had  otherwise  determined,  for  ou  Tuesday,  August  10  [equi- 
valent to  Aug.  21,  N.  S.],  he  died  about  one  in  the  afternoon,  and  was  with 
suitable  solemnity  and  great  lamentation  interred  in  Braintree,  in  his  own 
tomb,  the  12th  day."* 

The  town  of  Braintree  voted,  JuAe  18,  1672,  to  give  Mr.  Fiske, 
by  a  town  tax,  the  sum  of  sixty  pounds  in  money  as  a  yearly  salary, 
with  the  iis,e  of  a  house  to  be  kept  in  good  repair  by  the  town,  and 
six  acres  of  land  to  be  fenced  by  them.  In  1674  his  salary  for  that 
year  was  increased  to  eighty  pounds.  During  his  ministry  one 
hundred  and  forty-seven  members  were  added  to  the  church.  The 
baptisms  were  seven  himdred  and  seventy-nine. 

Mrs.  Sarah  (Symmes)  Fiske,  his  first  wife,  died  Dec.  2,  1692, 
having  borne  him  fourteen  children.  His  second  wife,  to  whom  he 
was  married  Jan.  7,  1700-1,  was  Ann  (Shepard)  Quincy,  born  1663, 
daughter  of  Rev.  Thomas  Shepard,  wlio  has  been  already  mentioned 
(pp.  5,  6)  as  a  colleague  of  Rev.  Zechariah  Symmes,  of  Charlestown. 
She  was  the  widow  of  Daniel  Quincj^,  born  1681,  son  of  the  second 
Edmund  Quincy,  of  Braintree.  She  died  July  24,  1708,  aged  45, 
less  tlian  three  weeks  before  his  own  decease. 

The  following  were  the  fourteen  children  of  Rev.  Moses  Fiske, 
by  his  first  wife,  Sarah  Symmes  : 

38.  Mary  (Fiske),  b.  Aug.  2o,  1673;  m.  Rev.  Joseph   Baxter,  minister 

of  Medfield,  and  a  native  of  Braintree.    She  died  March  2d,  1711. 

39.  Sarah  (Fiske),  b.  Sept.  22,  1674;  m.  Rev.  Thomas  Ruggles. 

40.  Martua  (Fiske),  b.  Nov.  25,  167o  ;  d.  Nov.  28,  1675. 

41.  Anne  (Fiske),  b.  Aug.  17,  1677  ;  d.  June  9,  1678. 

42.  Aknk  (Fiske),  b.  Oct.  29,   1678;  m.  Rev.  Josepli  Marsh,  June  30, 

1709.     He  grad.   H.  C.  1705;  succeeded  her  father  in  the  minis- 
try in  Braintree  ;  d.  March  8,  1725-6,  aged  41.   A  very  able  man. 

43.  Elizabeth  (Fiske),  b.  Oct.  9,  1679  ;  m. Porter. 

*  By  some  unaccountable  mistake,  the  valuable  Diary,  from  which  this  interesting  extract 
lias  been  taken,  and  which  extends  from  1697  to  1711,  has  been  attributed  to  Daniel  Fair- 
licld  and  quoted  as  his.  The  real  author  was  John  Marshall,  then  of  Braintree,  formerly 
of  Boston,  an  ancestor  of  the  compiler  of  tlie  present  volume.  Daniel  Fairfield,  who  mar- 
ried the  mother  of  John  Marshall,  was  of  Boston,  and  died  there  Dec.  22,  1709,  aged  77. 
He  could  not  therefore  be  the  author  of  the  Diary.  For  a  full  account  of  John  Marshall, 
and  the  affecting  elegy  which  he  wrote  and  printed,  after  the  death  of  his  excellent  and 
beloved  wife,  see  the  compiler's  Giles  Memouial,  Boston,  1864,  pp.  319,  550. 


44.  John  (Fiske),  b.  May  29,  1681  ;  d.  Aug.  5,  1G81. 

45.  Moses  (Fiske),  b.  July  19,  1G82. 

46.  John  (Fiske),  b.  Nov.  26,  1684  ;  admitted  to  church,  Aug.  26,  1705  ; 

grad.  H.  C.  1702  ;   was  a  preacher,  1710. 

47.  William  (Fiske),  b.  Aug.  2,  1686. 

48.  Samuel  (Fiske j,  b.  Feb.  19,  1687;  d.  March  4,  1687. 

49.  Samuel  (Fiske),  b.  April  6,  1689.     (See  the  note  below.*) 

50.  Ruth  (Fiske),  b.  March  24,  1692  ;  d.  June  6,  1692. 

51.  Edward  (Fiske),  b.  Oct.  20,  1692;  d.  Oct.  25, 1692. 

This  record  is  copied  from  the  Town  Register  of  Braintrce ;  but 
an  evident  mistake  occurs  in  the  date  of  Ruth's  birth.t 


WILLIAM  SYMMES'  (JFilllam,'  Zechariak'),  eldest  son  of  Capt. 
William"''  and  Mary  Symmes,  of  Charlestown;  born  1678;  married 
Ruth  Convers,"*  Dec.  7,  1704.  She  was  born  in  Woburn,  May  28, 
1G86,  and  was  the  eldest  daughter  of  Capt.  Josiah"  and  Ruth  (Mar- 
shall) Convers,  of  that  place. J  Though  living  in  two  separate  towns, 
the  two  families  were  near  neighbors. 

*  Rev.  Samuel  Fiske  was  born  in  Qiiincy,  then  part  of  Braintree,  April  6,  1689.  He 
graduated  at  H.  C.  1708 ;  taught  school  till  1710 ;  was  chosen  minister  of  Hingham,  Feb.  11, 
1716-17,  as  successor  to  Rev.  John  Norton,  but  did  not  accept  the  call.  He  was  ordained 
pastor  of  the  First  Church  in  Salem,  Oct.  8,  1718,  as  successor  to  Rev.  Geo.  Curwin.  la 
173-1:,  a  violent  disruption  of  that  body  tooli  place  and  an  embittered  controversy  arose, 
which  continued  many  years.  A  majority  of  the  church — it  was  a  bare  majority — with  Mr. 
Fiske,  their  pastor,  left  their  old  house  of  worship,  and  founded  another  church,  which  yet,  till 
1762,  claimed  to  be  the  First  Church.  In  1762,  tliey  took  the  name  of  the  Third  Church. 
Since  1775,  it  has  been  known  as  tlie  Tal)ernacle  Church.  The  charges  made  against  Mr. 
Fiske  in  1734,  do  not  seem  to  be  entitled  to  serious  consideration.  They  did  not  affect  his 
moral  character.    He  died  in  Salem,  April  7,  1770,  aged  81. 

One  of  his  sons  was  General  John  Fiske,  born  in  Salem,  April  10,  1744.  He  "  early 
engaged  in  the  business  of  the  sea ; "  was  successful  in  business ;  and  was  a  gentleman  of 
much  distinction.  He  was  a  major-general  in  the  militia,  and  died  of  apoplexy,  Sept.  28, 
1797,  aged  53.  He  had  three  wives :  1st,  Lydia  Phippen,  married  June  12,  1766  ;  died  Oct.  13, 
1782.  2d,  Martha  (Lee)  Hibbert,  a  widow,  daughter  of  Col.  John  Lee,  of  Manchester ;  mar- 
ried Feb.  11,  1783;  died  Nov.  30,  178.5.  3d,  Sarah  (Wendell)  Gerry,  June  18,  1786.  She 
died  Feb.  12,  1804,  aged  58.  She  was  widow  of  John  Gerry,  of  Marblehead,  and  daughter 
of  Major  John  and  Elizabeth  (Quincy)  Wendell,  of  Boston.  Elizabeth  Quincy,  her  mother, 
was  daughter  of  Hon.  Edmund  Quincy,  who  was  brother  of  Daniel  Q.,  already  mentioned, 
and  son  of  Col.  Edmund  Quincy,  and  grandson  of  Edmund  Quincy,  who  came  from  Eng- 
land 16  53,  and  was  progenitor  of  the  Quincy  family  in  America. — Am.  Qiiar.  Reg. ;  Geneal. 
Reg.,v'n.'lb2;   xii.,  Ill  ;    Giles  Memorial,  p.  19. 

t  For  most  of  what  has  here  been  said  of  Mr.  Fiske  and  his  family,  I  am  indebted  to  the 
Centennial  Discourse  of  Rev.  William  P.  Lunt,  delivered  Sept.  29, 1839. 

X  Edward  Convers'  came  from  England  in  the  fleet  with  Winthi'op,  1630,  and  settled 
in  Charlestown.  In  1631,  a  grant  was  made  to  him  of  the  first  ferry  lietween  Boston  and 
Charlestown.  He  was  admitted  freeman.  May  18,  1631;  was  selectman  of  Charlestown  from 
1635  to  1640 ;  and  was  a  member  of  the  First  Church  there  from  the  beginning.  His  name 
stands  first  of  the  seven  men  appointed  by  that  church  for  the  settlement  of  Woburn,  and 
for  gathering  a  church  there.  From  the  incorporation  of  that  town,  he  was  one  of  its  most 
esteemed,  active,  and  useful  citizens.  He  and  John  Mousal  were  the  first  deacons  of  Wo- 
burn church.  He  was  chosen  as  one  of  the  selectmen  every  year  from  1644  till  his  decease. 
He  died  Aug.  10,  1663,  aged  73.  His  residence  was  very  near  where  the  Orthodox  Church  in 
Winchester  now  stands,  and  also  near  the  mill  once  called  by  his  name,  now  occupied  by 
Joel  Whitney.  Several  of  his  posterity  dwelt  in  that  vicinity  many  years.  By  his  wife 
Sarah,  who  accompanied  him  from  England,  he  had  three  sons,  Josiah,  James  and 
Samuel,  and  a  daughter  Mary. 

Josiah  Convers,^  his  eldest  son,  accompanied  him  from  England,  and  to  Woburn,  in 
1641.    He  married,  March  26, 1651,  Esther  Champney,  daughter  of  Richard  Champney,  of 


Mr.  Symmes  was  a  clothier  by  trade,  as  we  learn  from  some  old 
papers.  He  had  the  whole  of  his  father's  large  landed  property. 
Some  of  it  came  by  inheritance,  and  some  by  purchase  from  the  other 
heirs.  Until  1754  it  was  regarded  as  being  in  Charlestown;  but 
in  that  year  it  was  annexed  to  Medford,  and  is  now  in  Winchester. 

The  town  of  Medford  had  long  been  straitened  for  room.  Seve- 
ral attempts  had  been  made  for  an  enlargement  of  its  territory.  At 
length  a  petition,  dated  Dec.  13,  1753,  was  signed  by  a  committee 
of  the  town,  appointed  for  the  purpose,  asking  that  a  certain  tract  in 
Charlestown,  lying  south  of  Medford,  and  another  tract  in  Charles- 
town,  lying  north  of  Medford,  might  be  annexed  to  Medford. 
The  petition  says :  "  The  northerly  tract  is  bounded  on  the 
south  by  the  north  line  of  Medforcl  and  the  southerly  bounds 
of  Mr.  Symmes's  farm,  ^vest  by  the  line  that  divides  Mr.  Symmes's 
from  Mr.  Gardiner's  farm,  north  by  the  line  of  Woburn  and  Stone- 
ham,  east  by  Maiden  line."  The  reasons  assigned  were,  the  con- 
tracted limits  of  Medford,  containing  only  about  two  thousand 
acres,  surrounded  almost  wholly  by  Charlestown,  and  the  fact  that 
the  inhabitants  of  the  northerly  tract  [the  Symmes  family,  &c.]  were 
but  two  miles  from  the  Medford  meeting-house,  where  they  attended 
meeting  without  paying  for  the  privilege;  while  they  were  obliged  to 
go  seven  miles  to  attend  town  meetings,  trainings,  &c.,  in  Charles- 

This  petition  was  presented  to  the  General  Court,  and  granted 
April  17,  1754.  After  that  date,  Mr.  Symmes's  farm  was  in  Med- 
ford till  1850,  when  it  became  part  of  the  new  town  of  Winchester.'^ 

Tradition  reports  that  the  land  included  in  the  Symmes  farm  was 
formerly  the  abode  of  a  portion  of  the  tribe  of  Indians  called  by  the 
euphonious  name  of  Aberginians.  It  is  said  that  it  contained  twen- 
ty-seven wigwams.  The  story  is  likely  to  be  true ;  for  here  were 
Mystic  Pond  and  the  Aberjona  River,t  both  very  convenient  for  fish- 
ing. Nanepashemit,  the  sachem  of  the  larger  tribe  called  the  Paw- 
tuckets,  whose  sway  extended  to  the  Merrimack  River,  and  who  was 
killed,  1619,  in  an  attack  upon  his  tribe  by  the  Tarratines  from  the 
Penobscot  River,  lived  in  the  near  vicinity,  somewhere  on  Mystic  or 
Aberjona  River.  It  Avas  his  son,  Sagamore  John,  of  Mystic  [Medford], 
who,  before  his  death  at  Medford,  Dec.  5,  1633,  wished  to  go  to  the 
God  of  the  Christian  people.  The  widow  of  Nanepashemit,  in  1639, 
sold  to  the  town  of  Charlestown  all  the  land  on  the  west  of  Mystic 
Pond,  bounded  north  by  Increase  Nowell's  lot  (the  Gardiner  farm), 
west  by  Cambridge  Common,  south  by  the  laud  of  Mr.  Cooke.     This 

Cambridge,  a  ruling  elder  in  the  church  there.  He  lilic  his  father  was  a  deacon  in  the 
church  in  Woburn,  1674-1690. 

JosiAii  CoNVEits,^  son  of  tlie  preceding,  born  March  15,  1660,  married  Oct.  8,  1685, 
Ruth  Marshall.  1  hey  were  the  parents  of  Ruth  Convers'' in  the  text.  He  was  much  em- 
ployed in  town  business,  and  was  familiarly  known  as  "  Captain  Josiah."  He  died  July  15, 
1717,  aged  58.— Sewall's  Hist,  of  Woburn.' 

*  Brooks's  History  of  Medford.  pp.  107-109. 

t  Here  known  as  "  Symmes's  River." 


seems  to  have  included  the  Sjmmes  farm ;  for  after  lier  death,  it  was 
claimed,  March  25,  1662,  by  William  Symmcs,  son  of  Rev.  Zechariah. 
Or  rather  the  claim  was  for  land  at  the  upper  end  of  the  Pond, 
which  the  squaw-sachem  had  reserved  for  her  use  and  the  use  of  the 
Indians,  to  plant  and  hunt  upon,  "  and  the  weare  above  the  Pond  for 
the  Indians  to  use  in  fishing,"  durino-  her  life.  This  '^  weare  "  must 
have  been  in  the  Symmcs  farm.^"  It  is  where  the  Aberjona  River 
enters  the  Pond,  and  we  are  sure  that  this  river  at  that  place,  and 
for  some  distance  north,  divided  the  Symmcs  farm  from  the  lot  of 
Increase  Nowell. 

Mr.  Symmcs  built  a  clothing  mill  on  the  Aberjona  River,  near 
where  the  railroad  bridge  now  crosses  that  stream.  It  was  a  little 
north  of  the  spot  where,  not  long  ago,  Mr.  Robert  Bacon's  dam  stood. 
A  little  island  in  the  small  pond,  near  the  railroad  bridge,  shows 
where  the  waste-way  was.  His  house  was  on  the  left  bank,  or  east- 
ern side  of  the  river,  nearly  opposite  the  house  of  Mr.  John  Bacon, 
son  of  Robert  Bacon.  He  afterwards  built  a  large  house  on  the  spot 
where  John  Bacon's  house  now  stands.  This  was  on  the  west  side 
of  the  river ;  it  was  occupied  by  his  sons  Timothy  and  John  after 
him.  His  grandson  John  Symmes  was  born  there.  The  first  house 
built  on  the  farm,  where  Capt.  William  Symmes  probably  once  lived, 
was  further  north,  on  the  west  side  of  the  river,  and  very  near  tho 
old  line  between  Charlestown  and  Woburn. 

William  Symmes,  of  Charlestown,  gentleman,  was  surety,  March 
24,  1726,  with  John  Richardson,  of  Medford,  for  Elizabeth  Richard- 
son, widow  of  Capt.  James  Richardson,  late  of  Woburn. 

His  papers,  still  in  existence,  show  him  to  have  been  a  man  of 
business  and  of  influence.  His  farm  had  been  reduced  to  eighty 
acres  at  the  time  of  his  death.  This  was  caused  by  his  having  con- 
veyed portions  of  it  to  his  sons  during  his  life-time,  the  deeds  not 
having  effect  till  after  his  death. 

He  died  May  24,  1764,  aged  86.  His  wife  Ruth  died  March  16, 
1758.  The  gravestones  of  both  are  standing  in  the  old  cemetery  in 

His  will  is  dated  Nov.  27, 1761 ;  proved  April  16,  1766;  record- 
ed Midd.  Prob.  Records,  xxix.  192.  He  calls  himself  William 
Symmcs,  of  Medford,  yeoman.  He  leaves  legacies  to  his  sons  Zech- 
ariah, Josiah,  Timotliy,  John  and  William,  and  his  daughter  Mary 
Munroe.  To  his  sons  Zechariah,  Josiah,  Timothy  and  John,  he  gives 
his  dwelling-house,  barn,  the  mill,  and  about  eighty  acres  of  land ; 
the  land  to  be  equally  divided  among  these  four  sons.  The  portion 
of  each  is  particularly  described,  and  cannot  conveniently  be  noted 
here.  To  his  son  William  he  gives  the  whole  expense  he,  the  father, 
had  incurred  for  his  education  at  school  and  at  college,  and  X13  6  8 
besides  —  equivalent  to  forty  dollars. 

Inventory  of  his  estate  —  Real,  £490  3  4;   Personal,  £33  16  1. 

*  Brooks's  History  of  Medford,  p.  72  et  seq. 


The  children  of  William'  and  Ruth  Symmes  were  : 

53.  William,"  b.  Oct.  10,  1705  ;  died  young. 
-)-54.  Zechariah,*  b.  Sept.  1,  1707  ;  m.  Judith  Eames. 
-|-55.  Josiah,'*  b.  April  7,  1710;  never  married. 
-[-56.  Timothy,*  b.  171- ;  m.  EUzabeth  Bodge. 

57.  Mary,*  m. Munroe. 

-|-58.  John,*  b.  about  1720  ;  m.  Abigail  Dix. 

59.  Elizabeth,*  b.  May  7,  1722  ;  died  young. 
4-60.  William,*  b.  Nov.   1729  ;  m.  first,  Anna  Gee;  m.  second,  Susanna 


TIMOTHY  SYMMES'  {William,''  ZechariaU),  brother  of  the 
preceding,  and  second  son  of  Capt.  William  Symmes,"  of  Charles- 
town;  born  about  1683;  married  Elizabeth  (Collamore)  Rose, 
July  31,  1710,  widow  of  Jeremiah  Rose  and  daughter  of  Capt. 
Anthony  Collamore,  of  Scituato. 

Weymouth,  which  was  the  homo  of  his  mother,  and  his  home  for 
many  years,  is  but  a  few  miles  from  Scituate.  We  are  not  surprised, 
therefore,  at  finding  him  tiiere  in  1707,  nor  at  the  fact  that  he  spent 
the  remainder  of  his  life  there. 

I  have  before  me  a  letter  from  him  to  his  brother  William,  dated 
Scituate,  June  28,  1707.  He  sympathizes  with  him  in  the  loss  they 
had  lately  sustained  (the  death  of  their  step-father.  Rev.  Samuel 
Torrey,  of  Weymouth,  who  died  April  21,  1707),  and  proceeds  :  "  My 
heart's  desire  and  prayer  to  God  is,  that  he  would  make  us  sensible  of 
our  sins  against  him,  which  provoke  him  to  ....  remove  him  who 
was  so  eminently  serviceable  for  Christ  and  his  kingdom.  We  all 
have  great  cause  to  say,  '  Against  Thee,  Thee  only  have  we  sinned,' 
&c.  Let  us  fly  to  Christ  for  mercy  and  pardon.  He  has  promised 
that  he  will  hearken  to  our  cries  and  pardon  our  iniquities,  though 
great."  He  then  reverts  to  his  temporal  affairs ;  speaks  of  working 
at  a  trade,  and  of  his  master  as  exceedingly  kind,  and  loth  to  part 
with  him,  but  as  not  wishing  to  hinder  him  in  any  plans  he  may  make 
for  his  own  advantage.  "  For  reasonable  terms,"  he  says,  "  I  shall 
depart."  He  then  proposes  that  his  brother  meet  him  on  the  ensu- 
ing Wednesday,  to  talk  over  his  plans  for  the  future.  He  thinks  of 
going  to  Woburn  to  settle  in  three  or  four  weeks.  At  the  close  he 
says :  "  Give  my  duty  unto  uncle  and  aunt,  and  my  kind  salutations 
to  the  lady  of  my  best  affections,  Miss  R.  B." 

The  uncle  and  aunt  probably  were  his  mother's  brother  and  sister. 
The  "  Miss  R.  B."  he  did  not  marry,  as  it  seems. 

He  at  length  settled  on  a  farm  near  the  centre  of  South  Scituate, 
Mass.,  on  the  Boston  road,  where  his  grandson,  John  Cleves  Symmes, 
visited  him  in  1762.     He  died  in  1765,  aged  82. 


His  children  were,  so  far  as  is  known : 

61.  Hannah,*  b.  May  12,  1712. 
-\-Q2.  Timothy,*   b.  May   27,   1714;   m.  first,  Mary   Cleves ;  m.  second, 
Eunice  Cogswell. 
63.  Anthony,*  b.  Sept.  22,  1716. 


ZE  CHART  AH  SYMMES'  {William^  ZecJianah'),  brother  of  the 
preceding,  and  third  sou  of  Capt.  William  Symmes,^  of  Charlestown ; 
born  16  8-.     Unmarried. 

About  all  we  know  of  him  is  derived  from  a  letter  written  by  him 
to  his  brother  William  Symmes''  and  wife,  dated  Jan.  21,  170G, 
which  is  old  style,  and  is  equivalent  to  Feb.  1,  1707,  N.  S.  From 
this  letter  it  appears  that  about  three  weeks  previously  he  had  sailed 
from  Boston  in  a  vessel  commanded  by  Capt.  Mears,  with  a  cargo 
of  farm  produce,  such  as  onions,  cranberries,  &c.,  suited  to  a  West 
India  market.  The  vessel  could  not  have  been  of  large  size,  since 
he  mentions  as  officers  only  Capt.  Mears  and  the  mate,  a  brother  of 
the  captain.  Some  days  after  sailing,  a  conspiracy  was  discovered 
to  take  possession  of  the  vessel,  after  first  taking  the  lives  of  Capt. 
Mears,  his  brother,  and  young  Symmes.  There  were,  he  says,  three 
blood-thirsty  men  who  had  this  design,  two  of  them  Frenchmen,  and 
the  third  a  runaway,  a  deserter  from  the  navy.  The  design  having 
been  discovered,  Capt.  Mears,  his  brother,  and  young  Symmes,  armed 
themselves,  took  possession  of  all  the  ammunition,  drove  the  con- 
spirators below,  and  kept  them  prisoners  under  the  hatches  eight  or 
nine  days,  until  they  came  under- the  guns  of  a  fort  in  Jamaica,  when 
they  delivered  them  to  a  British  man-of-war,  receiving  better  men  in 
their  room.  He  ascribes  his  deliverance  to  the  mercy  of  God.  The 
letter  breathes  the  language  of  ardent  affection  for  his  brothers  and 
sisters,  and  for  his  "  honoured  parents,"  who  at  this  time  were  Mr. 
and  Mrs.  Torrey  of  Weymouth.  He  says  nothing  about  a  wife,  and 
it  is  probable  he  had  none. 

His  home  was  in  Boston.  He  died,  either  during  this  voyage  or 
soon  after  his  return,  June  19,  1707.  His  brother  William  was 
administrator,  cum  tcstamento  annexo,  and  rendered  an  inventory, 
Oct.  28,  1708.  Among  the  items  are,  money  received  which  was 
due  from  the  two-thirds  of  their  father's  estate,  =£47  3  9 ;  money  in 
reversion  expected  from  one-third  of  the  father's  estate,  upon  the 
death  of  Mary  Torrey,  widow  (the  mother),  £23  11  10;  "Mem. 
Logwood  in  the  Bay  of  Carapeachy,  belonging  to  the  deceased,  not 
received."     [Suff.  Prob.,  xvi.  48.] 



NATHANIEL  SYMMES'  ( William,^  Zechariah'),  brother  of  tho 
preceding,  and  youngest  son  of  Capt.  William  Symmes  f  born  about 
1690.  His  mother,  in  a  petition  to  the  Probate  Court,  March, 
1692-3,  prays  that  she  may  be  appointed  guardian  to  her  youngest 
child,  Nathaniel,  in  order  that  she  may  have  legal  power  to  improve 
the  mill  stream  given  to  said  child,  by  making  lease  of  the  same  till 
said  child  becomes  of  age.  The  mill  privilege  seems,  however, 
never  to  have  come  into  his  immediate  possession.  His  brother 
William  bought  it. 

He  became  of  age  about  1710  or  1711.  We  infer  this  from 
some  receipts  before  us  of  money  paid  by  William  Symmes,  in 
November,  1712,  to  Israel  Walker  and  Oliver  Noyes,  who  had  sup- 
plied Nathaniel  with  goods  out  of  their  stores  in  Boston. 

He  was  a  cordwaiuer  in  Boston,  and  was  living  in  1720,  when 
his  mother,  Mrs.  Mary  Torrey,  in  her  will,  made  him  her  executor 
and  residuary  legatee.  We  have  no  further  information  respecting 
him.     It  is  not  known  whether  he  had. a  family. 

22      1158968 

SARAH  SAVAGE'  {Mary  Sijimnes,''  Zechariah  Symmes^),  eldest 
daughter  of  Maj.  Thomas  and  Mary  (Symmes)  Savage;  born  in 
Boston,  June  25,  1653;  married  Oct.  9,  1672,  Hon.  John  Higgin- 
SON,'  eldest  sou  of  Rev.  John  Higginson,  of  Salem,  and  grandson 
of  Rev.  Francis  Higginson.* 

Hon.  John  Higginson  was  admitted  freeman,  1677;  was  a  select- 
man of  Salem;  representative,  1689;  and  member  of  the  Executive 
Council  of  the  Province  from  1700  to  1719.  He  was  also  colonel 
of  the  regiment.     He  died  March  23,  1720. 

The  children  of  John  and  Sarah  (Savage)  Higginson  were : 

+64.  Mart,"  b.  Sept.  27,  1673 ;  m.  first,  Thomas   Gardner ;  m.  second, 
Edward  Weld  ;  m.  third,  James  Lindall. 

65.  John."  68.  Sarah." 

66.  Thomas."  G9.  Elizabeth." 

67.  Nathaniel."  70.  Margaret." 

Of  these,  John,  who  must  have  been  the  youngest,  or  nearly  so,  was 
born  1698;  grad.  H.  C.  1717;  sustained  the  chief  town  offices;  was 
a  justice  of  the  peace,  and  County  Register.  He  m.  first,  Ruth 
Boardman,  Dec.  1719;  m.  second,  Esther  Cabot;  d.  July  15,  1744, 
aged  46. 

*  Rev.  Francis  Higginson,  son  of  Rev.  John  Higginson,  was  born  in  England  in  1587. 
He  received  the  degree  of  A.B.  in  1609,  at  Jesus  College,  and  the  degree  of  A.M.  in  1613, 
at  St.  John's  College,  both  of  the  University  at  Cambridge,  Eng.    He  was  settled  in  the 



ZECHARIAH  SYMMES'  {Zechariah,'  Zechariah'),  eldest  son  of 
Rev.  Zechariah  Symmes/  of  Bradford,  and  grandson  of  Rev.  Zecha- 
riah  Symmes/  of  Charlestown;  born  in  Bradford,  March  13,  1674; 
married  Dorcas  Brackexbury,*  Nov.  28,  1700. 

He  was  of  Charlestown,  and  died  between  1709  and  1713.  His 
widow  Dorcas  signed  a  deed,  March  4,  1712-13. 

Their  children  were : 

+71.  Zechariah,"  b.  March  13,1701-2;   m.  Elizabeth . 

72.  Dorcas,'*  bapt.  Aug.  22,  1703  ;  died  young. 

73.  John  Brackenburt,"  b.  May  20,  1705  ;  m.  Elizabeth .     [See 


74.  William,"  b.  Jan.  9,   1708-9  ;  m.  Mary  .     They  lived  in 

Boston,  and  had  William,*  b.  July  30,  1730. 

It  is  altogether  probable  that  there  are,  or  have  been,  descend- 
ants of  this  family.  I  have  not  found  them,  except  they  be  found 
in  the  following  schedule,  which  I  make  out  from  the  Maiden  re- 
ministry,  1615,  at  Claybrooke,  one  of  the  parishes  in  Leicester.  Tliere  the  Holy  Spirit 
made  him  the  honored  instrument  of  saving  conversion  to  many  souls.  During  twelve 
years,  he  continued  a  strict  conformist  to  the  Established  Church.  But  about  1627,  his  in- 
creased acquaintance  with  the  Scriptures  led  him  to  embrace  the  principles  of  the  Puri- 
tans. In  consequence  of  this,  he  was  excluded  from  his  parish,  though  his  people,  who 
felt  that  they  could  not  be  deprived  of  his  faithful  labors,  obtained  permission  for  him  to 
preach  to  them  a  part  of  the  time.  The  next  year,  the  intolerant  measures  of  Bishop 
Laud  exposed  him  to  be  brought  before  the  High  Commission  Court.  (For  a  notice  of  this 
Court,  see  page  1.)  He  then  began  to  entertain  tiie  design  of  a  removal  to  America.  The 
Massachusetts  Company,  then  just  formed  in  England,  having  infonnation  of  his  pui-pose, 
invited  him  and  another  excellent  minister.  Rev.  Samuel  Skelton,  to  embark  with  a  com- 
pany of  about  one  hundred  new  planters,  whom  they  were  intending  soon  to  send  out. 
Accordingly,  he  with  his  family  sailed  in  the  Talbot  of  300  tons,  Capt.  Thomas  Beecher 
(an  excellent  man  who  settled  in  Charlestown,  and  was  one  of  the  founders  of  the  church 
there),  from  Gravcsend,  a  port  on  the  Thames,  below  London,  April  25,  1629,  and  landed 
at  Salem,  June  30.  He  was  installed  as  teacher  of  the  church  at  Salem,  the  6th  of  August 
following;  Mr.  Skelton  being  installed  as  pastor  the  same  day. 

There  was  a  great  mortality  at  Salem  the  ensuing  winter :  about  one  hundred,  out  of 
three  hundred,  the  whole  population,  being  laid  low  in  death.  Mr.  Higginson  lived  to 
welcome  Governor  Winthrop  and  the  large  accession  of  new  settlers  who  came  with  him 
in  June  and  July,  1630 ;  but  died  soon  after,  Aug.  6,  1630,  aged  43  years.  He  was  a  man 
of  amiable  spirit,  of  warm  piety,  of  exemplary  life  ;  "  a  man,"  says  Edward  Johnson, 
"endued  with  grace,  apt  to  teach,  mighty  in  the  Scriptures,  learned  in  the  tongues,  able 
to  convince  gainsayers." 

He  left,  at"  his  death,  eight  children;  of  whom  the  eldest  was  Rev.  John  Higginson', 
born  at  Claybrooke,  in  Leicester,  Eng.,  Au£j.  6,  1616;  accompanied  his  father  to  America 
in  1629;  served  as  chaplain  at  Say  brook,  Ct.,  1636-1640;  in  1641,  went  to  Guilford,  Ct., 
and  was  some  years  colleague  with  Rev.  Henry  "VVhitefield,  whose  daughter  Sarah  he 
married  ;  was  installed  pastor  of  the  Fhst  Church  in  Salem,  Aug.  1660;  and  died  in  that 
relation,  highly  honored,  Dec.  9,  1708,  at  the  advanced  age  of  ninety-two,  having  been  a 
minister  of  the  gospel  about  seventy-two  years.  His  children  Merc — John,  Nathaniel, 
Thomas,  Francis,  Henry;  Sarah,  married  in  1672  Richard  Wharton;  Ann,  m.  1682  Wil- 
liam Dolliver,  of  Gloucester. 

*  William  Brackenbury  was  one  of  the  early  settlers  of  Charlestown.  He  was  admitted 
to  the  church  in  that  town,  Dec.  20,  1632.  Anne  Brackenbury,  snp])osed  to  be  his  wife, 
was  admitted  Jan.  5,  1632-3.  He  was  admitted  freeman  of  the  colon  j',  March  4,  1632-3. 
He  died  in  Maiden,  August,  1668.  Alice  Brackenbury,  his  wife,  died  Dec.  28,  1670,  and 
was  buried  by  his  side  in  the  old  Cemetery  in  Maiden. 

Samuel  Brackenl)ury,  son  of  Samuel,  and  probably  a  grandson  of  AVilliam,  was  born  in 
Maiden,  Feb.  3,  1672-3.  He  was  a  physician,  died  Nov.  26,  1702,  and  Avas  buried  in  the 
old  Cemetery  in  Maiden.  He  was  admitted  to  the  church  in  Charlestown,  Oct.  II,  1696. 
Dorcas  Brackenbury  may  have  been  his  sister. 


cords,  as  copied  in  the  N.  E.  Genealogical  Register,  vol.  xi.  pp.  129, 
130,  211,213. 

Children  of  John  and  Elizabeth  Simms,  born  in  Maiden: 

75.  Elizabeth,*  b.  May  22,  1721. 

76.  John,*  b.  Aug.  13,  1722. 

77.  Mary,*  b.  April  16,  1724. 

78.  Sarah,*  b.  March  11,  1727-8. 

I  am  fully  persuaded  that  John  Simms,  of  Maiden,  the  father  of 
these  children,  is  identical  with  John  Brackenbury  Symmes,^  the 
second  son  of  Zechariah  Symmes,^  husband  of  Dorcas  Brackenbury. 
My  reasons  are — 1.  The  Brackenbury  family  lived  in  Maiden;  so 
did  the  father  of  these  children.  2.  I  have  before  me  a  paper  relat- 
ing to  the  settlement  of  the  estate  of  Rev.  Zechariah  Symmes,^  or 
rather  to  some  money  which  his  children  were  to  receive  from  his 
brother  William's  estate. 

In  this  paper  the  heirs  of  Rev.  Zechariah  Symraes,  living  in  1725-6, 
are  thus  enumerated  : 

Mr.  Scottow. 

Mr.  Osgood. 

Mr.  Stevens. 

[These  were  husbands  of  three  daughters  of  Rev.   Zechariah 

Thos.  Symmes's  children. 

Brackenberry  Symras. 
Each  of  these  was  to  receive  £2  0  7. 

This  paper  appears  to  show  that  Catharine  and  William,  children 
of  Rev.  Zechariah,  had  died  before  1725,  leaving  no  living  issue ; 
also  Zechariah  [71]  and  Dorcas  [72],  children  of  the  third  Zecha- 
riah.    Some  further  considerations  may  appear  in  an  Appendix. 


Rev.  THOMAS  SYMMES"  (Zechariah,'  Zechariah'),  brother  of 
the  preceding,  and  second  son  of  Rev.  Zechariah  Symmes,^  of  Brad- 
ford; born  there,  Feb.  1,  1677-8;  married,  first,  Elizabeth  Blow- 
ers, of  Cambridge,  a  sister  of  the  Rev.  Thomas  Blowers,*  of  Bev- 
erly. She  died  April  6,  1714.  He  married,  second,  Hannah  Pike, 
March  28,  1715,  daughter  of  Rev.  John  Pike,t  of  Dover,  N.  H.    She 

*  Rev.  Thomas  Blowers  was  horn  in  Cambridge,  Aug.  1,1677;  son  of  Capt.  Pyam 
Blowers  of  that  town,  by  his  wife  Elizabeth,  sister  of  Hon.  Andrew  Belcher.  He  graduated 
at  H.  C.  1695,  and  was  ordained  pastor  at  Beverly,  Oct.  29,1701,  succeeding  Rev.  John 
Hale,  the  first  minister.  He  died  June  17,  1729,  in  the  62d  year  of  his  age,  and  28th  of  his 
pastorate.  He  was  a  good  scholar,  an  excellent  minister,  and  a  most  useful  man.  He  left 
four  sons  and  two  daughters.— GeneaZ.  Beg.,  vol.  viii.  179. 

t  Rev.  John  Pike  was  born  at  Salisbury,  1653;  graduated  H.  C.  1675;  ordained  pastor 
at  Dover,  N.  H.,  Aug.  31,  1681 :  died  March  10,  1710,  aged  57.  His  wife  was  Sarah,  second 
daughter  of  the  excellent  and  Rev.  Joshua  Moody,  of  Portsmouth,  N.  H.,  who  was  impri- 
soned Feb.  1684,  by  that  worthless  wretch,  Edward  Cranfield,  Lieut.  Gov.  of  New  Hamp- 
shire, for  refusing  to  administer  to  liim  the  Lord's  Supper  according  to  the  ritual  of  the 
Church  of  England.    He  was  kept  in  prison  thirteen  weeks. 


died  in  childbed,  Feb.  1,  1718-19.  He  married,  third,  Eleanor 
(Thompson)  Moody,  Jan.  19,  1720-1.  She  was  born  Nov.  9,  1679, 
and  was  daui^hter  of  Benjamin  Thompson,  and  granddaugliter  of 
Rev.  William  Tompson,  first  minister  of  Braintree,  and  widow  of 
Eleazar  Moody,  of  Dedham.     She  survived  her  second  husband. 

He  was  instructed  in  the  rudiments  of  the  Latin  language  bj  his 
father.  His  preparation  for  college  was  completed  at  Charlestown, 
under  the  able  tuition  of  Mr,  Emerson,  a  distinguished  teacher.  He 
was  admitted  to  Harvard  College  in  1694,  and  graduated  there  in 
1698,  decidedly  the  first  scholar  in  his  class.  He  remained  two 
years  longer  at  Cambridge  to  perfect  his  education,  through  aid 
received  from  Mr.  Brattle  and  other  benefactors.  He  was  ordained 
Dec.  30,  1702,  the  first  minister  of  Boxford.  During  his  pastorate 
there  of  only  six  years,  seventy-two  persons  were  added  to  that 
church.  He  met  with  difficulties,  however,  the  nature  of  which  is 
not  known;  but  they  greatly  tried  his  patience,  and  led  him,  in  1706, 
to  think  of  a  removal.  By  the  death  of  his  father,  March,  1707-8, 
the  way  was  opened  for  his  settlement  in  Bradford,  a  town  joining 
Boxford,  and  he  was  installed  there,  December,  1708.  His  salary 
was  one  hundred  pounds,  paid  in  a  depreciated  currency.  The  small- 
ness  of  his  salary  subjected  him  to  great  embarrassments,  so  that  he 
could  not  bring  up  any  of  his  sons  to  college  as  he  wished,  though 
they  possessed  promising  talents.  He  was  minister  at  Bradford 
nearly  seventeen  years,  and  during  that  time  two  hundred  and  thirty 
persons  were  added  to  that  church.  At  one  time,  June  11,  1723, 
two  hundred  and  thirty-four  persons  united  in  the  communion.  lu 
the  year  1720,  fifty-nine  persons  were  admitted ;  forty-six  of  them 
in  three  months,  and  twenty-five  in  one  day.  At  the  time  of  his 
death  there  were  but  one  hundred  and  twenty  families  in  the  town. 

He  was  a  man  of  earnest  piety.  His  walk  was  close  with  God, 
as  appears  from  documents  now  in  existence.  He  was  very  consci- 
entious and  punctual  in  the  duty  of  secret  prayer  —  considering  this, 
with  the  daily  reading  of  the  Bible,  an  eminent  means  of  security 
from  temptations.  In  all  his  difficulties  and  straits  he  had  recourse 
to  a  prayer-hearing  God.  He  had  faith  in  the  covenant  of  grace. 
In  one  place  he  says  :  "  I  found  much  comfort  and  encouragement  in 
pleading  the  covenant  with  God,  urging  the  prayers  laid  up  for  me 
in  heaven,  offered  by  my  godly  ancestors.  My  dear  children !  if 
you  ever  see  this,  remember  that  you  are  children  of  many  prayers. 
But  trust  not  to  that:  pray  for  yourselves."  May  his  posterity  re- 
member this !  With  prayer  he  united  fasting,  observing  sometimes 
stated,  and  sometimes  occasional  seasons,  for  seeking  the  divine 
direction  and  blessing. 

In  sacred  music  he  took  great  delight,  and  was  himself  a  good 
singer.  To  this  exercise  he  attended  in  his  own  family,  on  the 
morning  and  evening  of  every  Sabbath ;  and  in  the  latter  part  of  his 
life,  every  day.     He  did  what  he   could  to  reform  the  practice  of 


singing  in  public  worship,  which  had  been  very  low.  He  introduced 
many  new  tunes,  and  preached  on  the  subject.  He  published,  in  1722, 
a  "  Joco-Serious  Dialogue  concerning  Regular  Singing."  It  is  full 
of  wit  and  sarcasm,  and  was  designed  to  ridicule  the  opposers  of 
what  he  calls  "regular  singing,"  that  is,  singing  by  rule,  or  ''sing- 
ing by  note,"  which  he  strongly  advocated  in  preference  to  the  old 
method  of  "  lining  out  the  hymns  "  and  singing  by  impulse.  It  is  a 
tract  of  sixty  or  more  pages,  and  he  informs  us  that  he  wrote  it  in 
a  single  day,  adding  a  few  quotations  afterward. 

He  also  printed  a  sermon,  entitled  "  The  Brave  Lovewell  La- 
mented," prefixed  to  which  is  an  account  of  the  "  Fight  at  Pig- 
wacket,"  which  is  said  to  be  the  most  authentic  record  of  that 
sanguinary  affair.* 

His  other  published  works  were :  "A  Legacy  of  Advice  to  the 
Church  of  Bradford."  ''A  Monitor  for  Delaying  Sinners."  ''An 
Artillery  Election  Sermon,  1720."  "A  Sermon  at  the  Ordination 
of  Rev.  Joseph  Emerson  at  Maiden,  1721."  "A  Funeral  Sermon 
for  Rev.  Thomas  Barnard,  1718."     "  Against  Prejudice." 

He  was  a  man  of  much  intellectual  ability,  diligently  cultivated  by 
close  study.  His  library  contained  many  of  the  books  of  his  father 
and  grandfather,  and  for  those  days  was  somewhat  large.  He  usually 
reviewed  his  classical  studies  once  a  year.  In  his  family  he  some- 
times fluently  rendered  the  Hebrew  Bible  into  English. 

In  religious  sentiment  he  was  thoroughly  Calvinistic.  He  was 
diligent  in  visiting  his  people,  especially  the  sick  —  always  aiming 
to  give  the  conversation  a  religious  direction.  He  loved  to  preach, 
and  embraced  every  opportunity  for  performing  this  service.  In  the 
pulpit  his  manner  was  animated  and  impressive. 

His  constitution  was  naturally  vigorous,  and  he  seemed  to  enjoy 
almost  perfect  health  till  his  last  sickness,  which  lasted  only  ten  days. 
He  often  expressed  a  desire  that  he  might  not  live  to  be  old,  nor  out- 
live his  usefulness.  His  wish  was  granted.  He  preached  the  last 
Sabbath  but  one  before  he  died,  though  in  much  weakness  and  suffer- 
ing. He  died  of  bleeding  profusely  at  the  nose,  which  rapidly 
reduced  his  strength.  He  fell  asleep  in  Jesus,  Oct.  6,  1725,  in  the 
48th  year  of  his  age.f  "  He  was  a  public  blessing,  highly  esteemed 
in  his  life,  much  lamented  at  his  death."|' 

"The  name  of  Mr.  Symmes,"  says  one§  who  succeeded  him  in  the 

*  The  fight  took  place  in  the  present  town  of  Fryebiirg,  Maine,  May  8,  1725,  0.  S.,  an- 
swering to  May  19,  N.  S.  Capt.  Jolin  Lovewell,  with  thirty-thi-ec  men,  encountered  a 
much  superior  force  of  Indians  under  the  noted  Paugus.  The  Indians  took  them  in  front 
and  rear.  The  action  lasted  from  ten,  A.  M.,  till  sunset,  or  about  ten  hours.  Notwith- 
standing the  great  disparity  of  force  the  Indians  had  the  worst  of  it,  and  retired  from  the 
field  soon  after  sunset.  Of  our  thirty-three  men,  only  twelve  lived  to  return  home.  Capt. 
Lovewell  and  twelve  of  his  men  lay  dead  on  the  field.— [Sywwes's  Memoir ;  SSewall's  His- 
tory of  Woburn. 

t  This  account  is  largely  derived  from  a  memoir  of  Mr.  Symmes,  by  his  nearest  neigh- 
bor, Rev.  John  Brown,  of  Haverhill,  printed  in  1726,  re-printed  1816. 

t  Boston  News  Letter,  Oct.  1725. 

f  Rev.  James  T.  McCollom,  pastor  in  Bradford  from  1854  to  1865 ;  now  pastor  in  Mcd- 
ford  near  Boston. 


ministry,  "  is  fragrant  to  this  day  in  this  vicinity.  Perhaps  no  one 
in  the  region  was  more  useful  in  the  ministry."  He  was  much  be- 
loved by  his  people.     His  children  were : 

By  his  first  wife  Elizabeth.     Born  in  Boxford. 
-|-80.  Thomas,*  b.  Jan.  11,  1702-3;  m.  first,  Martha  Call ;    m.  second, 

Ruth  (Hall)  Webber  ;  m.  third,  Mary  Frothingham. 

-f-81.  Andrew,*  b.  May  20,  1704  ;  m.  Hannah . 

-j-82.  John,"*  b.  Feb.  14,  1705-6;  m.  first,  Martha  Kueelaud ;  m.  second, 


83.  William,*  b.  Oct.   23,  1707;  died  before  the  birth  of  Anna,  the 

seventh  child  of  Mr.  Symmes,  1714.* 

Born  in  Bradford. 
-}-84.  Elizabeth,*  b.  March  3,  1709-10;  m.  Hon.  Samuel  Danforth. 
-|-85.  Zechariaii,*  b.  July  15,  1712;  m.  first,  Grace  Parker;  m.  second, 
Elizabeth  Locke. 

86.  Anna,*  b.  April  4,  1714 ;  admitted  to  the  first  church  in   Charles- 

town,  May  31,  1741,  and  then  unm. 

By  second  wife  Hannah.     Born  in  Bradford. 

87.  Abigail,*  b.  April  4,  1716. 

88.  Sarah,*  b.  Sept.  30, 1717. 

The  foregoing  is  copied  from  the  family  record. 


WILLIAM  SYMMES'  {Zechariah,'  Zcchariah'),  brother  of  the 
preceding;  born  in  Bradford,  Jan.  7,  1G79-80;  married  Elizabeth 
Langdox,  of  Boston,  June  13,  1706.    They  lived  in  Boston,  and  had : 

88|.  Elizabeth,*  b.  March  20,  1706-7. 

jFourti)  feneration. 

ZECHARIAH  SYMMES*  {WilUam,'  William,^  Zechariah'),  son 
of  William^  and  Ruth  (Convers)  Symmes ;  born  in  what  was  tlien 
Charlestown,  now  the  southern  part  of  Winchester,  Sept.  1,  1707; 
married,  1741,  Judith  Eames,  born  in  Woburn,  March  22,1718, 
eldest  child  of  Dea.  Samuel  and  Judith  (Simonds)  Eames,  of  Wo- 
burn. Tlie  name  is  of  late  spelled  Ames,  as  pronounced.  Dea. 
Eames,  born  in  1692,  was  son  of  Samuel  born  in  1664,  who 
was  a  son  of  Robert  Eames  who  was  of  Charlestown,  1651,  but 
removed  to  Woburn  before  1666. 

*  For  this  statement  we  have  the  authority  of  Mr.  Symmes:  "  Advice  to  my  dear  chil- 
dren, Thomas,  Andrew,  John,  Elizabeth  and  Zachariah,"  printed  in  connection  with  his 
memoir— William  being  here  omitted,  as  not  then  living. 


He  was  a  farmer,  and  dwelt  in  the  last  house  in  what  was  then 
Woburn,  on  the  road  to  Boston.  It  was  opposite  the  Black  Horse 
Tavern,  which  is  still  standing.  The  house  stood  on  the  spot  where 
now  stands  the  dwelling-house  of  Mrs.  Hutchinson.  It  was  a  part 
of  the  farm  of  his  father,  Mr.  William  Sjmmcs,^'  and  his  grandfather, 
Capt.  William  Sjmmes.*  It  is  now  in  the  town  of  Winchester.  He 
died  there,  April  19,  1793. 

His  will  is  dated  Jan,  24,  1791 ;  proved  June,  1793.  He  and  his 
wife  Judith,  who  joins  in  the  will,t  bequeath  to  their  sons  Zecha- 
riah,  Samuel  and  William,  land  in  Tewksbury,  Woburn  (the  Wood- 
Hill  lot),  Medford,  and  elsewhere,  "  which  we  had  by  her  father 
Ames."!  They  also  leave  a  legacy  to  their  daughter  Ruth  Prentice 
and  her  children.  A  pew  in  Woburn  meeting-house  is  also  be- 
queathed; also  cattle,  hogs  and  farming  utensils. 

Zechariah  Symmes  died  April  19,  1793,  aged  87.  Judith,  his 
wife,  died  July  24,  1795,  aged  84,  according  to  gravestone.  The 
church  record  makes  her  but  76. 

The  children  of  Zechariah  and  Judith  (Eames)  Symmes  were : 

89.  Judith,'  b.  Aug.  14,  1742;  died  young. 
-|-90.  Zechariah,*  b.  Oct.  1,  1744;  m.  Rebecca  Tuttle. 
-j-91.  Samuel,*  b.  Oct.  20,  1746;   m.  Susanna  Richardson. 

92.  Judith,*  b.  Feb.  13,  1749  ;  m,  Isaiah  Dixon,  of  Cambridge,  Nov. 

16,  1773.       , 

93.  Ruth,*  b.  May  4,  1751 ;  died  young. 

94.  Ruth,*  b.  April  8,  1755  ;  m.  Thomas  Prentice,  of  Cambridge,  July 

20,  1774. 
-|-95.  William,*  b.  Sept.  1,  1757;  m.  Mary  Mallet. 


JOSIAH  SYMMES"  {William,''  William;'  Zechariah'),  hvoihQv  of 
the  preceding,  and  second  son  of  William  and  Ruth  (Convers) 
Symmes;  born  in  the  north  part  of  Charlestown,  north  of  Mystic 
Pond,  April  7,  1710;  never  married.  He  was  doubtless  named  for 
his  maternal  grandfather,  Capt.  Josiah  Convers. 

His  father's  large  farm  was  divided  in  1765,  and  about  a  fourth 
part  was  assigned  to  him.  His  part  included  the  mill,  the  mill-pond, 
the  house  and  barn.  It  bordered,  I  think,  on  the  great  road  to 
Boston,  now  Main  Street  in  Winchester.  It  consisted  of  several 
detached  portions ;  one  of  these  portions  bordered  on  the  west  on 
the  Gardiner  farm  (formerly  Increase  Nowell's)  in  Charlestown. 

*  The  line  between  Woburn  and  Medford  ran  between  his  house  and  barn,  his  house 
beinf?  in  Woburn,  tlie  barn  in  Medford. 

t  I  have  examined  perhaps  hundreds  of  wills.  In  no  other  instance  have  I  found  a 
wife  joining  her  husband  in  a  will. 

t  This  expression  can  refer  only  to  a  part  of  what  the  testator  left,  for  a  part  came  from 
his  ancestors  the  Symmeses. 



He  lived,  therefore,  in  the  extreme  northerly  part  of  Medford,* 
in  the  house  standing  on  the  bank  of  the  Aberjona  River,  on  the 
spot  now  occupied  by  John  Bacon,  which,  since  1850,  has  been  in 
Winchester.  He  died  previous  to  1780,  as  we  learn  from  a  quit- 
claim, signed  by  his  four  brothers  in  July  of  that  year.  He  must 
have  lived  to  near  the  age  of  70. 

His  father,  William  Symmes,  in  1761,  conveyed  to  him  by  deed 
thirty  acres  of  land  near  Wedge  Pond,  bounded  N.  E.  on  Ebene- 
zer  Convers's  land  in  Woburn,  and  S.  E.  on  the  river  called  Symmes's 
River  [the  Aberjona]. 


TIMOTHY  ^YMUE^'  {William,'  Wmiam,'  Zechariah'),  hroihev 
of  the  preceding,  and  third  son  of  William^  and  Ruth  (Convers) 
Symmes;  born  about  1714;  married  Elizabeth  (or  Betsey)  Bodge. 

He  inherited  a  portion  of  his  father's  estate,  including  a  portion 
of  the  mill.  His  land  was  bounded  west  by  the  mill-pond  and  the 
river ;  west  and  south  by  the  land  of  his  brother  Josiah  Symmes ; 
south  on  land  of  his  brother  John  Symmes  and  his  nephew  Samuel 
Symmes ;  east  and  west  on  the  great  road,  now  Main  Street  in  Win- 
chester. In  other  words,  it  was  on  both  sides  of  the  road  to  Boston. 
It  was  formerly  in  Medford ;  it  is  now  in  Winchester. 

He  died  in  1784,  intestate.  The  inventory  of  his  estate  was  ex- 
hibited in  court,  Sept.  2,  1784,  by  his  widow  Elizabeth  Symmes, 
administratrix.     Real  estate,  =£412  ;  Personal  estate,  £72  10. 

He  left  three  children,  all  minors ;  which  induces  the  belief  that 
he  was  not  married  till  more  than  50  years  of  age.  Of  his  children, 
Capt.  Joseph  Brown,  of  South  Woburn,  a  near  neighbor  of  Timothy 
Symmes,  was  appointed  guardian.  Elizabeth,  widow  of  Timothy 
Symmes,  was  living  in  1814. 

His  children  were : 

-|-96.  Timothy,*  b.  about  1770  ;  m.  Martha  Wyman. 
-j-97.  Daniel,*  b.  about  1778;  m.  Sophia  Emerson. 

98.  Elizabeth,*  b.  about  1780 ;   m.  George  Washington  Reed,  of  Wo- 

burn.    Published  Oct.  30,  1801. 

99.  William,*  b.  about  1782. 


JOHN  SYMMES^  (  William,'  William;'  ZechariaU),  brother  of  the 
preceding;  born  about  1720;  m.  Nov.  7,  1754,  Abigail  Dix,  born 
May  21,  1733,  daughter  of  John  and  Mary  (Cooke)  Dix,  of  Wal- 
tham.     Mr.  Dix,  her  father,  was  selectman  of  Waltham  for  several 

*  In  a  bond  given  by  him  Oct.  1,  1748,  he  is  said  to  be  of  Charlestown.  His  house  and 
farm  were  at  that  time  in  Charlestown,  but  annexed  to  Medford  in  1754. 


years.  She  was  admitted  to  the  church  in  West  Cambridge,  now 
Arlington,  March  16,  1760. 

Mr.  Symmes  was  a  farmer  and  lived  in  Charlestown  until  1754, 
when  he  and  his  father's  farm  were  annexed  to  Medford.  After  his 
marriage  he  continued  to  live  in  the  same  house  with  his  father,  on 
the  spot  where  now  stands  the  house  of  John  Bacon,  in  the  present 
town  of  Winchester,  near  where  the  railroad  bridge  spans  the  Aber- 
jona  River,  and  not  far  from  the  Mystic  Station.  He  owned  part  of 
the  mill  and  mill  privilege ;  his  brother  Josiah  the  other  part.  Jo- 
siah's  part,  after  his  death,  was  divided  between  John  and  Timothy. 
It  was  more  convenient  for  him  to  attend  church  at  West  Cambridge 
than  at  Woburn,  and  he  was  admitted  to  that  church,  Sept.  3,  1758, 
at  which  time  his  children  John  and  Josiah  were  baptized.  June 
19,  1761,  his  father  William  Symmes  conveyed  to  him  the  above 
John  Symmes  a  considerable  portion  of  his  farm  in  Medford.  His 
land  extended  to  Symmes's  Corner,  in  the  south  part  of  what  is  now 
Winchester,  but  was  none  of  it  on  the  south  side  of  the  road  lead- 
ing to  West  Medford.  Forty  acres,  and  probably  more,  of  his  land 
are  now  owned  by  his  descendants. 

His  wife  Abigail  died  March  28,  1761,  aged  28.  He  did  not  mar- 
ry again.  He  was  living  July  21,  1780,  when  he  signed  a  quit- 
claim deed,  together  with  his  brothers  Zechariah  and  William,  in 
favor  of  their  brother  Timothy. 

His  children  were : 

-f  100.  John,*  b.  August,  1755  ;  m.  Elizabeth  Wright. 
-j-101.  Josiah,*  bapt.  Sept.  3,  1758  ;  m.  Elizabeth  Johnson. 
4-102.  Abigail,*  bapt.  March  16,  1760  ;  m.  Joseph  Cutter. 


Rev.  WILLIAM  SYMMES,*  D.D.  (William;  William;  Zecha- 
riah^ ),  brother  of  the  preceding,  and  youngest  son  of  William''  and 
Ruth  (Convers)  Symmes,  born  in  the  north  part  of  Charlestown, 
afterwards  included  in  Medford,  and  since  1850  in  Winchester;  born 
Nov.  1729  ;  married,  1759,  Anna  Gee,  daughter  of  Rev.  Joshua  Gee, 
pastor  of  the  Second  or  Old  North  Church  in  Boston.*  She  died 
June  18,  1772,  aged  38.  He  married,  second,  July  26,  1774, 
Susanna  Powell,  of  Boston,  b.  1729,  a  native  of  England.  She  died 
July  26,  1807,  aged  79. 

He  graduated  H.  C.  1750;  was  tutor  there,  1755  to  1758;  re- 
ceived the  degree  of  D.D.  from  that  college,  1803;  was  ordained 
pastor  of  the  North  Church  and  Parish  in  Andover,  now  the  town  of 
North  Andover,  Nov.  1,  1758,  and  continued  pastor  there  more  than 

*  Rev.  Joshua  Gee  [G  has  the  hard  sound],  was  b.  in  Boston,  1698;  grad.  at  H.  C.  1717; 
ordained  pastor  of  Second  Church  Dec.  18,  1723,  colleague  with  Rev.  Increase  Mather;  died 
May  22,  1748,  aged  60.    He  was  a  warm  friend  aud  promoter  of  the  Great  Revival  of  171:1. 


forty-eight  years,  till  Lis  death,  May  3,  1807,  at  the  age  of  77  years 
6  months.  Rev.  Dr.  Cummings,  of  Billerica,  preached  the  funeral 
sermon,  from  2  Cor.  v.  1 :  "  For  we  know  that  if  our  earthly  house 
of  this  tabernacle,"  &c. 

He  succeeded  Rev.  John  Barnard  at  North  Andover,  who  is  well 
remembered  as  a  decided  opposer  of  Whitefield  and  of  the  "  Great 
Awakening  "  of  1741.  Dr.  Symmes  is  supposed  to  have  entertained 
similar  views,  and  to  have  been  an  Arminian,  and  very  nearly  if  not 
quite  a  Unitarian.  Rev.  Bailey  Loring,  his  successor,  was  an 
acknowledged  Unitarian. 

"  He  was,"  says  Abbott,  the  historian  of  Andover,  "  distinguished 
for  his  prudence,  his  sound  moral  principle,  his  unshaken  integrity, 
and  his  irreproachable  conduct." 

His  children,  all  by  first  wife  Anna,  were : 

-|-103.  William,*  b.  May  26,  1760  ;  unmarried. 

104.  Daniel,*  b.  Oct.  1,  1761.     He  settled  in  Pendleton  District,  South 

Carolina ;  a  son  of  his  was  a  physician  in  Charleston,  in  that 
State.  Perhaps  Wm.  Gilmore  Sims,  so  well  known  a  few  years 
since  as  a  brilliant  writer  of  novels,  was  of  this  family,  and  per- 
haps not. 

105.  Joshua  Gee,*   b.   July  11,   1763;   m.  Mary  Elizabeth  Jackson, 

daughter  of  Dr.  Hall  Jackson,  of  Portsmouth,  N.  H.  He  was  a 
physician  in  New  Gloucester,  Me.,  and  died  at  sea  about  1804. 
His  widow  died  at  Portsmouth,  Nov.  6,  1808,  aged  39.  [Grave- 
stone in  Portsmouth.] 

106.  Elizabeth,*  b.  March  13,  1765  ;  unm. ;  d.  Aug.  13,  1784,  aged  19. 

107.  Theodore,*  b.  May  16,  1767  ;  unm.     A  physician,  settled  in  Fal- 

mouth, Me.,  and  died  in  New  Gloucester,  Me. 

108.  Anna,*  b.  April  1,  1768  ;  m.  Isaac  Cazneau,  probably  a  son  of  An- 

drew Cazneau,  of  Boston.  After  residing  many  years  in  Ando- 
ver, they  removed  to  Boston,  where  he  exercised  the  trade  of  a 
book-binder.   She  and  her  husband  were  living  there,  Nov.,  1841. 

109.  CONVERS,*  b.  July  22,  1770;  died  Sept.  4,  1770. 

110.  Ltdia,*  -J     ^'".^''19,^1771 ; }    ^°^^  '^'^'''  *^^  ^^^^  ^^^• 

111.  Charlotte,*  j  Dec. 


Rev.  timothy  SYMMES^  {Timothy,'  William,'  Zechariah'),  son 
of  Timothy^  and  Elizabeth  Symmes,  of  Scitnate,  Mass. ;  born  May 
27,  1714;  married,  first,  1740,  Mary  Cleves,  daughter  of  Capt. 
John  Cleves,  a  wealthy  farmer  of  Aquabogue,  Long  Island.  She 
died  in  1746  or  1747.  He  married,  second,  1752,  Eunice  Cogs- 
well, daughter  of  Francis  and  Hannah  Cogswell,  of  Ipswicli,  Mass. 

lie  grad.  H.  C.  1733.  He  was  ordained  pastor  of  Millington,  a 
parish  in  the  town  of  East  Haddam,  Ct.,  Dec.  2,  1736,  on  wliich  occa- 
sion Rev.  Stephen  Hosmer,  of  the  First  Church  in  tliat  town,  preached 
from  1  Tim.  vi.  20 :    "0  Timothy,  keep  that  which  is  committed  to 


thy  trust."  He  was  a  zealous  promoter  of  evangelical  religion,  and 
a  warm  friend  of  the  Great  Revival  of  1741-2.  His  great  activity 
and  fervor  in  this  cause  led  to  his  dismission  shortly  after.  He 
then  took  charge  of  the  church  at  Southold,  Long  Island.  In  1744 
the  Presbytery  of  New  Brunswick  sent  him  to  supply  vacancies  in 
West  New  Jersey.  He  was  pastor  of  the  churches  in  Springfield 
and  New  Providence,  in  that  State,  from  1746  to  1750,  during  which 
time  he  twice  sat  as  a  member  of  the  Synod  of  New  York.  In  1752 
he  removed  to  Ipswich,  Mass.,  having  been  recommended  to  the  peo- 
ple there  by  Rev.  Nathaniel  Rogers,  of  that  place,  as  a  man  who  had 
been  "  driven  from  his  Society  in  Connecticut  ten  years  before  for 
being  so  active  on  the  side  of  religion."  In  Ipswich  he  was  an 
assistant  of  Mr.  Rogers ;  but  it  does  not  appear  that  he  was  formally 
installed  as  colleague.  He  continued  at  Ipswich  till  his  death, 
April  6,  1756,  aged  41.     He  had  been  in  the  ministry  twenty  years. 

After  the  death  of  his  first  wife,  her  father,  Capt.  Cleves,  took  her 
two  little  children  and  kept  them  till  his  death  in  1760. 

After  the  death  of  Mr.  Symmes,  his  widow  Eunice  married 
Richard  Potter. 

The  children  of  Mr.  Symmes,  by  first  wife  Mary,  were : 

-}-112.  John  Cleves,*  b.  July  10, 1742  ;  m.  first,  Anna  Tuthill ;  m.  second, 

Mary  Halsey ;  m.  third,  Susan  Livingston, 
-f  113.  TnroTHY,'  b.  April  10,  1744;  m.  first,  Abigail  Tuthill;  m.  second, 

Mary  Harker. 
114.  William,*  b.  1746  ;  died  in  infancy. 

By  second  wife  Eunice,  born  iu  Ipswich  : 
-f-llo.  Ebenezer,*  b.  1754. 
-[-116.  William,"  b.  1756;  m.  Mehitable  Moulton. 


MARY  HIGGINSON  (Sarah  Savage,  Manj  Srjmmes,  Zechariah 
Symmes),  eldest  daughter  of  Hon.  John  and  Sarah  (Savage)  Higgin- 
son;  born  in  Salem,  Sept.  27,  1673;  married,  first,  April  4,  1695, 
Thomas  Gardner,  son  of  Thomas  and  filary  (Porter)  Gardner,  of 
Salem.  She  married,  second,  April  25,  1699,  Dr.  Edward  Weld, 
son  of  Daniel  and  Bethiah  Weld.  He  died  Oct.  3,  1702,  aged  36. 
[Gravestone.]  They  had  one  son,  Daniel,  born  April  13,  1700,  who 
died  March,  1701.  She  married,  third,  May  3,  1708,  James  Lindall, 
Esq.,  of  Salem.  She  was  his  second  wife;  the  former  wife  being 
Elizabeth  Curwen,  daughter  of  Hon,  Jonathan  Curwen,  of  Salem. 
This  wife  died  May  19,  1706,  aged  28. 

Mr.  Lindall  was  an  eminent  and  prosperous  merchant  of  Salem; 
possessor  of  a  handsome  property;  a  deacon  of  the  First  Church  in 
that  town ;  and  a  Justice  of  the  Court  of  General  Sessions.  His 
standing  was  one  of  the  first  respectability,  and  his  connections  were 
with  some  of  the  influential  families  of  the  Province.     He  died  May 


10,  1753;  aged  77.     [Gravestone.]     His  wife  Mary  was  living  in 

His  children,  by  Mary  Higginson,  were : 

117.  An  infant  son,  b.  April  25,  1709  ;  died  same  day. 

118.  James  (Linclall),  b.  May  21,  1710  ;  unm. ;  a  mercbant  in   Salem; 

died  1754. 

119.  Veren  (Lindall),  b.  May  14,  1711  ;  died  April  29,  1712. 
-{-120.  Sarah  (Lindall),  b.  June  17,  1712  ;  m.  Lawrence  Lutwyche. 
-4-121.  Abigail  (Lindall),  b.  June  16,  1713  ;  m.  Rev.  William  Jennison. 

121i.  Rachel  (Lindall),  b.  Aug.  9,  1714;  died  Sept.  9,  1714. 
122.  Timothy  (Lindall),  b.  April  14,  1716  ;  merchant  in  Salem. 


ZECHARTAH*  SYMMES  {ZechariaJi,''  Zechariah,^  ZechariaU), 
eldest  son  of  Zechariah^  and  Dorcas  (Brackenbury)  Symmes;  bom 
Charlestown,  March  13,  1701-2;  m.  Elizabeth  . 

He  lived  in  Boston,  and  appears  to  have  died  before  1725.  He 
had  by  wife  Elizabeth  : 

123.  Zechariah,"  b.  Feb.  28,  1722-3. 


Dea.  THOMAS  SYMMES*  {Thomas,''  Zechariak,'  Zechariah'), 
eldest  son  of  Rev.  Thomas"  and  Elizabeth  (Blowers)  Symmes;  born 
in  Boxford,  Jan.  11,  1702-3;  married,  first,  Nov.  11,  1725,  Martha 
Call,  daughter  of  Lieut.  Caleb  and  Ann  Call,  of  Charlestown.  She 
died  June  19,  1733,  aged  28.  Caleb  Call  was  admitted  to  the  First 
Church  in  Charlestown,  April  6,  1718,  and  his  wife  Jan.  1,  1720-1. 
He  married,  second,  Dec.  11,  1735,  Ruth  (Hall)  Webber,  sister  of 
Rev.  Willard  Hall,  of  Westford;  born  1708,  daughter  of  Stephen 
and  Grace  (Willis)  Hall,  of  Medford,  and  widow  of  John  Webber. 
She  was  admitted  to  the  church  Oct.  9,  1726.  She  died  Jan.  17, 
1753,  aged  45.*  He  married,  third,  Mary  Frothingham,  July  24, 
1753.  She  was  admitted  to  the  church  in  Charlestown,  Feb.  10, 

Mr.  Symmes  early  submitted  to  the  claims  of  the  gospel,  and  was 
admitted  to  the  First  Church  in  Charlestown,  March  27,  1720.  His 
first  wife,  Martha,  was  admitted  Oct.  9,  1726,  and  his  second  wife 
the  same  day.     He  was  chosen  deacon  of  said  church,  Feb.  5,  1752. 

He  passed  his  life,  after  the  age  of  childhood,  in  Charlestown. 
He  was  by  trade  a  potter,  as  we  learn  from  Middlesex  Deeds,  vol. 
xxvii.  fol.  57.  He  also  kept  a  store.  He  died  July  7,  1754,  aged 
51^  years,  greatly  respected. 

His  will  is  dated  Dec.  10,  1753;  proved  July  25,1754.  He 
gives  to  his  wife  Mary,  besides  her  dower,  or  third  part  of  his  real 
estate,  one  third  part  of  his  personal  estate.     The  residue  he  gives 


to  his  four  children,  Thomas,  Caleb,  Elizabeth,  Ruth,  in  equal  por- 
tions, except  that  Thomas,  the  oldest  son,  "  by  reason  of  his  grievous 
lameness,"  is  to  have  two  shares,  or  a  double  portion.  He  speaks  of 
his  late  wife  Ruth.  Appoints  as  executors  his  wife  Mary  and  his 
two  sons,  Thomas  and  Caleb.     [Midd.  Prob.,  xlvii.  150,] 

Among  the  assets  in  the  inventory  was  "  Symbo,  negro  woman," 
appraised  at  £200;  and  a  silver  watch,  ,£40.  Whole  amount  of 
inventory,  all  of  it  personal  estate,  £1972   8  6. 

His  children  by  his  first  wife,  Martha,  were : 

124.  Thomas,*  b.  April  16,  1727;  unm.;  d.  July  26,  1756.     He  was  a 

cordwainer,  and  died  intestate. 

125.  Martha,*  b.  Aug.  10,  1729  ;  d.  Sept.  3,  1745. 
+126.  Caleb,*  b.  Oct.  10,  1732;  m.  Elizabeth  Hall.* 

By  second  wife,  Ruth  : 

127.  Elizabeth,*  bap.  Dec.  24,  1738. 

128.  Ruth,*  bap.  Dec.  6,  1741. 


ANDREW  SYMMES^  {Tliomas,^  Zechariah,^  ZecJmriah'),  brother 
of  the  preceding,  and  second  son  of  Rev.  Thomas^  and  Elizabeth 

Symmes;  born  in  Boxford,  May  20,  1704;  m.  Hannah .     He 

was  named  Andrew  out  of  respect  to  Hon.  Andrew  Belcher,  his 
grandmother's  brother. 

He  lived  in  Boston;  was  a  man  of  much  respectability;  was 
admitted  a  member  of  the  Ancient  and  Honorable  Artillery  Com- 
pany in  1734.  He  was  living  in  1764,  when  he  was  a  witness  of 
the  will  of  his  brother  John  Symmes,  of  Boston.     He  must  also  have 

*  The  Hall  Family: 

Stephen  Hall,  son  of  widow  Mary  Hall,  of  Cambridge,  and  probably  of  John  Hall, 
was  of  Concord,  afterwards,  1685,  of  Stow,  which  place  he  represented  in  1689.  He  mar- 
ried, Dee.  3,  1663,  Ruth  Davis,  daughter  of  Capt.  Dolor  Davis,  of  Barnstable,  by  his  wife 
Margery  Willard,  sister  of  the  famous  Major  Simon  Willard,  of  Lancaster.  Hence  the 
name  Willard  among  his  grandson  Stephen  Hall's  children.  He  had  a  son  Stephen  born 
1667,  who  was  of  Charlestown,  and  married,  first,  Grace  Willis,  daughter  of  Thomas  and 
Grace  Willis.  She  died  of  small-pox,  Nov.  12,  1726.  He  married,  second,  Martha  Hill. 
He  married,  thii'd,  in  1739,  Ann  Noweil,  widow  of  Joseph  Nowell.  He  died  Nov.  7, 1749, 
aged  82.    He  had : 

Stephen,  b.  Nov,  5,  1693;  m.  first,  1719,  Anne  Boylston,  b.  Jan.  12,  1701,  second 
dau.  of  Richard  Boylston,  of  Charlestown.  She  died  July  3,  1734.  The  Boylston 
Family  became  eminent.  Dr.  Zabdiel  Boylston,  of  Boston,  brother  of  this  Rich- 
ard, introduced  into  the  British  dominions  the  practice  of  inoculating  for  small- 
pox, and  thus  saved  thousands  of  lives.  He  m.  second,  in  1736,  Elizabeth  Sanders. 

Grace,  b.  June  17,  1697;  m.  Isaac  Parker,  of  Charlestown,  May  21,  1715.  Their  dau. 
Grace,  b.  June  21,  1716,  m.  Zechariah  Symmes  in  1734. 

Esther,  b.  Dec.  27,  1700;  m.  Peter  Edes,  Dec.  18,  1729. 

Willard,  b.  March  II,  1702-3;  m.  Abigail  Cotton,  of  Portsmouth,  about  1729.  He  was 
minister  of  Westford.  Their  dau.  Elizabeth,  b.  Oct.  24,  1732,  was  the  wife  of 
Capt.  Calel)  Symmes.  son  of  Dca  Thomas  above. 

Josiah,  b.  May  12,  1705 ;   d.  May  20,  1706. 

Ruth,  b.  1708;  m.  first,  John  Webber,  of  Charlestown,  July  8,  1725.  She  m.  second, 
Dea.  Thomas  Symmes.    (See  above.)  [Geneal.  Reg.,  xiii.  15,  16. 


been  living   in  April,    1778,  when    in   a  legal  instrument  his    son 
Andrew  has  the  suffix  "  Junior." 

His  children,  all  born  in  Boston,  were : 

129.  Hannah,*  b.  Jane  15,  1733  ;  m.  David  Mason,  Sept.  5,  1750. 
-4-130.  Andrew,*  b.  Mar.  19,  1735  ;  m.  first,  Lydia  Gale  ;  m.  second,  Mary 

Holmes  ;  m.  third,  Mary  Ann  (Stevens)  Symmes. 
-[-131.  Ebenezer,*  b.  Jan.  6,  1737  ;  m.  Mary  Ann  Stevens. 

132.  Elizabeth,*   b.   March  4,  1738;  m.   Scarborough  Hill,  March  10, 


133.  Thomas,*  b.  Jan.  3,  1740. 

-|-134.  John,*  b.  Feb.  5,  1741  ;  m.  Hephzibah  Barrett. 

135.  Mary,*  b.  174- ;  m.  William  Thompson,  July  2,  1767. 
135i.  Sarah,*  b.  174- ;  m.  Samuel  Martin,  Sept.  22,  1779. 

-j-136.  "William,*  b.  1753;   m.   first, ;   m.   second,  Elizabeth 

13  6|.  Another  daughter,  name  unknown,  was  perhaps  the  wife  of  John 


JOHN  SYMMES,'  Esq.  {Tlmmaf^  Zcchnriah^  ZecJiariah'),  brother 
of  the  preceding,  and  third  son  of  Rev.  Thomas  Symmes,^  born  in 
Boxford,  Feb.  14,  1705-G;  m.  first,  Martha  Kneeland,  Dec.  19, 
1728;  m.  second,  Philadelphia . 

He  resided  in  Boston,  on  the  west  side  of  the  land  of  Col.  Wen- 
dell. He  was  a  man  of  high-  repute  there,  as  will  appear  from  the 
following  obituary  notice  in  the  Boston  Gazette  and  News  of  March 
1,  1764: 

"  Monday  evening  last,  died  here,  after  a  few  days  illness,  of  a 
violent  fever,  John  Symmes,  Esq.,  in  the  58th  year  of  his  age,  Lieut. 
Col.  of  the  regiment  of  militia  in  this  Town.  He  was  a  gentleman 
of  a  very  courteous  and  affable  disposition,  industrious  in  his  busi- 
ness, honest  in  his  dealings  with  mankind,  and  pious  towards  God." 

He  died  in  Boston,  Feb.  27,  1764.  His  will  is  dated  on  the  day  of 
his  death;  it  was  proved  March  23,  1764;  and  is  on  record  in  the 
Suffolk  Registry,  vol.  63,  fol.  50.  He  gives  to  his  wife  the  use  of 
his  real  estate  during  her  life,  and  to  his  only  son  Thomas  Symmes, 
&c.  The  witnesses  were  Richard  Dana,  Esq.,  Andrew  Symmes, 
Zechariah  Symmes. 

His  wife's  name — certainly  uncommon  for  a  lady — does  not  occur 
in  the  will.  We  obtain  it  from  the  Boston  town  record  of  births, 

His  children,  by  first  wife  Martha,  all  born  in  Boston,  were  : 

137.  Thomas,^  b.  Sept.  8,  1729  ;  m.  Rebecca  Marshal],  March  22,  1753. 
He  was  admitted  a  member  of  the  Ancient  and  Honorable  Ar- 
tillery Company  in  1758.     He  was  an  only  son. 


By  second  wife,  Philadelphia : 

138.  Elizabeth,*  b.  May  5,  1745. 

139.  Sarah,*  b.  Jan.  13,  1746-7. 

140.  Grace,*  b.  July  29,  1748. 


ELIZABETH  SYMMES*  (Thomas,'  Zcchariah,"  Zechana¥\,  sister 
of  the  preceding,  and  daugliter  of  Rev.  Thomas^  and  Elizabeth 
Symmes;  born  in  Bradford,  March  3,  1709-10;  m.  Hon.  Samuel 
Danporth,  of  Cambridge.  After  her  father's  death,  1725,  she  was 
taken  into  the  family  of  Eev.  Benjamin  Wadsworth,  president  of 
Harvard  College. 

Her  husband  was  baptized  Nov.  15,  1696,  in  Dorchester,  being  son 
of  Rev.  John  Danforth,  of  that  place.  Rev.  John  was  son  of  Rev. 
Samuel  Danforth,  of  Roxbury,  who  was  born  in  England,  Sept.  1626, 
and  was  son  of  Nicholas  Danforth,  who  came  to  New  England,  1634. 
Rev.  Samuel  was  brother  of  Hon.  Thomas  Danforth,  who  was  Deputy 
Governor  of  Massachusetts  under  Bradstreet  from  1679  to  1686. 

Hon.  Samuel  Danforth  grad.  H.  C.  1715;  was  Judge  of  Probate, 
and  of  the  Court  of  Common  Pleas  for  the  County  of  Middlesex; 
and  was  for  several  years  President  of  the  Executive  Council.  He 
was  named  Mandamus  Councillor* — which  means  an  instrument  of 
arbitrary  power  under  the  royal  government — in  1774.  This  last 
honor,  although  he  had  taken  the  oath  for  the  performance  of  its 
duties,  the  popular  clamor  obliged  him  publicly  to  relinquish.  Four 
thousand  people  assembled  in  the  open  air  before  the  steps  of  the 
old  Court  House,  in  Cambridge,  Sept.  1,  1774,  determined  to  resist, 
at  all  hazards,  the  encroachments  of  the  British  ministry.  They 
were  aroused  even  to  fury,  and  yet  such  order  prevailed,  that  the  low 
voice  of  Judge  Danforth,  now  a  feeble  old  man  of  seventy-eight  years, 
was  heard  by  the  whole  multitude.  He  addressed  them  at  some 
length,  and  closed  by  giving  a  written  promise,  never  "  to  be  in  any 
way  concerned  as  a  member  of  the  council."  His  townsman,  Judge 
Lee,  confirmed  his  former  resignation.  Another  townsman,  Thomas 
Oliver,  resigned  the  next  day.  Judge  Danforth  occupied  a  prominent 
position  in  his  day.  He  sat  on  the  bench  till  the  Revolution,  a 
period  of  thirty-four  years,  and  died  at  his  residence  in  Cambridge, 
Oct.  27,  1777,  aged  81.  Elizabeth  (Symmes)  Danforth;  his  wife, 
died  there,  Jan.  13,  1775,  aged  65. 

Their  children  were  : 

141.  Samuel  (Danforth),  b.  August,  1740  ;    m.  first,  "Watts,  of 

Chelsea ;  m.  second,  Margaret  Billings ;  m.  third,  Martha  Hall 

*  The  Mandamus  Councillors  were  appointed  hj  the  king,  in  pursuance  of  the  "  Regu- 
lating Act,"  passed  in  May,  1774,  which  took  away  the  chartered  rights  of  Massachusetts. 
The  people  every  where  compelled  these  Mandamus  Councillors  to  resign. — Bancroft's 
Hist.  U.  S  ,  vii.  58,  95,  103,  115. 



Gray.  He  grad.  H.  C.  1758  ;  studied  medicine  ;  practised  the 
healing  art  many  years  in  Boston,  and  enjoyed  a  reputation  as  a 
physician  seldom  equalled.  He  continued  in  practice  till  nearly 
eighty  years  of  age.  "  In  all  difficult  cases  his  opinion  was  re- 
lied on  as  the  utmost  effort  of  human  skill."  He  died  of 
paralysis,  Nov.  16,  1827,  aged  87. 

142.  Thomas  (Danforth),   b.   Sept.  1,  1744;   grad.  H.  C.  17G2  ;  was  a 

tutor  in  Harvard  College  ;  practised  law  in  Charlestown.  Left 
the  country  with  the  British  troops  when  they  evacuated  Boston 
in  March,  1776,  and  never  returned.  He  died  in  London,  April, 
1820,  aged  76. 

143.  Elizabeth  (Danforth),  died  at  Cambridge,  1816.* 


ZECHARIAH  SYMMES^  {Thomas,^  ZechariaK  Zccliariah'), 
brother  of  the  preceding,  and  youngest  son  of  the  Rev.  Thomas 
Symmes';  born  in  Bradford,  July  15,  1712;  married,  first,  July  10, 
1735,  Grace  Parker,  b.  June  21,  1716,  eldest  dau.  of  Isaac  and 
Grace  (Hall)  Parker,!  of  Charlestown,  and  niece  of  the  second  wife 
of  his  brother  Thomas  Symmes.  She  died  March  9,  1747.  Ho 
married,  second,  June  16,  1748,  Elizabeth  Locke,^  born  in  Medford 
June  17,  1716,  eldest  daughter  of  Francis^  and  Elizabeth  (Winship) 
Locke,  first  of  Medford,  where  this  daughter  was  born,  then,  1718,  of 
Woburn,  and  afterwards  of  West  Cambridge,  now  Arlington.  Francis 
was  son  of  Dea.  William  Locke^,  of  Woburn,  the  part  now  Lexing- 
ton, and  grandson  of  Dea.  William  Locke,*  of  Woburn,  who  was 
born  in  London,  Dec.  13,  1628,  and  came  to  New  England  in  1634, 
when  only  six  years  old.:}: 

Mr.  Symmes  came  to  Charlestown  when  a  youth,  and  was  admitted 
to  the  First  Church  in  that  town,  Oct.  31,  1731,  at  the  age  of  nine- 
teen.    His  wife  Grace  was  admitted  to  that  church,  Dec.  6,  1735. 

During  many  years,  he  kept  the  "  Cape  Breton  Tavern,"  in 
Charlestown,  which  stood  near  the  present  "  Bunker  Hill  Tavern." 
It  was  a  noted  place  in  those  days.  The  British  troops  had  posses- 
sion of  it,  after  the  battle  of  Bunker  Hill,  and  occupied  it  for 
barracks.  A  granddaughter  of  Mr.  Symmes  stated  that  the  British 
built  a  large  oven  near  the  house,  the  floor  consisting  of  grave-stones 
found  in  the  neighboring  cemetery. 

Mr.  Symmes,  in  the  latter  part  of  his  life,  removed  to  Plymouth, 
and  died  July  12,  1772,  aged  60. 

A  letter  is  on  file  in  the  Probate  office,  East  Cambridge,  written 
by  him  to  his  brother-in-law,  Hon.  Samuel  Danforth,  of  Cambridge, 
and  dated  Plymouth,  Dec.  2,  1770,  asking  to  be  excused  from  coming 

*  N.  E.  Hist,  and  Genealogical  Register,  vii.  319-321. 

t  See  Hall  family,  p.  47,  note.  Isaac  Parker  was  a  great-gi"andson  of  John  Parker,  who 
came  from  Biddeford,  in  Devonshire,  Eng.  In  1629  he  commenced  the  settlement  of  Par- 
ker's Island,  at  the  mouth  of  Kennebec  River,  now  the  town  of  Georgetown,  Me. 

+  Book  of  the  Lockes,  pp.  9,  24,  39. 


to  attend  to  the  distribution  of  his  father  Locke's  estate  among  the 
heirs,  on  account  of  his  ill  health,  and  the  cold  weather ;  his  son 
Thomas  will  come  in  about  a  mouth. 

1755,  Sept.  23.  Zachariah  Sjmmes,  innholder,  of  Charlestown, 
with  James  Osborne,  miller,  as  surety,  gives  bond  in  the  sum  of 
£300  (equivalent  to  one  thousand  dollars)  for  the  faithful  discharge 
of  his  duties  as  guardian  of  his  children  by  his  late  wife  Grace,  viz. : 
Zachary,  William,  John,  and  Isaac,  all  under  the  age  of  fourteen. 
[Midd.  Prob.;  xlvii.  150.]  This  does  not  correspond  with  the  record 

The  widow  of  Mr.  Symmes  married  (published  Nov.  15,  1776) 
Ebeuezer  Brooks,  son  of  Jabez,  of  Woburn,  whose  first  wife  was  her 
cousin,  Jemima  Locke,  born  July  4,  1718,  dau.  of  William  Locke,'' 
elder  brother  of  Francis,  already  mentioned.  The  widow  Elizabeth 
outlived  this  her  second  husband,  and  died  March,  1803,  aged  nearly 
87  years. 

"  It  is  related  of  this  family  that  the  children  of  three  different 
marriages  resided  under  one  roof  in  perfect  harmony,  viz. :  the 
children  of  Ebenezer  Brooks  by  his  first  wife,  and  the  children  of 
Zechariah  Symmes  by  both  his  wives." 

The  children  of  Zechariah  Symmes,  by  his  first  wife,  were : 

144.  Zechariah,*  b.  Sept.  18,  1736 ;  m.  Elizabeth .     He  was  a 

mariner,  and  d.  in  1765.     [Midd.  Prob.,  xlvii.  398.]     He  seems 
to  have  left  no  children. 

145.  William,*  b.  Nov.  9,  1738. 

146.  John,*  b.  Oct.  13,  1740. 

-f-147.  Isaac,*  b.  April  10,  1743  ;  m.  Hannah  Davis,  March  20,  1765. 

By  second  wife,  Elizabeth  : 

148.  Elizabeth,*  b.  March  26,  1749  ;  m.  Benjamin  Pierce,  March  28, 

1771.     It  is  said  that  he  died  in  the  army,  and  that  she  died  of 
yellow  fever  in  Boston,  1798. 

149.  Thomas,*  b.  April  21,  1752;  a  brilliant  young  man,  a  student  at 

Harvard  Coll. ;  died  before  he  graduated,  about  1771. 

150.  Abigail,*  b.  April  18,  1755  ;   m.  first,  Aug.  30,   1774,  Joseph 

Bullough  (pronounced  Bullo)  ;  lived  in  Newton;  he  was  a  man 
of  large  property,  a  native  of  England.  She  m.  second,  William 
Hayden,  a  native  of  Ireland,  who  also  lived  in  Newton. 
-f-151,  Sarah,*  b.  Dec.  29,  1757  ;  m.  James  Locke,  b.  April  7,  1752,  son 
of  Jonathan  Locke,  of  that  part  of  Woburn  which  is  now  the 
west  end  of  Winchester.  He  was  a  soldier  of  the  Revolution, 
and  died  at  West  Cambridge,  July  6,  1831.  She  died  Feb.  22, 
1839,  aged  81. 
152.  Grace,'  b.  Oct.  11,  1760  ;   died  in  infancy. 

[_Booh  of  the  LocJces,  p.  71. 


iFifti)  (feneration. 


ZECHAEIAH  SYMMES*  {Zechanah*  William,^  WilUam,'  Zech- 
ariak^),  eldest  son  of  Zechariah^  and  Judith  (Eames)  Symmes,  of 
Woburn;  born  there,  in  the  part  now  Winchester,  Oct.  1,  1744;  m. 
Eebecca  Tuttle. 

His  father  left  him,  in  1793,  a  handsome  estate.  He  kept  the 
"  Black  Horse  Tavern,"  a  noted  place  of  resort  for  travellers  and 
teamsters  in  those  days.  It  was  the  last  house  in  Woburn,  as  you 
approach  Boston,  on  the  east  side  of  the  Boston  road,  now  Main 
Street  in  Winchester.  It  is  now  owned  and  occupied  as  a  private 
dwelling  by  Josiah  Francis  Stone,  Esq.  He  served  as  a  soldier 
during  a  part  of  the  Revolutionary  war,  previous  to  1777. 

His  wife  Rebecca  died  Aug.  10,  1805,  aged  63. 

His  children  were : 

153.  Rebecca,'   m.  Francis  Wait  ;  published  April  16,  1794.     They 
lived  in  Medford  and  had  a  large  family. 
-}-154.  Zechariah,*  m.  Hannah  Richardson. 

155.  JoHN,^  unm. ;  a  blacksmith.     Went  to  Newburyport. 

156.  Mehitable,®  unm.      She  was  ready  to  be  married,  but  became 

insane  and  drowned  herself  in  Mystic  River. 
4-157.  Benjamin,^  b.  about  1780 ;  m.  Rizpah  Saunders. 


SAMUEL  SYMMES^  (Zecharlah,'  miUam,^  William,''  Zechariah'), 
brother  of  the  preceding,  and  second  son  of  Zechariah''  and  Judith 
(Eames)  Symmes ;  born  in  the  extreme  south  part  of  Woburn,  now 
in  the  town  of  Winchester,  Oct.  20,  1746;  married,  June  4,  1771, 
Susanna  Richardson,  born  in  Woburn,  Aug.  18,  1749,  daughter  of 
Zechariah''  and  Phebe  (Wyman)  Richardson,  of  that  part  of  Woburn 
which  is  now  Winchester. 

Tliey  lived  in  what  is  now  Winchester,  then  South  Woburn,  but  a 
few  rods  from  Medford  line,  on  the  west  side  of  the  great  road  to 
Boston,  now  Main  Street  in  Winchester.  Their  house  stood  on  the 
spot  now  occupied  by  the  house  of  his  son  Horatio,  and  was  nearly 
opposite  the  "  Black  Horse  Tavern,"  already  mentioned.  He  carried 
on  the  tailor's  business,  in  addition  to  the  care  of  a  large  farm,  ex- 
tending from  the  Main  street  across  the  river  to  the  now  forsaken 
Middlesex  Canal,  To  the  property  left  him  by  his  father,  he  added 
by  his  own  endeavors.  He  served  as  a  soldier  during  some  part  of 
the  Revolutionary  war,  before  1777. 
He  died  Sept.  11,  1816,  aged  70. 


The  cliildren  of  Samuel  and  Susanna  Symmes  were : 

159.  Susanna,'  b.  April  1,  1772;  m.  Jesse  Johnson,  Dec.  19,  1792. 
-f-160.  Samuel,"  b.  Oct.  28,  1776  ;  m.  Mary  Richardson. 
161.  Maky,«  b.  March  30,  1779  ;  died  at  the  age  of  16. 
161|.  ZecharIah,*  b.  Jan.  1,  1780  ;  died  in  infoncy. 
-|-162.  Zechariah  Richardson,*  b.  Jan.  2,  1781  ;  m.  Nancy  Richardson. 
4-163.  Joseph  Brown,"  b.  Feb.  2,  1783  ;  m.  Lydia  Wyman. 

163^.  A  child ;  d.  Feb.  21,  1785. 

-|-164.  John,"    b.  May   19,  1786;    m.  first,   Abigail  Green;  m.   second, 

Soi^hia  Spaulding. 
+165.  Nancy,"  b.  April  19,  1788;  m.  James  Hill. 
4-166.  Stephen,"  b.  May  18,  1790  ;  m.  Priscilla  Reed. 
4-167.  Horatio,"  b.  Nov.  8, 1795  ;  m.  Charlotte  Johnson. 


WILLIAM  SYMMES»  {Zechariah*  miliam^  William;^  Zechariah'), 
brother  of  the  preceding,  and  youngest  son  of  Zechariah*  and  Judith 
(Eamcs)  Symmes;  born  in  Woburn,  Sept.  1,  1757;  m.  Mary 
Mallet,  of  Charlestown.  Her  father  was  of  French  descent,  and 
her  grandfather,  or  perhaps  a  remoter  ancestor,  fled  from  persecu- 
tion to  this  country.  Her  mother  was  a  Gardner,  of  Scotch  descent, 
from  Glasgow. 

He  lived  in  the  last  house  in  Woburn  as  you  go  south,  on  the  west 
side  of  the  road  to  Boston,  where  his  father  dwelt  before  him.  It  is 
now  in  the  town  of  Winchester,  a  few  rods  from  the  spot  where 
I  am  now  writing. 

He  enlisted  in  the  Continental  Army,  1777,  and  probably  served 
three  years. 

He  had  an  only  child : 
-|-168.  Mart,"  b.  1785  ;  m.  Rev.  Jacob  Coggin. 


TIMOTHY  SYMMES*  {Timothy,'  William^  William,'  Zecha- 
riah^), son  of  Timothy*  and  Elizabeth  (Bodge)  Symmes;  born  about 
1770;  married  Martha  Wyman,  daughter  of  Seth  Wyman,  of  the 
west  side  of  Woburn,  now  in  the  town  of  Winchester, 

He  kept  a  store,  first  in  Boston,  afterwards  in  Medford,  and  for 
some  time  seemed  to  prosper.  At  length  he  became  heavily  involved 
in  debt,  and  failed  in  business. 

Dec.  1,  1797,  he  conveyed  by  deed,  for  three  hundred  dollars,  to 
his  cousin  Josiah  Symmes,*  "  one  half  of  a  certain  Mill  right  in  Med- 
ford, with  half  the  Mill  Stones  and  Irons  that  belonged  to  said  Mill, 
also  one  half  of  the  land  said  mill  flows,  bounded  on  lands  formerly 
belonging  unto  William  Symmes,  deceased,  together  with  one  half  of 
the  mill  stream."     [Midd.  Deeds,  vol.  cxxvii.  p.  101.] 


He  had  many  creditors,  and  was  indebted  to  a  large  amount.  The 
estate  was  represented  insolvent.  The  whole  amount  of  claims 
exhibited  was  $10,531.40.  The  estate  paid  only  thirty-three  and 
one-third  cents  on  a  dollar.  He  died  suddenly  and  intestate  in  1810. 
Four  or  five  years  elapsed  before  the  estate  was  settled.  Mrs.  Mar- 
tha Symraes,  the  widow,  afterwards  married  Samuel  Russell,  and 
died  at  the  age  of  93. 

The  children  of  Timothy  and  Martha  Symmes  were : 

169.  William,*  b.  about  1798  ;  died  in  infancy. 

170.  TrjiOTHY,*  b,  Dec.  23,  1800  ;  died  unm.  while  young, 

171.  William  Wyman,®  b.  Aug.  24,  1803;  d.  unm.  at  sea,  while  young. 

172.  173.  Two  other  sons  died  in  infancy. 
+174.  Martha,"  b.  Dec.  30,  180G  ;  m.  William  Wyman. 


DANIEL  SYMMES'  {Timothy*  WiUiam^  JVllllam,'  Zechariah'), 
brother  of  tlie  preceding ;  born  in  the  north  part  of  Medford,  now 
a  part  of  Winchester,  about  1778;  married  Sophia  Emerson,  of 
South  Reading.  When  under  seven  years  of  age  he  was  deprived 
of  his  father,  and  Capt.  Joseph  Brown,  a  near  neighbor,  though  living 
in  Woburn,  was  appointed  his  guardian.  In  after  life  he  lived 
in  Medford,  I  believe  near  Medford  bridge,  and  was  a  blacksmith. 

His  children  were : 

"175.  Sophia,*  b.  Oct.  10,  1801;   m.   Eastman;   she   lived   in 

Derry,  N.  H. ;   died  1871. 

176.  Sarah  Walton,*  b.  May  8,  1803 ;  died  Oct.  9,  1804. 

177.  Sarah  Walton,*  b.  Feb.  11, 1805  ;  m. Bryant;  shed.  Dec. 

13,  1834. 

178.  HErnziBAH  W.,*  b.  Nov.  21,  1806;  died  young. 

179.  Daniel,*  b.  Sept.  27,  1808  ;  died  Dec.  15,  1831.* 

180.  George  Washington,*  b.  Sept.  23,  1810;  died  June  9,  1814. 

181.  Hephzibah,*  b,  Dec.  27,  1812  ;  unmarried, 
-|-182,  George  Washington,*  b,  Oct.  16,  1815  ;  m. . 

183.  Alfred,*  b,  April  4,  1818  ;  lives  in  Westfield,  Mass, 

184.  Edward,*  b.  Feb,  2,  1821 ;  died  June  17,  1825. 


Capt.  JOHN  SYMMES'  {JoJm,*  William,'  mUiam,'  Zecharlah'), 
eldest  son  of  John  and  Abigail  (Dix)  Symmes;  born  in  the  north 
part  of  Medford,  now  the  south  part  of  Winchester,  Aug.  1755; 
married  Oct.  31,  1780,  Elizabeth  Wright,  born  1757. 

Her  father  lived  on  "  the  west  side  "  of  what  is  now  Winchester, 

*  Daniel  Symmes,  formerly  of  Medford,  Mass.,  died  in  Auburn,  N,  H.,  June  16,  1807, 
aged  67. — Bosto7i  Weekly  Journal,  June  27,  1867. 


among  the  Lockes.  He  had  a  brother  Philemon  and  a  brother  Jolni, 
who  settled  on  the  Ottawa  River  in  Canada,  opposite  to  where  the 
city  of  Ottawa  now  is.  They  owned  the  land  on  which  the  city  now 

Capt.  Symmes  was  a  soldier  of  the  Revolution.  He  was  one  of 
the  Medford  company,  commanded  by  Capt.  Isaac  Hall,  which  march- 
ed to  Charlestown  on  the  memorable  17th  of  June,  1775.  They 
did  not  arrive  on  the  ground  till  near  the  close  of  tlie  action,  when 
our  forces  were  falling  back  from  want  of  ammunition.  It  is  well 
known  that  while  a  firm,  undaunted  front  was  presented  by  the  men 
who  were  with  Prescott  in  the  redoubt  on  Breed's  Hill,  and  with 
Putnam,  Knowlton,  Stark  and  Reed  at  the  rail-fence,  great  numbers 
of  the  American  troops  refused  to  advance  any  nearer  the  scene  of 
conflict  than  Charlestown  Neck.  The  fire  of  the  Glasgow  frigate 
across  the  isthmus,  of  the  Cerberus,  Symmetry,  and  several  floating 
batteries  a  little  further  off,  the  flame  and  smoke  arising  from  hun- 
dreds of  burning  houses,  and  the  incessant  roar  of  the  battle  onl}-  a 
mile  distant,  may  furnish  a  partial  excuse.  It  is  said  that  the  Med- 
ford company  paused  at  the  Neck,  Capt.  Hall  not  daring  to  proceed.'^ 
It  is  also  said  that  Sergeant  Thomas  Prichard,  unappalled  by  the 
danger,  exclaimed,  "  Let  those  who  are  not  afraid,  follow  me,"  and 
with  a  few  followers  rushed  to  the  scene  of  combat.  This  brave  man 
was  soon  raised  to  the  rank  of  captain,  and  did  good  service  in  the 
field  near  New  York  and  elsewhere. 

The  enlistments  in  1775  were  for  the  term  of  only  eight  months. 
At  the  reorganization  of  the  army,  March,  1777,  Mr.  Symmes  enlist- 
ed for  three  years.  He  was  one  winter  in  Ticonderoga.  At  the 
close  of  the  three  years  he  came  home  ragged  and  emaciated.  He 
was  paid  in  a  depreciated  currency,  with  which  he  bought  a  yoke  of 
oxen.  The  oxen  he  sold,  and  took  his  pay  in  the  same  currency, 
which  he  kept  for  a  short  time,  and  then  paid  it  all  for  a  bag  of  In- 
dian meal.  Soon  after  he  left  the  army,  1780,  the  old  "continental 
money,"  of  which  three  hundred  millions  had  been  issued,  became 
absolutely  worthless. 

After  leaving  the  army  he  built  a  wheelwright's  shop  at  the  inter- 
section of  two  roads,  now  known  as  Main  and  Grove  Streets  in  the 
present  town  of  Winchester.  It  was  at  the  locality  which  has  since 
been  well  known  as  "  Symmes's  Corner."  He  also  built  there  a 
blacksmith's  shop.  He  built  carts  and  wagons  for  the  army  in  these 
two  shops,  that  being  the  only  way  in  which  he  could  obtain  good 
money.  He  had  previously  lived  with  his  father  on  the  river's  bank, 
in  the  house  where  now  stands  the  house  of  John  Bacon.  But  a  few 
years  after,  we  suppose  in  1783,  he  built  a  house  for  himself  on  what 
is  now  Grove  Street,  where  he  afterwards  lived  and  died,  as  did  his 
son  Edmund  after  him.     This  house  was  burned,  August  17,  1864. 

*  I  have  carefully  examined  many  accounts  of  the  battle.  In  none  of  them  does  Capt. 
Hall's  name  appear. 


In  1793,  a  plan  was  formed  by  some  enterprising  citizens  of  Med- 
ford  and  other  towns  in  the  vicinity,  for  a  canal  to  connect  the 
waters  of  the  Merrimack  at  Chelmsford  with  the  tide  water  of 
Mystick  River,  near  Boston.  A  company  formed  for  this  purpose 
was  incorporated  by  the  legislature,  June  22,  1793,  by  the  name  of 
"  The  Proprietors  of  Middlesex  Canal."  Some  years  were  spent 
in  surveying  and  in  other  necessary  preparations,  so  that  it  was 
not  navigable  till  1803.* 

On  the  nth  of  October,  1801,  Capt.  Symmes  conveyed  by  deed  a 
certain  portion  of  land  to  the  Proprietors  of  the  Middlesex  Canal, 
the  canal  passing  very  near  it.  He  afterwards  sold  to  them  another 
portion.  A  bill  of  his  now  before  me  is  for  business  done  for  the 
canal,  in  1818-20,  especially  in  carting  materials  and  machines  to 
and  from  Boston.  Among  these  were  steam  engines  to  be  used  on 
the  canal,  as  early  as  1819.  Mr.  John  L.  Sullivan,  of  Boston,  was 
agent  for  the  canal,  though  a  part  of  the  business  transacted  by  him 
was  on  his  own  private  account.  In  1800  or  1801,  Mr.  Sullivan 
purchased  of  Josiah  Symmes,  brother  of  Capt.  Symmes,  his  share  of 
the  mill  and  mill-privilege,  being  three-fourths  of  the  same,  which 
had  come  to  him  from  his  grandfather,  William  Symmes."  Soon 
after  this  Mr.  Sullivan  and  Capt.  Symmes  built  a  new  mill-dam, 
which  considerably  increased  the  water  fall,  raising  it  to  six  feet. 
It  flowed  the  land  above,  and  interfered  with  the  operations  of  the 
grist-mill  higher  up  the  stream,  then  owned  by  Abel  Richardson. 
Several  lawsuits  with  Richardson  and  others  followed,  continuing 
ten  years  or  more,  which  were  not  finally  settled  till  1820  or  later. 
These  suits  were  decided  against  Sullivan  and  Symmes. 

Mr.  Sullivan  was  an  enterprising  man ;  he  now  owned  three- 
fourths  of  the  mill  privilege,  and  at  length,  in  1823,  Jan.  6,  the  other 
fourth  part,  hitherto  owned  by  Capt.  Symmes,  was  conveyed  by  him 
(Symmes)  for  one  thousand  dollars,  to  William  Sullivan,  of  Boston, 
and  Richard  Sullivan,  of  Brookline,  to  whom  their  kinsman,  John  L. 
Sullivan,  had,  in  February,  1820,  conveyed  his  part  of  the  premises.f 

From  an  endorsement  on  the  original  deed,  it  appears  that  the 
property  now  conveyed  consisted  of  two  acres  of  land  and  a  dwelling- 
house  seventy  feet  long  and  two  stories  high,  one  factory  dwelling- 
house,  one  workshop,  one  grist-mill  and  some  other  Imildings. 

»  This  canal  was  at  the  time  regarded  with  much  favor,  and  as  promising  to  be  of  gi-eat 
public  utility.  But  it  cost  a  great  deal  of  money.  One  hundred  assessments  were  made 
between  Jan.  1,  1794,  and  Sept.  1,  1817— the  whole  amount  being  $1,164,200,  or  #1,455.25 
on  each  share.  The  first  dividend  was  not  declared  till  Feb.  1,  1819.  From  that  time  it 
yielded  an  income  of  less  than  one  and  a  half  per  cent,  per  annum.  The  construction  of 
the  Boston  &  Lowell  Railroad,  in  1835,  utterly  ruined  its  business  ;  and  in  1852  its  charter 
was  surrendered  and  the  canal  sold  l)y  auctiop. 

t  Capt.  Symmes,  in  1801  or  soon  after,  built  a  grist-mill  at  the  eastern  extremity  of  the 
milldam.  The  premises  now  conveyed  by  him  were,  "my  grist-mill,  and  all  the  rights, 
privileges  and  appurtenances  thereof;  and  all  the  right,  title  and  interest  which  I  have  in 
the  land,  buildings,  dam,  privilege  of  flowing  and  using  water  on  Symmes  River,  in  Med- 
ford,  my  right  and  interest  in  the  property  being  estimated  as  one-fourth  part  thereof." 

The  mill  and  mill-privilege  had  never  passed  out  of  the  possession  of  the  Symmes  family 
till  1823,  since  the  country  was  settled,  one  hundred  and  eighty  years. 


111  another  document  of  the  same  date,  the  property  now  con- 
veyed is  called  "  one  fourth  part  of  the  Medford  factory  estate."  It 
appears  also  that  a  trip-hammer  and  a  turning  lathe  for  making  hubs 
for  wheels,  were  reserved  by  Mr.  Symmes,  as  owned  by  his  sons 
John  and  Marshall. 

Mr.  Sullivan  was  somewhat  given  to  scheming.  The  Middlesex 
Canal  was  under  his  superintendence,  and  he  on  his  own  account 
made  steam  engines  at  the  factory  on  "Symmes's  River,"  to  be 
used  for  propelling  boats  on  the  canal.  The  manufacture  of  wood 
screws  by  a  newly-invented  machine  was  also  prosecuted.  Mr.  Sul- 
livan became  involved,  the  whole  enterprise  failed,  and  at  last  he 
sold  the  whole  establishment  for  four  thousand  dollars  to  Abel 
Stowell,  a  son-in-law  of  Capt.  Symmes,  who  disposed  of  it  to  Robert 
Bacon,  hatter,  of  Boston.  Mr.  Bacon  carried  it  on  for  several  years, 
and  left  it  at  his  death  to  his  children  who  now  possess  it.  For  a 
time  it  was  known  as  "  Baconville." 

Capt.  Symmes  had  a  large  farm  and  a  large  family.  When  his 
son  John  came  of  mature  age,  he  gave  up  to  him  the  care  of  the 
wheelwright  shop,  and  to  his  son  Marshall  the  care  of  the  blacksmith 
shop.  The  father  and  sons  carried  on  a  flourishing  business  nearly 
fifty  years. 

He  was  captain  of  a  company  of  Light  Dragoons.  He  received 
his  commission,  still  preserved  in  the  family,  from  Gov.  Sumner.  He 
held  various  other  offices  of  trust. 

Twice  he  went  to  Canada  to  visit  his  youngest  son  Charles,  who 
had  settled  on  the  Ottawa  River,  near  the  present  city  of  Ottawa. 
Such  a  journey  was  then  a  formidable  affair. 

He  died  June  24,  1834,  aged  79.  His  wife  Elizabeth  died  July 
18,  1848,  aged  91. 

Their  children  were : 

— 185.  JoHN,^  b.  Jan.  27,  1781 ;  m.  Pamelia  Riclaardson. 

186.  Thomas,"  b.  March  30,  1783  ;  m.  Sarah  L.  Wait. 

187.  Abigail,'  b.  Feb.  11,  1785  ;  m.  Ellas  Tufts. 
—188.  Elizabeth,'  b.  April  10,  1787  ;  m.  Abel  Stowell. 

189.  Marshall,"  b.  July  30,  1789;  m.  Lephe  Stowell. 

190.  William,"  b.  Aug.  14,  1791.     When  of  competent  age  his  fixtlier 

put  him  in  charge  of  the  mill.  He  afterwards  went  to  Vermont, 
married,  and  died,  leaving  offspring  of  whom  little  is  known. 

-|-191.  Ebenezer,"  b.  Aug.  17,  1793  ;  m.  first,  Hannah  Davis;  m.  second, 
Lanissa . 

-|-192.  Edmund,"  b.  Aug.  14,  1795;  m.  Elizabeth  A.  Smith. 

-f-193.  Charles,"  b.  April  4,  1798  ;  m.  Hannah  Ricker. 


JOSIAH  SYMMES*  {John,'  William,'  William;^  Zcchariah'), 
brother  of  the  preceding,  and  second  son  of  John"*  and  Abigail  (Dix) 
Symmes,  baptized  Sept.  3,  1758;  married  Elizabeth  Johnson. 


Who  her  father  was  we  have  not  learned,  but  her  brothers  were 
Ezekiel,  Levi  and  Reuel,  and  she  had  a  sister  Lucy. 

He  lived  a  bachelor  till  he  was  over  fifty,  then  married  a  young 
girl  who  had  been  his  housekeeper,  and  had  by  her  six  children.  He 
never  had  the  measles  till  he  was  about  seventy,  then  took  the  dis- 
order and  died  of  it. 

He  lived  in  what  was  then  the  northern  part  of  Medford,  but  is 
now  in  Winchester.  It  was  near  the  stream  known  as  Symraes's  River. 
Dec.  1,  1797,  he  bought  of  his  cousin  Timothy  Symmes  one  half  of 
the  mill  privilege  on  that  river.  About  1800  he  sold  to  John  L. 
Sullivan,  agent  for  the  Proprietors  of  the  Middlesex  Canal,  his  in- 
terest in  the  mill  and  mill  stream,  it  being  three-fourths  of  the  same. 
(See  the  notice  of  his  brother  Capt.  John  Symmes.)  It  would  appear 
that  he  still  retained  some  connection  with  the  mill  stream  at  least; 
for  I  find  a  document  dated  Boston,  Nov.  3,  1821,  containing  an 
agreement  between  John  Symmes,  Josiah  Symmes,  and  John  L,  Sul- 
livan, respecting  expenses  incurred  in  defending  suits  against  them 
by  Abel  Richardson  and  others. 

His  children  were : 

194.  Josiah,*  b.  180- ;  m.  Sarah  Butters.     He  was  killed  by  the  caving 

in  of  a  well  upon  him. 

195.  Johnson,^  married,  and  said  to  be  still  living  in  Vermont. 

196.  Jesse,^  married;   no  issue. 

197.  Gardner,^  never  married  ;   of  unsound  mind  ;  supposed  to  be  still 

living  in  Tewksbury. 

198.  Elizabeth,*  married. 

199.  Lucy  Ann,*  married. 


ABIGAIL  SYMMES^  {John,"  William,^  William,'  Zechariah'), 
sister  of  the  preceding,  and  only  daughter  of  John^  and  Abigail  (Dix) 
Symmes;  baptized  March  16,  1760:  m.  Joseph  Cutter,  of  Woburn, 
afterwards  of  Cincinnati.  She  died  soon  after  the  birth  of  their  only 
child : 

200.  Abigail  (Cutter),  b.  1786  or  1787  ;  m.  William  Woodward.    This 

child,  with  her  father  and  some  of  his  near  relatives,  removed  to 
the  "  Territory  North-west  of  the  Ohio  River,"  now  tlie  State  of 
Ohio.  They  went  in  1789,  about  the  time  that  John  Cleves 
Symmes  went,  perhaps  in  the  colony  that  accompanied  him  in 
that  year.  They  settled  at  Hamilton,  on  the  Great  Miami  River. 
Her  father  was  killed  by  the  Indians  previous  to  1801.  William 
Woodward,  Esq.,  a  noted  lawyer  of  Hamilton  Co.,  was,  in  Aug., 
1801,  appointed  guardian  of  the  child,  and  afterwards  married  her. 
They  had  no  children.  He  was  a  man  of  wealth,  and  endowed 
the  Woodward  School  in  Cincinnati.  In  1850  he  was  an  inmate 
of  an  insane  asylum  in  that  city.  An  adopted  son  inherited  most 
of  his  property.  In  the  decree  of  the  Orphan's  Court,  August, 
1801,  Abigail  Cutter  is  said  to  be  a  minor  and  an  orphan,  be- 
tween the  ages  of  fourteen  and  fifteen  years. 



WILLIAM  SYMMES/  Esq.  (  William,'  William,''  William,^  Zech- 
aria.Ji'),  eldest  son  of  Rev.  Dr.  William^  and  Anna  (Gee)  Sj'mmesj 
born  at  North  Andover,  Mass.,  May  26,  1760;  never  married. 

He  was  prepared  for  college  at  Phillips  Academy,  in  Andover, 
under  the  tuition  of  that  highly  distinguished  scholar,  Rev.  Eliphalet 
Pearson.  This  eminent  teacher  was  accustomed  to  say,  that  John 
Lowell,  John  Thornton  Kirkland  and  William  Symmes  were  the 
three  brightest  boys  ever  under  his  instruction.  He  graduated  at 
Harvard  College  in  1780,  after  which  he  spent  some  time  in  Virginia 
as  a  private  tutor.  While  in  this  employment  he  kept  up  a  corres- 
pondence with  his  class-mates  and  friends.  His  letters  at  this  time 
are  said  to  have  been  instructive  and  even  beautiful.  After  pursu- 
ing a  regular  course  of  legal  study  in  the  office  of  that  unrivalled 
jurist,  Theophilus  Parsons,  in  Newburyport,  he  was  admitted  to  prac- 
tise at  the  Essex  bar,  then  including  such  men  as  Theophilus  and 
Moses  Parsons,  Rufus  King,  Nathan  Dane,  Prescott,  Wetmore  and 
Bradbury.  He  immediately  opened  an  office  in  the  North  Parish  of 

On  the  3d  of  December,  1787,  he  was,  while  under  twenty-eight 
years  of  age,  chosen  by  the  citizens  of  Andover  as  a  delegate  to 
represent  the  town  in  the  Convention  to  be  held  at  Boston  in  January 
following,  to  act  on  the  question  of  the  adoption  of  the  constitution 
of  the  United  States.  The  aspect  of  public  affairs  was  dark  and 
portentous.  The  people  were  suffering  from  the  pressure  of  debt, 
heavy  taxation  and  a  depreciated  currency.  Many  intelligent  and 
upright  men  thought  that  the  proposed  constitution  conferred  on  the 
federal  government  too  much  power ;  power  that  might  and  doubt- 
less would  be  used  for  purposes  of  oppression.  Even  Samuel  Adams 
and  John  Hancock  had  doubts  whether  it  were  best  to  adopt  and 
ratify  it.  Patrick  Henry,  of  Virginia,  and  Luther  Martin,  of  Mary- 
land, exerted  their  utmost  energies  against  it. 

Mr.  Symmes  at  the  first  took  a  decided  stand. in  opposition,  and 
made  far'the  ablest  argument  in  the  convention  against  it.  But  on 
hearing  the  arguments  of  Theophilus  Parsons  and  others  in  its  favor, 
he  changed  his  views  and  made  a  speech  recalling  his  opposition, 
and  giving  his  unreserved  assent  to  the  constitution.  In  so  doing  he 
acted  in  opposition  to  the  wishes  of  his  constituents,  expressed  in  a 
very  full  meeting.  The  course  he  now  pursued  subjected  him  to  the 
popular  ill  will  of  his  native  parish,  and  even  to  bitter  personal 
enmity,  ultimately  leading  to  his  removal.  But  there  is  much  rea- 
son to  believe  that  it  secured  the  adoption  of  the  constitution  not 
only  in  this  State,  but  through  the  country.  Had  this  brilliant  young 
man  persisted  in  his  opposition,  he  might  have  led  a  very  numerous 
party,  even  of  the  most  ardent  friends  of  liberty,  such  men  as  had 
faced  the  British  music  on  Bunker  Hill;  and  had  Massachusetts, 


under  his  leading,  refused  to  ratify  tlie  instrument,  New  Hampshire, 
New  York  and  other  States  would  probably  have  done  the  same. 
His  conduct,  therefore,  merits  the  highest  praise.  It  was  an  instance 
of  tlie  highest  moral  heroism. 

Mr.  Symmes  went  to  Portland  in  1790;  entered  at  once  upon  a 
successful  practice,  and  took  high  rank  at  the  bar.*  He  was  a  good 
classical  scholar,  a  sound  lawyer,  and  an  able  advocate.  His  manner 
was  formal  and  stately,  but  graceful.  A  letter  from  one  of  his  stu- 
dents says :  "  His  personal  appearance  was  stately  and  dignified. 
He  was  in  all  respects  a  gentleman  in  his  manners,  and  emphatically 
one  of  the  old  school.  He  was  affable  and  polite,  and  commanded 
affection  as  well  as  respect.  He  may  truly  be  said  to  have  been  one 
of  the  most  imposing  and  influential  men  at  that  time  [1805]  in 
Portland.  As  a  lawyer  and  advocate  he  was  unsurpassed.  In  his 
efforts  as  a  speaker  there  was  perhaps  more  oi  the  fortker  in  re  than 
of  the  snavher  hi  modo.  He  always  touched  the  right  string.  He 
had  great  discriminating  powers ;  no  one  brought  out  the  root  and 
truth  of  the  case  so  effectually  as  he  did,  whether  at  the  bar  or  at 
any  public  meeting.  Great  confidence  was  felt  in  his  opinions  on 
all  occasions,  and  especially  on  legal  questions.  He  was  unques- 
tionably the  best  and  most  reliable  lawyer  of  his  time  in  the  State." 

The  writer  of  the  above  letter,  William  Freeman,  of  Portland  and 
Cherryfield,  then  speaks  of  the  cloud  which  hung  over  his  latter  days 
through  the  use  of  intoxicating  drinks,  and  adds :  "  Often,  when  mel- 
low with  brandy,  his  favorite  drink,  he  was  brilliant,  and  threw  more 
light  on  a  subject  under  discussion  than  any  other  speaker." 

It  was  probably  under  the  influence  of  his  favorite  beverage,  that 
a  scene  took  place  between  him  and  Judge  Thacher.f  Mr.  Symmes 
had  made  a  motion  to  the  court,  which  he  was  zealously  arguing, 
notwithstanding  frequent  interruptions  by  the  Judge.  Thacher  at 
last  became  impatient — as  he  was  apt  to  be  —  and  said:  "Mr. 
Symmes,  you  need  not  persist  in  arguing  the  point,  for  I  am  not  a 
Court  of  Errors,  and  cannot  give  a  final  judgment."  "  I  know,"  re- 
plied Symmes,  "  that  you  can't  give  a  final  judgment,  but  as  to  your 
not  being  a  court  of  error  I  will  not  say." 

Mr.  James  Dean  Hopkins,  a  lawyer  of  Portland,  a  cotemporary 
of  Mr.  Symmes,  tlius  speaks  of  him :  "  Mr.  Symmes  was  a  well-read 
lawyer,  and  an  able  and  eloquent  advocate.  He  ranked  among  the 
first  of  his  cotemporaries.  He  was  also  a  fine  classical  scholar,  of 
cultivated  literary  taste,  and  uncommonly  learned  as  a  historian.  His 
productions  in  the  newspapers  of  the  time  bore  honorable  testimo- 
ny to  his  literary  character  —  particularly  a  series  of  numbers,  en- 

*  Mr.  Symmes,  as  a  member  of  the  Cumberland  bar,  had  such  associates  as  Isaac  Parker, 
afterwards  Chief  Justice  of  Massachusetts,  Prentiss  Mellen  and  Ezekiel  Whitman,  who 
both  became  Chief  Justices  in  Maine;  Stephen  Longfellow,  Salmon  Chase,  Samuel  Cooper 
Johonnot,  John  Frothingham,  and  other  eminent  lawyers. 

t  Hon.  George  Thacher,  of  Biddeford,  of  the  Supreme  Judicial  Court  of  Massachusetts. 
Maine  was  still  a  part  of  that  State. 


titled  'Communications/  about  the  year  1795,  in  defence  of  the 
common  law.  Tliese  numbers  were  copied  into  the  principal  news- 
papers throughout  the  Union.  Mr.  Symmes,  with  Judge  Thacher 
and  two  or  three  others,  rendered  the  newspapers  of  that  period 
very  interesting  by  their  valuable  contributions." 

Mr.  Symmes  died  Jan.  7,  1807,  aged  47. 

The  preceding  sketch  has  been  compiled  in  part  from  Hon.  Wil- 
liam Willis's  "  History  of  the  Law,  the  Courts,  and  the  Lawyers  of 
Maine,"  Portland,  1863,  8vo.,  pp.  148-151;  and  in  part  from  "A 
Memorial  Discourse  of  William  Symmes,  Esq.,  delivered  at  Andover 
and  North  Andover,  in  the  winter  of  1859-60,  by  Nathan  W.  Hazen." 


Hon.  JOHN  CLEVES  SYMMES^  [Timothj,'  Timothy^  WUUam,'' 
Zechariah^),  eldest  son  of  Rev.  Timothy*  and  Mary  (Cleves)  Symmes; 
born  at  Riverhead,  L.  L,  July  10,  1742,  0.  S.,  or  July  21,  N.  S. ; 
married,  first,  about  1761,  Anna  Tuthill,  daughter  of  Daniel  Tut- 
hill,  of  Southold,  L.  I.''-"  She  died  in  1776.  He  married,  second,  per- 
haps about  1794,  Mrs.  Mary  (Henry)  Halsey,  a  sister  of  Col. 
James  Henry,  of  Somerset  Co.,  N.  J.  He  married,  third,  at  Vin- 
ceunes,  in  1804,  Susan  Livingston,  daughter  of  William  Livingston, 
Governor  of  New  Jersey  during  the  Revolutionary  War,  and  sister 
of  Brockholst  Livingston. f 

In  early  life  Mr.  Symmes  was  employed  in  teaching  school  and  in 
surveying.  About  1770  he  removed  to  Flatbrook,  Sussex  Co.,  N.  J. 
He  had  a  farm  and  a  house  there,  which  continued  to  be  his  nearly 
or  quite  to  the  close  of  his  life.  The  farm  and  house  were  called  by 
him  "  Solitude,"  for  what  reason  does  not  appear.  He  early  took 
part  in  the  great  struggle  of  the  Revolution.  He  was  chairman  of 
the  Committee  of  Safety  for  Sussex  Co.  in  1774,  and  was  a  colonel, 
in  1775,  of  one  of  the  Sussex  militia  regiments.  In  March,  1776, 
he  was  ordered  with  his  regiment  to  New  York,  and  was  employed 
in  erecting  forts  and  batteries  there  and  on  Long  Island.  Early 
in  the  summer  he  was  elected  a  delegate  from  Sussex  County  to  the 
State  Convention  of  New  Jersey,  whicli  met  at  Burlington,  June  10, 
1776,  and  was  a  member  of  the  committee  which  was  appointed  to 
draft  a  constitution  for  the  State.  Towards  the  close  of  tiiat  year 
he  was  sent  by  the  legislature  to  Ticonderoga,  with  the  delicate  task 

*  John  Tuthill  is  mentioned  in  Thompson's  History  of  Long  Island,  as  one  of  tlic 
principal  members  of  the  Consregational  Church  at  Southold,  at  its  organization  by  Rev. 
John  Youngs  in  16tO.  Southold  was  settled  that  year  by  a  company  from  Norfolk,  in 
England.  Until  1674,  this  and  two  other  towns  at  the  eastern  end  of  Long  Island  belonged 
first  to  the  Colony  of  New  Haven,  afterwards  to  that  of  Connecticut. 

John  Tuthill,  of  Suffolk  County,  Long  Island,  proliably  son  of  the  former,  was  a  mem- 
ber of  the  General  Assembly  of  the  Colony  of  New  York,  "1695  to  1698. 

t  William  LiviNGSTO>f  was  the  first  governor  of  New  Jersey  chosen  by  the  popular 
vote.  This  was  in  1776.  He  was  b.  1723,  and  d.  1790.  His  son  Brockholst,  scarcely  less 
distinguished,  was  b.  17-37,  and  d.  1823.    Both  were  ardent  friends  of  liberty. 


of  making  a  new  arrangement  of  the  officers  of  the  New  Jersey 
troops  there  employed.  On  his  return  he  was  ordered  with  his  com- 
mand to  Morris  County,  and  in  December  assisted  in  covering  the 
retreat  of  Washington  to  the  Delaware.  While  thus  engaged,  Col. 
Symmes  attacked  a  detachment  of  eight  hundred  British  troops 
under  Gen,  Leslie  at  Springfield,  Dec.  14.  This,  it  is  said,  was  the 
first  check  to  the  progress  of  the  enemy  towards  Philadelphia. 

He  was  with  Gen.  Dickinson  when  he  surprised  the  British  on 
Staten  Island.  He  was  at  Red  Bank  when  the  hostile  ships  came 
up  the  Delaware  and  attacked  the  fort  there  and  Fort  Mifflin.  He 
was  in  the  battle  of  Monmouth,  Sunday,  June  28,  1778.  He  con- 
ducted five  expeditions  to  Long  Island,  when  it  was  in  the  hands  of 
the  British.  In  one  of  the  battles  of  the  war  he  had  three  horses 
shot  under  him. 

In  civil  life  Col.  Symmes  rendered  himself  equally  conspicuous. 
He  was  lieut.-governor  of  New  Jersey  one  year ;  six  years  a  member 
of  the  council.  In  1777  he  was  appointed  one  of  the  associate 
judges  of  the  Supreme  Court  of  New  Jersey.  He  served  in  this 
capacity  twelve  years.  In  1786  he  was  a  member  of  Congress  from 
that  State,  and  served  two  years. 

After  the  war,  a  strong  impulse  was  felt  through  the  northern 
and  eastern  States,  towards  the  settlement  of  the  Great  West.  This 
impulse  was  especially  strong  among  those  who  had  toiled  and  suf- 
fered and  made  heavy  sacrifices  for  the  liberties  of  America.  The 
"  Ohio  Company  "  was  organized  in  Boston,  March  1,  1786.  It  was 
originated  by  the  disbanded  officers  of  the  late  army.  That  year 
and  the  next  were  chiefly  occupied  in  making  surveys  and  other 
necessary  preparations.  The  ordinance  of  Congress  establishing 
the  "Territory  North- West  of  the  Ohio,"  was  passed  July  13,  1787. 
On  the  23d  of  the  following  October,  Judge  Symmes,  together  with 
Gen.  James  Mitchell  Varnura  and  Gen.  Samuel  Holden  Parsons, 
were  appointed  judges  of  the  Supreme  Court  of  the  new  Territory.* 

The  settlement  of  Ohio  commenced  at  Marietta,  in  April,  1788, 
under  Gen.  Rufus  Putnam,  distinguished  as  an  able  engineer  and 
military  commander  in  the  continental  army.  In  the  summer  of  that 
year,  Judge  Symmes  passed  down  the  Ohio  River  with  a  few  fami- 
lies, but  they  were  obliged  to  spend  the  ensuing  winter  in  Kentucky, 
the  settlement  of  which  had  commenced  in  1770,  under  Daniel 
Boone.  Judge  Symmes,  in  1787,  contracted  with  Congress,  in  behalf 
of  himself  and  his  associates,  for  one  million  acres  of  what  were 
called  "  military  lands,"  in  the  south-western  part  of  the  present 
State  of  Ohio,  between  the  Great  and  Little  Miami  Rivers.  The 
price  stipulated  was  sixty-six  and  two-third  cents  per  acre.     It  is 

*  General  Varnum  was  born  in  Dracut,  Mass.,  1749,  but  in  1787  was  a  i-esident  in  East 
Greenwich,  R.  I.  He  was  a  brother  of  Joseph  Bradley  Varnum.  Gen.  Parsons,  born  at 
Lyme,  Ct.,  May  14, 1737,  was  a  major-general  in  the  continental  army,  and  in  1787  a  lawyer 
in  Middletown,  Ct. 


designated  on  the  early  maps  as  "  Symmes's  Purchase."  In  the 
spring  of  1789,  he  took  possession  of  it  with  his  little  colony.  The 
purchase  included  the  land  on  which  the  cities  of  Cincinnati,  Hamil- 
ton and  Dayton  now  stand.  By  his  public  spirit  and  generous  con- 
duct, he  encouraged  the  settlement  of  the  whole  region. 

The  embarrassments  arising  from  the  Indian  war,  which  followed 
in  1791,  hindered  the  settlement  of  the  new  purchase,  and  made  it 
impossible  for  Judge  Symmes  to  fulfil  the  contract,  although  several 
payments  had  been  made  on  it.  In  1794,  after  Wayne's  victory,  a 
new  contract  was  made  for  248,000  acres,  which  are  all  that  are 
properly  included  in  the  "  Symmes  Purchase." 

Judge  Symmes  selected  a  site  for  a  settlement  at  North  Bend,  so 
called,  because  it  is  the  most  northerly  point  in  the  course  of  tlie 
Ohio,  after  it  has  passed  the  mouth  of  the  Great  Kanawha.  It  was 
his  intention  to  found  here  a  city  which  should  become  the  emporium 
of  the  West.  But  Cincinnati  and  Columbia  were  settled  about  the 
same  time;  and  the  protection  afforded  to  settlers  against  Indian 
hostility  by  the  construction  of  Fort  Washington  and  the  presence 
of  a  military  force,  decided  the  question  in  favor  of  Cincinnati, 
which  accordingly  became  the  "Queen  City  of  the  West." 

Judge  Symmes  was  on  the  staff  of  Gen.  St.  Clair  during  the  cam- 
paign which  ended  in  disaster  and  defeat.  He  did  not,  however, 
neglect  his  judicial  duties  at  Vincennes  and  other  places. 

During  his  residence  at  North  Bend,  he  had  frequent  intercourse 
with  the  Indians,  and  by  his  kindness  and  uprightness  was  enabled 
to  exert  a  great  influence  over  them.  After  the  treaty  of  Greenville, 
several  Indians  declared  that  during  the  war  they  had  often  raised 
their  rifles  to  shoot  him,  but,  recognizing  him,  had  desisted. 

He  gave,  either  in  whole  or  in  part,  a  section  of  land  to  each  of 
the  eight  children  of  his  brother  Timothy. 

Mr.  Symmes  did  not  become  rich  —  at  least  not  as  the  word  is 
commonly  used  —  in  consequence  of  his  purchase.  Many  lawsuits 
arose  against  him,*  causing  no  small  embarrassment.  Much  of  his 
land  was  taken  from  him  to  satisfy  these  demands,  and  sold  under 
the  sheriff's  hammer  as  low  as  ten  cents  the  acre,  although  some  of 
it  cost  as  high  as  twenty  shillings,  or  $3.33  the  acre.  He  applied 
to  Congress  for  relief,  but  could  not  obtain  it.  In  one  of  his  letters, 
dated  Cincinnati,  Oct.  8,  1803,  he  speaks  of  being  "grievously 
straitened  and  oppressed."  In  another,  he  says,  "  I  fear  I  shall  be 
ruined  altogether." 

I  have  been  favored  with  the  perusal  of  a  series  of  letters  from 
him  to  his  brother-in-law.  Col.  James  Henry,  Lamberton,  Somerset 
Co.,  N.  J.,  bearing  date  from  May,  1791,  to  May,  1813.  They  mostly 
relate  to  business  transactions,  but  contain  much  information  on 
family  affairs.     They  breathe  a  spirit  of  kindness  and  affection  for 

*  This  is  common  ia  newly  settled  regions. 


his  relatives,  many  of  whom  are  mentioned  by  name.  He  is  careful 
to  send  his  kind  regards  to  "  Mamma  Henry,"  the  mother  of  his 
second  wife.  It  appears  that  he  often  suffered  from  the  carelessness 
or  injustice  of  others;  but  he  maintains  a  cheerful,  hopeful  spirit 
through  the  whole. 

On  the  1st  of  March,  1811,  during  an  absence  from  home  of  seve- 
ral days,  his  house  in  Cincinnati  was  set  on  fire  by  some  malicious 
person  who  had  a  spite  against  him,  and  utterly  consumed,  with  all 
its  contents.  All  his  papers  (several  barrels  full),  all  his  clothing 
save  what  he  had  on,  "  everything  that  could  burn,"  were  destroyed ; 
$30,000,  he  says,  would  not  repair  his  loss.  The  house  alone  cost 
him  $8,000.  He  had  nothing  left  but  his  lands,  the  income  from 
which  lie  estimated  at  $1,700. 

The  last  two  or  three  years  of  his  life  passed  in  much  suffering 
from  a  cancer,  which,  commencing  in  the  under  lip,  spread  into  his 
mouth  and  ears,  and  finally  his  throat.  This  dreadful  malady  caused 
his  death,  Feb.  26,  1814,  aged  72. 

The  latter  part  of  his  life  was  spent  in  the  family  of  his  son-in-law. 
Gen.  Harrison,  at  Cincinnati.  I  have  before  me  a  letter  from  Gen. 
Harrison  to  Col.  Henry,  before  mentioned,  dated  March  4,  1814, 
relating  to  the  sad  event.  The  writer,  after  a  visit  to  New  Jersey, 
arrived  at  home  Jan.  9,  and  continued  with  him  to  the  last.  Mr. 
Symmes  "  died  with  great  serenity,  preserving  his  senses  till  about 
ten  minutes  before  his  exit.  On  the  following  day  I  [Gen.  Harrison] 
took  his  body  to  North  Bend,  where  he  earnestly  requested  to  be 
buried.  His  funeral  was  attended  by  a  large  concourse  of  people, 
and  ample  justice  is  now  done  to  his  character,  even  by  many  who 
were  most  inveterate  against  him.  He  has  appointed  his  grandson 
and  myself  his  executors,  and  has  given  us  whatever  we  may  be  able 
to  save  out  of  his  estate.  This  will  be  nothing  unless  we  can 
'  fauset '  the  iniquitous  rules  which  were  made  under  color  of  law, 
of  an  immense  and  valuable  estate,  which  in  most  instances  was 
sold  for  one-twentieth  part  of  its  then  value." 

He  was  buried  with  military  honors.  The  procession  moved  from 
the  dwelling-house  of  Gen.  Harrison,  on  Front  Street,  in  Cincinnati, 
and  the  body  was  interred  at  North  Bend,  in  a  spot  selected  by  him- 
self for  the  purpose.     The  following  is  the  inscription  on  his  tomb : 

"  Here  rest  the  remains  of  John  Cleves  Svmmes,  who  at  the  foot  of 
these  hills  made  the  first  settlement  between  the  Miami  Rivers.  Born  on 
Long  Island,  State  of  New  York,  July  21,  1742.  Died  at  Cincinnati,  Feb. 
26,  1814." 

His  children,  all  by  first  wife,  were : 

-{-201.  Maria,^  b.  about  1762  ;  m.  Peyton  Short. 

202,  203.  Two  sons,  died  in  inflxucy. 
-|-204.  Anna,^  b.  July  25,  1775  ;  m.  William  Henry  Harrison. 



TIMOTHY  SYMMES*  {Timothy,''  Timothy,''  William,-  ZechariaU), 
brother  of  the  preceding,  and  second  son  of  Rev.  Timothy*  and  Mary 
(Cleves)  Syrames;  born  at  Aquabogue,  Long  Island,  April  10,  1744 
married,  first,  in  1765,  Abigail  Tuthill,  daughter  of  Daniel  Tuthill 
of  Southold,  Long  Island,  and  sister  of  Anna,  who  married  the  pre- 
ceding John  Cleves  Symmes.  She  died  in  New  England  in  1776 
He  married,  second,  in  1778,  Mercy  Harker,  daughter  of  Rev 
Samuel  Harker. 

He  resided  in  Sussex  County,  New  Jersey,  during  the  greater  part 
of  his  life,  and  there  all  his  children  were  born.  He  owned  a  farm, 
but  lived  mainly  by  his  trade,  which  was  that  of  a  silversmith.  He 
was  active  in  the  cause  of  liberty  in  the  Revolutionary  War,  and 
was  a  judge  of  the  Court  of  Common  Pleas  for  Sussex  County. 

He  died  Feb.  20,  1797,  in  his  54th  year. 

His  children,  by  first  wife,  Abigail,  were  : 

-f  205.  Celadon,'  b.  May  30,  1770  ;  m.  Phebe  Randolph. 
4-206.' Daniel,'  b.  1772  ;  m.  Elizabeth  Oliver. 
-j-207.  William,'  b.  1774 ;  m.  Rebecca  Randolph. 

By  second  wife,  Mercy  : 
-|-208.  John  Cleves,'  b.  Nov.  5,  1779 ;  m.  Mrs.  Marianne  Lockwood. 

209.  Timothy,'  b.  178- ;  d.  in  childhood. 
+210.  Mary,'  b.  1785  ;  m.  Hugh  Moore. 
-|-211.  Juliana,'  b.  1791 ;  m.  Jeremiah  Reader. 
4-212.  Peyton  Short,'  b.  1793  ;  m.  Hannah  B.  Close. 
4-213.  Timothy,'  b.  1795  ;  m.  Ruth  Spurrier. 


EBENEZER  ^YMM.^^' {Timothy,' Timothj,''  William,''  Zechariah^), 
half-brother  of  the  preceding,  and  son  of  Rev.  Timothy*  and  Eunice 
(Cogswell)  Symmes;  born  in  Ipswich,  Mass.,  1754j  married,  and 
had  a  family. 

I  have  no  certain  information  respecting  this  person,  further  than 
is  given  above.  A  letter  from  Newfield,  Me.,  says :  "  During  the  war 
of  the  Revolution,  two  brothers,  Ebenezer  and  William  Syrames, 
came  to  this  town,  settled  on  farms  and  married."  Nothing  more 
is  stated  concerning  Ebenezer,  except  that  before  his  going  to  New- 
field' he  was  a  sea  captain. 


WILLIAM  SYMMES*  {Timothy,"  Timothy,''  William,"  Zcchariah'), 
brother  of  the  preceding;  born  in  Ipswich,  1756;  married,  Dec.  12, 
1782,  Mehitable  Moulton,  of  Newfield,  Me.  Her  father  removed 
from  Hampton,  N.  H.,  to  Newfield,  about  1780. 


William  Symmes  came  to  Newfield  about  1780,  or  in  the  latter 
part  of  the  Revolutionary  "War,  and  settled  on  a  farm  in  that  town. 
He  was  a  deacon  in  the  church  there,  and  died  Dec.  20,  1825,  a.  70. 

His  children  were : 

214.  Mehitable.* 

215.  Anstice.* 

-f216.  Timothy,*  b.  1788;  m.  Sally  HiU. 

217.  James.* 

218.  William.' 


SARAH  LINDALL*  (Mary  Higginson,^  Sarah  Savage,^  Mary 
Sy77i7nes'  Zechariah  Syimncs^),  daughter  of  Dea.  James  and  Mary 
(Higginson)  Lindall;  born  in  Salem,  June  17,  1712;  married,  1736, 
Lawkence  Lutwyche,  of  Boston,  a  native  of  the  county  of  Radnor, 
in  South  Wales. 

He  was  a  "  distiller ;  "  an  occupation  which,  in  those  times,  occa- 
sioned no  scandal.  He  was  a  member  and  "  vestry-man  "  of  Trinity 
Church,  in .  Boston.  He  died  in  Sept.  1740.  Mrs.  Lutwyche  was 
still  a  widow  in  1754,  at  the  division  of  her  father's  estate.  She 
had  but  one  child : 

219.  Edward  Goldstone  (Lxitwyche),  b.  about  1737;  m.  1777,  Jane 

Rapalje.  This  son  owned  a  large  estate,  on  which  he  resided, 
in  the  town  of  Merrimack,  N.  H.  It  was  on  the  western  bank 
of  Merrimack  River,  near  "  Lutwyche's  Ferry,"  as  it  was  then 
called.  He  was  an  influential,  leading  man  in  that  vicinity  ;  and 
as  early  as  1767,  when  scarcely  thirty  years  old,  commanded  a 
regiment  of  militia.  When  the  revolutionary  struggle  com- 
menced, he  adhered  to  the  royal  cause,  as  did  many  other  men 
of  upright  lives  and  of  the  purest  motives  ;  fled  to  Boston  dur- 
ing the  siege  ;  and  in  March,  1776,  accompanied  the  British 
forces  to  Halifax.  In  1778  he  was  proscribed  and  banished,  and 
his  valuable  estate  confiscated.  He  became  a  lieut.-colonel  in 
the  British  army.  In  1777  he  married  Jane,  daughter  of  John 
Rapalje,  or  Rapalie,  of  Brooklyn,  N.  Y.  She  was  a  descendant 
of  a  Huguenot  exile  of  that  name  from  Rochelle,  in  France. 
Col.  Lutwyche,  at  the  close  of  the  war,  appears  to  have  gone  to 
England.  There  is  no  reason  to  doubt  that  he  was  a  worthy 
and  an  estimable  man.  Out  of  respect  to  him.  Rev.  Edward 
Lutwyche  Parker — pastor  in  Derry,  N.  H.,  from  1810  to  1850, 
a  clergyman  of  great  amiableuess  and  worth  of  character — 
received  his  name. 


ABIGAIL  LINDALL*  {Mary  Higginson,^  Sarah  Savage,^  Mary 
Symmes^  Zechariah  Symmes^),  daughter  of  Dea.  James  and  Mary 
(Higginson)  Lindall;  born  in  Salem,  June  16,  1713;  married  in 


Salem,  May  15,  1730,  Eev.  William  Jennison,"  b.  in  Watertown, 
Feb.  6,  1706-7,  second  son  of  SamueP  and  Mary''  (Stearns)  Jenui- 
son,  of  that  place.* 

Mr.  Jennison  grad.  H.  C.  1724;  in  Feb.  1728,  was  chosen  pastor 
of  the  East  Church  in  Salem,  and  ordained  on  the  second  day  of 
May  following.  His  prospects  for  a  time  were  bright  and  flattering. 
Connected  by  marriage  with  one  of  the  most  respectable  and  wealthy 
families  in  Salem,  and  pastor  of  a  flourishing  church  in  that  ancient 
town,  he  might  promise  himself  a  long  life  of  comfort  and  usefulness. 
But  the  gay  illusions  of  hope  were  changed  to  bitter  disappointment. 
A  general  disaffection  of  the  society  towards  him  ere  long  arose, 
the  cause  of  which  is  now  unknown,  Sept.  13,  1736,  he  asked,  and 
soon  after  received,  a  dismission  from  his  pastoral  charge. 

He  preached,  after  this,  as  a  temporary  supply  in  Westborough, 
Holden,  and  other  places ;  he  also  taught  school  in  Worcester,  but 
did  not  again  assume  a  pastoral  charge.  He  was  the  teacher  of  the 
public  school  in  his  native  Watcrtown  at  the  time  of  his  decease, 
which  was  April  1,  1750,  aged  43. 

Mrs.  Abigail  (Lindall)  Jennison  died  in  South  Danvers,  now  the 
town  of  Feabody,  Jan.  1,  1765,  aged  52.  She  probably  resided  there 
with  her  daughter,  Mrs.  Mary  Giles.  Her  father,  James  Lindall,  Esq., 
left  her  some  property,  which  descended  to  her  children.  Her  grave- 
stone is  still  standing  in  the  old  cemetery  in  Feabody. 

The  children  of  Rev.  William  and  Abigail  (Lindall)  Jennison,  all 
born  in  Salem,  were : 

219J.  Abigail  (Jennison),  b.  Feb.  10,  1730-1 ;  d.  in  infoncy. 

220.  William  (Jennison),  b.  March  19,  1731-2  ;  m.  Mary  Staples.   He 

was  a  physician  in  Mendon,  the  part  Avhich    is   now  Milford. 

He  was  also  engaged  in  trade   there,  and  in  Douglas,  Sudbury, 

and    Brookfield.     He  transacted  a   large  amount  of  business  ; 

was  a  zealous  and  leading  whig  in  Revolutionary  times,  and  died 

in  Brookfield,  May  8,  1798,  aged  66. 

*  The  Jenkison  family  has  been  one  of  much  respectability  in  England  during  many 
ages.  I  have  before  me  a  record  of  twelve  generations,  procured  by  the  zeal  and  industry 
of  ray  kinsman,  Rev.  Joseph  Fowler  Jennison,  now  of  Canton,  Mass.  It  begins  in  the 
time  of  Henry  VI.,  who  reigned  from  1422  to  1461.  This  family  possessed  large  estates  in 
Lincolnshire,  Norfolk,  and  in  the  vicinity  of  Durham  and  Newcastle.  One  of  them,  Rev. 
Robert  Jennison,  D.D.,  was  "  the  Puritan  vicar  of  Newcastle,"  his  native  place,  from  1617 
to  1652.  Ralph  Jennison,  his  nephew,  was  mayor  of  Newcastle,  1668,  and  received  the 
honor  of  knighthood  May  18,  1677. 

"William  Jennison,  one  of  this  family,  came  from  England  to  America  in  the  fleet  with 
Winthrop,  in  1630.  He  settled  in  Watertown,  near  Boston,  where  he  was  a  man  of  influ- 
ence and  distinction.  He  was  selectman  of  the  town,  and  held  other  important  offices. 
He  and  Capt.  John  Underbill  had  charge  of  the  military  affairs  of  the  colony  of  Massachu- 
setts Bay  from  1630  to  1637.  He  had  an  important  command  in  the  Pcquot  war.  About 
1645  he  returned  to  England,  as  many  others  did,  and  died  there. 

1.  His  brother,  Robert  Jennison,  is  the  ancestor  of  the  New  England  families  of  that 
name.    He  died  in  Watertown,  July  4,  1690.    His  son, 

2.  Samuel  Jennison,  b.  1645,  was  the  father  of 

3.  Samuel  Jennison,  b.  in  Watertown,  Oct.  12, 1673  ;  d.  there  Dec.  2,  1730 ;  father  of 

4.  Rev.  William  Jennison  in  the  text. 


221.  Samuel   (Jennison),  b.  1733  ;   m.  Naomi  Everden.      He  was   a 
lieutenant  in  the  "  old  French  war,"  1756;  a  merchant  in  New 
London,  Ct. ;  afterwards   dwelt  in  Oxford,  Mass.,  and  died  there 
in  1789,  aged  56. 
-}-222.  Mary  (Jennison),  b.  1734;  m.  Thomas  Giles. 

222|.  Timothy  (Jennison),  b.  1735  ;  d.  young. 

223.  James  (Jennison),  b.  1736  ;  d.  young. 


Capt.  CALEB  SYMMES*  {Thomas,^  Tliomas,^  Zecharlah^  Zccha- 
ruih^),  son  of  Dea.  Thomas*  and  Martha  (Call)  Symmcs ;  born  in 
Charlestown,  Oct.  10,  1732;  m.  Sept.  21,  1756,  Elizabeth  Hall, 
born  Oct.  24,  1732,  daughter  of  Rev.  Willard  and  Abigail  (Cotton) 
Hall,  of  Westford,  Mass.-^ 

He  lived  in  Charlestown,  in  a  bouse  on  or  near  the  spot  where  now 
stands  the  dry-goods  store  of  John  Skilton.  He  was  a  master,  suc- 
cessively, of  several  vessels  engaged  in  the  West-India  trade.  Among 
the  vessels  in  which  he  sailed  were  schooner  Catharine,  schooner 
Greyhound,  schooner  Neptune,  and  brig  Catharine.  It  appears  that 
he  was  in  the  employ  of  John  Hancock,  of  Boston,  in  1764.  Dur- 
ing the  "  old  French  war,"  or  about  1755,  he  was  taken  prisoner  by 
the  French,  carried  to  France  and  detained  there  till  he  had  acquired 
a  pretty  good  knowledge  of  the  French  language.  He  was  at  home 
in  1756.  At  the  time  of  his  death  he  owned  his  house  and  one  half 
of  the  brig  in  which  he  sailed. 

He  died  at  St.  Lucia,  one  of  the  West-India  islands,  Feb.  4, 
1771,  aged  38  years  3  raos.  He  was  a  faithful  husband,  an  affec- 
tionate father,  a  christian  gentleman. 

His  will  is  dated  March  3,  1757;  proved  May  2,  1771.  He  Avas 
then  "bound  on  a  voyage."  He  gives  all  his  estate  to  his  wife 

*  Formerly  the  West  Precinct  of  Chelmsford,  incorporated  as  a  town  Sept.  23,  1729. 

Rev.  Willard  Hall,  b.  in  Medford,  March  II,  1702-3,  was  son  of  Stephen  and  Grace 
(Willis)  Hall,  of  that  town.  He  grad.  H.  C.  1722;  ordained  first  pastor  of  the  church  at 
Westford,  Nov.  IS,  1727— that  church  being  gathered  and  organized  the  same  day.  He 
continued  pastor  tliere  more  than  tifty-one  years,  viz.,  till  his  death,  March  19,  1779.  He 
was  probably  a  descendant  from  John  and  Bethiah  Haule,  who  were  dismissed  from  the 
Boston  Church,  Oct.  14,  1632,  and  embodied  into  the  present  First  Church  in  Charlestown, 
Nov.  2,  1632.— ^w.  Quar.  Reg.,  xi.  377,  38-5. 

His  wife  was  Abigail  Cotton,  of  Portsmouth.    His  children  were : 

Grace,  m.  Benjamin  Whiting. 

"Willard,  b.  June  12,  1730;  married,  and  had  seven  children. 

Elizalieth,  b.  Oct.  24,  173"2  ;  m.  tirst,  Capt.  Caleb  Symmcs'' ;  m.  second,  Capt.  Benj  unin 

Abigail,  b.  July  19,  1734;  m. Abbot,  of  Billerica. 

Ann,  b.  April  22,  1736;  m.  L.  Wliiting,  of  Hollis,  N.  H. 

Marv,  b.  July  30,  1738 ;  m.  Jonas  Minot,  of  Concord,  Mass. 

Martha,  b.  June  8,  1741 ;  died  young. 

Stephen,  b.  May  28,  1743 ;  m.  Mary  Holt.    He  grad.  H.  C.  1765 ;  settled  in  Portland. 

Willis,  b.  Nov.  14,  1747;  m.  Mchitable  Pool.  He  lived  and  died  in  Westford.  His  eldest 
son  Willard,  b.  Dec.  24,  1780,  was  representative  in  Congress  from  the  State  of  Dela- 
ware, 1816-1820;  afterwards  judge  of  the  District  Court  of  the  U.  S. 

Isaiah,  b.  Jan.  19,  1749. 

Martha,  b.  July  26,  1752;  m. Kneeland.  {Brooks's  Hist,  of  Medford. 


His  widow  Elizabeth,  a  woman  of  courage  and  energy,  returned 
from  Charlestown  to  her  native  Westford,  in  1774,  with  her  two 
little  boys,  Caleb  and  Thomas.  She  supported  herself  and  them 
five  years  by  shop-keeping;  the  Lord  prospered  her  in  so  doing. 
She  married,  as  her  second  husband,  Capt.  Benjamin  Fletcher,  Feb. 
9,  1779.  It  is  due  to  him  to  say,  that  he  faithfully  performed  his 
duty  towards  her  two  fatherless  children.  He  gave  a  deed  of  his 
farm,  Dec.  6,  1788,  to  his  step-son,  Thomas  Symmes,  and  to  Levi 
Parker,  the  son  of  his  only  daughter.  Capt.  Fletcher  died  Jan.  25, 
1789,  in  his -72d  year.  His  widow  Elizabeth  died  at  the  house  of 
her  son,  Caleb  Symmes,  in  Groton,  Jan.  31,  1813,  in  her  82d  year. 
She  was  interred  at  Littleton. 

The  children  of  Capt.  Caleb  and  Elizabeth  (Hall)  Symmes,  all 
born  in  Charlestown,  were  : 

224.  MAKTnA,^  b.  Sept.  20,  1757  ;  d.  Sept.  30,  1767. 

225.  Abigail,®  b.  April  9,  1759  ;  d.  July  15,  1759. 

226.  Caleb,®  b.  Sept.  16,  1760  ;  d.  Oct.  14,  1761. 

-|-227.  Caleb,®  b.  March  7,  1762  ;  m.  first,  Lydia  Trowbridge;  m.  second, 
Mary  (Cliittenden)  Lane. 

228.  Elizabeth,®  b.  Aug.  31,  1763  ;  d.  Nov.  9, 1773. 
-j-229.  Thomas,®  b.  Sept.  19,  1765  ;   m.  llebecca  Carver. 

230.  AYiLLARD  Hall,®  b.  Jan.  24,  1770  ;  d.  Oct.  7,  1772. 


HANNAH  SYMMES'  (Andrew;  Thomas,=  Zecharlah;  Zcchariah'), 
eldest  daughter  of  Andrew*  and  Hannah  Symmes;  born  in  Boston, 
June  15,  1733;  married  Col.  David  Mason,  of  Boston,  Sept.  5,1750. 
He  was  b,  1727.  She  was  his  second  wife.  The  first  wife,  married 
June  9,  1748,  was  Sarah  Goldthwait. 

He  was  a  prominent  man  in  Boston.  Li  17G3  he  founded  an 
artillery  company,  known  as  the  "  Train  of  Artillery,"  the  only  artil- 
lery company  at  tliat  time  existing  in  Boston.  This  company  became 
a  celebrated  military  school,  and  furnished  many  excellent  officers 
for  the  Revolutionary  army.  Gen.  Knox  was  one  of  its  command- 
ers. In  the  year  1768,  there  came  from  London  for  the  use  of  this 
company,  two  beautiful  brass  field  pieces,  three  pounders,  with  the 
Province  arms  thereon.  These  two  pieces  constituted  just  one  half 
of  the  field  artillery  with  which  the  war  of  the  Revolution  com- 
menced."' They  were  constantly  in  service  during  the  war;  were  in 
many  engagements;  were  taken  and  retaken  many  times;  and  finally, 
in    1788,  the   names  of  Hancock  and   Adams,  "  sacred  to  liberty," 

*  This  statement  is  made  in  the  Genealogical  Register,  in  a  note  on  page  36o,  of  the  vol- 
ume for  1852;  l)ut  it  cannot  be  true.  There  were  at  Cambridge,  in  April,  1775,  six  three- 
pounders  and  one  six-ponndcr.  At  Watertown  there  were  sixteen  pieces  of  artiiler.y,  of 
dittcrent  sizes,  not  all,  however,  fit  for  immediate  use.  Tlic  Americans,  under  Ethan  Allen, 
took  in  May  more  than  a  hundred  pieces  of  cannon  at  Ticonderoga. 


■were  engraven  on  them  by  order  of  Congress.     They  are  now  in  the 
Bunker  Hill  Monument. 

Col.  Mason  was  a  distinguished  officer  of  the  Revolution,  and  the 
founder  of  that  great  national  institution,  the  Springfield  Armory. 
He  had  also  a  nice  perception  of  aisthetic  beauty.  In  his  earlier 
years  he  learned  painting  and  gilding,  and  studied  portrait  painting 
with  that  eminent  artist,  John  Greenwood,  of  London,  who  was  born 
in  Boston,  Dec.  7,  1727.  He  gave  lectures  on  electricity  in  several 
towns.  Franklin  was  a  friend  of  his  father.  [  Vide  Allen's  Ameri- 
can Biography.]     Col.  Mason  died  in  Boston,  Sept.  17,  1794,  a.  67. 

The  children  of  Col.  David  and  Hannah  (Symmes)  Mason  were : 

231.  David  (Mason),  b.  Aug.  7,  1752. 

232.  Andrew  (Mason),  b.  Aug.  19,  1754 

233.  Hannah  (Mason),  b.  Dec.  21,  1756. 

234.  Arthur  (Mason),  b.  Sept.  2, 1758. 

235.  Samuel  (Mason),  b.  April  20,  1761. 

-f-236.  Susanna  (Mason),  b.  1763;   m.  1785,  Rev.  John  Smith,  D.D. 


Col.  ANDREW  SYMMES*  {Andrew^  Thomas,''  Zcchariali^  Zecha- 
riah^),  eldest  son  of  Andrew*  and  Hannah  Symmes;  born  in  Boston, 
March  19,  1735;  married,  first,  Oct.  20,  1763,  Lydia  Gale,  daugh- 
ter of  Joseph  and  Mary  (Alden)  Gale.*  He  married,  second,  Mary 
Holmes,  of  Boston.  She  died  previous  to  August,  1774.  He  mar- 
ried, third,  at  Christ  Church,  Boston,  Sept.  21,  1779,  Mary  Ann 
(Stevens)  Symmes,  widow  of  his  brother,  Capt.  Ebenezer  Symmes 

*  The  Alden  Family. 

1.  John  Alden,  b.  in  England  about  1599,  is  tlie  ancestor  of  all  who  bear  this  widely- 
extended  name  in  this  country.  He  came  in  the  far-famed  Mayflower  to  Plymouth,  in 
1620.  He  was  not,  as  has  been  supposed,  one  of  the  Leyden  church,  nor  did  he  embark  in 
the  Speedwell  at  Delft-Haven,  July  22,  1620,  O.  S.,  with  those  who  then  and  there  received 
the  parting  blessing  of  John  Robinson.  That  vessel  stopped  at  Southampton  to  meet  the 
Mayflower  from  London,  and  to  take  in  provisions  for  the  voyage.  There  the  Pilgrims  first 
made  the  acquaintance  of  John  Alden,  and  thence  he  accompanied  them  to  the  New  World. 

He  was  distinguished  for  a  holy  life  and  conversation ;  a  man  of  great  integrity  and 
worth,  and  held  in  great  honor  by  the  men  of  his  time,  as  he  has  been  by  all  succeeding 
generations.  The  compiler  of  this  volume  rejoices  in  calling  him  one  of  his  ancestors,  as 
do  thousands  of  others  all  over  the  land. 

He  was  unmarried  when  he  came  to  these  shores,  but  soon  after  married  Priscilla  Mul- 
lins,  daughter  of  William  Mullins.  A  romantic  story  of  his  courtship  has  come  down  to 
us,  and  may  be  found  in  Thayer's  "  Family  Memorial."  He  died  Sept.  12,  1687,  aged  88, 
at  Duxbury,  to  which  place  he  removed  about  1630.  Gov.  Bradford  says  he  and  Priscilla 
had  eleven  children. 

2.  John  Alden,  his  eldest  son,  b.  1622,  went  from  Duxbury  to  Boston  as  early  as  De- 
cember, 1659.  He  lived  on  what  is  now  Alden  Street,  in  Boston.  He  was  captain  many 
years  of  the  Province  Galley,  and  of  several  other  armed  vessels  of  the  Colony,  before  it 

became  a  "Province."     He  m.  first,  Elizabeth ;  m.  second,  April  1,  1660,  Elizabeth 

Everill,  widow  of  Abiel  Everill,  of  Boston,  and  daughter  of  Maj.  William  Phillips,  of  Saco. 
He  died  in  Boston,  March  14,  1702,  aged  80,  leaving  a  handsome  estate. 

3.  William  Alden,  his  son,  lived  in  Boston ;  m.  1691,  Mary  Drivey  [Dewey  ?].  He  was 
coi-oner  in  1728,  and  held  an  inquest,  July  4,  in  that  year,  over  the  body  of  Benjamin 
Woodbridge,  slain  in  a  duel  the  day  before,  on  the  Common,  by  Henry  Phillips. 

4.  Mary  Alden,  daughter  of  William,  m.  Joseph  Gale  in  the  text,  in  1736. 


Col.  Symmes  resided  in  Boston,  and  was  an  eminent  member  of 
tlie  community.  He  was  distinguished  by  his  air,  manner,  and  en- 
tire personal  appearance.  He  was  remarkably  intellio-ent,  of  great 
probity  of  character,  a  warm-hearted  patriot  and  christian  gentle- 
man, and  much  beloved  for  his  kindly  traits  of  character.  He  was 
admitted  in  1760  a  member  of  the  Ancient  and  Honorable  Artillery 
Company,  an  organization  of  which  Benjamin  Lincoln,  after  having 
served  in  the  armies  of  his  country  as  major-general  many  years, 
said  he  deemed  it  an  honor  to  be  a  private  member. 

He  was  one  of  that  famous  fraternity,  the  "  Sons  of  Liberty,"* 
which  originated  in  1765,  to  oppose  the  execution  of  the  Stamp  Act 
and  other  arbitrary  measures  of  the  British  Parliament.  He  was 
present  at  their  memorable  celebration  and  great  dinner  at  the 
Liberty  Tree  Tavern,  in  Dorchester,  Aug.  14,  1769,  held  in  a  can- 
vas tent,  "  in  the  open  field,  near  tlie  barn,"  the  rain  pouring  down 
in  torrents.  This  was  the  anniversary  of  the  hanging  in  effigy  of 
Andrew  Oliver,  the  odious  distributor  of  stamps,  on  the  Liberty 
Tree  at  the  intersection  of  Washington  and  Essex  Streets,  Aug.  14, 
1765.  The  day  was  held  in  honor  somewhat  as  the  17th  of  June 
now  is,  as  the  time  of  a  mighty  outbreak  against  arbitrary  power. 
Samuel  Adams  and  John  Adams  were  there.  The  procession,  a  mile 
and  a  half  in  length,  on  leaving  the  place,  was  headed  by  John  Han- 
cock in  his  splendid  chariot.  Gentlemen  of  distinction  from  other 
colonies  were  also  there,  among  whom  were  Joseph  Reed  of  Phila- 
delphia, and  Mr.  Dickinson  of  New  Jersey.f  About  three  hundred 
and  fifty  persons  were  present ;  the  "  Liberty  Song  "  was  sung,  the 
whole  company  joining  in  the  chorus  ;  forty-five  toasts  were  drunk, 
yet  no  one  was  seen  intoxicated.  The  company  broke  up  between 
four  and  five  o'clock  in  the  afternoon ;  entered  Boston  before  dark ; 
marched  round  the  State  House  (at  the  head  of  State  Street),  and 
then  dispersed.  The  whole  aflair  was  conducted  with  perfect  order, 
and  the  enthusiasm  was  intense4 

In  proof  of  the  estimation  in  which  he  was  held,  we  may  mention 
that  Col.  Symmes  was  an  intimate  and  confidential  friend  of  John 
Hancock,  before  and  after  the  Revolution.  After  that  event,  he  was 
his  aid-de-camp,  and  the  warm  friendship  between  them  continued 
till  death. 

At  the  outbreak  of  the  Revolutionary  War,  April,  1775,  on  the 
prospect  of  a  siege  by  the  American  troops,  Gen.  Gage  gave  permis- 

*  This  expression  was  first  used  by  Col.  Isaac  Barre  (b.  1726,  d.  1802)  in  one  of  his  early- 
speeches  in  parliament  in  favor  of  America.  It  was  afterwards  applied  to  an  association 
formed  in  1765,  consisting  of  the  popular  leaders  and  other  ardent  friends  of  liberty,  and 
extending  into  all  or  most  of  the  colonies.  They  were  leagued  together  with  the  avowed 
determination  to  resist  oppression  to  the  very  utmost.  They  held  frequent  meetings,  kept 
up  an  active  correspondence,  and  aided  effectually  in  bringing  on  the  Revolution. 

t  Brother  of  John  Dickinson,  of  Philadelphia,  author  of  those  powerful  appeals,  "  Let- 
ters of  a  Pennsylvania  Farmer,"  written  1767. 

X  For  a  list  of  the  persons  present  on  this  occasion,  see  "  Proceedings  of  the  Mass.  Hist. 
Society,  1869-1870." 


sion  for  all  who  desired,  to  leave  Boston.  In  a  few  days  this  permis- 
sion was  suddenly  revoked,  and  many  respected  and  patriotic  citizens 
were  compelled  to  remain.  Of  this  number  was  Col.  Andrew 
Symmes.  It  so  happened,  therefore,  that  he  was  in  Boston  on  the 
day  of  the  battle  of  Bunker  Hill,  June  17th.  On  the  return  of  the 
British  from  that  sanguinary  encounter,  a  captain  of  the  royal  army, 
finding  himself  mortally  wounded,  requested  his  bearers  to  take  him 
to  the  house  of  his  friend,  Col.  Symmes,  In  that  house  he  died  that 
evening,  his  young  son  holding  his  hand.  Just  previous  to  his  death. 
Col.  Symmes  came  in,  and  the  dying  officer  said  to  him,  "  Ah !  Colo- 
nel, I  little  thought  that  the  bullet  was  cast  by  my  American  friends 
here  to  send  me  to  my  grave." 

During  the  visit  of  Lafayette  to  this  country,  in  1824,  while  mak- 
ing inquiries  in  Boston  for  his  old  friends,  he  learned  that  Mrs. 
Snelling,  a  daughter  of  Col.  Symmes,  was  alive.  On  her  presenta- 
tion to  him  in  the  evening,  he  said  to  her,  in  his  inimitably  graceful 
way :  "  Well  do  I  remember  your  father,  Col.  Symmes.  He  was  the 
first  man  who  took  me  by  the  hand  on  my  return  to  this  country 
from  France  in  1780." 

Col.  Andrew  Symmes  was  appointed,  Aug.  5,  1774,  guardian  of 
his  daughter  Polly  Holmes  Symmes,  a  minor  under  fourteen  years  of 
age,  with  Ebenezer  Symmes,  mariner,  and  Benjamin  M.  Holmes,  dis- 
tiller, both  of  Boston,  as  bondsmen.  [Sufi'.  Prob.,  Ixxiv.  17.]  Ben- 
jamin M.  Holmes  was  probably  brother  of  the  second  wife. 

After  the  death  of  his  brother  Ebenezer,  Col.  Symmes  gave 
another  bond,  dated  April  16,  1779,  as  guardian  of  the  same 
child,  with  John  Osborne,  painter,  and  William  Symmes,  tailor,  both 
of  Boston,  as  sureties.  [Ibid.,  Ixxviii.  624.]  John  Osborne  proba- 
bly married  his  sister. 

Col.  Andrew  Symmes  died  April  9,  1797,  aged  61.  His  third 
wife,  Mary  Ann,  was  living  as  late  as  August,  1796. 

His  children,  by  first  wife  Lydia,  were : 

237.  Mary,^  b.  Aug.  6,  1764 
-f-238.  Lydia,*  b.  Dec.  18,  1768  ;  m.  Jonathan  Snelling. 

By  second  wife,  Maky  : 
239.  Mary  Ann,*  b.  between  1770  and  1774. 

By  third  wife,  Mary  Ann  : 
-|-240.  Andrew  Eliot,*  m.  Eliza  Coffin. 


Capt.  ebenezer  SYMMES*  {Andrew,'  Thomas;^  Zechariah,^ 
ZccharialO-),  brother  of  the  preceding;  born  in  Boston,  Jan.  6, 1737; 
married,  first,  March  21,  1763,  Hannah  Greenwood,  born  1740, 
daughter  of  Samuel  and  Mary  (Charnock)  Greenwood,  of  Boston. 


She  was  a  sister  of  the  artist,  John  Greenwood,  already  mentioned. 
They  were  married  by  Rev.  Samuel  Mather.*  He  married,  second, 
Mary  Ann  Stevens,  of  Turnham  Green,  near  London. 

He  lived  in  Boston ;  was  a  man  of  great  courage  and  energy ;  a 
man  of  decided  public  spirit  and  patriotism.  He  was  one  of  the 
"  Sons  of  Liberty,"  and  was  present  with  his  brothers  on  tlie  great 
occasion,  Aug.  14,  1769,  mentioned  in  the  notice  of  Col.  Andrew 
Symmes  [130].  He  was  a  mariner,  and  commanded  for  years  what 
Avas  called  a  "king's  ship"  (not  a  man-of-war)  running  between 
Boston  and  London, 

He  died  some  time  in  1776,  in  his  40th  year.  His  widow,  Mrs. 
Mary  Ann  Symmes,  married  his  brother.  Col.  Andrew  Symmes,  Sept. 
21,  1779. 

He  left  no  will.  Of  his  estate,  the  widow,  Mary  Ann  Symmes, 
was  appointed  administratrix,  and  as  such  presented  an  inventory, 
Jan.  10,  1777 — the  assets  consisting  of  a  dwelling-house  on  Middle 
Street,  goods  in  the  town  of  Littleton,  &c.  Her  bondsmen  were 
John  Scollay,  Esq.,  and  Andrew  Symmes,  Jr.,  Gent.,  both  of  Boston.f 
In  a  subsequent  account,  presented  Dec.  2,  1782,  she  charges  for 
carting  goods  to  and  from  Littleton,  and  from  Littleton  to  Billerica ; 
likewise,  money  "paid  to  his  five  sisters  agreeably  to  the  request  of 
the  intestate  before  his  death ;  "  and  money  "  paid  to  his  sister  Ma- 
son and  sister  Thompson.     [Suflf.  Prob.,  Ixxv.  109,  194-6.] 

After  paying  out  these  various  charges,  there  was  found  to  be  a 
balance  of  personal  estate  amounting  to  =£1622  6  1^.  As  "conti- 
nental money"  ceased  to  circulate  in  1780,  this  balance  was  doubt- 
less reckoned  in  a  sound  currency,  and  the  amount  may  be  stated  as 
about  $5,400.  It  was  distributed  one-third  to  the  widow,  then  be- 
come a  wife ;  two-thirds  to  the  only  daughter,  Mary  Ann  Symmes. 

*  Samuel  Greenwood,  soa  of  Samuel  and  Elizabeth  (Bronsdon)  Greenwood,  of  Boston, 
was  born  Aug.  15,  1693 ;  m.  Mary  Cliarnock,  his  second  wife,  Dec.  1, 1726 ;  was  a  merchant 
in  Boston,  and  died  Feb.  22,  1741-2.  His  brother  Isaac  Greenwood  grad.  H.  C.  1721 ;  was 
Hollis  Professor  of  Mathematics  and  Natural  Philosophy  in  that  college  from  1727  to  1738, 
and  died  17*5. 

Rev.  Samuel  Mather,  b.  in  Boston,  Oct.  30,  1706,  was  son  of  Rev.  Cotton  Mather,  by  his 
second  wife  Elizabeth  (Clark)  Hubbai-d.  He  grad.  H.  C.  1723 ;  was  pastor,  first,  from  1732 
to  1741,  of  the  Second,  or  Old  North  Church,  of  which  his  father  and  grandfathei-  had  been 
pastors;  second,  of  a  church  which  separated  therefrom  in  1741,  and  built  a  house  of  wor- 
ship for  him  at  the  corner  of  Nortli  Bennet  and  Hanover  Streets.  He  died  June  27,  1785. 
The  meeting-house  was  purchased  by  the  Universalists,  and  became  the  house  of  the  First 
Universalist  Church  in  Boston. 

Having  occasion,  in  the  compilation  of  this  volume,  to  use  the  records  of  the  "  Samuel 
Mather  Church,"  I  employed  a  very  competent  person  to  look  them  up.  He  made  diligent 
inquiry  of  clergymen  and  others  most  likely  to  know,  going  all  over  Boston  and  spending 
a  great  portion  of  one  day  for  this  purpose.  His  search  was  utterl}''  in  vain.  Nobody  knew 
where  they  were  ;  nobody  had  ever  seen  them.  Rev.  Dr.  Miner,  the  present  accomplislied 
and  al)le  minister  of  the  First  Universalist  Church,  could  give  no  clue  to  them.  My  agent 
was  told  that  that  society,  in  1785,  bought  only  the  church  edifice,  nothing  more. 

t  Dea.  John  Scollay  was  a  leading  man  in  his  day.  He  was  selectman  in  1764,  and  held 
other  public  offices.  I  have  heard  my  grandfather  speak  of  his  habitually  being  in  the 
streets  of  a  Sabbath  morn,  to  prevent  the  desecration  of  the  Lord's  day.  Seollay's  Build- 
ing was  named  for  him.  Middle  Street  was  the  northern  half  of  what  is  now  Hanover 



The  only  cliild  of  Capt.  Ebenezer  Symmes  was  by  his  second  wife : 
-|-24:1.  Maky  Ann/  b.  Aug.  15,  1775 ;  m.  Johu  Greenwood. 


JOHN  SYMMES*  {Andrew,"  Thomas,''  ZechariaJi,^  ZecJwriah'), 
brother  of  the  preceding,  and  fourth  son  of  Andrew*  and  Hannah 
Symmes;  born  in  Boston,  Feb.  5,  1741;  married  Hephzibah  Bar- 
rett, June  1,  1766.  They  were  married  by  Rev.  Andrew  Eliot,  of 
the  New  North  Church  from  1742  to  1778. 

He  was  one  of  the  "  Sons  of  Liberty,"  and  was  present  at  the 
great  celebration  in  Dorchester,  Aug.  14,  1769,  described  under  the 
notice  of  Col.  Andrew  Symmes.  He  afterwards,  it  is  said,  lived  in 

His  children  were  : 

242.  "William,^  had  a  son   William,''  whose  daughter  Susan  m.  a  Barnes? 

and  was  living  in  Boston  in  18G7. 

243.  Elizabeth,*  m. Colman,  and  had  ten  daughters. 

244.  Abiaii,*  m.  Shepard,  and  had   Siiscm   (Shepard)    and  John 

I  am  in  doubt  whether  these  were  not  the  children  of  another  John 


WILLL^^M  SYMMES^  {Andreio,"  Thomas,'  Zechanah^  Zcchariah'), 
brother  of  the  preceding;  born  in  Boston,  1753;  married,  first.  Pru- 
dence Urann,  a  native  of  Boston,  said  to  be  a  descendant  of  Rev. 
Pierre  Daille,  the  minister  of  the  Frencli  Protestant  Congregation 
in  Boston,  from  1696  to  1715;  married,  second,  Elizabeth  Russell, 
s"ster  of  the  well-known  Benjamin  Russell,  printer  and  publisher  of 
the  Columbian  Centinel,  of  Boston.*  She  died  at  Ludlow,  Vt., 
Jan.  25,  1856,  in  her  91st  year. 

He  resided  in  Boston,  and  was  by  trade  a  tailor.  He  was  also  a 
ship-master,  sailing  from  Boston  and  Philadelphia.  He  was  one  of 
the -sureties  of  his  brother  Col.  Andrew  Symmes,  April  16,  1779, 
when  the  latter  was  appointed   guardian   of  his  child   Mary,  by  Jiis 

*  According  to  Mr.  Samuel  G.  Drake,  in  his  "History  of  Boston,"  p.  733,  there  were 
issued  in  Boston,  previous  to  Dec.  1767,  only  four  weekly  papers — the  News  Letter,  com- 
menced 1704;  the  Evening  Post,  1739  ;  tlic  Advertiser,  1763;  the  Gazette,  1765.  In  Decem- 
ber, 1767,  two  enterprising  men,  John  Mein  and  John  Fleming,  commenced  the  Boston 
C/irotiicle.  It  was  a  liigh  tory  paper,  and  from  the  force  of  public  opinion  suspended  June, 
1770.  All  the  other  papers  but  the  last  continued  till  the  Kevohitioiiary  War,  1775-6,  when 
they  were  discontinuetl.  The  Indipendoit  Chronicle  was  coninienced  Jan.  2,  1777,  and  after 
the  division  of  the  country  into  parties,  was  tlie  accredited  and  leading  organ  of  the  demo- 
cratic party  in  New  England.  The  Massachusetts  Centinel  was  first  issued  in  1784,  the 
name  being  changed,  June  16,  1790,  to  Columbian  Centinel.  This  paper  was  owned  and 
conducted  (I  think  from  the  beginning)  by  Benjamin  Russell,  a  man  of  rare  ability,  and 
possessing  in  a  high  degree  the  confidence  and  support  of  the  federal  party.  It  was  con- 
tinued by  him  till  about  1820,  wlien  it  was  merged  in  the  Boston  Daily  Advertiser. 


second  wife,  Mary  Holmes.     Also  surety  for  him  in  a  similar  case, 
Aug.  28,  1787.     [Suff.  Prob.,  Ixxviii.  624,  and  Ixxxvi.  227.] 

He  was  for  a  time  a  deputy-sheriflf  of  the  county  of  Suffolk,  and 
near  the  close  of  life  removed  to  Cambridge,  where  he  died  of  con- 
sumption in  1810,  aged  57.  His  wife's  brother,  Mr.  Russell,  was 
guardian  to  his  son,  then  only  eight  years  old,  and  took  him  into  his 

His  children,  by  first  wife,  were : 

245.  Mart,*  immarried. 

246.  Elizabeth,*  m.  John  Bayley.     Tliey  had  a  numerous  ftimily,  one 

of  whom  was  Dudley  II.  Bayley,  now  residing  in  Boston.  Pre- 
vious to  the  "  Gi-eat  Fire,"  Nov.  9  and  10,  1872,  he  had  a 
"  Horse  Bazaar  "  on  Federal  Street,  where  he  kept  horses  and 
carriages  for  sale. 

By  second  wife  : 

247.  An  infent. 

-]-248.  William,*  b.  1802  ;  m.  first,  Elizabeth  Ridgeley ;  m.  second,  Eliza 
A.  Mayland. 


ISAAC  SYMMES*  (^Zcclianali^  Thomas,^  Zechariah,^  Zechariah^), 
son  of  Zechariah*  and  Grace  (Parker)  Symmes;  born  in  Charles- 
town,  April  10,  1743;  married,  first,  March  20,  1765,  Hannah 
Davis,  b.  Feb.  27,  1743 — supposed  to  be  a  descendant  of  Dolor 
Davis,  of  Barnstable,  1680-1704.     She  died 'Oct.  1,  1773.     He  m. 

second,  Dec.  15,  1774,  Hannah ,  b.  Feb.  5,  1749,  d.  Dec.  13, 

1783.     He  m.  third,  Oct.  24,  1784,  Joanna ,  b.  Aug.  30,  1754. 

He  was  a  baker,  and  one  of  the  selectmen  of  the  town.  He  lived 
in  Plymouth,  Mass.  He  died  in  consequence  of  a  fall  from  a  horse, 
Saturday,  Aug.  27,  1791,  at  11  o'clock,  A.M. 

His  children,  by  first  wife,  were : 

249.  Hannah,*  b.  Jan.  30,  17G6.     She  was  beautiful  and  attractive  in 

person ;  was  engaged  to  be  married,  but  was  disappointed,  and 
died  in  consequence,  while  yet  young. 

250.  Isaac,*  b.  June  5,  1767;  d.  Nov.  1767. 

251.  Grace,*  b.  Aug.  24,  1768. 

252.  Martha,*  b.  May  6,  1770  ;  d.  Jan.  23,  1859. 
-|-253.  Isaac,*  b.  Nov.  16,  1771  ;  m.  Mary  Whitman. 

254.  Elizabeth,*  b.  Sept.  16,  1773;  d.  May  2,  1803. 

By  second  wife : 

255.  LucT,*  b.  Sept.  14,  1775  ;  d.  Oct.  4,  1775. 
-[-256.  Margaret,*  b.  Nov.  15,  1777;  m.  James  Spooner. 

257.  Sarah,*  b.  April   24,   1779  ;  m.   Pelham   Brewster,   of  Kingston, 
Mass.     They  had  five  children,  names  unknown, 
-f  258.  Lazarus,*  b.  Feb.  18,  1781 ;  m.  Mary  Weston. 
259.  Lucy,*  b.  Oct.  24,  1782 ;  d.  May  2,  1783. 


By  third  wife : 

260.  Joanna,^  b.  Oct.  14,  1785  ;  d.  Dec.  27,  1789. 

261.  Nancy  Holland,*  b.  Nov.  2, 1786. 

-|-262.  Zechariah  Parker,'  b.  May  8,  1791  ;  m.  first,  Elizabeth  D.  Ber- 
ry ;  m.  second,  Elizabeth  YouDg ;  m.  third,  Caroline  F.  Esty. 


SARAH  SYMMES'  {Zechariah,"  Thomas, ">  Zechanah^  Zecharmli') , 
half-sister  of  the  preceding,  and  daughter  of  Zechariah*  and  Elizabeth 
(Locke)  Symmes;  born  in  Charlestown,  Dec.  29,  1757;  m.  1177, 
James  Locke,  born  in  the  west  end  of  the  present  town  of  Winches- 
ter, then  part  of  Woburn,  April  7,  1752.  He  was  son  of  Jona- 
than and  Phebe  (Pierce)  Locke,  of  the  same  place. 

James  Locke  was  a  soldier  of  the  Revolution.  He  dwelt,  succes- 
sively, in  Winchester,  Lexington,  and  Arlington,  the  last  place  then 
known  as  West  Cambridge.  He  died  at  the  place  last  named,  July 
6,  1831,  in  his  80th  year.    His  wife  Sarah  died  Feb.  22,  1839,  a.  81. 

Their  children,  who  were  born  at  West  Cambridge : 

263.  James  (Locke),  b.  Jan.  28,  1778 ;  m.  first,  Nancy  Perkins,  Sept.  4, 

1811;  m.  second,  Lydia  (Hills)  Haskins,  1821.  He  resided  in 
Maine  till  1818,  and  then  removed  to  Cortland,  N.  Y.  He  was 
a  Baptist  minister.  He  died  of  cholera,  at  Millport,  Chenango 
Co.,  N.  Y.,  Aug.  1,  1849. 

264.  Elizabeth  Svjhmes  (Locke),  b.  Feb.  17,  1779  ;  m.  Caleb  Fames, 

of  Wilmington,  May  3,  1796.  He  was  the  sixth  Caleb  Fames 
in  a  direct  line,  who  were  eldest  sons,  and  occupied  the  same 
farm.  He  died  July  3,  1828,  aged  65.  She  d.  Oct.  1,  1844, 
aged  65. 

Born  in  Lexington. 

265.  Sarah  Symmes   (Locke),  b.  Nov.  16,1782;  m.  Joseph  Dean,  of 

Wilmington,  Jan.  1,  1807,  his  second  wife.  She  died  Dec.  24, 
1807,  aged  25. 

266.  William  (Locke),  b.  Feb.  5,  1785;  d.  Oct.  13,  1793. 

Born  in  Wohurn,  the  part  now  Winchester. 

267.  Abigail  Bullough  (Locke),  b.  Aug.  15,  1788;  m.  Aug.  9,  1812, 

Daniel  Kingsbury,  b.  at  Dedham,  June  19,  1790.  They  lived  in 
Boston.  He  was  a  housewright,  and  died  at  New  Orleans  iu  1822. 

268.  Thomas  Symmes  (Locke),  b.  Nov.  17,  1790;  m.  first,  Lucy  Field, 

Sept.  26,  1814,  daughter  of  William  Field,  of  Windham,  Me.; 
m.  second,  Experience  Adams.     They  reside  in  Temjile,  Me. 

269.  Jonathan  (Locke),  b.  Jan.  13,  1793  ;  d.  Oct.  25,  1793. 

270.  Mary  Tufts  (Locke),  b.  Oct.  24,  1794 ;  unm.  and  living  in  1852. 

271.  Frances  Stimson  (Locke),  b.  Aug.  23,  1801  ;  m.  Nov.  5,  1820, 

Samuel  Kettelle,*  b.  Nov.  29,  1791,  son  of  SamueP  and  Hannah 
(Pierce)  Kettelle,  of  Cambridge,  son  of  James,*  son  of  James," 
son  of  Jonathan,^  son  of  Richard  Kettelle,^  the  original  emigrant, 
who  was  in  Charlestown  in  1635.  Mrs.  Kettelle  is  now  a  widow, 
a  near  neighbor  of  the  compiler,  in  Winchester.  The  family 
have  \oy\"  resided  in  Charlestown. 


Sipt!)  <2ircncratioiT. 


ZECHARIAH  SYMMES'  {Zechanah,"  Zechanah,'  WUliam,^  Wil- 
liam^  Zechar'mU)^  son  of  Zechariali*  and  Rebecca  (Tattle)  Sjmmes ; 
born  in  the  extreme  south  part  of  Woburn,  now  included  in  Win- 
chester, 177-;  married,  Oct.  6,  1801,  Hannah  Richardson,  daugh- 
ter of  Nathan  Richardson,  of  Woburn. 

He  was  by  trade  a  cooper ;  lived  in  the  south  part  of  Woburn, 
now  Winchester,  and  died  there.  He  became,  late  in  life,  a  member 
of  the  Congregational  Church ;    his  wife  had  long  been  a  member. 

Their  children  were  : 

272.  Hannah,''  b.  about   1802  ;  m.  Samuel  B.  Tidd,  March  2,   1820. 

They  lived  and  died  in  Woburn.     Had  children. 

273.  Mehitable,^  b.  180-;  m.  Ira  Bucknam,  of  Woburn  ;  had  children. 

274.  Zechariah,^  b.  1807  ;  unm. ;  d.  April  IG,  1830  ;  said  to  have  been 

an  excellent  young  man. 


BENJAMIN  SYMMES'  {Zechariah;  Zcchariuh,''  WilUam,'  JViJ. 
liam^  Zechariah^),  brother  of  the  preceding,  and  son  of  Zechariah* 
and  Rebecca  Symmes ;  born  in  what  is  now  Winchester,  on  the  bor- 
der of  Medford,  about  1780;  m.  Rizpah  Saunders,  of  Tewksbury, 
Mass.     They  were  published  March  25,  1809. 

He  lived  in  the  south  part  of  Woburn,  and  died  about  1815,  His 
widow  married  Charles  Stackpole,  of  Charlcstown. 

The  children  of  Benjamin  and  Rizpah  Symmes  were  : 

275.  Rispah,''  b.  Jan.  26,  1810  ;  said  to  have  been  married  very  youn^. 

276.  Frances,^  b.  Dec.  11,  1810;  m.  Isaac   Lathrop.     He  kept  a  hat- 

store  in  Charlestown,  and  died  about  1850.  His  wife  died  some 
years  previous.  They  left  a  fiimily  of  six  children.  One  of  them 
m.  Charles  E.  Rogers,  of  Charlestown,  and  is  now  living.  An 
unmarried  daughter,  Mary  Lathrop,  is  a  teacher  at  Jamaica 
Plain,  West  Roxbury. 

277.  Mary,'    b.   1812;    m.   1832,  Horatio   Jenkins.     They  resided   in 

Boston  for  a  time,  then  in  Chelsea,  and  now  in  Alexandria 
Douglas  Co.,  Minnesota. 

278.  Martha   Saunders,'  b.  Sept.  26,    1813;  m.  Henry  Bursley,  of 

Boston.  They  reside  at  No.  4  Bond  Street,  near  Shawmut 


SAMUEL  SYMMES"  (Samnd,'  Zechariah;  William^  miUam,' 
Zechariah^),   eldest   son    of    Samuel*    and    Susanna    (Richardson) 


Symmes,  of  South  Woburn,  now  Winchester ;  born  there,  Oct.  28, 
1776;  married,  April  23,  1807,  Mary  Richardson,'  daugliter  of 
Joseph*  and  Abigail  (Felton)  Ricliardson,  of  Danvers  and  Woburn. 

They  lived  in  South  Woburn,  on  what  is  now  Washington  Street, 
in  Winchester,  where  their  daughter  Mrs.  Todd  now  lives. 

He  died  about  1851,  aged  75. 

Their  children  were : 

279.  Mart,^  m.  Andrew  Todd.     They  are  now  living,  Nov.  1872. 

280.  Abigail  Felton/  b.  Nov.  2,  1812;  d.  Nov.  11,  1812. 

281.  Samuel  Felton,'  b.  1814;  d.  March  13,  1832,  aged  18. 


ZECHARTAH  RICHARDSON  SYMMES^  {Samuel,"  Zechariah* 
Wdliam,"  William,-  Zcchariah^),  brother  of  the  preceding,  and  son 
of  Samuel*  and  Susanna  (Richardson)  Symmes,  of  South  Woburn, 
now  Winchester;  born  there,  Jan.  2,  1781 ;  married,  March  28,  1809, 
Nancy  Richardson,  born  Feb.  1786,  daughter  of  Gideon  Richard- 
son, of  Woburn. 

They  lived  in  what  is  now  Winchester,  on  Main  Street,  near  the 
mill  on  the  Abcrjona  River.  He  died  Oct.  16,  1850.  His  widow 
Nancy  died  at  Winchester,  June  21,  1871. 

His  children  were : 

282.  Jerusha  Richardson/  b.  April  29,  1810;  m.  March  5,   1846, 

Joseph  Wyman,  of  West  Cambridge,  now  Arlington,  b.  Aug.  19, 
1805.  He  died  March  9,  1863.  "She  still  lives  in  Winchester. 
They  had  no  children. 

283.  William,''  b.  1818 ;  d.  at  the  age  of  3  years  and  9  mos. 

284.  Nancy,'  b.   Feb.  3,  1824;  m.  Feb.  17,  1853,  Henry  Wait  Howe, 

b.  1822,  son  of  John  Howe,  who  was  b.  in  Boston,  1784.  Henry 
W.  Howe  d.  March  30,  1858.  Their  only  child  was  Lucy  Wy- 
man (Howe),  b.  May  1,  1855  ;  d.  Sept.  16,  1855.  Mrs.  Howe 
and  her  sister  Mrs.  Wyman  reside  together  in  Winchester. 


JOSEPH  BROWN  SYMMES*  {SamiieV  Zechariah;  William,' 
William^  ZechariaJi),  brother  of  the  preceding;  born  in  South  Wo- 
burn, now  Winchester,  Feb.  2,  1783;  m.  Lydia  Wyman,  daughter  of 
Daniel  Wyman,  of  that  localit}',  which  is  known  as  the  "west  side" 
of  Winchester,  formerly  in  Woburn.  This  Daniel  Wyman  was 
brother  of  Seth  Wyman,  mentioned  on  page  53. 

He  was  named  Joseph  Brown,  at  the  request  of  Capt.  Josepli 
Brown,  whose  wife  was  Ruth  Richardson,  sister  of  Susanna  Richard- 
son, his- mother.  Capt.  Brown  was  a  special  friend  of  the  family. 
Ho  lived  in  the  last  house  but  one  in   Woburn,  on  the  great  road  to 


Boston,  in  the  midst  of  the  Symmcs  family.  His  house  stood  on  the 
lot  which  I  now  own  and  occupy  in  Winchester.  He  had  no  child- 
ren, and  he  made  Joseph  B.  Symmes,  and  a  young  woman  who  lived 
with  him,  his  heirs. 

Joseph  B.  Svmmes  was  a  farmer.     He  died  March  22,  1850.    His 
widow  Lydia  died  Oct.  23,  1853. 

His  children  were : 

285.  Lydia  Wyman,''  b.  Feb.  8,  1812  ;  m.  Oct.  8,  1835,  Jefferson  Ford. 
He  was  a  master  of  vessels  trading  to  foreign  ports.  lie  was 
also  a  sailing-master  in  the  U.  S.  Navy,  in  the  war  of  the  Re- 
bellion, and  died  at  Newbern,   N.  C,  June  18,  1864.     Children  : 

286.  Caroline  (Ford),  b.  Dec.  16,  1837  ;  m.  William  H.  Gunnison, 

of  Baltimore,  now  a  clerk  in  the  Treasury  Department  at 

287.  Josejih  G.  (Ford),  b.  May  15,  1840;  d.  Oct.  23,  1850. 

288.  Sarah  (Ford),  b.  July  23,  1843  ;  m.  Charles  Fitch  Lunt,  b.  in 

Newburyport,  July  24,  1 843,  now    a  salesman  in  Winslow 
&    Myrick's  store,  State-Street  Block,  Boston. 

289.  Joseph,^   b.  Jan.   30,  1815  ;  m.  Hannah  Wyman,  sister  of  Joseph 

Wyman,  of  West  Cambridge,  now  Arlington,  the  husband  of 
his  cousin  Jerusha  R.  Symmes,''  daughter  of  Zecliariah^  [282]. 
He  lives  in  Winchester  ;  is  engaged  in  the  shoe  business.  His 
wife  Hannah  died  March  23,  1871.     No  children. 

290.  Gardner,^  b.  Oct.  18,  1816;  m.  Nov.  19,  1843,  Adeline   Matilda 

Hutchinson,  of  Woburn,  b.  in  Charlestown,  Dec.  17, 1821.  She 
was  dau.  of  Thomas  and  Betsey  (Homer)  Hutchinson.  They 
resided  in  Woburn  and  Winchester  till  1860;  since  that  time 
mostly  in  Brooklyn,  N.  Y.  AVhile  living  in  Winchester,  he  was 
much  occupied  with  buying  and  selling  real  estate,  building 
houses,  and  constructing  public  roads.  He  held  the  offices  of 
selectman  and  assessor  of  the  town  several  years.  He  built 
many  houses  in  Winchester,  laid  out  and  constructed  several 
stx-eets,  and  benefited  the  town  more  than  himself.  He  built  and 
formerly  occupied  the  house  now  occupied  by  the  compiler.  He 
lives  in  Brooklyn,  but  his  business  is  with  engines  and  machine- 
ry, in  Water  Street,  New  York.     His  children  have  been : 

291.  Gardner,^  b.  Sept.  18,  1844;  d.  Dec.  25,  1850. 

292.  Adeline  Matilda,^  b.  Aug.  27,  1847;  m.  Edward  J.  Dickinson, 

of  Brooklyn,  N.  Y.,  Oct.  12,  1869. 

293.  Lydia  Gardner^  b.  Jan.  29,  1852;  d.  Aug.  24,  1853. 

294.  William  JosepK  b.  June  4,  1854. 

295.  Carrie  Homer, ^  b.  April  6,  1857. 

296.  Betsey  Chickering,''  b.  April  15,  1823  ;  immarried.  This  name 
was  given  to  her  out  of  respect  to  Mrs.  Betsey,  wife  of  Rev. 
Joseph  Chickeriug,  pastor  of  the  church  in  Woburn,  then  em- 
bracing most  of  what  is  now  Winchester,  from  IMarch,  1804,  to 
Sept.  1821.  He  was  afterwards  settled  in  Phillipston,  where 
he  died  Jan.  27,  1844,  aged   64.     Miss  Betsey  C.  Symmes  has 


been  a  great  sufferer  from  bodily  infirmity,  wliich  she  has  borne 
with  exemplary  fortitude  and  patience.  She  possesises  much 
energy  of  character.  She  resides  with  her  sister  in  Winchester, 
the  nearest  neighbor  of  the  compiler. 


JOHN  SYMMES*  (Samuel,'  Zechariah*  William^  William^  Zccka- 
r'lah'),  brother  of  the  preceding;  born  in  South  Woburn,  now  Win- 
chester, May  19,  1786;  m.  first,  July  25,  1816,  Abigail  Green,  of 
Boston,  b.  Feb.  10,  1796.  She  died  in  Winchester,  then  South  Wo- 
burn, Nov.  8,1834  [Gravestone;  1835,  Family  Record].  He  m. 
second,  June  2,  1836,  Sophia  Spaulding,  of  Lowell,  b.  June  22, 

He  was  a  trader  in  West  India  goods,  flour,  &c.  He  was  in  busi- 
ness one  year  in  Fredericksburg,  Va.,  and  was  during  many  years  a 
merchant  on  the  T  wharf,  in  Boston,  part  of  the  time  as  partner  with 
Daniel  Cummings,  part  of  tlie  time  with  Charles  Eaton,  under  the 
firm  of  Symraes  &  Eaton.  He  resided  in  South  Woburn,  and  built 
a  house  there  in  1832,  or  about  that  time.  He  died  in  Sept.  1863, 
aged  77.     His  widow  Sophia  died  June,  1867,  aged  75. 

His  children,  all  by  his  first  wife,  were : 

297.  Eliza,^  b.  July  13,  1817  ;  died  at  sea,  on  the  passage  homeward 
from  Fredericksburg,  Aug.  5,  1818. 
-|-298.  JonN,^   b.  Dec.   14,1819;  m.  first,  Almira   Stoddard;  m.  second, 

Mary  Kendall  Carter  ;    m.  third,  Emily  Carter. 
-|-299.  William  Bittle,^  b.  June  13,  1822  ;  m.  Anna  Hill. 

300.  Daniel  Cummings,^  b.  July  3,  1827  ;  d.  in  Boston,  Nov.  13, 1829. 


NANCY  SYMMES«  {Somnci;  Zcchariah;  William'  William,^ 
Zechariah'),  sister  of  the  preceding;  born  in  South  Woburn,  now 
Winchester,  April  19,  1788;  married,  March  28,  1811,  James  Hill, 
eldest  son  of  James  Hill,  of  Stoneham.  He  was  brother  of  the  late 
John  Hill  and  the  present  Luther  Hill,  of  that  place. 

Their  children  were: 
301.  Nancy  GuiiiiimiL  (Hill),  b.  Feb.  22.  1812;  m.  Jo^f^  Woods,  from    j 

307.  RowENA  Maky  (Hill),   b.   Jan.   28,  1820  ;  unmarried  i"^" 

d^i/es  wiOi^i 

her  sister,  Mrs.  Woods.  «^  i 


308.  Paulina  (Hill),  d.  in  infancy. 

309.  Ward  (Hill),  d.  in  inftincy. 

310.  LS^^l??^^^Hill),  m.-Abuer   Hayfovd,   of    Sorampscot,  and^is   still     . 

^living  there.     CMyU^i^u\J   mayu^^^/k^^^-if-i/^/TUmh^^ 

STEPHEN  SYMMES^  {Samuel^  Zecliariah,'  WUlmm,'  William,'' 
Zcchariah'),  brother  of  the  preceding;  born  in  South  Woburn,  now 
Winchester,  May  19,  1790;  married  (published  Oct.  7,  1815)  Pris- 
CILLA  Reed,  born  in  a  part  of  Charlestown  which  is  now  included  in 
tlic  town  of  Arlington. 

He  is  a  farmer  and  lives  in  Arlington. 

Their  children  were : 

311.  Stephen,''  m.  Catharine  Pollard,  of  Bolton. 

312.  Harriet  Priscilla,^  m.  Jan.  5,  1843,  Josiah  Locke,  son  of  Asa 

and  Lucy  (Wyman)  Locke,  of  a  part  of  Woburn  which  is  now 
included  in  Winchester.  Lucy  Wyman  was  dau.  of  Daniel 
Wyman,  mentioned  under  [1G3].  Her  mother,  Hannah  Wright, 
was  cousin  to  Pamelia  Richardson,  wife  of  Dea.  John  Symmes 

313.  Louis  A,''  died  at  the  age  of  18. 

314.  Sarah,''  unmarried;  lives  with  her  father. 


HORATIO  SYMMES«  (Samnel,'  Zechariah,^  William,'  William,' 
Zechariah^),  brother  of  the  six  preceding  heads  of  families,  and 
youngest  sou  of  SamueP  and  Susanna  (Richardson)  Symmes;  born 
in  South  Woburn,  now  Winchester,  Nov.  8,  1795;  married,  Nov.  11, 
1819,  Charlotte  Johnson,  born  in  Lexington,  July  7,  1798,  daugh- 
ter of  Munson  and  Betsey  (Monroe)  Johnson,  of  Lexington,  after- 
wards of  Woburn. 

He  was  by  trade  a  shoemaker,  and  is  now  a  stiffener,  or  maker  of 
the  stiffening  part  of  shoes.  He  and  his  wife  are  still  living  in  Win- 
chester, in  the  house  where  he  was  born,  and  but  a  few  rods  from  the 
spot  where  his  grandfather  Zechariah  Symmes  lived.  He  and  his 
wife  were  converted  in  the  great  revival  in  Woburn,  in  1827,  when 
two  hundred  and  twelve  were  admitted  to  the  church  by  profes- 
sion, and  this  couple  among  them;  and  they  have  ever  since  remain- 
ed in  covenant  with  God  and  his  people. 

Their  children  have  been : 

316.  Charlotte,''  b.  April,  1822 ;  d.  at  2  years  old. 

317.  Horatio,^    b.   Aug.   29,   1824;    m.   Rhoda  Fowle,  dau.  of  Luke 

Fowle,  of  Woburn. 

318.  Henry,^  d.  at  two  or  three  years  old. 



319.  Henry  William/  b.   Dec.  29,  1829  ;  m.  Harriet  Fogg,  of  Harri- 

son, Me. 

320.  Charlotte  Elizabeth,^  b.  Jan.  30,  1833  ;   iinm. ;  lives  with  her 


321.  Samuel  Johnson,^   b.  Sept.  30,  1838  ;  m.  Eunice  Fanny  Forres- 

ter, of  Lynnfield.     They  have  no  children. 

The  three  sons  of  this  family  now  living,  reside  near  their 
father  in  AVinchester.  Stability  is  a  marked  characteristic  of  the 
Symmes  family.  The  farm  of  their  ancestors,  William,'  Wil- 
liam^ and  Zechariah,*  is  but  a  stone's  throw  from  their  jjresent 


MARY  SY^^DIES^  (  fVilUam;  Zec/iariah,'  WUl'mm?  William,^  Zech- 
ariah^),  only  child  of  Williain^  and  Mary  (Mallet)  Symmes;  born  in 
South  Woburn,  now  Winchester,  Oct.  12,  1785;  married,  Nov.  10, 
1807,  Rev.  Jacob  Coggin,  born  in  Woburn,  Nov.  5,  1781,*  son  of 
Jacob  Coggin  of  iliat  place,  wliosc  wife  was  a  daughter  of  Deacon 
David  Blanchard,  of  Burlington. 

Jacob  Coggin,  the  father,  was  a  native  of  Woburn,  descended 
from  an  early  settler  of  that  place,  whose  name,  as  given  on  the 
Town  Records,  is  John  Craggen.  This  ancestor  married  Sarah 
Dawes,  Nov.  4,  1661.  Mr.  Jacob  Coggin  grad.  H.  C.  1763;  was  a 
school  teacher  by  profession:  taught  in  Woburn  and  elsewhere,  and 
occasionally  preached. 

Rev.  Jacob  Coggin,  the  husband  of  Mary  Symmes,  grad.  H.  C. 
1803;  studied  divinity  with  his  pastor.  Rev.  Joseph  Chickering,  of 
Woburn ;  was  ordained  pastor  of  the  Congregational  Church  in 
Tewksbury,  Oct.  22,  1806,  and  continued  in  that  relation  till  his 
death,  on  the  afternoon  of  Tuesday,  Dec.  12,  1854,  aged  73.  The 
colleague  of  his  later  years.  Rev.  Richard  Tolman,  in  the  funeral  dis- 
course, characterizes  him  as  more  earnest  than  brilliant,  graceful 
rather  than  imposing,  sensitive  rather  than  profound;  as  winning 
the  affection  rather  than  the  admiration  of  his  hearers ;  as  having 
more  of  the  caution  of  Melancthon  than  the  daring  of  Luther ;  and 
in  his  sermons  dealing  with  the  practical  rather  than  the  doctrinal. 
His  disposition  was  frank,  his  sympathies  lively,  his  attachments 
strong.  During  the  forty-eight  years  of  his  pastorate,  he  retained  a 
strong  hold  on  the  aftections  of  his  flock. 

He  represented  the  town  for  two  successive  years  in  the  State 
legislature ;  also  in  the  convention  called  to  revise  the  State  consti- 
tution in  1853.  He  was  one  of  the  Presidential  Electors  in  1852; 
one  of  the  three  inspectors  of  the  State  Almshouse  in  Tewksbury 
from  the  beginning;  and  chaplain  of  that  institution  till  his  death. 

Mrs.  Coggin  died  in  Tewksbur}^,  Sept.  18,  1856,  aged  71. 

*  This  date  is  derived  from  (he  Am.  Qnar.  Reg.,  vol.  xi.  379,  and  purports  to  have  been 
furnished  by  Mr.  Coggin  himself.  But  Mr.  Tolman,  in  the  discourse  referred  to  in  the 
text,  says  Mr.  Coggin  was  born  Sept.  5,  1781. 


The  children  of  Rev.  Jacob  and  Mary  (Symmes)  Coggin  were : 

322.  Abigail  (Coggin),  b.  Sept.  28,  1808  ;  m.  C.  F.  Blanchard,  a  mer- 

chant of  Chaiiestown.     She  died  in  1838. 

323.  Mary  (Coggin),  b.  Sept.   10,   1810;  m.   C.  F.  Blanchard,  as  his 

second  wife.     She  is  now  a  widow,  residing  in  Lowell. 

324.  Jacob  (Coggin),  b.  Aug.  31,  1811;  m.  first,  Harriet  P.  Kittredge; 

m.  second,  Mary  A.  \V'ilkins.  He  is  now  a  widower  ;  is  engag- 
ed in  mercantile  business  in  Lowell,  but  resides  in  the  old 
paternal  mansion  in  Tewksbury. 

325.  William  SriniES  (Coggin),  b.  Nov.  27,   1812  ;  m.  Mary  Clark, 

Aug.  5,  1840.  She  was  daughter  of  Dea.  Oliver  and  Abigail 
(Richardson)  Clark,  of  Tewksbury.  Abigail,  her  mother,  was 
the  youngest  daughter  of  Dea.  Jeduthun  and  Mary  (Wright) 
llichardson,  of  South  Woburn,  now  Winchester.  Mr.  Coggin 
grad.  Dart.  Coll.  1834;  studied  divinity  at  Andover  Theological 
Seminary,  graduating  in  1837  ;  was  ordained  jJastor  of  the  Con- 
gregational Church  in  Boxford,  Mass.,  May  9,  1838.  He  con- 
tinued pastor  there  till  May,  1868,  a  period  of  thirty  yeai's.  He 
then,  on  account  of  ill  health,  asked  and  received  a  dismission. 
Since  that  time  he  has  preached  somewhere  nearly  every  Sab- 
bath. This  year,  1872,  he  has  been  supplying  the  pulpit  at 
Byfield.  His  ministry  has  been  peaceful,  successful  and  happy. 
In  the  year  1858,  his  parish  shared  in  the  remarkable  revival  of 
that  year,  and  fifty-seven  were  added  to  the  church.  He  has 
always  borne  the  character  of  a  discreet,  faithful,  useful  minister. 

326.  David  (Coggin),  b.  Sept.  14,  1816  ;   m.  Ellen  Kidder,  dau.  of  Dr. 

Samuel  Kidder,  of  Charlestown,  Sept.  1842.  He  grad.  Dart. 
Coll.  1836  ;  was  teacher  and  chaplain  in  the  House  of  Refuoe  for 
Juvenile  Offenders,  at  South  Boston,  two  years,  till  1838;  pur- 
sued theological  studies  at  Andover  Seminary  till  1841  ;  was 
ordained  pastor  of  the  Congregational  Church,  Westhampton, 
Mass.,  May  11,  1842,  and  closed  a  jileasant  and  successful  min- 
istry there  of  ten  years,  by  his  death,  April  28,  1852. 

327.  Martha  (Coggin),  b.  Sept.  27,  1817  ;  m.  WiUiam  Rogers,  Esq., 

of  Tewksbury.     She  is  now  a  widow,  residing  in  Lowell. 

328.  James  (Coggin),  b.  Dec.  1823  ;  d.  in  1825. 

329.  Ellen  (Coggin),  b.  May  28,   1825  ;  m.    Samuel  Kidder,  Jr.,  of 

Lowell.     She  died  May  18,  1856. 


MARTHA  SYMMES^  (Thnoiluj;  Thnot/>y,'  Wdliam,'  miliam; 
Zechariah^),  daughter  of  Timothy*  and  Martha  (Wjman)  Symnies; 
born  in  Mcdford,  Dec.  30,  1806;  married,  April  16,  1828,  William 
Wyman,  born  in  the  ''west  side"  of  Woburn,  now  included  in 
Winchester,  May  26,  1803,  son  of  Daniel  and  Hannah  (Wright) 
Wyman,  of  that  locality.  This  Daniel  Wyman  was  a  brother  of 
Scth  Wyman,  grandfather  to  the  aforesaid  Martha  Symmes. 

William  Wyman  was  by  trade  a  currier.  He  followed  this  busi- 
ness till  his  health  failed,  then  took  up  the  business  of  farming.  He 
died  March   2,  1862.     His  widow  now  resides  with  Sylvester  G. 


Pierce,  son  of  Rev.  Sylvester  G.  Pierce,  formerly  pastor  at  Dracut, 
who  died  1839.  The  younger  Sylvester  is  son  of  Mr.  Wyman's 
sister  Clarimond  Wyman.     [See  Book  of  the  Lockes,  p.  153.] 

William  and  Martha  (Symmes)  Wyman  had  only  one  child: 

330.  Martha  Ruth  (Wyman),  b.  1833 ;  cl.  July  30,  1850. 


GEORGE  WASHINGTON  SYMMES«  {Daniel,'  Tmothy,'  Wd- 
liam,^  Wdliam,^  Zechariali'),  son  of  Daniel  and  Sophia  (Emerson) 
Symmes,  of  Medford ;  married . 

He  occupied  the  homestead  in  Medford,  and  was  a  blacksmith. 

His  children  were : 

331.  Louisa,^  m.  Charles  L.  Newcomb,  of  Boston. 

332.  Mary  Jane.^ 

333.  Abby.^ 

334.  Ella.'' 

335.  Hephzibah,''  b.  about  1857. 

336.  Charles.'' 

Though  I  have  tried,  I  have  not  been  able  to  obtain  a  better  record 
of  this  family. 


Dea.  JOHN  SYMMES^  (J"o/»i,^  John,''  WlUiam,'  miliam;  Zecha- 
ria/i'),  eldest  son  of  Capt.  John^  and  Elizabeth  (Wrig-ht)  Symmes  j 
born  in  the  north  part  of  Medford,  a  locality  now  included  in  the 
town  of  Winchester,  Jan.  27,  1781 ;  married,  June  28,  1804,  Pamb- 
LiA  Richardson,  born  July  13,  1782,  daughter  of  Dea.  Jeduthun 
Richardson,  of  South  Woburn,  now  Winchester,  by  his  wife  Mary 
Wright,  born  Jan.  29,  1741,  eldest  daughter  of  Dea.  John  and  Mary 
(Locke)  Wright,  of  Woburn. 

He  resided  at  "  Symmes's  Corner,"  in  a  house  built  by  himself,  in 
that  part  of  Medford,  which,  together  with  South  Woburn  and  part 
of  West  Cambridge,  was  incorporated  as  the  town  of  Winchester. 
He  was  a  good  man,  just  and  upright,  and  useful  in  his  day.  In 
addition  to  the  cultivation  of  a  valuable  farm,  part  of  which  he  inher- 
ited from  his  early  ancestors,  he  carried  on,  during  many  years,  the 
business  of  a  wheelwright,  as  his  father  had  done  before  him.  He 
settled  many  estates  of  deceased  persons,  and  held  at  different  times 
most  of  the  offices  of  trust  in  the  town  and  parish.  He  attended 
public  worship  in  Medford,  and  was  a  staunch  supporter  of  civil  and 
religious  order.  He  was  deacon  of  the  first  Congregational  Churcli 
in  that  town  from  about  the  year  1818  till  his  death,  which  occurred 
Feb.  15,  1860,  at  the  age  of  79.  He  left  a  valuable  estate  to  his 
children.  His  wife  Pamelia  died  Dec.  1,  1845,  aged  63  years  and 
4  months. 


Their  children  were : 

337.  John  Albert/  b.  March  30,  1805  ;  d.  May  30,  1808. 

338.  Pamelia,^  b.  Feb.  3,  1807  ;  m.  Horatio  A.  Smith,  May  28,  1852. 

339.  Mary  Wright,^  b.   Oct.  26,  1809  ;  unmarried.     A  lady  of  culti- 

vated mind,  of  refined  taste  and  extensive  information  ;  residing 
in  the  jiaternal  mansion.  The  readers  of  this  volume  are  largely 
indebted  to  her  for  the  facts  it  contains  relative  to  the  Symmes 
Family  of  Winchester.  Indeed,  had  it  not  been  for  her,  this  book 
probably  had  not  been  undertaken, 

+340.  John  Albert,''    b.  Nov.  3,  1812  ;  m.  Lydia  M.  Smith. 

-1-341.  Charles  Carey,^  b.  Nov.  15,  1814;  m.  Lydia  F.  Clark. 

-|-o42.  Henry  Richardson,^  b.  April  13,  1818;  m.  Abigail  Symmes. 

4-343.  Luther  Richardson,^  b.  March  21,  1822  ;  m.  Elizabeth  A.  Ayer. 


THOMAS  SYMMES^  {John,'  John,"  miUam,'  TVUUam;'  Zccha- 
riah^),  brother  of  the  preceding,  and  second  son  of  John  and  Eliza- 
beth (Wright)  Sjmines;  born  in  the  north  part  of  Medford,  a  locality 
now  belonging  to  Winchester,  March  30,  1783;  married  Sarah 
Lloyd  Wait,  daughter  of  Nathan  Wait,  of  Medford. 

He  lived  in  Medford ;  was  a  farmer,  and  was  killed  in  tlie  woods 
by  the  irregular  action — what  is  called  slewing — of  a  sled  lieavily 
laden  with  fire- wood.     This  took  place  in  the  winter  of  1811-12. 

His  children  were : 

344.  Sarah  Jane,^  b.  Jan.  1807;  m.  John  Hunt,  of  Roxbury,  as  his 

second  wife. 

345.  Eliza  Ann,^  b.  Aug.  1808  ;  m.  Henry  Withington,  of  Medford. 
-{-346.  Thomas  Russell,^  b.  1812;  m.  Harriet  Eady. 


ABIGAIL  SYMMES'  (John,'  John,'  JfiUlam,'  William,^  Zccha- 
rlah^),  sister  of  the  preceding,  and  daughter  of  Capt.  John  and  Eliza- 
beth (Wright)  Symmes;  born  Feb.  11,  1785;  married,  May  23, 
1813,  Elias  Tufts,  born  Jan.  9,  1787. 

They  lived  in  Medford.  Mrs.  Abigail  Tufts,  wife  of  Elias  Tufts, 
died  in  Medford,  Aug.  13,  1863,  aged  78  years  and  6  months.  Elias 
Tufts  died  there  July  18,  1868,  aged  83  years  and  5  months. 

Their  children  were : 

+347.  Alfred  (Tufts),  b.  July  8,  1818  ;  m.  Caroline  M.  Wright. 
-[-348.  Larkin  Turner  (Tufts),  b.  Oct.  28,  1821 ;  m.  Frances  P.  Mc- 



ELIZABETH  SYMMES^  {John,'  John,*  WUUam,'  JFUliam,' Zccha- 
riah'),  sister  of  the  precediug-;  born  April  10,  1787;  married  Abel 
Stowell,  1814,  son  of  Abel  Stowell,  of  Worcester,  a  noted  clock- 

His  home,  after  marriage,  was  in  Charlestown,  where  he  carried  on 
the  business  of  a  jeweller.  He  purchased  of  John  L.  Sullivan,  for 
four  thousand  dollars,  the  mill  privilege  on  the  Aberjona  River,  in 
the  present  town  of  Winchester,  which  had,  from  the  settlement  of 
the  country  till  1823,  been,  partly  at  least,  in  the  possession  and 
occupancy  of  the  Symnies  Family.  He  had  on  this  stream  an  iron- 
foundry.  After  some  years,  he  sold  it  to  Robert  Bacon,  hatter, 
of  Boston,  and  it  is  now  in  the  possession  of  Mr.  Bacon's  children. 

Mr.  and  Mrs.  Stowell  are  both  deceased. 

Their  children  were : 

349.  Eliza  (Stowell),  b.  Jan.  1815  ;  unmarried. 

350.  Abel  (Stowell),  b.  Jan.  1819;   lives  in   Baltimore;    is  a  jeweller. 

351.  Alexander  (Stowell),  b.  Nov.  29,  1821 ;  m.  first,  Esther  Adams, 

of  Billerica ;  m.  second,  Fannie   Davis,   of  Vermont.     He  is  a 
jeweller,  at  16  Winter  Street,  Boston. 

352.  Caroline  (Stowell),  b.  June,  1823  ;  m.  Charles  Rogers,  of  Charles- 

town,  Mass.,  and  has  tv,'o  children. 

353.  Emily  (Stowell),  b.   Aug.  1825;  unmarried;  lives  v^^ith  her  sister 

on  Tremont  Street,  Boston. 

354.  Abby  Maria  (Stowell),  b.  Sept.  1829  ;  m.  John  G.  Hunt,  of  Rox- 

bury.     They  have   two   children.     He  was  son  of  John  Hunt 
[344],  by  the  first  wife. 


MARSHALL  SYMMES*  (Jokn,'  John,*  JVillwm,'  Willmm,'  Zccha- 
ririh^),  brother  of  the  preceding,  and  fifth  child  of  Capt.  John*  and 
Elizabeth  Symmes ;  born  in  what  was  then  the  north  part  of  Med- 
ford,  now  part  of  Winchester,  July  30,  1789  ;  married,  Jan.  26,  1818, 
Lephe  Stowell,  born  1791,  sister  of  Abel  Stowell,  the  husband  of 
her  sister  Elizabeth.  (See  preceding  paragraph.)  Her  name,  judg- 
ing from  the  name  she  gave  to  her  eldest  daughter,  may  have  been 

He  pursued  the  business  of  a  blacksmith  at  "  Symmes's  Corner," 
in  what  is  now  Winchester.  He  is  still  living  in  Winchester,  Nov., 
1872,  and  able  to  be  about.  His  wife,  Relief,  died  Nov.  23,  1848, 
aged  57. 

It  is  a  remarkable  fact  that  he  and  the  children  of  his  brother  Ed- 
mund still  own  fifty  or  sixty  acres  of  the  farm  in  the  present  town 
of  Winchester,  which  was  given  to  their  ancestor,  Rev.  Zechariah 
Symmes,  by  the  town  of  Charlestown,  two  hundred  and  thirty  years 


ago.     It  lias  never  gone  out  of  the  Symmes  family.     When   trans- 
ferred from  one  person  to  another,  it  has  been  by  the  Probate  Court. 

Their  children  were : 

-)-355.  Marshall/  b.  Oct.  27,  1818 ;  m.  Abbie  Stowell. 

350.  Elizabeth  Relief,'  b.  Sept.  28,  1820;  d.  Dec.  1,  1820. 
357.  Harriet  Stoavell,'  b.  Nov.  15,  1821  ;  unmarried  ;  resides  with  her 
-|-358.  Alexander  Stowell,''  b.   Dec.  13,  1823;  m.  Sarah  Jane  Liver- 
359.  Philemon  Wright,'  b.  Feb.  12,  182G  ;    m.  Eliza  P.  Stowell,  dau. 
of    Samuel    Stowell,  of    Worcester.      Samuel   was   a  cousin  of 
Abel   Stowell,    mentioned  above.      Mr.   Symmes   died   Jan.   8, 
1861.     His  wife  Eliza  died  Oct.  8,  185G.     No  child. 
4-3G0.  Ellen  Louisa,'  b.  May  16,  1828;  m.  Oliver  L.  Wellington. 
-|-361.  Charles  Thomas,'  b.  March  9,  1832  ;  m.  Abby  Elizabeth  Hunt. 


EBENEZER  SYMMES^  {John,'  John,'  William,'^  William,'  Zccha- 
riah^)  brother  of  the  preceding;  born  at  "Symmes's  Corner,"  in  the 
present  town  of  Winchester,  Aug.  17,  1793:  married,  first,  Hannah 
Davis,  of  Wilmington,  Mass.,  sister  of  the  wife  of  Joseph  Bond,  of 
that  town,  the  noted  baker  of  excellent  crackers.  He  married, 
second,  Lanissa . 

Mr.  Symmes  carried  on  the  baking  business  in  Hanover,  N.  H.,  as 
many  who  were  students  at  Dartmouth  College  in  1825  and  the  fol- 
lowing years  may  remember.  He  removed  to  Concord,  and  there 
had  a  wholesale  flour  store.  In  1867,  he  removed  to  Medford,  where 
he  now  lives  on  an  ample  income. 

His  children,  by  his  first  wife,  were : 

362.  Ebenezee,'  entered  the  U.  S.  Navy  as  midshipman  many  years 

ago.     What  has  become  of  him  we  have  not  learned. 

363.  Hannah  Maria,'  m.  Sullivan   Fay,  of  Southboro',  Mass.     She  is 

a  widow,   and  resides  with  her  father  in  Medford.     She   had  a 
daughter  who  died. 

By  second  wife  : 

364.  Mary  Lamson.' 


EDMUND  SYMMES"  {John,"  John,'  William,'  William,'  Zccha- 
riah'),  brother  of  the  preceding;  born  at  "  Symmes's  Corner,"  then 
in  Medford,  now  in  Winchester,  Aug.  14,  1795;  married,  Nov.  15, 
1820,  Elizabeth  Ann  Smith,  born  Nov.  27,  1803,  daughter  of  Elijah 
and  Lydia  Smith,  of  Medford. 


He  was  a  farmer;  lived  and  died  on  the  spot  where  lie  was  born.* 
He  died  Sept.  6,  1843.  Tlie  house,  built  by  his  father  about  1783,  was 
consumed  by  fire,  Aug.  17,  1864. 

His  children  were : 

365.  Edmund  Augustus/  b.  March  2,  1822. 

366.  Elizabeth  Ann/  b.  May  12,  1824;    m.  Hosea  Dunbar,  of  Win- 

chester, Jan.  3,  1847.     He  is  a  master  mason.      Children  : 

367.  Octavia   Smith  (Dunbar),  b.   Oct.   22,  1847  ;  m.  Thomas   E. 

Holway,  Nov.  24,  1870. 

368.  Lorenzo  Ativood  (Dunbar),  b.  Dec.  25,  1849. 

369.  Eha  Elizabeth  (Dunbar),  b.  Jan.  24,  1852. 

370.  Minnie  Gertrude  (Dunbar),  b.  Jan.  20,  1856. 

371.  Lorenzo,''  b.  Aug.  28,  1826  ;  d.  July  16,  1845. 

372.  Lydia  Maria/    b.  April  15,  1831 ;    m.   Thomas  Prentiss   Ayer, 

Dec.  12,  1854.     He  is   a  merchant   in  Boston,  on   Commercial 
Street,  in  company  with  Thomas  Dennie  Quincy,  under  the  firm 
of  Thomas  D.  Quincy  &  Co.  He  resides  at  "  Symmes's  Corner," 
in  Winchester.     One  child : 
373.  Henry  Prentiss  (Ayer),  b.  March  30,  1859. 

374.  Theodore/   b.  Aug.  11,   1835;  m.  Josephine  G.  Teel,  Sept.  7, 

1870.     They  live  at  "  Symmes's  Corner."     He  is   engaged  in 
business  at  233  Cambridge  Street,  Boston. 

375.  Sarah  Smith/  b.  May  11,1840;  m.  Jacob  Clark  Stanton,  Jr.,  a 

merchant  in  Winchester. 


CHARLES  SYMMES^  {John,"  John,*  Wimam,'  William,^  Zecha- 
r'wh^),  brother  of  the  preceding,  and  youngest  child  of  Capt.  John* 
and  Elizabeth  (Wright)  Symraes,  of  North  Medford,  now  in  Win- 
chester; born  April  4,  1798;  married  Hannah  Ricker,  April  6, 

In  his  youth,  be  was  in  the  counting  room  of  Mr.  Newhall,  ship 
chandler,  in  Boston.  Afterwards  settled  in  Aylmer,  Canada  East, 
on  the  Ottawa  River,  in  the  neighborhood  of  his  mother's  brothers. 

The  children  of  Charles  and  Hannah  (Ricker)  Symmes  : 

376.  Abigail/  b.  Jan.  8,  1826. 

377.  Elizabeth/  b.  Nov.  17,  1829  ;  m.  Peter  Aylen,  July  1,  1852. 

Children : 

378.  Charles  P.  (Aylen),  b.  Oct.  17,  1854. 

379.  John  (Aylen),  b.  May  23,  1856. 

380.  Henry  (Aylen),  b.  May  22,  1858. 

381.  Peter  (Aylen),  b.  Sept.  4,  1860. 

382.  Sarah  Jane/  b.  Oct.  16,  1831 ;  m.   Richard  W.  Cruice,  Feb.  27, 
1851.     Children: 

*  The  Symmes  family  are  not  given  to  change. 


383.   aara  0.  (Cruice),  b.  Dec.  14,  1851 ;  m.  Frederick  AVhite,  Dec. 
5,1871.     One  child: 

384.  Edith  W.  (White),  b.  Oct.  5, 1872. 
385.  Jane  (Cruice),  b.  May  27,  1853. 
+386.  John  Thomas,^  >       twins,  born       (  m.  Harriet  Grimes. 
+387.  Thomas  John,''  |  Jan.  26,  1836;  |m.  Mary  Weymoutli. 

388.  Edmund,''  b.  Feb.  6,  1838. 

389.  Tiberius  Wright,''  b.  May  4, 1842. 


MARIA  SYMMES'  {John  Cleves,"  Timothy,^  Tunothij,^  WiUiam' 
Zcchariah^),  elder  daughter  of  Hon.  John  Cloves  Symmes,*  by  his 
first  wife,  Anna ;  born  on  Long  Island  about  1762;  married,  about 
1790,  Major  Peyton  Short,  a  wealthy  farmer  of  Kentucky. 

Little  is  known  of  either  the  husband  or  the  wife.  They  lived  in 
Lexington,  Kentucky.*     It  is  supposed  that  she  died  about  1820. 

Their  children  were : 

+390.  John  Cleves   (Short),  m.  first,  Betsey  B.  Harrison ;    m.  second, 
Mrs.  Mitchell,  a  widow,  about  1850. 

+391.   Charles  W.  (Short),  b.  about  1795  ;  m. 

+392.  Anna  Maria  (Short),  b.  1803;  m.  Dr.  Benjamin  Dudley. 


ANNA  SYMMES'  (John  Cleves,'  Timothy;  Timothy^  William,^ 
Zechariah^),  sister  of  the  preceding,  and  younger  daughter  of  Hon. 
John  Cleves  Symmcs ;  born  at  Flatbrook,  New  Jersey,  July  25,  1 775 ; 
married,  at  her  father's  residence,  North  Bend,  in  what  is  now  the 
State  of  Ohio,  Nov.  22,  1795,  William  Henry  Harrison. 

Her  father,  in  her  earlier  years,  called  her  Nancy.  Her  mother 
died  when  she  was  about  a  year  old.  In  her  fourth  year  she  was 
placed  in  the  care  of  her  mother's  parents,  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Daniel  Tut- 
hill,  at  Southold,  Long  Island.  The  incidents  of  this  journey  she 
well  remembered.  The  city  of  New  York  was  then  occupied  by  the 
British  Army,  and  her  father,  though  a  Colonel  in  the  American  ser- 
vice, contrived,  by  assuming  the  British  uniform,  to  pass  the  hostile 
lines,  with  his  young  charge,  without  suspicion.  Her  grandmother 
was  a  godly  woman,  whose  soul  had  been  stirred  to  its  inmost  depths 
by  the  preaching  of  Whitefield.  From  her  lips  Anna  Symmes  re- 
ceived her  first  religious  instruction,  which  produced  impressions 
lasting  as  her  life.  She  early  acquired  a  relish  for  religious  read- 
ing, and  committed  to  memory  large  portions  of  the  Bible,  and  many 

*  Her  father,  in  a  letter  to  his  brother-in-law,  Col.  James  Henry,  of  Somerset  Co.,  N.  J., 
dated  North  Bend,  May  22,  1791,  says  :  "  Poor  dear  Maria,  she  seems  to  be  lost  to  us  all, 
and  buried  at  Lexington  in  a  circle  of  strangers.  She  would  not  come  here  with  me,  nor  is 
she  willing  yet  to  come ;  the  fear  of  Indians  deters  her.  And  yet  there  is  not  the  least  dan- 
ger. As  to  her  health  it  is  very  poor.  She  is  very  infirm  and  weakly.  She  trembles  for 
my  safety,  lest  the  Indians  should  kill  me." 


hymns,  which  she  delighted  to  repeat  after  eighty  years  had  passed 

In  early  life,  she  enjoyed  the  advantages  of  a  female  school  at 
Eastharapton,  L.  I.,*  and  afterwards  was  a  pupil  of  Mrs.  Isabella 
Graham,  and  an  inmate  of  her  family.  For  that  excellent  woman 
she  always  cherished  the  highest  regard. 

In  the  autumn  of  1794,  her  father  having  married  again,  she  left 
her  eastern  home,  in  company  with  her  father  and  step-mother ;  but 
the  journey  at  that  time  was  made  with  difficulty,  and  the  party  did 
not  reach  Nortli  Bend,  her  father's  home,  till  the  morning  of  the  first 
of  January,  1795.  That  region  was  then  regarded  as  the  Ultima 
T/iule  of  civilization.  Soon  after,  she  paid  a  visit  to  her  elder  sister, 
the  wife  of  Major  Short,  near  Lexington,  Kentucky ;  and  there  she  first 
met  with  her  future  husband,  Capt.  Harrison,  who  was  then  in  com- 
mand at  Fort  Washington,  Cincinnati.  Her  home  was  with  him  at 
that  place  till  1801,  when,  on  his  appointment  as  the  first  governor  of 
Indiana  Territory,  then  extending  to  the  Mississippi  River,  she  ac- 
companied him  to  Vincennes,  where  she  resided  till  the  commence- 
ment of  the  war  of  1812.  She  then  returned  to  Cincinnati,  and, 
after  the  war,  removed  with  her  family  to  North  Bend. 

She  united  with  the  First  Presbyterian  Church  in  Cincinnati,  but 
transferred  her  connection  to  the  church  at  Cleves,  near  North  Bend, 
on  its  organization,  and  continued  a  member  of  it  till  her  death. 
She  could  never  tell  the  precise  time  of  her  conversion ;  the  new  life 
must  have  begun  in  her  very  early  youth.  She  could  not  remem- 
ber a  time  when  she  was  not  penitent  for  sin,  or  when  she  did  not 
prefer  the  service  of  Christ  to  all  the  pleasures  of  the  world.  Her 
only  reliance  for  acceptance  with  God,  was  the  atoning  merit  of  his 
Son,  the  Lord  Jesus  Christ. 

Her  influence  was  most  happy  on  all  who  came  within  its  reach. 
During  the  active  Presidential  canvass  of  1840,  a  company  of  poli- 
ticians from  Cincinnati  visited,  one  Sabbath  day,  the  residence  of 
General  Harrison  at  North  Bend.  The  General  met  them  at  some 
place  near  by,  and  extending  his  hand,  courteously  said,  "  Gentle- 
men, I  should  be  most  happy  to  welcome  you  on  any  other  day,  but 
if  I  had  no  regard  for  religion  myself,  I  have  too  much  respect  for 
the  religion  of  my  wife  to  encourage  the  violation  of  the  Christian 

Mrs.  Harrison  was  not  indifferent  to  political  interests,  and  few 
were  better  informed  on  public  affairs  than  herself  But  her  real 
life  was  in  a  higher  sphere.  The  spirit  of  Christ  from  childhood 
reigned  in  her  heart.     Her  chief  joy  was  humbly  to  follow  the  Re- 

*  Both  Soutliold  and  Easthampton  were  settled  from  Connecticut  about  1650,  and  have 
always  been  pervaded  by  a  New-England  influence. 

t  this  incident,  so  honorable  both  to  Gen.  Harrison  and  his  wife,  is  reported  by  a  gentle- 
man who  was  present,  and  who  furnished  the  biographical  sketch  of  Mrs.  Harason  which 
has  been  used. 


deemer.  Her  love  embraced  all  mankind.  To  relieve  want,  to  suc- 
cor the  distressed,  gave  her  unspeakable  joy.  A  writer  sums  up  her 
character  thus : — 

"  She  is  distinguished  for  benevolence  and  piety.  All  who  know 
her  view  her  with  esteem  and  affection.  Her  whole  course  through 
life,  in  all  its  relations,  has  been  characterized  by  those  qualifica- 
tions that  compose  the  idea  of  an  accomplished  woman." 

She  retained  her  intellectual  and  physical  powers  almost  to  the 
last,  and  at  the  age  of  eighty-eight  was  an  agreeable  companion  both 
to  young  and  old.  She  calmly  fell  asleep  in  Jesus,  at  Longuevue, 
the  residence  of  her  son,  Hon.  John  S.  Harrison,  February  25,  1864, 
in  her  89th  year.     [Cincinnati  Presbyter,  May  11,  1864.] 

We  must  not  omit  to  sketch  the  principal  events  in  the  life  of  her 
noble  husband. 

William  Henry  Harrison  was  born  in  the  County  of  Berkeley,  in 
Virginia,  in  the  year  1775.  His  father,  Benjamin  Harrison,  was  one 
of  the  signers  of  the  Declaration  of  Independence.  He  graduated 
at  Hampden  Sydney  College,  in  that  State,  and  studied  medicine ; 
but,  preferring  a  military  life,  entered  the  Army  of  the  United 
States  in  1791,  with  an  ensign's  commission,  at  the  early  age  of 
sixteen.  He  soon  became  a  lieutenant,  and  in  1794,  as  captain,  had 
command  of  Fort  Washington,  on  the  ground  now  occupied  by  the 
city  of  Cincinnati.  In  1797,  he  was  appointed  secretary  of  the  Ter- 
ritory Northwest  of  the  River  Ohio,  and,  in  1799,  was  its  first  dele- 
gate to  Congress.  In  1801,  he  was  appointed  Governor  of  the 
newly  formed  Territory  of  Indiana,  which  office  he  held  for  thirteen 
years,  during  which  time  he  resided  at  Vincennes. 

In  1811,  he  defeated  the  Indians  at  the  battle  of  Tippecanoe,  receiv- 
ing a  bullet  through  his  stock,  without  further  injury.  After  the  sur- 
render of  Gen.  Hull,  in  1812,  he  rose  to  the  rank  of  Major  General 
in  the  U.  S.  Arm}^  In  1813,  after  Perry's  victory  on  Lake  Erie,  he 
invaded  Canada,  and  gained  the  battle  of  the  Thames.  A  misun- 
derstanding arising  between  him  and  Gen.  Armstrong,  Secretary  of 
War,  he  in  1814  resigned  his  commission,  and  retired  from  the 
army,  after  a  connection  with  it  of  nearly  twenty-four  years. 

From  this  time  his  course  was  wholly  in  civil  life.  Not  long  after, 
he  laid  out  the  village  of  Cleves,  Ohio,  just  back  of  the  hills  in  the 
vicinity  of  North  Bend,  giving  it  that  name  in  honor  of  his  father-in- 
law,  John  Cleves  Symmes.  In  1816,  he  was  elected  to  the  U.  S. 
House  of  Representatives  from  Ohio;  in  1819,  to  the  Senate  of  that 
State;  and,  in  1824,  to  the  United  States  Senate. 

In  1828,  he  was  appointed  minister  of  the  United  States  to  the 
Republic  of  Colombia,  S.  A.,  which  position  he  held  but  one  year. 
From  1829  to  1834,  he  quietly  lived  on  his  farm  at  North  Bend. 
From  1834  to  1840,  he  served  as  prothonotary  of  the  court  of  Ham- 
ilton county,  Ohio,  in  which  North  Bend  is  situated. 

On  the  4th  of  March,  1841,  he  was  inaugurated  President  op 


THE  United  States,  to  which  great  office  he  had  been  elected,  after 
a  most  animated  canvass,  by  an  overwhehning  majority.  The  en- 
thusiasm of  his  supporters  has  never  been  exceeded  in  this  country. 
But  amid  the  general  rejoicing  consequent  on  his  election,  he  sud- 
denly died  just  one  month  after  his  inauguration. 

The  children  of  William  Henry  and  Anna  (Symmes)  Harrison 

were : 
393.  Betsey  Bassett  (Harrison),  b.  1796  ;  m.  her  cousin,  John  Cleves 
Short.    She  died  in  1848.  He  was  a  lawyer  and  farmer  at  North 
-f-394.  John  Cleves  Symmes  (Harrison),  b.  1798  ;  m.  Clarissa  Pike. 
395.  Lucy  Symmes  (Harrison),  b.  1800  ;  m.  D.  K.  Este,  of  Cincinnati, 
in  1819.     He  was  a  lawyer  and  judge.     She  d.  1826. 

396.  Their  dau.  Lucy  Ann  (Este)  m. Reynolds,  of  Baltimore. 

-|-397.  William  Henry  (Harrison),  b.  1802  ;  m.  Jane  Irwin. 
-[-398.  John  Scott  (Harrison),  b.  1804;  m.  first,  Lucretia   K.  Johnson; 
m.  second,  Elizabeth  Irwin. 

-j-399.  Benjamin  (Harrison),  b.  1806;  m.  first, Bonner;  m.  second, 


-f-400.  Mary  Symmes  (Harrison),  b.  1808  ;  m.  J.  F.  H.  Thornton. 
-|-401.  Carter  Bassett  (Harrison),  b.  1811 ;  m.  Mary  Sutherland. 
4-402.  Anna  Tuthill  (Harrison),  b.  1813  ;  m.  William  H.  II.  Taylor. 
403.  James  Findley  (Harrison),  b.  1818  ;  d.  in  infancy. 


CELADON  SYMMES'  {Timothj^  Timothy,''  Timothy,'  WilUam^ 
Zechariah^),  eldest  son  of  Timothy  and  Abigail  (Tuthill)  Symmes; 
born  in  Sussex  Co.,  N.  J.,  May  30,  1770;  m.  Oct.  14,  1794,  Phebb 
Randolph,  said  to  be  a  cousin  of  the  famous  John  Randolph  of  Ro- 
anoke, Ya.* 

He  went,  probably  in  the  company  led  by  John  Cleves  Symmes, 
in  1789,  to  the  Territory  Nortliwcst  of  the  River  Ohio,  and  there  took 
up  his  abode  for  life.  Here,  in  Cincinnati,  he  bought  a  small  lot  of 
land  for  eight  dollars  ;  built  a  shop  eight  by  ten  feet,  and  worked  one 
year  at  his  trade,  that  of  a  silversmith,  which  he  had  learned  of  his 
father.  He  then  sold  his  lot  and  shop  for  seventeen  dollars.  It 
may  well  be  supposed  that  in  a  new  country,  like  that  around  Cin- 
cinnati in  1789,  little  encouragement  could  be  found  for  such  a 

In  1790  he  went  to  North  Bend,  and  during  four  years  took  the 
oversight  of  the  farm  of  his  uncle,  Hon.  John  Cleves  Symmes.  He 
also  acted  as  one  of  the  guard  whose  duty  was  to  protect  from  the 
Indians  the  surveyors  who  were  laying  out  his  uncle's  lands.  It  was 
then  a  time  of  war,  and  the  Indians  were  troublesome. 

*  I  recollect,  from  my  early  clays,  a  pastoral,  beginning, 

"  Yonng  Celadon  and  his  Amelia  were  a  blameless  pair." 


There  seems  to  have  been  no  price  stipulated  for  his  services ; 
only  Judge  Symmes  said  to  his  nephew,  "  You  shall  never  be  the 
worse  for  it."  The  uncle  afterwards  gave  him  a  section  of  land  in 
Butler  County,  estimated  to  be  worth  eight  hundred  dollars,  of  which 
three  hundred  dollars  might  be  considered  as  a  present. 

During  his  residence  at  North  Bend  he  was  often  in  danger  from 
the  savages.  Once  he  and  his  brother  Daniel,  both  being  unarmed, 
were  followed  several  miles  by  two  Indians,  one  of  whom  proposed 
to  kill  them.  He  was  prevented  by  the  other,  who  maintained  that 
they  were  too  good  to  be  killed. 

He  was  a  man  of  daring  courage.  At  a  certain  time  his  dogs 
were  fighting  with  a  wounded  panther,  and  the  beast  seemed  to  be 
getting  the  advantage.  Mr.  Symmes  rushed  into  the  fray,  seized  the 
animal  by  the  fore  paw  and  stabbed  it  to  the  heart,  thus  ending  the 

Hon.  John  C.  Symmes,  his  uncle,  often  speaks  of  him  with  inter- 
est in  his  letters.  In  a  letter  to  Col.  Henry,  of  New  Jersey,  now 
before  me,  dated  Cincinnati,  Oct.  8,  1803,  lie  says:  "Celadon  is 
very  unwell.  He  hurt  himself  in  the  harvest  field  [last  summer]  and 
has  never  got  over  it.  He  and  his  brother  William  were  both  elect- 
ed justices  of  the  peace  in  one  day  by  the  body  of  the  people ;  and 
the  next  week  after,  Celadon  was  elected  captain  of  a  company  of 
militia ;  and  the  week  following,  the  Governor  [Dr.  Tiffin,  of  Chili- 
cothe]  sent  him  a  commission  appointing  him  commissioner  for  leas- 
ing," &c.  In  a  letter  dated  Cincinnati,  Feb.  10,  1805,  he  calls  his 
nephew  "  Major  Celadon."* 

He  served  several  terms  (seven  years  in  all)  as  judge  of  the  Court 
of  Common  Pleas  of  Butler  County.  He  owned  a  section  of  land 
three  miles  south  of  Hamilton,  Ohio,  which  was  afterwards  known 
as  '•'  Symmes's  Corner."  On  the  southern  side  of  his  farm  he  laid 
off  two  acres  as  a  public  burying-ground,  which  received  the  desig- 
nation, "  The  Symmes  Cemetery."  There  he  was  buried,  dying 
July  11,  1837,  aged  67  years,  1  mo.  11  days.     [Family  Record.] 

Their  children  were : 

404.  "William  Cleves,^  )     twins,    )  ,  .    .  ^  ^^^^ 

405.  A  daughter,^  |  b.  1795  ;  j^-  ^^  "^^^^^^^ 

-|-406.  Daniel  Tdthill,^  b.  Nov.  5,  1798  ;  m.  Lucinda  Gaston. 

407.  John  Cleves,'  b.  1800;   a  farmer  in  Butler  Co. ;  d.  in  1837. 
-|-408.  Benjamin  Randolph,^  b.  1802 ;    m.  first,  Eliza  Gaston  ;  m.  sec- 
ond, Jane  Pauley. 

409.  A  son,^  b.  1805  ;  d.  in  infancy. 
-|-410.  Celadon,^  b.  1807  ;  m.  Catharine  Blackburn. 

411.  Nancy  H.,^   b.  1810;  d.  1814. 
-{-412.  Esther  Woodruff,^  b.  1811 ;  m.  William  N.  Hunter. 

*  In  a  letter  dated  Cincinnati,  Nov.  5,  1810,  John  Cleves  Symmes  says:  "We  have 
great  crops  of  all  kinds  of  praln  this  year.  Corn  at  20  cents,  -nheat  at  only  50,  delivered 
at  the  Mill ;  Beef  and  Pork  $-2.50  per  hundred  weight.   We  begin  to  hope  for  better  times." 


4-413.  Joseph  Randolph/  b.   1814  ;    m.  first,  Martha  J.  Huston ;   m. 

second,  Mary  C.  Bigham. 
-|-414.  Sarah  Deborah,^  b.  1817 ;    m.  first,  Enoch  Powers  ;  m.  second, 

Joseph  Danford. 


DANIEL  SYMMES^  (rmo%,*  Timothy,''  Timothy,'  William,''  Zech- 
ariah^),  secoud  son  of  Timothy*  and  Abigail  (Tuthill)  Symmes;  born, 
in  Sussex  County,  N.  J.,  1772;  married,  about  1795,  Elizabeth 

He  studied  at  Princeton  College,  and  went  out  west  with  his 
uncle.  He  was  clerk  of  the  court  of  the  Territory  Northwest  of  the 
River  Ohio,  until  that  Territory  was  discontinued.  He  afterwards 
studied  law,  and  practised  at  the  bar  for  some  years.  In  1802  he 
was  elected  to  the  senate  of  Ohio,  and  re-elected  in  1803,  for  two 
years.  He  presided  over  that  body  as  its  speaker.  On  the  resig- 
nation of  Judge  Meigs,  in  1804,  he  was  appointed  judge  of  the  Su- 
preme Court  of  Ohio.     He  was  captain  in  the  militia  in  1803. 

He  settled  in  Cincinnati  when  it  was  a  mere  village.  His  house, 
a  two-story  framed  building,  was  for  a  time  the  best  in  the  place. 
After  the  war  of  1812-15,  he  was  employed  as  the  attorney  of  some 
persons  who  claimed  from  the  United  States  government  a  large 
tract  of  land  in  the  present  State  of  Mississippi.*  He  was  success- 
ful in  prosecuting  the  claim,  and  received  in  remuneration  a  square 
league  of  the  land  included  in  the  claim. 

In  1814  he  received  the  appointment  of  Register  of  the  U.  S.  Land 
Office,  in  Cincinnati,  which  position  he  held  until  a  few  months 
before  his  death,  which  took  place  May  10,  1827.  In  that  office  he 
was  succeeded  by  his  half-brother,  Peyton  Short  Symmes. 

After  his  death,  his  widow,  an  excellent  christian  woman,  married 
again.  But  this  second  marriage  deprived  her  not  only  of  her  large 
propert}^,  but  of  her  domestic  peace ;  so  that  she  obtained  a  divorce. 
There  being  no  law  in  Kentucky,  where  she  then  resided,  which 
allowed  a  divorced  wife  to  resume  the  name  she  bore  previous  to 
marriage,  the  legislature  of  that  State  honored  her  by  passing  a  spe- 
cial act,  permitting  her  to  bear  the  name  of  Symmes,  to  which  she 
was  devotedly  attached.  I  have  before  me  an  autograph  letter  of 
hers,  dated  Dayton,  Ohio,  May  8,  1856,  in  which  she  says  that  in 
three  days  more  she  would  arrive  at  the  age  of  81. 

Daniel  Symmes  had  no  issue. 


WILLIAM  SYMMES*  {Timothy,'  Timothy*  Timothy,'  William^ 
Zechariah'),  brother  of  the  preceding,  and  third  son  of  Timothy  and 
Abigail  Symmes;  born  in  Sussex  County,  N.  J.,  1774;  married,  in 
1796,  Rebecca  Randolph,  a  sister  of  his  brother  Celadon's  wife. 

*  Does  this  refer  to  the  celebrated  "  Yazoo  claims  "  ? 


He  learned  the  trade  of  silversmith  of  his  father ;  but  after  his 
removal  to  Ohio,  or  rather  to  the  Territory  Northwest  of  the  River 
Ohio,  as  it  was  then  called,  he  devoted  himself  wholly  to  farming. 
He  resided  in  the  south  part  of  Butler  County,  Ohio,  near  what  is 
now  known  as  Jones's  Station,  on  the  Cincinnati,  Hamilton  and 
Dayton  Railroad. 

He  died  in  1809,  leaving  the  children  whose  names  follow: 

415.  William  F.  R.,^  b.  1798;  was  a  grocer  in  Hamilton,  Ohio;  died 
in  1839. 
+416.  Phebe,''  b.  1804;  m.  1826,  Barnabas  Hoel. 

417.  Esther,^  b.  1806  ;  m.  James  Davis,  a  farmer  in  Butler  Co.,  Ohio. 
-f-418.  TimothV  b.  1809  ;  m.  Harriet  Wilmuth. 


Capt.  JOHN  CLEVES  SYMMES'  {Timothy,'  Timothy,''  Timothy,^ 
William,^  Zechariah^),  half-brother  of  the  preceding,  and  son  of  Tim- 
othy* and  Mercy  (Harker)  Symmes;  born  in  Sussex  County,  New 
Jersey,  Nov.  5,  1779;  married  at  Fort  Adams,  Louisiana,  Dec.  25, 
1808,  Mrs.  Marianne  Lockwood,  widow  of  Capt.  Benjamin  Lock- 
wood,  of  the  U.  S.  Army,  who  had  died  in  that  year. 

In  early  life  he  received  a  good  common  English  education ;  and 
then,  and  in  after  life,  was  particularly  fond  of  mathematics  and  the 
natural  sciences. 

In  the  year  1802  he  entered  the  U.  S.  Army  with  an  ensign's  com- 
mission. In  a  letter,  dated  Cincinnati,  Oct.  8,  1803,  his  uncle  of  the 
same  name  says  to  his  correspondent  and  brother-in-law.  Col.  Henry, 
"  Johnny  Symmes  is  a  lieutenant  in  the  standing  troops,  and  is  be- 
loved by  his  men  and  respected  by  his  officers.  So  much  for  bring- 
ing up  boys  as  they  ought  to  be,  to  keep  them  steady  to  business, 
without  discouraging  them."  In  1807  he  was  stationed  at  Natchez 
and  New  Orleans.  "  Johnny  Symmes  "  was  commissioned  as  a 
captain  of  infantry,  Jan.  20,  1812.  He  was  in  the  battle  of  Bridge- 
water,  sometimes  called  the  battle  of  Lundy's  Lane,  on  the  evening 
of  July  25,  1814,  and  was  then  senior  captain  in  his  regiment.  The 
company  under  his  command  discharged  seventy  rounds  of  cartridges, 
and  repelled  three  desperate  charges  of  the  bayonet  from  veterans 
who  had  driven  Napoleon's  troops  out  of  the  Spanish  Peninsula. 
His  regiment  was  almost  the  only  one  which  maintained  its  position 
throughout  the  action.  In  a  sortie  during  the  siege  of  Fort  Erie, 
Sept.  17,  1814,  he  with  his  command  captured  the  enemy's  battery 
No.  3,  and  with  his  own  hand  spiked  their  heaviest  cannon,  a  twen- 
ty-four pounder.  He  was  universally  esteemed  a  brave  soldier,  a 
zealous  and  faithful  officer.* 

He  left  the  army  on  the  general  disbandment,  1816,  at  the  close 

*  From  statements  made  to  him  by  Gen.  Jessup,  Gen.  Brown,  in  liis  oflQcial  report,  makes 
honorable  mention  of  the  bravery  of  Capt.  Symmes  in  this  battle. 


of  the  war,  and  took  up  his  residence  at  St.  Louis,  where  he  was 
engaged,  for  about  three  years,  in  furnishing  supplies  to  the  troops 
stationed  on  the  Upper  Mississippi.  Contrary  to  the  usual  experi- 
ence, he  did  not  make  this  business  profitable,  and  he  left  it  in  1819. 

Capt.  Symmes  has  become  extensively  known  as  the  author  of  a 
"  Theory  of  Concentric  Spheres  and  Polar  Voids,"  which  he  promul- 
gated at  St.  Louis  in  1818,  and  which  attracted  eonsiderable  atten- 
tion about  the  year  1824.  We  will  here  present,  in  as  few  words 
as  possible,  the  substance  of  this  theory,  and  the  arguments  by 
which  the  author  attempted  to  sustain  it.  For  this  we  are  indebt- 
ed to  a  book  written  by  James  McBride,  Esq.,  of  Hamilton,  Ohio, 
entitled  "  Symmes's  Theory  of  Concentric  Spheres,  demonstrating 
that  the  earth  is  hollow,  habitable  within,  and  widely  open  about 
the  poles."  On  page  28  of  this  book  we  read:  "According  to 
Capt.  Symmes,  the  earth  is  composed  of  at  least  five  hollow  concen- 
tric spheres,  with  spaces  between  each,  and  habitable,  as  well  upon 
the  concave  as  the  convex  surface.  Each  of  these  spheres  is  widely 
open  about  the  poles. 

"  The  north  polar  opening  is  believed  to  be  about  four  thousand 
miles  in  diameter,  the  south  six  thousand ;  and  that  they  incline  to 
the  plane  of  the  equator  at  an  angle  of  about  twelve  degrees.  The 
highest  point  of  the  northern  polar  opening  is  near  the  coast  of  Lap- 
land, on  a  meridian  passing  through  Spitzbergen ;  the  lowest  point 
will  be  found  in  the  Pacific  Ocean,  about  N.  latitude  fifty  degrees,  on 
or  near  a  meridian  passing  through  the  mouth  of  Cook's  River. 

"  The  lowest  point  of  the  southern  opening  will  be  found  in  the 
South  Pacific,  about  latitude  forty-two  degrees  south,  and  longitude 
one  hundred  and  thirty  degrees  west.  The  highest  point  will  be 
found  in  about  latitude  thirty-four  degrees  south,  and  longitude  fifty- 
four  degrees  west." 

The  main  arguments  used  in  the  book  already  referred  to,  in  sup- 
port of  the  position  assumed  in  the  title,  are  these : 

First.  An  argument  is  drawn  from  the  laws  of  Gravitation.  If, 
as  philosophers  have  supposed,  the  matter  of  which  the  earth  is  com- 
posed was  first  created  in  a  fluid  or  semi-fluid  state,  and  set  rapidly 
revolving  on  its  axis  and  in  its  orbit  around  the  sun,  the  power  of 
gravitation  and  the  centrifugal  force,  united,  would,  it  is  argued,  cause 
the  matter  to  arrange  itself  in  a  series  of  concentric  spheres.  This 
point  is  discussed  at  length  on  philosophical  principles,  which  can- 
not here  be  mentioned.  Illustrations  are  drawn  from  well-established 
facts;  e.  g.,  if  water  be  poured  on  a  rapidly-revolving  grindstone, 
instead  of  settling  around  the  axis,  it  will  form  itself  into  a  series  of 
concentric  spheres  around  the  sides.  Again,  if  a  magnet  be  placed 
under  a  paper  on  which  iron  or  steel  filings  have  been  poured,  they 
will  be  drawn,  not  into  a  solid  mass,  but  into  concentric  curves. 
Again,  meteoric  stones  are  not  solid,  but  hollow. 

Secondly.     In  all  his  works  God  uever  seems  to  use  more  material 


than  is  needful  to  accomplish  the  object  in  view.  Straws,  bones, 
some  plants,  even  the  hairs  of  our  heads,  are  hollow.  Why  then 
suppose  our  earth  to  be  a  solid  sphere,  when  a  hollow  globe  would 
answer  every  purpose  just  as  well,  with  a  great  saving  of  stuff? 

Thirdhj.  Celestial  appearances  favor  the  theory  suggested.  The 
author  maintains  that  the  rings  of  Saturn,  the  belts  of  Jupiter,  and 
the  circles  around  the  poles  of  Mars,  prove  these  planets  to  be  con- 
centric spheres  with  polar  openings ;  and  that  similar  appearances 
are  not  observed  on  the  other  planets,  is  because  their  poles  are 
never  presented  to  our  view.  The  spots  on  the  sun  and  the  cavities 
on  the  surface  of  the  moon  are  holes,  formed  by  portions  of  their 
outer  crusts  falling  inwards.  All  the  planets  seem  to  be  hollow 

FuuitJihj.  Terrestrial  facts  favor  this  theory;  such,  for  example, 
as  the  following.  Arctic  navigators  have  discovered  that  great  mul- 
titudes of  rein-deer,  white  bears  and  foxes,  musk  oxen,  ducks  and 
geese,  and  vast  shoals  of  whales,  herrings  and  other  fish,  migrate  south- 
ward from  the  regions  of  the  north  pole  in  the  spring,  and  in  very  fine 
condition.  In  autumn  they  return  to  the  northerly  regions,  where  they 
propagate  their  species.  Is  it  not  evident,  therefore,  that  beyond 
the  most  northern  discoveries  yet  made,  there  must  be  a  vast  region, 
embracing  both  land  and  water,  and  very  fertile  and  salubrious  ? 
Such  a  region  as  is  indicated  by  these  facts  can  exist  only  on  the 
supposition  that  the  earth  is  hollow,  habitable  within,  and  widely 
open  about  the  poles ;  and  through  these  polar  openings  these  ani- 
mals find  entrance  to  and  egress  from  the  interior. 

The  objections  and  difficulties  which  lie  in  the  way  of  this  theory 
are  met  with  answers  and  solutions  which  are  highly  ingenious,  and 
sometimes  apparently  conclusive.  The  author  of  the  theory  was 
intensely  desirous  to  have  it  subjected  to  the  test  of  actual  experi- 
ment. On  the  10th  of  April,  1818,  he  issued  a  circular  from  St. 
Louis,  asking  to  be  furnished  with  an  outfit  of  one  hundred  brave 
companions,  well  equipped,  to  set  out  from  Siberia  in  autumn,  with 
rein-deer  and  sleighs,  to  pass  over  the  ice  of  the  Frozen  Ocean. 
Thus  furnished,  he  engaged  to  explore  the  concave  regions,  and  to 
discover  a  warm,  or  at  least  a  temperate  country,  of  fertile  soil,  well 
stocked  with  animals  and  vegetables,  if  not  with  men,  on  reaching 
about  sixty-nine  miles  beyond  north  latitude  eighty-two  degrees. 
Having  made  the  discovery,  he  would  return  the  next  spring. 

Capt.  Syrames  long  contemplated  such  an  expedition  in  order  to 
verify  his  theory.  Twice — in  March,  1822,  and  December,  1823 — 
he  asked  Congress  for  an  appropriation  for  this  purpose.  But  Con- 
gress did  not  see  fit  to  grant  his  request,  and  he  had  not  sufficient 
funds  to  carry  into  effect  his  long-cherished  object.  He  lectured 
on  the  subject  in  Cincinnati  and  other  towns  in  Ohio,  1820-25;  in 
Philadelphia,  New  York,  Boston,  and  other  eastern  cities  in  1826. 

Wearied  and  worn  out  by  his  constant  labor  and  excitement;  he 


died  May  29,  1829,  aged  49  years  and  6  montlis.  He  was  buried 
the  next  day  with  military  honors,  in  the  old  cemetery  at  Hamilton, 
Ohio.  His  monument,  erected  by  his  son  Americus  Symmes,  is  sur- 
mounted with  a  hollow  spJiere  of  carved  stone,  about  one  foot  in 
diameter.  The  pedestal  bears  on  its  sides  inscriptions ;  on  the 
south  side  commemorative  of  his  daring  bravery  in  battle,  and  on 
the  north  side  announcing  him  as  a  philosopher  and  the  originator 
of  Symmes's  "  Theory  of  Concentric  Spheres  and  Polar  Voids." 
"  He  contended  that  the  earth  is  hollow  and  habitable  within." 

His  namesake  and  uncle  gave  him  a  valuable  section  of  land  near 
Hamilton,  Ohio.  He  removed  to  it  in  1824,  but,  as  may  well  be 
supposed,  his  estate  was  insolvent  at  his  death,  and  his  affairs  greatly 
embarrassed,  demanding  the  most  vigorous  exertions  of  his  eldest 
son  Americus  to  provide  for  the  widow  and  the  family.  Mrs.  Mari- 
anne Symmes,  the  widow,  made  her  home  most  of  the  time  with  her 
eldest  son  Americus,  and  died  at  Mattoon,  Illinois,  on  a  visit  to  her 
son.  Dr.  William  H.  H.  Symmes,  Aug.  5,  1864. 

Capt.  Symmes  was  a  man  of  great  simplicity  and  earnestness  of 
character,  high-minded,  honorable,  honest,  exemplary,  in  every  walk 
in  life;  beloved,  trusted  and  respected  by  all  who  knew  him.  The 
lady  whom  he  married  came  to  him  with  a  family  of  five  daughters 
and  one  son  by  her  former  husband.  These  children  were  brought 
up  and  educated  by  him  as  his  own. 

So  entirely  convinced  was  he  of  the  soundness  of  his  theory,  that 
for  ten  years,  though  laboring  under  great  pecuniary  embarrassment, 
and  buffeted  by  the  ridicule  and  sarcasm  of  an  opposing  world,  he 
persevered  in  his  endeavors  to  convince  others  and  interest  them  in 
it.     The  theory  finally  cost  him  his  life. 

The  children  of  Capt.  John  Cleves  Symmes  were : 

-|-419.  Louisiana,^  b.   Feb.  5,  1810;  m.  first,  James  W.  Taylor;  m.  sec- 
ond, Joel  Baker. 

-[-420.  Americus,^  b.  Nov.  2,  1811 ;  m.  first,  Ann  Milliken  ;  m.  second, 
Frances  Scott. 

-|-421.  "William  Henry  Harrison,''  b.  May,  1813  ;  m.  first,  Phebe  A. 
Wayen  ;  m.  second,  H.  Bargen. 
422.  Elizabeth,'  b.  1814  ;  d.  at  Newport,  Ivy.,  in  1821. 

-|-423.  John  Cleves,'  b.  1824 ;  m.  Marie  Lepowitz. 


MARYSYMMES^  {Thnothj,'  Timothy,"  Timotlnjf  WilUam; Zecha- 
ria/i^),  sister  of  the  preceding,  and  daughter  of  Timothy*  and  Mercy 
(Harker)  Symmes,  born  in  Sussex  County,  New  Jersey,  1785;  mar- 
ried Hugh  Moore,  1805. 

He  was  a  merchant  in  Cincinnati.     She  died  in  1834. 


Their  children  were : 

424.  Margaret  (Moore),  b.  1806;  d.  in  inflvncy,  1806. 
-\-i2o.  Mary' Ann  (Moore),  b.  1809 ;  m.  James  B.  Marshall. 

426.  Julia  Symmes  (Moore),  b.  1811  ;  d.  iu  infancy,  1812. 

427.  Daniel  Sy^imes  (Moore),  b.  1817  ;  d.  in  infoncy,  1819. 

-f-428.  Hugh  Montgomery  (Moore),  b.  1819  ;  m.  first,  Margaret  Crane  ; 

m.  second,  Clara  Harris. 
-j-429.  John  Cleves  Symjies  (Moore),  b.  1822  ;  m.  Emily  Wright. 

430.  Lucy  (Moore),  b.  1824 ;    m.   1855,  Rev.  William  W.  Wright,  of 

Dunnon  Springs,  Ky.     They  had  : 

431.  Liicij  (Wright),  b.  1856. 

432.  Alice  (Wright),  b.  1858  ;  d.  1860. 

433.  Jane  (Moore),  b.  1826  ;  ra.  1856,  Charles  E.  Matthews,  a  mathe- 
matician, of  Walnut  Hills,  Ohio.     They  had : 

434.  Fantii/  (Matthews),  b.  1857. 

435.  Charles  Edward  (Matthews),  b.  1859. 


JULIANA  SYMMES'  {Timothy:'  Timothy;  Timothy  =  William^ 
Zecharlah^),  sister  of  the  precediu,<?,  and  daughter  of  Timothy*  and 
Mercy  Sjmmes :  born  in  Sussex  County,  New  Jersey,  1791;  mar- 
ried, 1811,  Jeremiah  Reeder. 

She  came  from  her  eastern  home  to  Ohio  in  1800.  Mr.  Reeder, 
whom  she  married,  was  a  native  of  Pennsylvania,  and  in  1811  was 
a  merchant  in  Cincinnati.  In  1818  they  removed  to  a  farm  below 
Cincinnati,  which  had  been  bequeathed  to  her  by  her  uncle,  Hon. 
John  Cleves  Symnies.  Mr.  Reeder  there  engaged  largely  in  the 
nursery  business.  A  few  years  after,  they  returned  to  the  city,  and 
he  resumed  his  former  occupation,  continuing  it  until  his  death.  Ho 
acquired  considerable  property,  but  lost  most  of  it  by  indorsing  for 
some  of  his  friends.  After  his  death  Mrs,  Reeder  removed  to  her 
farm;  where  she  died  in  1844. 

Their  children  were : 

436.  Anna  Harrison  (Reeder),  b.  1813  ;  nnm. ;  d.  in  1836. 

437.  John  Cleves  (Reeder),  b.  1815 ;  d.  1818. 

-f-438.  Allen  Lake  (Reeder),  b.  1817  ;  m.  Lydia  A.  Elliot. 

439.  Harriet  Henrietta  (Reeder),  b.  1819;  d.  1824. 

440.  Daniel  Oliver  (Reeder),  b.  1824;  a  nursery-man  near  Cincinnati. 
-{-441.  Mary  Symmes  (Reeder),  b.  1824;  m.  William  R.  McAllister. 


PEYTON  SHORT  SYMMES«  (Timothy,'  Timothy,'  Timothy' 
William,-  Zccharlah^),  brother  of  the  preceding,  and  son  of  Timothy* 
and  Mercy  Symmes;  born  in  Sussex  County,  New  Jersey,  in  179.;;; 
married  Hannah  B.  ClosE;  in  1819. 


He  went  to  Ohio  in  his  childhood,  and  vras  one  of  the  pioneers  of 
the  West.  He  passed  his  life  in  Cincinnati,  and  was  one  of  its  most 
respected  and  valued  citizens.  His  name  stands  intimately  connect- 
ed with  every  important  social  improvement  made  in  the  Queen  City. 
He  took  a  deep  interest  in  the  cause  of  education,  and  did  much  to 
promote  the  efficiency  and  success  of  the  public  schools.  He  had 
refined  literary  tastes,  and  was  a  man  of  much  culture.  He  wrote 
often  in  prose  and  verse,  for  papers  and  magazines.  He  was  dis- 
tinguished for  purity  of  character,  and  was  courteous  and  pleasant 
in  social  life.  He  was  fond  of  humor  and  excelled  in  wit,  but  not 
at  the  expense  of  others.  He  was  apt  with  the  pencil,  and  could 
draw  the  human  countenance  with  remarkable  success.  He  gave 
much  time  to  the  affairs  of  the  city,  in  the  City  Council  and  in  the 
Board  of  Health,  of  which  he  was  a  member  from  1830  to  1850,  as 
well  as  in  the  Board  of  School  Trustees  from  1833  to  1849.  He  was 
one  of  the  Trustees  of  Cincinnati  College,  an  active  member  of  the 
Horticultural  Society,  and  prominent  as  a  member  and  correspond- 
ing secretary  of  the  Pioneer  Association.  He  succeeded  his  bro- 
ther Daniel,  in  1827,  as  Register  of  the  U.  S.  Land  Office  in  Cin- 
cinnati. He  was  the  last  male  survivor  of  the  family  of  the  elder 
John  Cleves  Symmes,  the  purchaser  and  pioneer  settler  of  the  wild- 
erness of  the  northwest,  between  the  Great  and  Little  Miami,  where 
those  flourishing  cities,  Cincinnati,  Hamilton  and  Dayton  now  stand. 

He  died  of  a  paralytic  stroke,  on  the  afternoon  of  Saturday,  July 
27,  1861,  aged  69,  at  the  house  of  his  son-in-law,  Charles  L.  Col- 
burn,  at  Mount  Auburn,  near  Cincinnati,  where  he  had  been  resting 
for  a  few  weeks,  during  the  heat  of  the  weather.  On  the  morning 
of  that  day  he  had  attended  the  weekly  meeting  of  the  Cincinnati 
Horticultural  Society  at  its  rooms  in  the  city.  His  funeral  was  at- 
tended on  Friday,  Aug.  2,  by  many  of  the  old  pioneer  families,  and 
the  body  deposited  in  the  Spring  Grove  Cemetery.  [Cincinnati 
Daily  Gazette.] 

The  children  of  Peyton  S.  Symmes  were : 

442.  "William,'^  b.  1820  ;  d.  same  year. 
-}-443.  Mary  Susan,"  b.  1822  ;  m.  Charles  L.  Colburn. 

444.  Elizabeth,"  b.  1825  ;  m.  Langdon  H.  Haven,  1845,  a  merchant  of 
the  city  of  New  York.     Children  : 

445.  Henry  Langdon  (Haven),  b.  1846. 

446.  Ethan  Allen  (Haven). 

447.  Rachel  Anna,"  m.  Henry  B.  Skinner,  merchant,  of  Boston.  Child  : 
448.  Henry  C.  (Skinner). 
-j-449.  Henry  Edward,"  b.  1835  ;  unm. 

450.  Harriet  Louisa,"  d.  1852. 

451.  Daniel  Cleves." 

452.  Ethan  Allen." 

453.  Allen  Cleves." 



TIMOTHY  SYMMES'  {Timothij'  Timothy,"  Timothy,^  WilUam,' 
Zechariali),  brother  of  tlie  preceding,  and  youngest  son  of  Timothy* 
and  Mercy  (Harker)  Symmes ;  born  in  Sussex  County,  New  Jersey, 
1795;  married  Ruth  Spurrier,  1817. 

He  was  a  farmer  at  North  Bend,  Ohio,  and  died  on  his  farm  in 

His  children  were : 

454.  Caroline,^  b.  1819  ;  m.  first,   1832(?),  Joseph  Tincher,  a  cabinet- 
maker and  farmer  in  Kentucky  ;  m.  second,  Charles  L.  Palmer, 
of  St.  Louis.     She  died  in  1855.     Children  : 
455.   Timothy  Symmes   (Tincher),  b.  1834;  engineer  on  steamboat 

45G.  Julia  Ann  (Tincher),  b.   1836;  m.  1855,  John  G.  Keady,  tai- 
lor, of  St.  Louis. 

457.  Caroline  (Tincher),  b.  1839  ;  d.  1841. 

458.  Henry  J.  (Tincher),  b.  1841. 

459.  Caroline  (Palmer),  b.  1851. 

460.  Edward  A.  (Palmer),  b.  1853. 

-f-461.  PIenky  Harker,^  b.  1821;  m.  Belinda  Sedam. 

462.  Julia,'  b.  1823;  d.  1834. 


TIMOTHY  SYMMES^  {William;'  Timothy,"  Timothy,^  JFilliam; 
Zechariah^),  son  of  William*  and  Mehitable  (Moulton)  Symmes; 
born  in  Newfield,  Me.,  about  1788;  m.  Sally  Hill,  of  Newfield. 
He  was  a  deacon  in  the  church  in  that  town  forty  years ;  a  member 
fifty  years.  He  died  Aug.  27,  186G.  [See  Christian  Mirror,  Sept. 
7,  1866.] 

They  had : 

463.  Ebenezer,''  b.  May  9,1822;  m.  May  31,   1854,  Olive   Frances 

Moulton,  b.  May  3,  1829,  daughter  of  Samuel  Moulton,  of  New- 
field.     She  died  June   3,  1858,  aged   29  years   1    mo.     Their 
daughter : 
464.  3iary  Ella,^  b.  Oct.  29,  1855  ;  was  living  Dec.  13,  1868. 


MARY  JENNISON  {Abigail  Lindall,  Mary  Higginson,  Sarah 
Savage,  Mary  Symmes,  Zechariah  Symmes),  daughter  of  Rev.  William 
and  Abigail  (Lindall)  Jennison ;  born  in  Salem,  1734;  married  in 
Salem,  Nov.  4,  1753,  Thomas  Giles,"  born  Feb.  1730-1,  youngest 
son  of  SamueP  and  Susanna  (Palfrey)  Giles,  of  that  place. '"^ 

*  Tlie  Giles  Family. 

Sir  Edward  Giles,  of  Bowdcn,  in  Devonsliire,  Emjland,  1G20,  was  slicriff  of  that  coun- 
t}-,  a  member  of  the  third  parliament  of  James  the  First,  1620-1,  and  one  of  the  Patentees 
in  the  Great  Charter  granted  by  that  monarch,  Nov.  3,  1620,  usually  called  the  Plymouth 


He  was  a  substantial  meclianic,  a  cabinet-maker,  which  trade  he 
learned  of  liis  father.  He  resided  in  South  Danvers,  now  Peabody, 
which  till  June  16,  1757,  was  the  Middle  Parish  in  Salem.  Tradi- 
tion reports  that  they  commenced  married  life  in  a  style  above  what 
they  were  able  to  support,  induced,  no  doubt,  by  their  connection 
with  the  wealthy  family  of  the  Lindalls ;  and  thus  became  reduced  in 
their  worldly  circumstances. 

He  was  a  soldier  in  the  '•'  Old  French  War,"  1 755-1 7G2,  the  war 
which  resulted  in  the  expulsion  of  the  French  from  Canada.  He 
suftered  much  on  the  Canada  frontier.  When  the  encroachments  of 
the  British  ministry,  long  patiently  endured,  at  length  aroused  all 
tlie  colonies  to  an  armed  resistance  in  1775,  Thomas  Giles  was 
among  the  first  who  repaired  to  the  Revolutionary  standard.  He 
was  in  the  battle  of  Bunker  Hill,  and  fought  with  undoubted  cour- 
age. Just  as  he  was  about  to  fire  away  his  last  cartridge,  he  was 
heard  to  exclaim,  "  Heaven  direct  the  charge ! "  The  fatigue  and 
exhaustion  of  that  very  warm  day  proved  too  much  for  him ;  and  on 
the  next  day,  or  day  after,  in  a  tailor's  shop  in  Medford,  he  suddenly 
fell  and  instantly  expired,  June  18,  1775,  in  his  45th  year. 

His  wife,  a  minister's  daughter,  was,  for  those  times,  a  well  edu- 
cated woman,  and  possessed  great  worth  of  character.  She  died 
at  Salem,  Nov.  1784,  aged  50. 

Their  children  were : 

-}-471.  Thomas  (Giles),  b.  Oct.  6,  1754  ;  m.  Mary  Soper  Marshall. 

472.  Mary  (Giles),  b.  Feb.  1,  1756  ;  m.  Solomon  Stevens. 

473.  Samuel  (Giles),  b.  April  6,  1757 ;  m.  Laurana  Holmes,  1783. 

474.  Abigail  (Giles),  bapt.  Jan.  21, 1759  ;  d.  young. 

475.  Elizabeth  (Giles),  bapt.  Nov.  2,  17G0  ;  d.  young. 

Charter,  which  Prince,  in  his  N.  E.  Chronology,  styles  "  the  great  civil  basis  of  all  the  sub- 
sequent patents  which  divided  New  England."  Sir  Edward  Giles  was  a  leading  Puritan, 
and  took  an  interest  in  the  colonization  of  the  New  World.  His  coat  of  arms  is  still  used 
by  our  family.    He  had  no  children. 

1.  Edward  Giles,  supposed  to  be  a  relation  of  his,  came  to  this  country  probably  in 
1634,  when  the  tide  of  emigration  was  perceptibly  quickened.  He  was  admitted  a  freeman 
of  tlic  Massachnsietts  Colony,  May  14,  1634.  Soon  after  his  arrival,  he  married  the  widow- 
Bridget  Very,  who  was  from  Salisbury,  in  "Wiltshire.  A  grant  was  made  to  him,  in  1636, 
of  one  hundred  and  twenty  acres  of  land  near  Cedar  Pond,  in  the  south-westerly  part  of 
what  is  now  Peabody.    He  died  previous  to  1650,  but  Bridget,  his  widow,  lived  till  1680. 

Their  children  were  Mehitabel,^  Remember,^  Eleazar,^  and  John? 

2.  Eleazar  GiLis,  son  of  Edward  and  Bridget  Giles,  b.  Nov.  1640;  m.  first,  Sarah 
More,  of  Lvnn,  Jan.  25,  1664-5,  who  died  May  9,  1676.  He  m.  second,  Elizabeth  Bish- 
op, of  New  Haven,  Sept.  25,  1677.  She  was  born  July  3,  1657,  and  was  the  daughter  of 
James  Bishop,  Esq.,  of  New  Haven,  who  was  Secretary  of  the  New  Haven  Colony,  1661, 
before  its  union  with  Connecticut;  representative  of  New  Haven,  1665;  and  Deputy  Gov- 
ernor of  Connecticut  from  1683  to  1690,  except  when  the  government  was  suspended  by 
the  usurpation  of  Andros  in  1687  and  1688. 

Eleazar  Giles  lived  in  Salem,  the  part  which  is  now  Peabody,  all  his  days.  He  was  a 
husbandman  of  respectable  standing,  and  died  in  1726,  aged  86.  His  widow  Elizabeth  died 
1733,  ased  76.    He  had  six  children  bv  his  first  wife,  and  nine  by  the  second. 

3.  Samuel  Giles,  the  fifth  son  of  Eleazar  and  Elizabeth,  b.  Dec.  17,  1694 ;  m.  Sept.  10, 
1719,  Susanna  Palfrey,''  youngest  daughter  of  Walter  Palfrey,^  sail-maker,  of  Salem,  who 
was  a  grandson  of  Peter  Palfrey,'  of  that  place.  Peter  Palfrey,  John  Balch,  and  John 
Woodlnuy,  were  the  three  "  honest  and  prudent  men  "  who  remained  with  Roger  Conant 
at  Salem, "in  1627,  when  all  the  other  persons  of  the  colony,  discouraged  with  ill  success, 
abandoned  the  plantation.    Samuel  Giles  was  father  of  Thomas  Giles  in  the  text. 


476.  William  (Giles),  bapt.  Feb.  28,  1762  ;  m. . 

477.  James  Lindall  (Giles),  bapt.   March   30,   176G;  m.  first,  Anna 

Page  ;  m.  second,  Martha  Bellamy. 

478.  Abigail  (Giles),  bapt.  May  7,  17G'J;  m.  first,  Robert  Watson ;  m. 

second,  Adna  Bates. 
Three  of  the  above-named  sons,  Thomas,  Samuel  and  William,  as 
well  as  their  father,  were  in  the  military  service  of  their  country  during 
at  least  a  part  of  the  Revolutionary  struggle.  For  a  full  account  of 
the  Giles  Family,  from  the  beginning,  see  the  Giles  Memorial,  by 
the  compiler  of  this  work. 


CALEB  SYMMES*^  (Caleb;  Thomas;  Thomas;  Zcchanah;  Zccha- 
rnih^),  son  of  Capt.  Caleb*  and  Elizabeth  (Hall)  Sjmmes ;  born  in 
Chaiiestown,  Mass.,  March  7,  1762;  married,  first,  Lydia  Trow- 
bridge, in  Wcstford,  Nov,  23,  1784.  Slie  was  born  in  Shirley,  Mass., 
Dec.  25,  1762,  dan.  of  Tiiomas  and  Lucy  Trowbridge.  She  died  in 
Groton,  Mass.,  Dec.  5,  1812,  and  was  buried  in  Littleton  on  the  7th. 
Thomas  was  son  of  Rev.  Caleb  Trowbridge,  of  Groton.  Mr.  Symnies 
married,  second,  Mary  (Chittenden)  Lane,  a  widow,  dau.  of  Calvin 
and  Sally  Chittenden,  in  Charlestown,  the  marriage  ceremony  by  Rev, 
James  Walker,  July  20,  1820.  She  was  born  in  Maiden,  March  19, 
1781;  died  in  Charlestown,  Sept.  13,  1826,  and  was  interred  in 
Maiden,  Sept.  14. 

In  his  childhood  Mr.  Syrames  was  fond  of  study,  and  obtained 
some  knowledge  of  Latin  and  Greek.  He  afterwards  learned 
the  trade  of  a  blacksmith.  He  resided,  after  marriage,  in  West- 
ford,  till  about  1792;  in  HoUis,  N.  H.,  one  year;  in  Peterborough, 
N.  XL,  about  the  same  length  of  time.  Li  1796  his  mother  bought 
a  farm  of  one  hundred  and  twenty  acres  in  the  south  part  of  Gro- 
ton, Mass.,  of  her  brother-in-law,  Capt.  Jonas  Minot,  father  of 
Judge  Minot,  of  Haverhill,  Mass.,  to  which  place  they  removed  the 
same  year.     After  his  first  wife's  death  he  lived  in  Charlestown. 

He  died,  trusting  in  Christ,  at  Maiden,  near  Boston,  Dec.  15,  1843, 
aged  81  years  9  months,  and  was  interred  in  the  family  tomb  in  the 
old  cemetery  in  Charlestown,  Dec.  23. 

His  children,  by  first  wife  Lydia,  were  : 

J^orn  in  Westford. 
-f  479.  Caleb,^  b.  Sept.  1,  1786  ;  m.  Mary  Bowers. 
-[-480.  Betsey,^  b.  Sept.  5,  1788  ;  m.  Joshua  Mixter. 

481.  Lydia,''   b.   Jan.  11,  1791  ;  unm. ;  she  was  a  member  of  a  Bajitist 
church  nearly  fifty  years,  and  an  eminently  useful  person;  d,  in 
Boston,  Jan.  4,  1857.     Her  end  was  perfect  i)eace. 
Born  in  Hollis,  N.  H. 
+482.  LuCY,^  b.  Jmie  29,  1793  ;  m.  John  Clement. 

Born  ill  Groton,  Mass. 
4-483.  Willakd  Hall,''  b.  March  26,  1796;  m.  Sally  Parker. 


4-484.  Calvix/  b.  March  8,  1798;  iinraarriecl. 

485.  Harriet/  b.  May  19,  1802;  never  married.  This  estimable  lady- 
has  been  a  worthy  member  of  the  Episcopal  church  for  the  last 
thirty-one  years.  She  has  taken  a  warm  interest  in  this  P^araily 
History,  and  has  contributed  much  to  its  completeness,  especially 
in  the  record  of  her  father's  and  grandfather's  descendants.  She 
resides  with  her  brother  Caleb's  widow,  No.  8  Joiner  Street, 

-j-486.  Mary,'  b.  Nov.  16,  1805  ;  m.  William  C.  Paterson. 

By  second  wife,  Mary,  and  born  in  Charlestown  : 

-f-487.  Thomas,''   b.  Dec.  13,1823;  m.  first,  Mary  Mitchell ;  m.  second, 
Sarah  Ellen  Bowers. 


THOMAS  SYMMES'  (Ca/c6,*  Thomas,''  Thomas,''  Zechariah,'  Zcchi- 
riah^),  brotlier  of  the  precedinp:,  and  son  of  Capt.  Caleb  and  Eliza- 
beth (Hall)  Symmcs ;  born  in  Charlestown,  Sept.  19,  1765;  married 
Rebecca  Carver,  born  July  3,  176G,  youngest  child  of  Ensi.Gjn  Ben- 
jamin and  Edea  Carver,  of  Westford.*  Her  mother,  Edea  Fletcher, 
was  sister  to  Capt.  Benjamin  Fletcher,  his  step-father. 

He  went  with  his  mother,  in  1774,  to  Westford,  where  she  mar- 
ried Capt.  Fletcher  in  1779.  He  was  brought  up,  under  Capt. 
Fletcher,  to  the  business  of  husbandry,  to  which  he  added  that  of  a 
cooper.  He  was  unsuccessful  in  business,  as  many  were  in  the 
pinching  times  that  followed  the  war  of  the  Revolution.  He  found 
it  necessary,  in  1796,  to  dispose  of  his  interest  in  the  farm  at  West- 
ford,  which  had  belonged  to  Capt.  Fletcher,  and  removed  to  Ashby, 
where  Dr.  Thomas  Carver,  his  Avife's  brother,  was  the  practising 
physician.  He  bought  a  farm  there,  and  engaged  in  trade,  but  soon 
sold  out,  and  in  1799  returned  to  Westford.  He  bought  a  small 
place  in  the  south  part  of  Westford,  which,  with  some  additions  since 
made,  remains  in  the  hands  of  his  descendants. 

He  was  a  man  honest,  industrious,  and  of  exemplary  life ;  a 
church-going  man,  and  very  careful  in  observing  the  sabbath.  He 
was  fond  of  church  music,  and  took  part  in  the  devotions  of  the 

*  The  Carver  Family. 

1.  Robert  Carver,  said  to  be  a  brother  of  John  Carver,  the  first  governor  of  Plymouth 
Colonv,  was  born  in  England,  1594 ;  came  to  Marshfield,  in  Plymouth  Colony,  1638 ;  died 
1680,  aged  86. 

2.  John  Carver,  his  son,  b.  1637;  m.  Melicent  Ford,  of  Marshfield,  He  died  1679, 
aged  42.  Children:  William,  John,  Robert,  Eleazar,  David,  Elizabeth,  Mercy,  and  Aruia. 
liobertand  David  seem  to  have  settled  in  Canterbury,  Ct. 

3.  David  Carver,  son  of  the  preceding  John,  first  appears  on  the  town  records  of  Can- 
terbury, Ct.,  in  1719.  He  died  Sept.  17,  1727.  By  a  second  wife,  Sarah  13utterfield,  of 
Chelmsford,  Mass.,  he  had  a  son— 

4.  Ben.tamix  Carver,  born  in  Canterbury,  Ct.,  Dec.  10,  1722.  His  mother,  after  the 
father's  death,  returned  to  her  native  Chehiisfoid,  of  which  Westford  (incorporated  1729) 
was  then  a  i)art.  He  passed  his  life  in  Westford  ;  owned  a  valuable  farm  near  the  centre  of 
that  town,  part  of  which  is  still  owned  by  his  ik.sccndants ;  m.  Edea  Fletcher,  about  1745, 
and  had  nine  children  :  Sarah,  Beiyamin,  Jonathan  (representative,  1783),  Thomas,  M.D., 
of  Ashby,  Edea,  m.Dr.  Charles  Proctor,  of  Westford,  Martha,  Benjamin,  Mary,  and  Rebec- 
ca, the  wife  of  Thomas  Syinmes  in  the  text.  He  d.  Julv  18,  1804,  in  his  82d  year.  Edea, 
his  widow,  d.  Aug.  1813,  aged  89. 


He  died  Sept.  1,  1817,  aged  52,  nearly.  His  widow  Rebecca  re- 
mained at  the  homestead  till  1832,  when  she  removed  to  the  house 
of  her  son  Edward,  where  she  died,  Nov.  17,  1836,  in  her  71st  year. 

The  children  of  Thomas  and  Rebecca  (Carver)  Symmes  were: 

Born  in  Westford. 
+488.  THOirAS,^  b.  March  27,  1790  ;  unm. ;  d.  Nov.  27,  1846. 

489.  Patty  Carver,^  b.  Aug.  14,  1791  ;  d.  June  28,  1795. 

490.  Susanna  Bancroft,^  b.  July  5,  1793;  d.  April  13,  1813. 
4-491.  Edea  Fletcher,'^  b.  Aug.  2,  1795  ;  m.  Cephas  Drew. 

Born  in  Ashhy. 

492.  Martha,^  b.  May  4,  1797  ;  d.  April  24,  1820. 

Born  in  Westford. 

493.  Caleb,^  b.  Nov.  15,  1800  ;  d.  March  29,  1821. 

494.  Elizabeth  Hall,^  b.  April  16, 1803  ;  d.  1805. 
-j-495.  Edavard,''    )      twins,  born      (  m.  Rebecca  P.  Fletcher. 
4-496.  Edmund,^    j  April  1,  1806;   (unmarried. 


SUSANNA  MASON"  {Hannah  Symmes,"  Andrew*  Thomas,^  Zecha- 
riah^  ZcchariaU),  daughter  of  Col.  David  and  Hannah  (Symmes) 
Mason ;  born  in  Boston,  1763 ;  married,  1785,  Rev.  John  Smith,  D.D,, 
Professor  of  the  Latin,  Greek,  Hebrew  and  Oriental  Languages  in 
Dartmouth  College,  Hanover,  N.  H.     She  was  his  second  wife. 

Her  husband  was  son  of  Joseph  and  Elizabeth  (Palmer)  Smith; 
was  born  at  Rowley,  Mass.,  Dec.  21,  1752,  and  died  at  Hanover, 
N.  H.,  April  30,  1809,  in  his  57th  year.  He  studied  divinity  with 
the  Rev.  Eleazar  Wheelock,  D.D.,  first  president  of  Dartmouth  Col- 
lege; graduated  at  that  institution,  1773;  was  tutor  there  from 
1774  to  1778;  and  was  Professor  of  the  Latin,  Greek,  Hebrew, 
and  the  Oriental  Languages  from  1778  till  his  death.  He  was  also 
pastor  of  the  church  at  Hanover ;  associate  pastor  with  president 
Wheelock  from  1773  till  1779,  when  Dr.  Wheelock  died;  associate 
pastor  with  Rev.  Sylvanus  Ripley  from  1776  till  Mr.  Ripley's  death, 
Feb.  5,  1787;  after  which  he  was  sole  pastor  till  his  own  decease. 
He  had  a  great  reputation  as  a  linguist.  He  published  a  Latin 
Grammar,  a  Greek  Grammar,  a  Hebrew  Grammar,  Cicero  de  Ora- 
tore,  with  notes  and  a  memoir ;  besides  several  ordination  sermons. 
His  first  wife  was  Mary  Cleveland,  daughter  of  Rev.  Ebenezer 
Cleveland,  of  Gloucester,  Mass.,  Y.  C.  1748. 

When  I  was  a  student  and  a  resident  at  Hanover,  I  heard  fre- 
quent and  honorable  mention  made  of  Professor  Smith.  I  was  per- 
sonally acquainted  with  Madam  Smith,  his  widow — a  lady  of  very 
respectable  abilities.  She  told  mo  of  revolutionary  scenes,  and  in 
particular  of  her  making  up,  with  the  help  of  her  sister,  cartridges, 
and  casting  musket  balls  for  the  American  army ;  melting  domestic 


utensils,  such  as  pewter  plates,  for  the  purpose.     She  died  at  Hano- 
ver, Dec.  20,  1845,  aged  82. 

The  children  of  Prof.  John  and  Susanna  Smith,^  so  far  as  they 
have  come  to  my  knowledge,  were : 

497.  John  Wheelock  (Smith),  b.  April  25,  178G;  never  married.    He 

grad.  Dart.  Coll.  1804  ;  studied  law  ;  began  practice  in  Boston, 
1808  ;  was  forced  by  ill  health  to  go  abroad;  travelled  in  vari- 
ous parts  of  Europe,  and  died  in  London,  Feb.  19,  1814,  iu  his 
28th  year. 

498.  Samuel  Mason  (Smith),  b.  1792 ;    d.  at  Hanover,  April  15,  1813. 

He  was  then  on  his  last  year  in  college. 


LYDIA  SYMMES'  {Andrew,'  Andrew,"  Thomas,''  Zechariah,^  Zccha- 
riah^),  daughter  of  Col.  Andrew  Symmes*  by  his  first  wife,  Lydia 
Gale;  born  in  Boston,  Dec.  18,  ]7iJ8;  m.  July  2,  1795,  Jonathan 
Snelling,  son  of  Joseph^  and  Rachel  (Mayer)  Snelling,  of  Boston.! 

Mr.  Jonathan  Snelling  was,  for  tlie  greater  part  of  his  life,  master 
of  the  Centre  School  in  Boston,  universally  respected  and  beloved 
for  his  excellent  qualities  of  mind  and  heart.  In  his  school  he  was 
efiicient,  discriminating  and  successful. 

Mrs.  Lydia  Snelling  died  in  1844.  They  had  seven  children,  the 
eldest  of  whom  was 

501.  Andrew  Symmes  (Snelling),  b.  in  Boston,  July  19, 1797  ;  m.  April 
9,  1829,  Eliza  Templeton  Strong,  b.  Dec.  7,  1804,  d.  April 
24,  1869,  the  dau.  of  Benjamin  Strong,  merchant,  of  New  York, 
who  d.  Jan.  27,  1851,  aged  80,  by  his  wife  Sarah  (dau.  of  Jothani 
Weeks),  who  d.  May  1,  1843,  aged  78.  Mr.  Andrew  S.  Snell- 
ing was  educated  in  his  father's  school,  in  the  Boston  Latin 
School,  and  in  the  Medford  Academy  under  the  teaching  of  that 

*  A  daughter  of  Prof,  Smith  hy  his  first  wife  Mary  Cleveland,  Abigail  (Smith),  in  1800 
■became  the  wife  of  Cyrus  Perkins,  M.D.,  b.  in  Midcfleboro',  Mass.,  Sept.  4,  1778,  d.  1849, 
an  eminent  physician  in  New  York  city,  and  also  professor  of  Anatomy  and  Surgery  iu 
DartmoiUh  College  from  1810  to  1819. 

t  The  Snelling  Family. 

1.  John  Snelling,  sou  of  Thomas  Snelling,  of  Chaddlcwood  in  Plympton  St.  Mary, 
Co.  of  Devon,  Eng.,  came  to  New  England  about  1G57,  and  died  in  Boston,  1672. 

2.  Joseph  Snelling,  son  of  John,  b.  1667;  d.  Aug.  15,  1726;  father  of  eleven  children, 
according  to  Savage,  of  whom  was — 

3.  Jonathan  Snelling  (Capt.),  b.  Dec.  29,  1697 ;  commanded  the  corvette  Ctesar,  of 
20  guns,  fitted  out  by  the  Province  as  a  part  of  the  expedition  to  Louisburgh  in  1745,  and 
was  a  prominent  actor  in  that  affair,  reflecting  so  much  honor  on  tlie  provincial  arms. 

4.  Joseph  Snelling,  b.  Dec.  5,  1741 ;  m.  Oct.  13,  17G2,  Rachel  Mayer,  b.  April  19,  1743, 
and  d.  June  9,  1837,  aged  95,  having  borne  eleven  children.  He  was  one  of  the  active  and 
energetic  men  who  brought  on  and  carried  out  the  Revolution.  His  course  made  him  ob- 
noxious to  Gen.  Gage,  and  having  left  Boston  with  a  friend  on  a  visit  to  Cambridge,  his 
return  to  Boston  was  prevented.  He  forthwith  went  back  to  Cambridge,  joined  the  army 
there  under  Gen.  Ward  as  a  commissary,  and  returned  to  Boston  when  the  siege  was  ended. 
He  died  Feb.  6,  1816,  aged  75. 

5.  Jonathan  Snellimg,  husbaud  of  Lydia  Symmes  in  the  text. 


eminent  master,  Dr.  Luther  Stearns.*  He  chose  and  has  suc- 
cessfully pursued  a  mercantile  life.  In  1827  he  removed  to  New 
York,  and  was  for  a  long  time  an  importing  and  shipping  mer- 
chant. He  is  still  living,  in  New  York,  1873,  though  not  in 
active  business.     His  children  have  been  : 

502.  Georgiana    (Snelling),   b.    Jan.  28,   1830;    m.  Dr.  John   C. 


503.  Frederick  Grcemoood  (Snelling),  b.  July  26,  1831 ;  grad.  New 

York  Univ.,  M.D. ;  living  in  New  York  in  1873. 

504.  Edward   Templeton  (Snelling),  b.  March  2,  1835 ;    living  in 

New  York,  1873. 

505.  Eliza  Strong  (Snelling),  b.  Feb.  14, 1838;  m.  Dr.  M.  Clymer. 

506.  Grenville  Temple  (Snelling),  b.  Nov.  5,  1841  ;  d.  Jan.  3,  1856, 

aged  14,  while  on  a  visit  to  Chicago  with  his  parents. 


ANDREW  ELIOT  SYMMES'  {Andrew;'  Andreiv*  Thomas,^  Zecha- 
riah,'  Zechariah^),  half-brother  of  the  preceding,  and  only  son  of 
Col.  Andrew  Symmes*  by  his  third  wife  Mary  Ann  (Stevens)  Symmes  ; 
born  in  Boston;  married  Eliza  Coffin,  daughter  of  Hon.  Peleg 
Coffin,  a  native  of  Nantucket  and  a  member  of  Congress  from  the 
district  in  which  Nantucket  was  situated.  He  was  an  intimate  and 
confidential  friend  of  Caleb  Strong,  the  excellent  governor  of  this 
commonwealth.  He  resided  in  Boston,  and  was  one  of  the  firm  of 
[Samuel]  Torrey,  Symmes  &  Co.,  from  1806  to  1810. 

He  had  two  daughters : 

507.  Eliza,''  m.  first,  John  Thorne,  of  Brooklyn,  L.  I. ;  m.  second,  "Wil- 

liam Raymond  Lee  Ward,  formerly  of  Salem,  Mass.,  now,  1873, 
a  broker  in  New  York  city.  She  and  her  husband  are  both 
living.  By  her  first  marriage  she  had  one  child,  a  son,  George 
Winthrop  (Thorne),  who  m.  a  Miss  Beckwith,  but  is  now  a 
young  widower. 

508.  Mauy  Anne,^  m.  Frederick  A.  Heath,  of  Brookline.     She  died 

about  a  year  after  marriage. 


lilARY  ANN  SYMMES^  {Ebenezer;  Andrew,'  Thomas;  Zechariah; 
Zechariah^),  only  daughter  of  Capt.  Ebenezer*  and  Mary  Ann  (Ste- 
vens) Symmes;  born  in  Boston,  Aug.  15,  1775;  married  her  cousin, 
John  Greenwood,  April  22,  1802.  The  marriage  took  place  at  St. 
George's  [Hotel?],  Hanover  Square,  London. 

Her  father  dying  when  she  was  less  than  two  years  old,  she  was 

*  Luther  Stearii?,  born  Feb.  17,  1770  ;  died  April  30,  1820;  was  eldest  son  of  Hon.  Josiali 
Stearns,  of  Lunenl)urg,  and  brother  of  Hon.  Asahcl  Stearns,  Professor  of  Law  in  Har- 
vard Col  Icj^e,  1817  tiiriiis  death  in  1839.  Luther  Stearns  had  been  tutor  at  Cambridge; 
afterwards  studied  medicine;  settled  in  Medford,  and  became  eminent  as  a  physician. 

His  nephew,  Luther  Stearns  Cushin<i;,  has  been  a  judge  of  the  Inferior  Court,  and  is  the 
author  of  Cushing's  Manual  of  Parliamentary  Rules. 


left  in  the  care  of  her  mother.  Some  time  afterwards,  Dr.  Samuel 
Danforth,  her  father's  uncle  by  marriage,  became  her  guardian,  and 
so  continued  till  she  was  twenty-one  years  of  age.  The  final  settle- 
ment is  indicated  by  a  receipt  signed  by  her,  dated  London,  Jan.  12, 
1797,  on  record  in  the  Probate  Office,  Boston. 

Her  mother  being  of  English  birth,  it  appears  that  she  passed 
several  years  in  and  near  London,  with  her  mother's  friends,  previ- 
ous to  1800;  and  there  she  found  her  husband. 

Her  husband,  John  Greenwood,  born  Oct.  5,  1772,  was  a  son  of 
John  Greenwood,  born  in  Boston,  Mass.,  Dec.  7,  1727,  who  went  to 
England;  was  an  artist;  passed  many  years  in  London;  m.  Dec.  17, 
1769,  Frances  Stevens,  b.  Jan.  18,  1744,  sister  of  Mary  Ann  Ste- 
vens, wife  successively  of  Capt.  Ebenezer  Symmes  and  his  brother 
Col.  Andrew  Symmes,  of  Boston.  John  Greenwood,  Sen.,  died  at 
Margate,  Sept.  15,  1792. 

John  Greenwood,  Jr.,  the  husband  of  Mary  Ann  Symmes,  above, 
was  at  one  time  an  auctioneer  in  London.  He  is  said  to  have  been, 
1808  to  1814,  chief  scene  painter  of  Drury-Lane  Theatre.  Byron 
pays  him  a  compliment  in  his  "English  Bards  and  Scotch  Re- 
viewers," in  the  lines  where,  satirizing  the  drama  of  his  day,  he 
exclaims : 

"  Lo  !  with  what  pomp  the  daily  prints  proclaim 
The  rival  candidates  for  Attic  fame  ! 
In  grim  array  though  Lewis'  spectres  rise, 
Still  Skeffington  and  Goose  divide  the  prize. 
And  sure  (jreat  Skeffington  must  claim  our  praise, 
For  skirtless  coats  and  skeletons  of  plays, 
Renowned  alike  ;  whose  genius  ne'er  confines 
Her  flight  to  garnish  Greenwood's  gay  designs."* 

The  children  of  John  and  Mary  Ann  Greenwood  were : 

509.  John  Danfokth  (Greenwood),  b.  in  London,  Jan.  4,  1803  ;  m.  a 

Miss  Field,  near  London  ;  emigrated  to  New  Zealand,  after  1825. 

510.  Frederic  (Greenwood),  b.  Oct.  5,  1804;  came  to  Boston  in  1820, 

after  the  death  of  his   parents,   to  his  uncle  Jonathan  Suelling  ; 
was  adopted  by  Mr.  Samuel  Torrey,  but  died  July,  1821. 


WILLIAM  SYMMES"  ( William,"  Andrew^  Thomas,'  ZccJmriah,'' 
Zcchariali),  only  son  of  William*  and  Elizabeth  (Russell)  Symmes; 
born  in  Boston,  1802;  married,  first,  1826,  Elizabeth  Ridgeley,  a 
native  of  England.  She  died  in  Dorchester,  in  1833,  aged  26.  He 
married,  second,  Eliza  A.  Mayland,  May  2,  1830. 

His  father  dying  when  he  was  but  eight  years  old,  his  mother's 

*  In  a  note  the  poet  informs  his  readers  that  Mr.  Skeffington  is  the  "  inustrious  author  " 
of  several  comedies,  of  which  he  says  "  baculo  magis  quam  lauro  digne ;"  for  whose  suc- 
cess the  writer  was  much  indebted  to  the  scene  painter,  Mr.  Greenwood.  Matthew  Greg- 
ory Lewis,  a  celebrated  writer  of  plays,  is  intended  in  the  lines  in  the  text.  He  is  known 
as  Monk  Lewis,  from  being  the  author  of  a  novel  entitled  "  The  Monk." 


brother,  Hon.  Benjamin  Kussell,  was  his  guardian.  He  spent  much 
of  his  early  life  in  his  family.  He  was  a  harness-maker  in  Boston, 
and  has  lived  in  Boston,  Dorchester  and  Framingham.  He  and  his 
wife  are  living  in  Framingham,  March,  1873. 

His  children,  by  first  wife,  were : 

511.  Charles,''  b.  Feb.  14,  1827  ;  m.  Cleora  Dunbar,  daughter  of  Hon 

Frederick  Dunbar,  of  Ludlow,  Vt.  He  now,  1872,  is  a  farmer 
in  Waupaca,  Wisconsin. 

512.  William  Henry,''   b.  March  29,  1829  ;    m.  Rhoda  Bray,  of  Rock- 

port.  She  is  not  now  living.  He  was  a  sailor  nine  years  ;  was 
in  the  War  of  the  Rebellion.  He  now  lives  in  Boston,  and  has 
some  office  in  the  Suffolk  Jail  in  Charles  Street ;  house,  Brad- 
ford Street. 

513.  Sakaii   Elizabeth,''  b.  March  13,  1831 ;  m.  Amasa  D.  Cunning- 

ham, of    Cambridge,    a   horticulturist.      They   live   in    Boston 
Highlands,  formerly  the  town  of  Roxbury. 
By  second  wife  : 

514.  Charlotte  Russell,^  b.  May,  1837  ;  m.  Nelson  H.  Hull,  of  Dur- 

ham, Ct.  He  was  in  the  "  lamp  business  "  at  Meriden,  Ct.  He 
is  not  now  living.  She  resides  with  her  parents,  in  Framingham. 
Has  one  child. 

515.  Henrietta  Russell,''  b.  July  5,  1838  ;  unm.     She  is  at  present, 

Jan.  1873,  in  Southington,  Ct. 
515a.  Hubbard  Winslow,^  died. 
51ob.  Hubbard  Winslow,'  died. 

516.  Theodore  White/  b.  Feb.  17,  1844;  m.  Amanda   Colburn,  of 

Groton,  Mass.     They  live  in  Plantsville,  Ct.     He  is  a  clerk. 


ISAAC  SYMMES«  {Isaac;  Zechariah,^  Thomas,'  Zechanah;  Zeclia- 
na/i'),  son  of  Isaac  and  Hannah*  (Davis)  Symmes ;  born  in  Ply- 
mouth, Mass.,  Nov.  16,  1771 ;  married,  Jan.  1,  1798,  Mary  Whitman, 
who  was  born  Aug.  19,  1778. 

We  suppose  he  lived  in  Plymouth,  Mass. ;  possibly  in  Kingston, 
an  adjoining  town. 

Their  children  were : 

517.  Isaac,''  b.  Sept.  27,  1798. 

518.  Hannah,^  b.  May  6,  1801. 

-f519.  William,^  b.  Aug.  19,  1802;  m.  first,  Mary   D.  Washburn;  m. 

second,  Caroline  H.^  Jameson. 
-1-520.  Mary  Whitman,'  b.  Oct.  29,  1805  ;  m.  Alden  Sampson. 

521.  Martha,'  b.  Jan.  12,  1809. 

522.  Daniel,^  b.  Nov.  1820;  m.  Selina  A.  Weston. 


MARGARET  SYMMES'  {Isaac;  Zcc/iarlah;  nomas;  Zechariah; 
Zechariah'),  half-sister  of  the  preceding;  b.  Nov.  15,  1777;  married 
James  Spooner. 


He  was  a  trader  in  Plymouth,  Mass. 

Their  children  were : 

523.  James  (Spooner),   unmarried ;  is   said  to  be  a  clergyman ;  lives  in 

Plymouth,  Jan.  1873. 

524.  Epiiraim  (Spooner),  m. ;  is  living,  1873,  in  Plymouth,  and 

has  children. 

525.  Margaret  (Spooner),  unmarried;  lives  in  Plymouth,  1873. 

526.  George  (Spooner),  ....  "went  south  and  died  there." 


LAZIRUS  SYMMES'  {Isaac,"  Zechariah,"  Thomas,^  Zechanah^ 
ZccharuiJt^),  brother  of  the  preceding;  b.  Feb.  18,  1781;  married, 
Nov.  7,  1802,  Mary  Westox,  b.  1784,  daughter  of  William  Weston, 
of  Plymouth,  Mass. 

"  Their  home  was  in  Plymouth ;  but  the  last  part  of  their  lives 
they  spent  mostly  with  their  children."  Mr.  Symmes  died  Jan.  25, 
1851,  aged  70.     Mrs.  Symmes  died  Dec.  4,  18G3,  aged  79. 

Their  children  were : 

527.  Eliza,^  b.  1803;  d.  1804. 

528.  William,''  b.  June  1,  1805  ;    m.  in  Boston,  April,  1834,  Jane  G. 

Pratt,  a  widow  ;  was  a  sea-captain ;  d.  at  sea,  1836. 

529.  Eliza  AxnV  b.  Jan.   17,    1808  ;   m.  in  Plymouth,  Sept.  29,  1828, 

John  W.  Newman,  of  Lancaster,  Mass.  She  now  resides  in 
Wakefield.  Their  son  (530),  Dr.  J.  Frank  Newman,  is  a  den- 
tist in  Boston. 

531.  Columbus,''  b.  Sept.  28,  1813  ;  d.  May  19,  1827. 

532.  Washington,''  b.   Aug.   29,   1816;  m.  Juliette  Jones,  in  Philadel- 

phia, where  they  reside.     Children  : 

533.  William.^ 

534.  Mary,^  m.  James  Patterson.     They  live  in  Washington,  D.  C. 

535.  Harriet,'  b.  Jan.  27,  1819;  m.  in  Plymouth,  1838,  to  Rensselaer 

Barker,  of  East  Boston. 

536.  Mary,'  b.  March  16,  1823  ;  m.  at  Hartford,  Ct.,  Oct.  15,  1850,  to 

James  B.  Richards,  of  New  York.     She  d.  Feb.  5,  1872. 


ZECHARTAH  PARKER  SYMMES^  {Isaac,'  Zechariah,'  Thomas,^ 
Zechaiiah^  Zcchariali^),  brother  of  the  preceding;  born  in  Plymouth, 
Mass.,  May  8,  1791;  in.  first,  Elizabeth  Dukes  Berry,  b.  Aug.  16, 
1791,  died  Nov.  23,  1834;  m.  second,  Elizabeth  Young,  who  died 
Dec.  17,  1840;  m.  third,  Caroline  Fox  Esty,  b.  April  21,  1808, 
now  deceased. 

Mr.  Symmes  died  Sept.  G,  18G5. 

His  children,  by  first  wife,  were : 

537.  David  Mason,^  b.  Sept.  23,  1815;  unmarried;  a  "jobber." 

538.  Parker,'  b.  March  19,  1817;  died  at  sea,  Sept.  1838. 


-f  r>39.  Lewis/  b.  April  17,  1819  ;  m.  Sarah  P.  Hood. 

540.  Hekky/  b.  Jail.  25,  1822  ;  m.  Almira  W.  Wiley.     He  was  a  shoe- 
maker ;  lived  in  Beverly  and  Lowell,  Mass.,  and  d.  Oct.  27,  18G9. 
His  wife  is  living  in  Lowell.     One  child : 
541.  Lucy^  b.  June  6,  1852. 
542.  Stephen,^  b.  March  20,  1824;  a  shoemaker  in   Beverly;  m.  Jan* 
8,  1846,  Sarah  D.  Hildreth,  b.  Sept.  21,  1827,  dangh.  of  James 
Hildreth,  a  blacksmith,  of  Hopkinton,  N.  H.     Only  child  : 
Freddie  H.,^  b.  July  28,  1869  ;  d.  Aug.  3,  1869. 
4-543.     Charles,"   b.  April  10,  1827  ;  m.  Nancy  Duffee. 
5431.  Ann,'  b.  Nov.  23,  1828  ;  d.  young. 

544.  Richard,''  b.  Sept.  25,  1830  ;  unmarried  ;  a  shoemaker. 

By  second  wife : 

545.  Rupus  WiLLiA^i,"  b.  Dec.  2, 1836  ;  m.  1867,  Mary  E.  Page,  dan. 

of  WilHam  Page,  of  Newburyport,  Mass.     Resides  in  Beverly; 
a  trader.    Only  child : 
Walter,^  b.  March  14,  1870. 

By  third  wife  : 

546.  Parker  Fox,"  b.  Sept.  5, 1842. 
546|.  Joanna  A." 


JOHN  SYMMES"  {John,'  Samuel,"  Zcclmnah,^  WlU'iam?  Willmm^ 
Zcdiarmli),  eldest  son  of  John*  and  Abigail  (Green)  Sjmtnes,  of 
South  Woburn,  now  Winchester;  b.  Dec.  14,1819;  married,  first, 
Almira  Stoddard,  of  Woburn.  She  died  previous  to  1845.  He 
married,  second,  June  9,  1845,  Mary  Kendall  Carter,  of  Albany, 
N.  Y.  She  was  born  June  14,  1827,  daughter  of  Levi  and  Cynthia 
(Kendall)  Carter,  residents  in  Albany,  but  not  natives  of  that  place. 
She  died  at  Burlington,  Mass.,  June  11,  1860,  aged  33.  He  married, 
third,  at  Lexington,  Mass.,  June  30,  1861,  Emily  Carter,  born  in 
North  Bridgton,  Me.,  Sept.  13,  1832,  daughter  of  Henry  and  Han- 
nah (Cochran)  Carter.  She  was  cousin  to  the  second  wife — Henry, 
lier  father,  being  brother  of  Levi  Carter,  already  mentioned.  Han- 
nah Cochran,  wife  of  Henry  Carter,  was  an  Andover  woman. 

Mr.  Symmes  was  by  trade,  originally,  a  carpenter,  and  worked  in 
the  sash  and  blind  business.  He  has  resided  in  Naples,  Me.,  Bur- 
lington, Mass.,  Lawrence,  Mass.,  and  now  lives  on  Elm  Street,  in 
Winchester.  He  goes  to  Boston  daily,  where  he  is  superintendent 
of  the  large  piano-forte  manufactory  of  Hallctt,  Cumston  &  Co. 

There  were  no  children  by  the  first  wife,  at  least  none  that  lived. 


Children  bv  second  wife 

547.  Emma  Sophia,^  b.  in  Winchester,  Feb.  11,  1846;  unmarried,  and 

lives  with  her  father. 

548.  William  Franklin,'  b.  in  Naples,  Me.,  July  31,  1849. 

549.  Charles  Augustus,*    b.  in  Naples,  May  31,  1851;  d.  July  31, 


550.  Mary  Ella,'  b.  in  Naples,  Sept.  2,  1853. 

551.  Arthur  Carter,'  b.  in   Burlington,   Sept.  15,  1855;  d.  Nov.  9, 


552.  Charles  Kendall,'  b.  in  Burlington,  Jan.  24,  1858. 

553.  Abigail   Green,'   b.  in  Burlington,  June  4,   1860;  d.  Aug.  26, 


Child  by  third  wife  : 

554.  Edwin  Albert,'  b.  in  Lawrence,  Mass.,  May  22,  1865. 


WILLIAM  BITTLE  SYMMES^  {John,'  Samnei;  Zechariah*  Wil- 
liam,^ IViUiam'^  Zechariah^),  brother  of  the  preceding;  b.  June  13, 
1822;  married  Anna  Hill,  of  Portsmouth,  N.  H.,  Feb.  11,  1847. 

He  lives  in  New  York  city,  or  very  near  there,  and  is  connected 
with  a  clothing  store  in  that  city. 

Only  one  child : 

555.  William,'  b.  July  31,  1851. 


JOHN  ALBERT  SYMMES^  {John,'  John,'>  John,''  WilUam,'  Wil- 
liam,'^ Zechariah^),  son  of  Dea.  John*  and  Pamelia  (Richardson) 
Symmes;  born  at  '' Symmes's  Corner,"  in  what  was  Medford,  but  is 
now  included  in  Winchester,  Nov.  3,1812;  married  Lydia  Makia 
Smith,  June  1,  1839. 

He  kept  a  store  in  South  Woburn,  now  the  centre  of  Winchester. 
He  was  to  have  taken  the  wheelwright's  business  from  his  father's 
hands,  with  his  brother  Luther,  and  moved  to  the  homestead  for  this 
purpose,  but  died  from  a  cut  on  the  knee,  Feb.  19,  1849,  aged  36 
years  and  three  months. 

He  had  but  one  child  : 

556.  Amelia  Maria,'  b.  March  24,  1841. 


CHARLES  CAREY  SYMMES'  {John,'  John;'  John,"  William,^ 
William,^  Zechariah^),  brother  of  the  preceding;  born  Nov.  15,  1814; 
married,  Nov.  10,  1840,  Lydia  Fletcher  Clark,  daughter  of  Dea. 
Oliver  Clark,  of  Tewksbury,  Mass.,  by  his  first  wife,  and  half-sister 
to  Hon.  Oliver  Richardson  Clark,  of  Winchester,  and  Rev.  Edward 


Warren    Clark,  of   Claremont,  N.  H.,  they  being   children  of  the 
second  wife. 

He  went  to  Aylmer,  Ottawa  Co.,  Canada  East,  when  sixteen  years 
of  age,  as  clerk  to  his  uncle  Charles  Symmes  [193],  a  lumber  mer- 
chant there.  After  his  marriage,  1840,  he  and  his  brother  Henry 
succeeded  to  the  uncle's  business.  He  died  of  cholera  at  Three 
Rivers,  Canada  East,  Aug.  4,  1854.  His  widow  Lydia  died  at 
Aylmer,  C.  E.,  March  26,  1859. 

Their  children,  all  born  at  Aylmer,  were  : 

557.  Charles  Henrt,^  b.  Oct.  31,  1841 ;  d.  Oct.  3,  1858. 

558.  Edward  Carey,«  b.  Oct.  1844 ;  d.  Feb.  1846. 

559.  Catharine  Noel,*  b.  Dec.  25,  1846;  d.  Dec.  1846. 

560.  Francis  Edward,*  b.  Sept.  12,  1851.     After  his  mother's  death, 

as  above,  her  brother,  Rev.  Edward  W.  Clark,  above  mentioned, 
adopted  this  her  only  Hviug  child,  and  had  his  name  changed  to 
Francis  Edward  Clark.  He  is  now  a  member  of  Dartmouth 
College,  and  it  is  exjiected  that  he  will  graduate  in  the  summer 
of  1873. 


HENRY  RICHARDSON  SYMMES^  (John,'  John,'  John,"  TVil- 
liam,^  William,^  Zechariah^),  brother  of  the  preceding;  born  April 
13,  1818,'  married,  March  25,  1842,  his  cousin  Abigail  Symmes,^ 
[376],  b.  Jan.  8,  1826,  daughter  of  his  father's  youngest  brother 
Charles,  of  Aylmer,  Canada  East. 

He  resided  some  years  at  Aylmer,  where  he  was  editor  of  a  paper. 
In  1858,  he  removed  to  Three  Rivers,  in  the  same  province,  and  has 
since  been  superintendent  of  Public  Works  on  the  River  Saint 

His  children  have  been : 

561.  Henry  Charles,*  b.  April  18,   1843  ;  m.  Jennie  Brown  Thomp- 
son, Aug.  22,    1867.     They  live  at  Hamilton,  Canada   West. 
Child  : 
562.  Herbert  Ormshy,"  b.  Sept.  20,  1872. 

563.  John  Albert,*  b.  May  28,  1845. 

564.  Mary  Elizabeth,*  b.  Jan.  4,  1848. 

565.  Edward,*  b.  Feb.  3,  1850;  d.  Dec.  10,  1850. 

566.  William,*  b.  Oct.  25,  1851. 

567.  Hannah  Pamelia,*  b.  March  25,  1854. 

568.  Luther  Richardson,*  b.  Aug.  22,  1856. 

569.  Margaret  McDougal,*  b.  Aug.  5,  1858. 

570.  Frederic,*  b.  Nov.  11,  1859;  d.  March  28,  1867. 

571.  Fanny,*  b.  Sept.  5,  1861 ;  d.  1861. 

572.  Kate  Frances,*  b.  Jan.  12, 1863. 

573.  Charles,*  b.  July  18,  1864;  d.  1864. 

574.  Agnes  Adelaide,*  b.  Jan.  25,  1866. 




LUTHER  RICHARDSON  SYMMES^  {John,'  John,'  John,''  Wil- 
liam,'^ WilUam,^  Zechariah^),  brother  of  the  preceding,  and  youngest 
son  of  Dea.  John^  and  Pamelia  (Richardson)  Symmes;  born  March 
21,  1822;  married,  Nov.  1,  1848,  Elizabeth  Abby  Ayer,  daughter 
of  Nathaniel  Ayer,  formerly  of  Charlcstown,  and  more  recently  of 
Winchester,  and  sister  of  Thomas  Prentiss  Ayer  [372]. 

He  resides  at  the  old  homestead  at  "  Symmes's  Corner,"  in  what  is 
now  the  south  part  of  Winchester,  formerly  the  north  part  of  Med- 
ford,  on  the  spot  where  he  was  born,  ^e  was  for  some  time  a  wheel- 
wright, following  the  business  of  his  father  and  grandfather.  He  is 
now  the  efficient  superintendent  of  the  upper  portion  of  the  Charles- 
town  Water  Works,  which  derive  an  unfailing  supply  from  Mystic 
Pond,  near  to  which  is  ^'  Symmes's  Corner,"  and  Mr.  Symmes's  house. 
North  of  this  beautiful  sheet  of  water,  and  immediately  contiguous 
to  it,  was  the  farm  granted  to  his  ancestor,  Rev.  Zechariah  Symmes, 
two  centuries  and  a  quarter  ago. 

Only  one  child : 

575.  Alice  Frances,'  b.  Sept.  13,  1851. 


THOMAS  RUSSELL  SYMMES'  (Tfiomas,'  John,'  John,^  William,' 
William,''  Zechariah^),  son  of  Thomas^  and  Sarah  Lloyd  (Wait) 
Symmes;  born  1812;  married  Harriet  Eady,  of  Canada. 

He  lived  at  Aylmer,  Canada  East,  and  died  a  few  years  ago. 

Their  children  were : 

576.  Elizabeth.' 

577.  Sarah.' 

578.  Thomas  Russell,'  lives  in  Medford,  near  Boston. 

579.  Albert.' 

580.  Jane,'  d.  1870. 


ALFRED  TUFTS'  (Abigail  Symmes,'  John,'  John,'  William,'  Wil- 
liam^ Zechariah^),  son  of  Elias  and  Abigail®  (Symmes)  Tufts;  born 
in  Medford,  July  8,  1818;  married  Caroline  M.  Wright,  of  North- 
field,  March  5, 1843.     She  was  born  March  16,  1820. 

Their  children  were : 

581.  Arthur  Thompson  (Tufts),  b.  Feb.  9,  1844;  m.  Lizzie  P.  Her- 

rick,  of  Brattleboro',  Vt.,  Oct.  5,  1869. 

582.  Edward  Albro  (Tufts),  b.  July  19,  1845;  d.  Aug.  3,  1848. 

583.  Abby  Theresa  (Tufts),  b.  Nov.  1,  1846  ;  d.  Sept.  25,  1861. 

584.  Charles  Alfred  (Tufts),  b.  May  9,  1848 ;  d.  Sept.  8,  1849. 


585.  Lizzie  Ellen  (Tufts),  b.  Aug.  6,  1850  ;  m.  George  D.  Moore,  of 

Somerville,  May  30,  1871. 

586.  Emma  Shepard  (Tufts),  b.  May  30,  1852  ;  m.  Allston  M.  Redman, 

of  Medford,  May  30,  1871. 

587.  Flora  Lyman  (Tufts),  b.  Oct.  9,  1855  ;  d.  July  23,  1865. 

588.  Anna  Caroline  (Tufts),  b.  May  6,  1857. 

589.  Fannie  Gertrude  (Tufts),  b.  Jan.  6,  1859. 


LARKIN  TURNER  TUFTS'  {Abigail  Sijmmes,'  John,'  JoJm,"  Wil- 
liam,'^ William^  Zechariali),  brother  of  the  preceding;  born  in  Med- 
ford, Oct.  28,  1821;  married  Frances  Parthenia  McFarland,  of 
Skowhegan,  Me.  She  was  born  in  Anson,  Somerset  Co.,  Me.,  Dec. 
15,  1829.  They  were  married  at  East  Boston,  Dec.  2,  1856,  by 
Rev.  William  H.  Cudworth. 

At  present,  they  live  in  Chelsea. 

Their  children : 

590.  Frederic  Sumner  (Tufts),  b.  in  Leavenworth,  Kanzas,  Nov.  6, 


591.  Virginia  Pearson  (Tufts),  b.  in  Medford,  Mass.,  March  29, 1865. 


MARSHALL  SYMMES'  (Marshall;  John;  John,'  William,^  Wil- 
liam; Zechariali-),  eldest  son  of  Marshall  and  Lephe  (Stowell) 
Symmes ;  born  in  what  is  now  the  south  part  of  Winchester,  Oct. 
27,  1818;  married,  June  17,  1846,  Abbie  Stowell,  born  Aug.  16, 
1824,  dau.  of  Samuel  Stowell,  of  Worcester,  who  was  cousin  of 
Abel  Stowell,  already  mentioned  as  the  husband  of  his  aunt  Eliza- 
beth Symmes.    [See  p.  86.] 

They  live  at  '■'■  Symmes's  Corner,"  in  the  south  part  of  Winches- 
ter, in  the  house  formerly  owned  and  occupied  by  Gov.  John  Brooks. 

Their  children : 

592.  Frances  Louisa,"  b.  April  26,  1847  ;  d.  Aug.  25,  1849. 

593.  Frederic  Marshall,*  b.  Aug.  13,  1850. 

594.  Ella  Lephe,"  b.  May  28,  1852. 

595.  AValter  Fay,'  b.  Aug.  1.  1854. 

596.  Anna  Eliza,'  b.  Feb.  16,  1857. 

597.  Samuel  Stowell,'  b.  Oct.  22,  1858. 

598.  Albert  Henry,'  b.  Aug.  11,  1860;  d.  April  28,  1861. 

599.  Abbie  Elizabeth,'  b.  Aug.  2,  1862. 


ALEXANDER  STOWELL  SYMMES^  {Marshall;  John;  John,'' 
William;    William;  Zechariah^),   brother  of  the   preceding;    born 


Dec.  13,  1823;  married,  Jan.  27,  1852,  Sarah  Jane  Livermore,  of 
Watertown,  born  Dec.  7,  1830. 
They  reside  in  Medford. 

Their  children,  all  born  in  Medford,  are  : 

600.  Addie  Maria,'  b.  March  23,  1853. 

601.  Arthur  Cotting,'  b.  Feb.  9,  1856. 

602.  Mary  Ellen,'  b.  May  9,  1858. 

603.  Jennie,'   j      twins ;  b.      ) 

604.  Nettie,'   (April  1,  1861. jd.  Nov.  12,  1861. 

605.  Sarah  Elizabeth,'  b.  July  3,  1863. 

606.  Lillian  Frances,'  b.  Oct.  17,  1865. 

607.  Ida  Livermore,'  b.  June  9,  1871. 


ELLEN  LOUISA  SYMMES^  {Marshall,'  John;"  John,"  JVilliam,' 
William,*  ZechariaW),  sister  of  the  preceding;  born  May  16,  1828; 
married,  Oct.  30,  1851,  Oliver  Locke  Wellington,  of  Medford, 
son  of  Isaac,  who  may  have  been  son  of  Abraham^  and  Elizabeth 
(Lawrence)  Wellington,  and  grandson  of  William  Wellington,*  of 
Waltham.  For  his  pedigree,  see  Dr.  Henry  Bond's  Watertown 
Genealogies,  pp.  627-635. 

They  live  in  Medford,  and  their  children  were  born  there,  as  follows  : 

608.  Ellen  Stmmes  (Wellington),  b.  Dec.  9,  1853. 

609.  Harriet  Stowell  (Wellington),  b.  Sept.  19,  1855. 

610.  Frank  Oliver  (Wellington),  b.  Aug.  2,  1857. 

611.  Herbert  Marshall  (WelHngtou),  b.  June  24,  1859;  deceased. 

612.  Harry  Eugene  (Wellington),  b.  Nov.  29,  1861. 


CHARLES  THOMAS  SYMMES'  {Marsliall,'  John,'  John,''  Wil- 
liam^ William^  ZcchanaW),hvoi\\Qv  of  the  preceding,  and  youngest 
child  of  Marshall  and  Lephe  (Stowell)  Symmes ;  born  March  9, 
1832;  married,  March  30,  1863,  Abby  Elizabeth  Hunt,  born  Feb. 
28,  1843,  dau.  of  John  Hunt,  of  Roxbury,  and  sister  of  John  G. 
Hunt,  who  was  the  husband  of  Abby  Maria  Stowell  [354]. 

Children : 

613.  Irving  Livingston,'  b.  July  13,  1866. 

614.  Charles  Herbert,'  b.  Nov.  15,  1869. 


JOHN  THOMAS  SYMMES'  {Charles^  John,"  John,'  TVilliam,' 
William'^  Zechariah^),  son  of  Charles^  and  Hannah  (Ricker)  Symmes  ; 
born  at  Aylmer,  Canada  East,  Jan.  26,  1836;  married  Harriet 
Grimes,  April  5,  1860. 


Children : 

615.  Sarah  D.,«  b.  Jan.  24,  1861. 

616.  Charles  W.,*  b.  Sept.  9,  1863. 

617.  Hannah  E.,«  b.  Feb.  26,  1867. 


THOMAS  JOHN  SYMMES^  {Charles,^  John,'  John,''  William,^ 
William,"  Zechariah^),  twin  brother  of  the  preceding;  born  at  Ajl- 
mer,  Canada  East,  Jan.  26,  1836;  married  Mary  Weymouth,  April 
17,  1865. 

Children : 

618.  Charles  Thomas,'  b.  Jan.  17,  1866. 

619.  Edmund,"  b.  Jan.  3,  1868. 

620.  Daniel  Weymouth,'  b.  Jan.  30,  1870. 

621.  Thomas  John,'  b.  Dec.  13,  1871. 


Hon.  JOHN  CLEVES  SHORT'  (Maria  Symmes,'  John  Cleves 
Symmes,"  Timothy,*  Timothy,^  William,^  Zechariah^),  son  of  Major 
Peyton  and  Maria  (Sjmraes)  Short,  of  Kentucky;  b.  about  Oct. 
1790;  married,  first,  his  cousin,  Betsey  Bassett  Harrison,  born  at 
North  Bend,  on  the  Ohio  River,  1796,  eldest  child  of  William  Henry 
and  Anna  (Symmes)  Harrison.  She  died  in  1848,  and  he  married, 
second,  a  widow  Mitchell,  about  1850. 

He  lived  at  North  Bend,  Ohio ;  was  engaged  in  agricultural  pur- 
suits ;  had  some  acquaintance  with  law ;  was  for  a  time  judge  of  the 
Court  of  Common  Pleas  for  Hamilton  County,  in  which  North  Bend 
is  situated ;  and  was  a  member  of  the  legislature  of  Ohio.  While 
the  rebel  John  Morgan  was  pursuing  his  devastating  march  in  Ken- 
/tucky,  in  July,  1862,  and  had  even  crossed  the  Ohio  into  Indiana,  and 
Cincinnati  was  threatened,  Mr.  Short  gave  one  thousand  dollars  to 
the  authorities  there  towards  putting  that  city  in  a  proper  state  of 

He  had  several  children,  whose  names  are  unknown  to  the 


Dr.  CHARLES  W.  SHORT'  {Maria  Symmes,'  John  Cleves  Symmes,' 
Timothy,'^  Timothy,^  William^  Zechariah^),  hvoihav  oi  the  preceding; 
born  about  1795;  married . 

He  was  a  physician  in  Louisville,  Ky. 

His  children  were : 

625.  Mary  (Short),  m. Richardson,  a  merchant,  of  Louisville. 

626.  William  (Short),  m.  Matilda  Strader.     He  was  a  farmer  in  Ky. 

627.  Jane  (Short),  m.  Dr.  Butler,  a  physician,  of  Louisville, 


628.  Sarah  (Short),  m.  Dr.  Tobias  Richardson,  a  physician,  of  Louisville. 

629.  LuCT  (Short),  m. Kincaid,  a  lawyer.  (?) 

630.  Alice  (Short). 


ANNA  MARIA  SHORT^  {Maria  Symmes,'  John  Clems  Sijmmes,' 
Timothy*  Timothy^  William,^  Zechariah'^),  sister  of  the  preceding; 
born  1803;  married,  1821,  Dr.  Benjamin  Dudley,  a  physician,  of 
Lexington,  Ky. 

Their  children  were : 

631.  Charles  W.   (Dudley),  b.  1822;  m.  Margaret  A.  Johnson.     He 

was  a  planter,  near  Lake  Washington,  in  Mississippi.     Child  : 
632.    Charles  W.  (Dudley),  b.  1856. 
633.  William  A.  (Dudley),   b.  1824;  m.  Mary  J.  Hawkins.     He  is  a 
lawyer,  in  Lexington,  Ky.     Children  : 

634.  B.  Winsloio  (Dudley),  b.  1846. 

635.  Charles  (Dudley),  b.  1849  ;  d.  1859. 

636.  WiUiam  (Dudley),  b.  1851. 

637.  Mary  W.  (Dudley),  b.  1852. 

638.  Anna  M.  (Dudley),  b.  1827 ;  m.  Edward  A.  Tilford,  of  Lexington, 

Ky.,  a  lawyer. 


JOHN  CLEVE3  SYMMES  HARRISON^  {Anna  Symmes,'  John 
Cleves  Sym7ncs,^  Timothy,'*  Timothy,^  William^  Zechariah^),  eldest  son 
of  Gen.  William  Henry  Harrison,  President  of  the  United  States, 
by  his  wife  Anna  Symmes;*  born  at  North  Bend,  Ohio,  1798;  mar- 
ried, 1819,   Clarissa  Pike,  dau.  of  Gen.  Zebulon  Pike. 

He  resided  at  Vincennes,  Ind.,  and  was  for  some  time  Receiver  of 
the  Public  Moneys  at  that  place.     He  died  in  1830. 

Children : 

639.  A  daughter,  m.  John  Hunt.     Had  children  as  follows  : 

640.  Symmes  Harrison  (Hunt). 

641.  Clara  Pike  (Hunt). 

642.  Mary  (Hunt). 

643.  A  daughter,  m. Roberts.     Had  James  Montgomery  (Roberts)- 

644.  Clara   (Harrison),  m.   first,  Dr.  T.  M.   Banks;  m.  second,  

Morgan,  of  Fort  Wayne,  Ind.,  a  merchant.  Three  children  by 
Mr.  Morgan : 

645.  Symmes  Harrison  (Banks),  b.  1846. 

646.  Mary  (Banks). 

647.  (Banks). 

648.  William  Henry  (Harrison),  m. — .     Had  two  children. 

649.  Montgomery  Pike  (Harrison).     He  was  educated  at  West  Point, 

where  he  graduated,  June  30,  1847;  commissioned  as  2d  lieuten- 
ant in  the  5th  Reg't  U.  S.  Infantry,  Sept.  11,  1847.  He  served 
in  the  Mexican  war.     After  its  close,  he  was  with  his  regiment 


in  Texas,  and  as  he  was  returning  from  Santa  Fe,  with  a  de- 
tachment of  soldiers  under  Capt.  Randolph  B.  Marcy,  he  got 
separated  from  them  and  was  cruelly  murdered  by  Indians,  near 
the  Colorado  River,  Texas,  Oct.  7,  1849. 

650.  J^OHN    Cleves    Symmes    (Harrison).     He  was   a   soldier   in   the 

Mexican  war. 


WILLIAM  HENRY  HARRISON^  (Anna  Symmes,'  John  Cleves 
Symmes^  Timothy,'*  Timothy,^  William,'^  Zechariah^),  brother  of  the 
preceding;  born  1802;  married  Jane  Irwin. 

He  was  a  graduate  of  Transylvania  University,  Ky.,  but  spent 
his  life  as  a  farmer  at  North  Bend,  Ohio,  and  died  about  1838. 

Their  children  were : 

651.  William  Henry  (Harrison). 

652.  James  Findley  (Harrison),  m.  Caroline  Allston.     He  was  edu- 

cated at  Cincinnati  College  and  at  West  Point,  and  studied  law 
at  Cincinnati.  He  served  as  Adjutant  in  the  Cincinnati  Regi- 
ment in  the  war  with  Mexico.  After  the  war,  he  settled  on  a 
farm  near  Dayton,  Ohio,  where  he  still  resides.     Children  : 

653.  William  Henry  (Harrison). 

654.  James  Findley  (Harrison). 


JOHN  SCOTT  HARRISON^  {Anna  Symmes,'  John  Cleves  Symmes," 
Timothy,'*  Timothy,^  William^  Zechariah'),  brother  of  the  preceding; 
born  1804;  married,  first,  Lucretia  K.Johnson;  m.  second,  Eliza- 
beth Irwin. 

He  is  a  graduate  of  Cincinnati  College ;  resides  at  North  Bend ; 
and  is  a  lawyer  by  profession.  He  was  a  member  of  Congress  from 
Ohio,  in  1855.^ 

His  children  are : 

655.  Betsey  H.  (Harrison),  b.  about  1825  ;  m.  Dr.  George  C.  Eaton,  a 

physician  at  North  Bend,  Ohio.     Four  children. 

656.  William  Henry  (Harrison),  b.  1827;  d.  1829. 

657.  Sarah  (Harrison),  b.  about  1830  ;  m. Devine,  of  Iowa. 

658.  Irwin  (Harrison),  b.  183- ;   m.  Bettie  Shute.     Resides  at  Indian- 

apolis. He  is  a  graduate  of  Miami  University,  at  Oxford,  Ohio. 
He  raised  a  comj^any  for  the  three  months'  service  in  1861,  of 
which  he  was  captain.  He  was  in  the  battle  of  Rich  Mountain, 
in  West  Virginia,  July  11,  1861.  At  the  expiration  of  the  three 
months'  service,  he  was  commissioned  lieut.-colonel  of  the  27th 
Reg't  Ind.  Vols. ;  but  the  ill  health  of  his  family  compelled  him 

*  It  seems  there  were  two  Johns  in  Gen.  Harrison's  family  who  came  to  mature  years 
and  had  families  of  their  own. 


to  leave  tlie  army  in  the  summer  of  1862.  He  has  several 

659.  Benjamin  (Harrison),  b.  183- ;  m.   Carrie  Scott.     Resides  at  In- 

dianapolis. He  also  is  a  graduate  of  Miami  University,  at 
Oxford,  Ohio,  and  is  a  lawyer.  In  1860  he  was  chosen  Reporter 
of  the  Supreme  Court  of  Indiana.  On  the  breaking  out  of  the 
war  in  1861,  he  entered  the  military  service  as  colonel  of  the 
10th  Reg't  Indiana  Vols.  He  rose  to  the  I'ank  of  brigadier-gen- 
eral, and  distinguished  himself  as  a  good  officer.  Since  the  w^ar, 
he  has  been  engaged  in  the  profession  of  the  law,  at  Indianapolis. 
In  the  celebrated  Clem  case,  a  difficult  affair,  which  had  four  dif- 
ferent trials.  Gen.  Harrison  was  the  leading  prosecutor.  In  the 
fourth  and  last,  at  Lebanon,  Ind.,  1872,  he  was  opposed,  on  the 
defence,  by  Hon.  D.  W.  Voorhees,  of  Terre  Haute.  Gen.  Har- 
rison is  at  the  head  of  his  profession  in  Indiana,  and  indeed  in  the 

660.  Jenny  (Harrison),  b.  183- ;  m.  Samuel  Morris. 

661.  Carter  (Harrison J. 

662.  Anna  (Harrison). 

663.  John  (Harrison). 

664.  James  Findley  (Harrison),  b.  1847. 

665.  James  Irwin  (Harrison),  b.  1849. 


Dr.  BENJAMIN"  HARRISON^  {A7ma  Symmcs,'  John  Cleves 
Sijmmes^    Timothj*   Timothy,"    WiUiam^  Zechariali^),  brother  of  the 

preceding;  born    1806;    married,  first,  Bonner;    m.    second, 


He  graduated  at  Cincinnati  College,  and  studied  medicine  in  Bal- 
timore.    He  closed  his  life  at  New  Orleans  in  1840. 

Children : 

666.  John  C.   (Harrison),  b.  183- ;  m.  Mary  Harrison.     A  banker  in 


667.  William  Henry  (Harrison),  b.  1839 ;  d.  1850. 

668.  Benjamin  (Harrison). 


MARY  SYMMES  HARRISON^  {Anna  Symmes,'  John  Cleves 
Synnncs,"  Timothy,'^  Timothy,''  JVillicmi,'  Zechariah'),  sister  of  the  pre- 
ceding; born  1808;  married,  1829,  Dr.  J.  F.  H.  Thornton,  a  physi- 
cian of  North  Bend,  Ohio. 

Children : 

669.  William  Henry  Harrison    (Thornton),  b.  1831 ;   a  farmer  of 

Monroe  Co.,  111. 

670.  Charles  (Thornton),  b.  1832  ;  a  physician,  in  Cincinnati. 

671.  Anna  Harrison  (Thornton),  b.  1835  ;  lives  at  Newstead,  Ohio. 

672.  Lucy  H.  (Thornton),  b.  1837  ;  d.  1839. 


673.  Alice  E.  (Thornton),  b.  1838. 
G74.  FiTZHUGH  (Thornton),  b.  1842. 


CARTER  BASSETT  HARRISON'  {Amia  Symmes,'  John  Cleves 
Sijmmes,"  Timothy,'^  Timotliy,^  WilUam,''  Zcchariah^),  brother  of  the 
preceding;  born  1811;  married,  1836,  Mary  Sutherland. 

He  graduated  at  Miami  University,  Oxford,  Ohio,  in  1833;  attend- 
ed law  lectures  in  Cincinnati,  and  completed  his  legal  studies  with 
the  eminent  lawyers,  Schenck  and  Crane,  at  Dayton,  Ohio. 

He  accompanied  his  father.  Gen.  William  Plenry  Harrison,  after- 
wards President,  to  Colombia,  as  private  secretary.  He  had  com- 
menced a  brilliant  career  as  a  lawyer,  in  Hamilton,  Ohio,  but  it  was 
cut  short  by  his  untimely  death  in  1839. 

He  had  one  child : 

675.  Anna  C.  (Harrison),  b.  1837. 


ANNA  TUTHILL  HARRISON^  {Anna  Syimnes,^  John  Cleves 
Symmes*  Timothy*  Timothy,'  William,'^  Zechariak),  sister  of  the  pre- 
ceding, and  dau.  of  Gen.  William  Henry  Harrison  by  his  wife  Anna 
Symmes;  b.  1813;  married  Col.  William  Henry  Harrison  Tay- 
lor, a  grand  nephew  of  her  father. 

He  has  served  as  clerk  of  the  court  and  deputy  sheriff  of  Hamil- 
ton Co.,  Ohio ;  and  also  as  post-master  of  Cincinnati.  He  has  also 
been  colonel  of  the  Fifth  Cavalry  Regiment  of  Ohio. 

To  his  worthy  lady  the  reader  is  indebted  for  most  of  the  informa- 
tion touching  the  descendants  of  her  father,  Gen.  Harrison.  She 
died  July  5,'  1865. 

They  resided  some  time  at  Cleves,  near  North  Bend,  Ohio;  more 
recently  at   Minneapolis,  Minn. 

Children : 

676.  William  Henry  Harrison  (Taylor),  b.  1837. 

677.  Lucy  S.  (Taylor),  b.  1838. 

678.  Anna  Harrison  (Taylor),  b.  1840;  d.  1840. 

679.  John  Thojias  (Taylor),  b.  1841. 

680.  Mary  F.  (Taylor),  b.  1843. 

681.  Anna  C.  (Taylor),  b.  1844. 

682.  Bessie  S.  (Taylor),  b.  1846. 

683.  Fannie  E.  (Taylor),  b.  1848. 

684.  Virginia  B.  (Taylor),  b.  1849. 

685.  Jane  H.  (Taylor),  b.  1852. 

686.  Nellie  B.  (Taylor),  b.  1853. 

687.  Edward  Everett  (Taylor),  b.  1856. 




DANIEL  TUTHILL  SYMMES'  {Celadon,'  Timothy,'  Timothy,' 
TimotJiy,^  William,^  Zechariah^),  son  of  Celadon*  and  Phebe  (Ran- 
dolph) Symmes  ;  b.  in  Butler  Co.,  Ohio,  Nov.  5,  1798  ;  m.  May  8,  1823, 
LuciNDA  Gaston,  dau.  of  Joseph  and  Martha  (Huttou)  Gaston.* 

He  passed  his  life  in  agricultural  pursuits  in  his  native  place,  was 
a  leading  man  in  that  vicinity,  and  died  somewhat  prematurely,  Aug. 
14,  1830,  in  his  3 2d  year. 

Children : 

688.  Phebe,'  b.  1825  ;  d.  same  year. 
-J-G80.  Joseph  Gaston,*  b.  Jan.  24,  1826  ;  m.  Mary  Eosebrook  Henry. 
-|-690.  Francis  Marion,*  b.  Nov.  18,  1827 ;  m.  Mary  Jane  Dunu. 

691.  Samuel,*  b.  1832  ;  d.  1842. 


Capt.  BENJAMIN  RANDOLPH  SYMMES'  {Celadon,'  Timothy,' 
Timothy,'^  Timothy,'^  IVilliam,'^  Zcchariah^),  brother  of  the  preceding; 
born  1802;  married,  first,  Eliza  Gaston,  1826.  She  was  sister  of 
Lucinda  Gaston,  wife  of  Daniel  Tuthill  Symmes.  He  married, 
second,  Jane  Pauley,  1835. 

He  has  always  resided  in  the  vicinity  where  he  was  born,  and  has 
devoted  himself  to  the  pursuits  of  agriculture.  He  was  for  a  long 
time  captain  of  a  company  in  the  militia,  and  also  justice  of  the 
peace.  In  1840,  he  built  a  hotel  on  the  southwestern  corner  of  the 
section  of  the  land  which  had  been  the  property  of  his  father,  three 
miles  south  of  Hamilton,  Ohio.  To  this  locality  he  gave  the  name 
"Symmes's  Corner;  "  whence  the  name  of  the  village  which  has  since 

*  Joseph  Gaston  was  of  Huguenot  origin.  Early  in  life  lie  i-craoved  from  Washington 
County,  in  Western  Pennsylvania,  to  Abbeville  District,  South  Carolina.  Encouraged  by 
the  success  of  the  British  troops,  in  1780,  the  tories  infested  that  whole  i-egion,  and  the  friends 
of  liberty,  for  self-protection,  formed  themselves  into  armed  bands,  under  Cols.  Thomas 
Sumter,  Francis  Marion,  Andrew  Pickens,  George  Rogers  Clarke,  Campljell,  Cleveland, 
Shelby,  and  others.  The  tories  were  for  the  most  part  worthless,  unprincipled  and  cruel 
men.  Gaston  joined  one  of  the  patriot  bands,  we  believe  that  of  Marion.  Once  he  was 
captured  by  the  tories,  who  also  killed  one  of  his  brothers.  The  tories  ordered  him  to  give 
up  all  he  had.  He  delivered  to  them  all  but  a  guinea  he  had  secreted  in  his  watch-pocket. 
They  then  said  they  would  search  him,  and  if  they  should  find  anything  they  would  kill 
him.  On  this  he  suddenly  exclaimed,  "  Oh  yes  !  I  have  a  guinea  in  my  watch-fob." 
This  saved  his  hfe. 

He  married  Martha  Hutton,  April,  1783,  who  was  bora  April  25,  1763,  and  died  Nov.  21, 
1821.  She  was  a  woman  of  earnest  patriotism  and  indomitable  resolution.  The  fire  kin- 
dled in  her  bosom  by  the  terrible  outrages  of  the  tories  never  died  out,  A  brother  of  hers 
was  killed  in  the  American  army  during  the  Revolution.  She,  her  sisters,  and  their  mother, 
suffered  much  from  the  tories,  who  would  wantonly  destroy  what  they  could  not  use.  Her 
grandson,  who  supplies  these  facts,  has  often  slept  on  a  feather  bed,  which  they  saved  from 
the  tories  by  forcing  it  up  with  a  pole  in  a  large  hollow  tree,  out  of  sight,  leaving  the  pole 
standing  to  hold  it  up.  They  buried  their  dishes,  hid  away  their  clothing,  and  secreted 
their  food.  In  later  days,  she  would  spend  hours  in  relating  to  her  chifdren  the  trying 
scenes  of  that  period. 

In  1809,  Mr.  Gaston  with  his  family  removed  from  Abbeville  District,  S.  C,  to  the  north- 
ern part  of  Hamilton  Co.,  Ohio,  and  thus  came  into  the  vicinity  of  the  Symmes  family. 
Tliey  moved  in  a  wagon,  accompanied  Ijy  four  other  families.  Five  weeks  were  spent  on 
the  way.  They  camped  out  at  night,  cooking  their  food  by  fires  in  the  woods,  having  family 
worship  night  and  morning,  and  resting  on  the  Sabbath  day. 


sprung  up  in  that  vicinity.  In  1 844,  he  removed  to  the  "  Corner," 
and  kept  the  hotel  himself  for  many  years.  He  also  served  as  post- 
master of  that  village  from  that  date  to  1861.  He  still  resides  at 
"  Symmcs's  Corner." 

His  children  have  been,  by  first  wife,  Eliza  : 

692.  Celadon  Cleves,^  b.  1828  ;  d.  1829. 

+693.  Martha  Jane,'  b.  1829  ;  m.  John  Watson. 

694.  Isaac  Watts,'  b.  1831 ;  d.  1835. 

-}-695.  Peyton  Randolph,'  b.  1833  ;  m.  Elizabeth  Kingery. 

By  second  wife,  Jane  : 

696.  Celadon  Hutton,'  b.  1836  ;  m.  Sarah  Tuley,  1862. 

697.  Samuel  Wiley,'  b.  1839  ;  d.  1839. 

-|-698.  James  Rigdon,'  b.  1840;  m.  Maria  Hagerman. 

699.  Eliza  Gaston,'  b.  1843 ;  d.  1844. 

700.  Joseph  Ekskine,'  b.  1845. 

701.  Catharine  Jane,'  b.  1847. 


CELADON"  SYMMES^  {Celadon^  Timothy,"  Timothy*  Timothy, 
William^  Zcchariali^),  brother  of  the  preceding;  born  1807;  mar' 
ried,  1828,  Catharine  Blackburn. 

He  is  a  well-to-do  farmer  in  Butler  Co.,  Ohio ;  a  member  of  the 
Presbyterian  church.  After  his  brother  Daniel  died,  he  was  guardian 
of  his  three  fatherless,  helpless  children,  and  acted  towards  them 
the  part  of  a  father. 

Children : 

702.  Benjamin,'  b.  1830.     He  is  a  farmer  at  Symmes's  Corner,  near 

Hamilton,  Ohio. 

703.  Infant  son,'  b.  1832;  d.  1832. 

704.  John   Milton,'  b.  1833 ;  a  farmer  and  carpenter   at   Symmes's 


705.  Daniel  Tuthill,'  b.  1836  ;  m.  1860,  Mary  H.  Vinuedge.     He  is 

a  farmer  at  Symmes's  Corner.     Had  : 
706.    Georgetta,^  b.  1861. 

707.  Joseph  Cleves,'  b.  1840 ;  m.  1863,  Martha  Smith. 

708.  Aaron  Blackburn,'  b.  1843. 

709.  Celadon  Jasper,'  b.  1845;  d.  1848. 

710.  Hannah  Catharine,'  b.  1848. 

In  this  family  the  reader  will  observe  seven  sons  in  succession. 


ESTHER  WOODRUFF  SYMMES'  {Celadon,'  Timothy,'  Timothy; 
Timothy,''  IVilliam^  Zcchariah^),  sister  of  the  preceding;  born  1811; 
married,  1827,  William  Noble  Hunter. 


He  was  a  farmer  in  Butler   Co.,  Ohio ;  an  elder  in  the  Presbyte- 
rian church  many  years,  and  a  very  worthy  man. 

Children  : 

711.  Andrew  (Hunter),  b.  1829.     He  devoted  himself  to  the  gospel 

ministry,  and  entered  Hanover  College  with  this  purpose,  but 
was  called  away  by  death  in  1848,  at  the  commencement  of  his 

712.  Sarah  Jane  (Hunter),  b.  1835  ;  m.  1857,  "William  Hall  Huston, 

a  farmer,  living  at  Symmes's  Corner,  already  mentioned. 
Children : 

713.  Edioard  G.  (Huston),  b.  1858. 

714.  William  Clay  (Huston),  b.  1859. 

715.  Sarah  Elizabeth  (Huston),  b.  1860. 

716.  Calvin  Stmmes  (Hunter),  b.  1839  ;  a  farmer  at  Symmes's  Corner. 

717.  LuciNDA  Symmes  (Hunter),  b.  1841  ;  m.  1804,  John  A.  Compton. 

718.  John  Cleves  (Hunter),  b.  1843;  a  college  student,  and  a  soldier 

in  the  late  war. 

719.  Phebe  Catharine  (Hunter),  b.  1845. 

720.  William  Noble  (Hunter),  b.  1847. 

721.  Alexander  (Hunter),  b.  1849. 

722.  Esther  (Hunter),  b.  1851. 

723.  Mary  Clara  (Hunter),  b.  1853. 

724.  Celadon  Jasper  (Hunter),  b.  1856, 


JOSEPH  RANDOLPH  SYMMES^  {Celadon,'  Timothy,'  Timothy,' 
Timotlnj,^  William^  Zechariah^),  brother  of  the  preceding;  born 
1814;  married,  first,  1840,  Martha  J.  Huston;  married,  second, 
1847,  Mary  0.  Bigham. 

He  is  a  farmer,  near  Hamilton,  Butler  Co.,  Ohio ;  a  man  of  strict 
integrity  and  unusual  strength  of  character.  He  is  now,  Dec.  1872, 
an  elder  in  the  First  Presbyterian  Church  in  Hamilton,  Ohio. 

Children  by  first  wife,  Martha  : 

725.  John  Huston,'  b.  1840  ;  d.  1840. 

By  second  wife,  Mary  : 

726.  James  Bigham,"  b.  1848;  d.  1849. 

727.  William,"  b.  1851. 

728.  Martha,"  b.  1853  ;  d.  1856. 

729.  John  Cleves,"  b.  1855;  d.  1858. 

730.  Celadon,"  b.  1857  ;  d.  1858. 

731.  Mary  Catharine,"  b.  1859  ;  d.  1861. 

732.  Joseph  Cleves,"  b.  1861 ;  d.  1863. 

733.  Phebe  Randolph,"  b.  1864. 



SARAH  DEBORAH  SYMMES^  {Celadon,'  Timothy,'  Timothy, " 
Timotlnj,^  WilUam,^  Zcchariah^),  sister  of  the  preceding,  and  young- 
est child  of  Cehidon^  and  Phebe  (Randolph)  Symmes ;  born  1817; 
married,  1834,  Enoch  Powers,  a  farmer,  of  Symmes's  Corner,  near 
Hamilton,  Ohio;  married,  second,  1860,  Joseph  Danford. 

Children : 

734.  Esther  Ann  (Powers),  b.  1834;  m.  first,  1853,  Charles  Hunt,  of 
Symmes's  Corner,  a  wagon-maker;  m.  second,  1859,  Joseph 
Miller,  a  farmer.     Children  : 

735.  Scott  Powers  (Miller),  b.  1859. 

736.  William  Elliot  (Miller),  b.  1862. 

737.  NANcr  Caroline   (Powers),  b.  1836;  d.  1842. 

738.  Martha  Jane  (Powers),  b.  1841. 

739.  Sarah  Ellen  (I*owers),  b.  1843  ;  m.  1859,  Amos  Danford,  of 

Symmes's  Corner.     Two  children,  both  deceased. 

740.  John  Weller  (Powers),  b.  1846;  d.  1847. 


PHEBE  SYMMES'  ( William,'  Timothy,'  Timothy,^  Timothy,^  Wil- 
liam^ Zechariah^),  dau.  of  William*  and  Rebecca  (Randolph)  Symmes ; 
born  1804;  married,  in  1826,  Barnabas  Hoel,  a  farmer,  of  Ham- 
ilton Co.;  Ohio.     She  died  in  1855. 

Her  children  were : 

741.  LuciNDA  (Hoel),  b.  1827. 

742.  Jane  (Hoel),  b.  1828. 

743.  William  (Hoel),  b.  1831. 

744.  Rebecca  S.  (Hoel),b.  1834;  m.  1851,  Edwin  T.  Jordan,  of  Mount 

Pleasant,  Ohio.     Children  : 

745.  Frances  A.  (Jordan),  b.  1857. 

746.  Florence  3f.  (Jordan),  b.  1859. 

747.  Catharine  (Hoel),  b.  1836. 

748.  Martha  A.  (Hoel),  b.  1838;  m.  1857,  Oscar  Smith,  a  machinist, 

of  Hamilton,  0.     They  have  : 
749.  Ida  (Smith),  b.  1858. 

750.  Sarah  J.  (Hoel),  b.  1840. 

751.  Jacob  (Hoel),  b.  1843. 

752.  Joseph  (Hoel),  b.  1846. 


TIMOTHY  SYMMES'  ( William,'  Timothy,'  Timothy,'  Timothy,^ 
William,'  Zechariah^),  brother  of  the  preceding;  born  in  Butler  Co., 
Ohio,  1809;  married,  1830,  Harriet  Wilmuth, 

He  was  a  farmer  in  Butler  Co.,  Ohio,  and  died  1838. 



753.  Hester  A.,^  b.  1831  ;  m.  1850,  James  Hargan,  of  Ciucinnati,  0., 
a  locksmith.     She  d.  1854.     Children  : 

754.  Mary  V.  (Hargan),  b.  1851  ;  d.  1852. 

755.  George  (Hargan),  b.  1853  ;  resides  at  Madison,  Ind. 

756.  Washington,"  b.  1832  ;  d.  1848. 

757.  Jefferson,"  b.  1834;  m.  1857,  Ellen  H.  Dixon.     Resides  at  Chi- 

cago ;  is  a  broom-maker.     Has  two  children. 

758.  Timothy,"  b.  1837  ;  at  Chicago,  a  broom-maker. 


LOUISIANA  SYMMES^  {John  Cleves;  Tlmot/uj,"  Timothy*  Timo- 
thy^ WiUicnn^^  Zcchafiah^),  dau.  of  Capt.  John  Cleves  Symiues ;® 
born  at  Bellefontaine,  Missouri,*  Feb.  5,  1810:  married,  first,  at 
Hamilton,  Ohio,  1832,  James  W.  Taylor,  merchant,  of  Frankfort,  Ky. 
He  died  in  1838.  She  married,  second,  1844,  Joel  Baker,  a  grocer, 
in  Cincinnati. 

Her  two  oldest  sons  died  within  a  week  of  each  other,  in  1853. 
The  shock  to  the  mother  was  so  severe,  that  she  followed  them 
just  a  week  afterwards. 

Children : 

759.  Richard  Cleves  (Taylor),  b.  1833  ;  a  military  student,  at  Dren- 

non  Springs,  Kentucky  ;  d.  1853. 
7 GO.  James  W.  (Taylor),  b.  1835  ;  a  military  student ;  died  1853,  just 

as  he  was  about  to  graduate  at  the  Military  Academy,   Drennon 

Springs,  Ky.     Both  he  and  his  brother  Richard  died  of  typhoid 

761.  Americus  Stanley  (Baker),  b.  1845. 
7G2.  Mary  Symmes  (Baker),  b.  1848. 


AMERICUS  SYMMES'  {John  Cleves,'  Tmothy,"  Timothy,^  Timothy; 
Wiltiam;  Zechariah^),  brother  of  the  preceding,  and  eldest  son  of 
Capt.  John  Cleves  Symmes ;'  born  at  Bellefontaine,  Nov.  2,  1811; 
married,  first,  1832,  Anna  Milliken,  of  Hamilton,  Ohio,  dau.  of  Dr. 
Daniel  Milliken.  She  died  there,  Jan.  5,  1839.  He  married,  second, 
at  Louisville,  Ky.,  1840,  Frances  Scott,  dau.  of  Maj.  Chasteeu  Scott, 
of  Boone  Co.,  Ky. 

His  father  died  when  he  was  but  little  more  than  seventeen  years 
of  age,  leaving  on  his  hands  an  estate  encumbered  with  debt,  and  a 
widowed  mother  and  three  children  besides  himself  to  provide  for. 
The  responsible  task  was  well  performed. 

He  resided  at  Hamilton,  Ohio,  till  1850,  then  removed  to  Coving- 
ton, Ky.  In  1852,  he  removed  to  a  fine  farm,  three  miles  south-east 
of  Louisville,  Ky. 

*  A  garrison  post,  sixteen  miles  above  St.  Louis.  It  was  afterwards  destroyed  by  the 
caving  in  of  the  bank  of  the  river. 


Children  by  first  wife  : 

7G3.  Anthony  Lockwood,'  b.  1835  ;  m.  1857,  Mary  E.  Culver.     He 
is  a  coal-dealer  in  Louisville,  Ky.     Children  : 

764.  Ella,'  b.  1858.  1^   j 

765.  Charles,'  b.  1858 ;  d.  1859.  j  -^'^'''^• 

766.  James  Tuthill,*  b.  1837;  vras  a  military  student;  d.  1854. 

767.  Daniel  Cleves,®  b,  1839;  of  Louisville,  Ky.  ;  was  a  captain  in 

the  rebel  army,  and  fought  bravely  on  the  side  of  the  "  Con- 
federacy." He  was  taken  prisoner  by  a  kinsman  in  the  U.  S. 
Army.     [See  695.] 

By  second  wife : 

768.  Flokence,*  b.  1841. 

769.  ScoTT,'^  b.  1843. 

770.  Americus,'  b.  1846. 

771.  William,"  b.  1848. 

772.  Henry,^  b.  1852. 

773.  Lilly,'  b.  1855;  d.  1856. 

774.  Ida,«  b.  1858. 

775.  A  daughter,'  b.  1861. 


Timothy,^  Thnolhy,'^  Timothy,'^  William,^  ZcchariaU),  brother  of  the 
preceding,  and  son  of  Capt.  John  Cleves  Sjrames  f  born  at  Belle- 
fontaine,  May,  1813;  married,  first,  Phebe  A.  Wayne,  at  Grcyvillc, 
111.,  1840.  She  died  there,  1851.  He  married,  second,  Mrs.  H. 
Bargen,  1853,  at  Shawneetown,  Illinois,  a  niece  of  the  noted  Ben- 
jamin Hardin,  of  Kentucky. 

He  studied  medicine  in  Frankfort,  Ky. ;  graduated  at  the  Medical 
College,  Cincinnati,  0.,  in  1837.  He  practised  medicine  some  years 
in  Ohio;  in  1857,  removed  to  Mattoon,  Illinois;  and  is  now  a  physi- 
cian in  Kansas  City,  Missouri. 

Children  by  first  wife  : 

776.  William  Scott,'  b.  1841. 

777.  Littleton  Fowler,'  b.  1843. 

778.  Alice,'  b.  1845. 

By  second  wife : 

779.  Oliver  Reeder,'  b.  1854. 

780.  Ida  Carr,'  b.  1855. 


Capt.  JOHN  CLEVES  SYMMES^  {John  Cleves,'  Timothy,-'  Timo- 
thy,'^ Thnothy,^  WiUiam^  Zechariah^),  brother  of  the  preceding,  and 
youngest  son  of  Capt.  John  Cleves  Symmes;*  born  at  Newport, 
Ky.,  Oct.  25,  1824;  married,  in  1862,  at  Berlin,  Prussia,  while 
sojourning  in  Germany,  Marie  Lepowitz,  of  Posen,  in  Prussian 


He  graduated  at  the  U.  S.  Military  Academy,  West  Point,  in  1847, 
at  the  head  of  his  class,  and  with  a  higher  "  general  merit "  in  stu- 
dies than  any  other  student  of  that  institution  had  ever  exhibited. 
He  was  second  lieutenant  of  Artillery  immediately  on  his  graduation, 
July  1,  1847;  and  two  months  afterwards,  Aug.  30,  became  Acting 
Assistant  Professor  of  Ethics,  &c.,  in  that  institution.  He  was  trans- 
ferred to  the  Ordnance  Department,  Aug.  24,  1849;  and  was,  unso- 
licited, made  a  captain  of  infantry  by  the  Secretary  of  War,  on  the 
formation  of  new  regiments,  in  1855,  but  declined  the  appointment, 
preferring  the  artillery  service. 

After  this  he  was  stationed  at  Fort  Leavenworth,  in  Kansas,  and 
was  promoted  to  be  captain  of  Ordnance,  but  was  compelled  to  re- 
tire from  active  service  on  account  of  sickness  and  weak  eyes  con- 
tracted at  that  station.  He  made,  from  time  to  time,  fifteen  breech- 
loading  guns  and  a  cannon,  all  different.  He  has  invented  a  new 
species  of  arms,  which  he  proposes  to  call  the  "  Simz  Rifle,"  and  the 
"  Simz  Cannon ;  "  also  an  air-engine,  which  he  calls  "  The  Simz 

He  is  now  on  the  invalid  list,  and  since  Sept.  1862,  has  resided  in 
Berlin,  Prussia,  where  he  had  a  son : 

781.  Jonx  Haven  Cleyes,'  b.  18GG. 


MARY  ANN  MOORE  (iManj  Symmes,'  Timothy,'  Timothy*  Timo- 
thy,^ William^  Zccharloh^),  daughter  of  Hugh  and  Mary  (Symraes) 
Moore;  born  in  Cincinnati,  1809;  m.  1829,  James  B.  Maeshall. 

They  dwelt  in  Covington,  Ky.     He  was  an  editor. 

Children : 

782.  JoHX  (Marshall),  b.  1831 ;  a  commission   merchant  in  Covington, 


783.  Maky  Symmes  (Marshall),  b.  1833  ;  d.  1833. 

784.  Hugh  Humphrey  (Marshall),  b.  1834  ;  d.  1835. 

785.  Louis  IsHAM  (Marshall),  b.  1836  ;    a  commission  merchant. 
78G.  William  Henry  Harrison  (Marshall),  b.  1838 ;  d.  1853. 

787.  Kate  Burney  (Marshall),  b.  1840. 

788.  Julia  Symmes  (Marshall),  b.  1843. 

789.  Lucy  Jane  (Marshall),  b.  1848;  d.  1849. 

790.  John  Cleves  Symmes  (Marshall),  b.  1851 ;  died  1860. 


HUGH  MONTGOMERY  MOORE  (Mary  Symmes^  Timothy^ 
Timothy,'^  Timothy^  William,'  Zcchanah'),  brother  of  the  preceding; 
born  in  Cincinnati,  1819;  married,  first,  Margaret  Crane,  of  Ham- 
ilton, Ohio,  1842  ;  married,  second,  Clara  Harris,  of  South  Carolina, 
about  1853. 

He  lived  in  Hamilton,  Ohio,  and  died  1854. 


Children ; 

791.  Mart  Stmmes  (Moore),  b.  1843  ;  d.  1843. 

792.  Charles  (Moore),  b.  in  South  Carolina,  about  1853. 


Dr.  JOHN  CLEVES  SYMMES  MOORE  {Mary  Symmes,'  Timo- 
thy,' Timothy*  Titnothy,^  William,'^  ZechariaU),  brother  of  the  pre- 
ceding; married,  1851,  Emily  Wright. 

He  was  a  physician  in  Cincinnati,  and  died  in  1860. 

Children : 

793.  Charlotte  Emily  (Moore),  b.  1853. 

794.  Cleves  Montgomery  (Moore),  b.  1855. 


ALLEN  LAKE  REEDER  {Juliana  Symmes,''  Timothy,''  Timothy* 
Timothy,^  William,^  Zechariah^),  son  of  Jeremiah  and  Juliana 
(Symmes)  Reeder;  born  in  Cincinnati,  1817;  married,  1841,  Lydia 
A.  Elliot. 

He  was  a  nurseryman  in  Cincinnati. 

Children : 

795.  Julia  Ann  (Reeder),  b.  1842. 

796.  Laura  Graham  (Reeder),  b.  1844. 

797.  William  Elliot  (Reeder),  b.  1846. 

798.  Edward  Oliver  (Reeder),  b.  1851. 

799.  Charles  Stanley  (Reeder),  b.  1853. 

800.  Allen  Harrison  (Reeder),  b.  1861. 


MARY  SYMMES  REEDER  {Juliana  Symmes,'  Timothy,''  Timothy,* 
Timothy^  iVilliam^  Zechariah^),  sister  of  the  preceding;  born  1824; 
married,  1845,  Dr.  William  R.  McAllister. 

He  was  a  physician  in  Troy,  Tennessee. 

Children : 

801.  Frances  Elizabeth  (McAllister),  b.  1845. 

802.  Julia  Symmes  (McAllister),  b.  1851. 

803.  William  Cleves  (McAllister),  b.  1857. 

804.  Humphrey  Marshall  (McAllister),  b.  1860. 


MARY  SUSAN  SYMMES'  {Peyton  S.,'  Timothy,'  Timothy,*  Timo- 
thy,^ William'  Zechariah^),  daughter  of  Peyton  Short  Symmes,*  of 


Cincinnati;  born  tlierC;  1822;  married,  1847,  Charles  L.  Colburn, 
hard-ware  merchant. 

Tliey  live  at  Mount  Auburn,  near  Cincinnati.  He  is  of  the  firm  of 
Latimer,  Colburn  &  Luptou,  hardware  merchants,  55  West  Pearl 
Street,  Cincinnati. 

Children : 

805.  Charles  (Colburn),  b.  1850. 

806.  James  Ltjpton  (Colburn),  b.  1852. 

807.  Mary  Gliddon  (Colburn),  b.  1857. 


Maj.  henry  EDWARD  SYMMES^  {Peyton  S.,'  Timotlnj,'  Timo- 
thy* Timothy^  IViUiamj^  Zcchariah^),  brother  of  the  preceding,  and 
son  of  Peyton  S.  Symmes,^  of  Cincinnati;  born  in  Cincinnati,  1835; 
never  married. 

When  the  war  of  the  rebellion  broke  out,  in  April,  1861,  he  en- 
tered with  ardor  and  energy  into  the  great  struggle  against  the 
enemies  of  the  Union.  In  a  very  few  days  he  left  his  native  city  at 
the  head  of  a  company  of  nearly  one  hundred  men.  This  was  after- 
wards known  as  Co.  C,  in  the  5th  Reg't  Ohio  Vols.  This  regiment 
was  chiefly  made  up  of  Cincinnati  young  men,  the  flower  of  that  city. 
At  the  end  of  the  three  months  term,  for  M'hich  it  originally  enlisted, 
it  was  mustered  for  three  years.  Its  first  campaign  was  in  West 
Virginia.  They  were  first  under  fire  in  the  affair  of  Elue"s  Gap, 
near  Romney,  so  called  because  it  is  a  narrow  ravine  between  two 
high  hills,  the  ravine  in  one  place  only  twenty  feet  wide.  It  was  on 
the  8th  of  January,  1862,  and  the  snow  was  six  inches  deep.  In  this 
aff"air,  Capt.  Symmes  led  the  advanced  guard,  of  one  hundred  and 
fifty  men,  in  most  gallant  style,  and  was  in  the  thickest  of  the  fight, 
till  the  enemy,  though  strongly  posted,  made  a  hasty  retreat. 

The  regiment  bore  a  conspicuous  part  in  the  battle  of  Winches- 
ter, March  23,  1862;  joined  Gen.  McDowell,  at  Fredericksburg, 
May,  1862;  were  actively  engaged  in  the  battles  of  Port  Republic, 
June  9,  Cedar  Mountain,  Aug.  9,  in  the  second  battle  of  Bull  Run, 
Aug.  29,  in  the  battle  of  Antietam,  Sept.  17,  in  the  defence  of  Dum- 
fries against  the  attack  of  the  rebel  Stuart,  Dec.  27,  all  in  1862 ;  in 
the  battle  of  Chancellorsville,  May  1,  2,  and  3,  of  Gettysbui-g,  July  2, 
3,  and  4,  and  of  Lookout  Mountain,  Nov.  23,  24,  and  25,  1863.  In 
these  severe  engagements  the  regiment  lost  the  greater  part  of  its 

In  Jan.  1864,  Capt.  Symmes  was  promoted  to  be  major.  Col.  John 
H.  Patrick,  who  commanded  the  regiment,  was  killed  by  a  concealed 
rebel,  and  Maj.  Symmes  succeeded  to  the  command,  but  received  a 
mortal  wound  from  a  rebel  in  a  rifle-pit,  of  which  he  died  at  Chat- 
tanooga, in  May  or  June,  1864,  being  only  29  years  of  age. 



C APT.  HENRY  HARKER  SYMMES^  {Tlmothj,'  Tlmoihy,"  Thno- 
tky*  Timothy,^  William,^  Zcchariah^),  only  son  of  Timothy*  and  Ruth 
Symrnes;  born  1821 ;  married  Belinda  Sedam,  1846. 

His  home  is  St.  Louis,  Mo. ;  but  he  has  passed  the  greater  part  of 
liis  life  on  the  Ohio,  Mississippi,  and  Missouri  rivers,  as  pilot,  mate, 
and  captain  of  steamboats.  Thirteen  steamers  are  recollected  of 
which  he  has  been  captain  and  owner-in-trust.  He  is  noted  for  great 
bodily  strength.  Frequently,  when  two  men  have  been  fighting,  he 
has  gone  up  to  them,  and  taking  one  in  each  hand,  has  held  them 
apart  until  their  rage  subsided. 

Children : 

808.  Creed  F.,*  b.  1851 ;  d.  1855. 

809.  MxRY,'  b.  1854. 

810.  Scott  Harrison,'  b.  1856;  d.  1857. 

811.  Rut.  A.,'  b.  1859. 


THOMAS  GILES  (Mary  Jeiinison,  Abigail  Lindall,  Mary  Big- 
g'mson,  Sarah  Savage,  Man/  Symrnes,  Zechariah  Symrnes),  eldest  son 
of  Thomas  Giles  by  his  wife  Mary  Jennison ;  born  in  South  Dan- 
vers,  now  Peabody,  Oct.  6,  1754;  married,  June  22,  1780,  Mary 
SopER  Marshall,*  born  in  Boston,  Aug.  9,  1756,  dau.  of  Zerubba- 
bel  and  Elizabeth  (Soper)  Marshall,  of  that  city. 

He  learned  the  trade  of  sail-maker,  of  Nicholas  Lane,  at  his  loft 
on  Union  Wharf,  in  Salem.     He  was  reputed  an  excellent  workman. 

At  the  breaking  out  of  the  Revolutionary  War,  he,  with  all  the 
ardor  of  youth,  took  arms  in  behalf  of  his  country,  and  continued  in 
tlie  military  or  naval  service  until  the  very  close  of  the  war.     Of  this 

*  In  the  first  generation  of  New-England  people  were  many  families  of  the  name  of 
Marshall.  I  find  more  than  twenty  men  of  mature  age  bearing  that  name  in  New  Eng- 
land, previous  to  16-50.    Their  posterity  are  now  widely  scattered. 

1.  JOHN  MARSHALL,  a  progenitor  of  Mary  Soper  Marshall,  in  the  text,  was  a  native 
of  Scotland.  He  came  to  this  country  about  1650,  but  was  not  one  of  the  Scottish  prison- 
ers sent  over  b}'  Cromwell  after  the  battle  of  Dunbar.  He  lived  in  Boston,  near  the  inter- 
section of  Hawkins  and  Sudbury  Streets,  and  died  there  in  the  autumn  of  1672. 

2.  Jons  Marshall,  his  second  son,  was  born  in  Boston,  Oct.  2,  166 1,  and  married  in 
Braintree,  May  12,  1690,  Mary  (Shotfield)  Mills,  dau.  of  Edmund  Shefl!ield,  and  widow 
of  Jonathan  Mills,  all  of  Braintree.  Ediuund  ShLiliekl,  born  in  England  about  1615,  may 
have  been  a  distant  relative  of  Edmund,  lord  Sheffield,  one  of  the  patentees  of  the  Great 
Charter  for  New  England,  granted  Nov.  3,  1620.  He  lived  in  that  part  of  Braintree  which 
is  now  Quincj',  as  did  also  his  son-in-law  Marshall,  Both  were  highly  respectable  men, 
men  of  deep  and  fervent  piety. 

3.  Rev.  JosiAH  Marshall,  born  Nov.  28,  1700,  was  the  only  son  of  John  Marshall,  who 
lived  to  mature  years.  He  grad.  H.  C.  1720,  and  was  pastor  of  a  church  in  Falmouth,  in 
Barnstable  Co.,  Mass.  I  am  not  quite  sure  that  Zerubbabel  Marshall,  in  the  text,  was  his 
son:  but  there  is  ample  evidence  that  Zerubbabel  Marshall  married  Elizabeth  Soper,  who 
was  a  daughter  of  Mary  Marshall,  sister  of  Rev.  Josiah,  and  daughter  of  John  Marshall, 
of  Braintree.  The  parties  to  this  marriage  were  probably  cousins.  It  is  not  strange  that 
town  records  sometimes  fail  us.  They  were  then  imperfectly  kept.  Mrs.  Mary  (Marshall) 
Giles,  in  the  text,  assured  the  compiler  that  she  was  great  granddaughter  of  John  and 
Mary  (Shefllcld)  Marshall,  of  Braintree,  above  named. 


the  proof  is  abundant  and  satisfactory ;  and  it  was  a  case  which  had 
few  parallels  in  the  history  of  that  great  struggle.  The  records  show 
that  he  enlisted  May  15,  1775,  in  Col.  Moses  Little's  regiment  of 
eight  months'  men.  This  service  ended  with  the  year ;  but  he  re- 
enlisted  at  its  close;  and  again  enlisted  May  3,  1777,  in  the  13th 
Mass.  Reg't  of  continental  troops,  commanded  by  Lieut.-Col.  Calvin 
Smith,  for  three  years,  and  obtained  an  honorable  discharge  at  the 
end  of  that  period.  His  discharge,  dated  May  2,  1780,  is  still  in 

He  then  returned  to  his  friends,  and  was  married.  But  the  very 
day  before  his  "  intention  of  marriage  "  was  recorded  by  the  town 
clerk  of  Boston,  he  shipped  as  sail-maker  of  the  armed  ship  Mars, 
in  the  service  of  the  State  of  Massachusetts,  under  the  command  of 
that  brave  and  efficient  officer,  Capt.  Simeon  Sampson,  of  Kingston, 

He  was  sail-maker  of  the  Mars  from  June  8,  1780,  to  March  12, 
1781.  He  was  then  transferred  to  the  continental  frigate  Alliance, 
the  "crack  ship  "  of  the  American  Revolution,  then  lying  in  the  port 
of  L'Orient,  in  France,  under  the  command  of  that  meritorious 
officer,  Capt.  John  Barry.  He  was  sail-maker  of  the  Alliance,  as  he 
had  been  of  the  Mars. 

He  was  in  the  Alliance,  May  28,  1781,  when  she  had  that  severe 
encounter  with  two  English  armed  ships,  the  Atalanta,  of  16  guns  and 
130  men,  and  the  Trepassy,  of  14  guns  and  80  men,  and  took  thcra 
both.  There  was  no  wind,  and  the  sea  was  perfectly  smooth.  The 
Alliance  was  becalmed,  and  lay  like  a  log  in  the  water.  Tiie  other 
vessels  got  out  their  sweeps  [oars]  and  selected  their  positions  at 
will.  The  cannon  was  well  served  on  both  sides.  At  length  the 
ensign  of  the  Alliance  was  shot  away,  and  the  crews  of  the  hostile 
ships  quitted  their  guns  and  gave  three  cheers  for  victory.  The 
ensign  was  replaced :  a  light  breeze  sprung  up,  the  men  fought  with 
new  courage,  and  pouring  a  heavy  broadside  into  the  antagonist 
ships,  compelled  them  both  to  haul  down  their  colors. 

The  Alliance  was  in  several  engagements.  Once  she  was  chased 
by  a  squadron  of  English  frigates,  one  of  which,  the  Sibyl,  venturing 
too  near,  was  repulsed  with  heavy  loss  on  the  part  of  the  enemy. 

The  Alliance  brought  the  Treaty  of  Peace  to  Boston,  in  April, 
1783.  At  tlie  close  of  the  war  there  remained  only  two  frigates  in 
the  U.  S.  Navy,  the  Alliance  and  the  Hague.  The  Alliance  filled  a 
place  in  the  public  mind  like  that  which,  after  the  war  of  1812,  was 
occupied  by  the  Constitution.  She  was  afterwards  sold  and  con- 
verted into  an  Indiaman.  [Cooper's  Naval  History;  Lossing's  Field- 
Book  of  the  Revolution.] 

Thomas  Giles  had  his  full  share  of  peril  and  hardship,  during  the 
eight  years  of  his  patriotic  service.  It  is  painful  to  reflect  that  for 
all  this  hardship  and  peril,  he  received  nothing  by  way  of  recom- 
pense beyond  the  supplies  furnished  to  him  in  camp  and  on  ship- 


board.  Nor  have  his  family  ever  received  a  dime  by  way  of  pension 
or  otherwise.  Even  the  bounty  for  enlisting,  which  was  to  be  thirty 
pounds,  or  one  hundred  dollars,  was  never  jmid.  Nothing  was  paid 
him  at  the  close  of  the  war;  not  even  in  continental  money,  which 
was  then  utterly  worthless.  He  was  credited  on  the  books  of  the 
government  with  services  rendered,  at  forty  shillings,  or  $6.66,  a 
month ;  but  the  amount  was  never  paid.  The  credit  remains  on 
those  books  uncancelled  to  this  day ;  and  the  government  still  owe 
his  family  for  those  eight  years'  hard  service.  The  debt  has  never 
BEEN  PAID.  Let  the  reader  take  his  pen  and  calculate  what  it  may 
amount  to,  at  this  time,  with  ninety  years'  interest !  The  matter 
was  brouglit  to  the  notice  of  Congress,  twenty  years  ago,  and  relief 
asked  for  his  family.  The  justice  of  the  claim  was  fully  acknow- 
ledged, and  a  bill  was  reported  for  their  relief;  but  through  the 
opposition  of  the  southern  members,  ever  ready  to  manifest  their 
hatred  of  the  North,  the  bill  failed. 

After  the  war,  Thomas  Giles  took  up  his  residence  in  Boston,  his 
wife's  native  place.  In  April,  1786,  he  removed  to  Sandy  Bay,  then 
a  precinct  of  Gloucester,  but  since  Feb.  1840,  a  distinct  town  by  the 
name  of  Rockport.  He  continued  to  work  at  his  trade,  that  of  a  sail- 
maker — being  an  approved  workman — till  his  decease,  Nov.  18,  1795. 
The  man  who  had  braved  death  in  every  form,  on  the  battlefield  and 
the  man-of-war's  deck,  came  to  his  end  in  an  unthought-of  way,  by 
slipping  into  an  open  well  while  attempting  to  draw  water. 

He  left  little  or  no  property ;  his  best  years  having  been  given, 
without  recompense,  to  his  country.  His  widow  was  left  in  embar- 
rassed circumstances.  A  descendant  of  the  princely  family  of  the 
Lindalls,  she  had  no  earthly  resources  but  her  own  energy  and  reso- 
lution. But  her  courage  did  not  fail.  She  opened  a  little  shop,  and 
by  the  blessing  of  God  was  enabled  to  keep  her  children  together, 
to  provide  for  them  decently,  and  to  train  them  for  respectability 
and  usefulness.  She  lived  to  see  them  all,  except  one,  who  died 
young,  comfortably  settled  around  her.  She  died  at  Rockport,  Sept. 
27,  1822,  aged  66.  The  compiler  has  a  full  remembrance  of  her. 
She  was  his  grandmother ;  and  her  husband,  the  sailmaker  of  the 
frigate  Alliance,  was  his  grandfather. 

The  children  of  Thomas  and  Mary  (Marshall)  Giles  were: 

Born  in  Boston. 
f812.  Betsey  Snow  (Giles),  b.  March  29,1781;  m.  Josiah  Vmton,  of 

813.  Matthew  Smith  (Giles),   b.  Aug.  IG,  1784;  m.  first,  Sally  Web- 

ster ;  m.  second,  Lydia  (Lee)  Clifford. 

814.  Thomas  (Giles),  b.  Nov.  IG,  1785;  m.  first,  Olive  Tarr;  m.  second, 

Mary  Cotton  Holmes.  He  was  a  most  excellent  man.  His  son 
Walter  Harris  Giles  was  a  missionary  of  great  worth  in  Western 


Born  in  Rockport. 

815.  Mary  (Giles),  b.  Sept.  3,  1787  ;  m.  Daniel  Smith  Tarr. 

816.  Samuel  (Giles),  b.  Aug.  22,  1789  ;  m.  Margaret  (Davis)  Norwood. 

817.  Abigail  (Giles),  b.  July  11,  1791  ;  d.  Jan.  31,  1799. 

818.  William  (Giles),  b.  Sept.  16,  1793  ;  m.  Hannah  Gott. 

For  a  full  account  of  this  family,  see  the  "  Giles  Memorial,"   by  the 


CALEB  SYMMES'  {Caleb,'  Caleb'  Thomas,*  Thomas,'  Zcchanah," 
Zechariah^),  eldest  soa  of  Caleb'  and  Lydia  (Trowbridge)  Symmes; 
born  in  Westford,  Mass.,  Sept.  1,  1786;  married,  in  Charlestown, 
Jan.  27,  1814,  by  Rev.  Jedidiah  Morse,  D.D.,  Mary  Bowers,  born 
in  Littleton,  Mass.,  Dec.  26,  1793,  dau.  of  Samuel  and  Lucy  (Allen) 

He  had  no  trade ;  for  some  years  was  employed  in  farm-work. 
He  came  to  Cliarlestown  at  twenty  years  of  age.  The  embargo  and 
war  followed;  the  times  were  hard,  and  money  difficult  to  obtain. 
He  was  happy,  therefore,  to  get  anything  to  do.  At  length  he  be- 
came funeral  undertaker,  and  did  the  most  of  that  sort  of  business 
in  Charlestown  for  several  years.  He  was  a  man  of  good  common 
sense  and  sound  judgment.  His  company  was  sought  by  the  young 
for  the  information  he  could  impart  of  "  the  olden  time."  He  gave 
his  children  a  good  school  education,  fitting  them  for  usefulness  in 
future  life.  He  enjoyed  a  competency  through  life,  and  left  a  com- 
petency to  his  family. 

He  died  in  Charlestown,  Dec.  8,  1856,  and  was  interred  in  the 
old  cemetery  there.  His  wife,  who  has  long  been  a  member  of  the 
First  Congregational  Church  there,  still  survives,  Feb.  1873. 

Their  children,  all  born  in  Charlestown,  were : 

-|-S19.  Mary   Bowers,*  b.  Dec.   1,  1814;    m.  Joseph  Parsons  Moulton, 

of  Woburn  Centre. 
-|-820.  Caleb  Troavbridge,*   b.  Feb.  23,  1817  ;  m.  Nancy  Richardson. 
4-821.  Lydia  Maria,*  b.  Aug.  11,  1819  ;  m.  Josiah  Thomas  Reed. 

822.  Samuel  Bowers,"  b.  Oct.  25,  1821  ;  d.  June  17,  1828. 
-|-823.  Martha  Eliza,*  b.  April  26,  1824;  m.  Thomas  D.  Demond. 
824.  Leonora  Warner,*  b.  Oct.  5,  1826 ;  m.  Bradford   Erastus  Gline, 
June   15,  1848.     He  was  born  in    Westmoreland,   N.  H.,  Sept. 
10,  1821,  son  of  Phinehas  and   Betsey  (Hodges)    Gline.     Is  a 
grocer  in  Charlestown.     No  children. 
All  the  above  children  of  mature  age,  except  Martha  Eliza,  were  mar- 
ried by  Rev.  William  Ives  Budington,   then  pastor  of  the  First   Church 
in  Charlestown,  Mass.,  now  of  Brooklyn,  N.  Y. 


BETSEY  SYMMES^  (Ca/c^»,'  Caleb,'  Thomas*  Thomas?  Zechariah^ 
Zechariah'),  sister  of  the  preceding;  b.  in  Westford,  Mass.,  Sept.  5, 


1788;  married  in  Charlestown,  by  Rev.  William  Collier,  May  27, 
1819,  Joshua  Mixter,  born  in  Palmer,  Mass.,  June  23,  1779,  son  of 
Phinehas  and  Sarah  (Shaw)  Mixter. 

For  some  time  he  was  employed  in  the  Armory  at  Springfield, 
Mass.  He  was  afterwards  a  dealer  in  provisions  in  the  Faueuil-Hall 
Market,  Boston,  and  a  member  of  the  Baptist  Church. 

He  died  in  Charlestown,  Nov.  30,  1842.  His  wife  died  in  Charles- 
town,  Dec.  19,  1854.  They  lie  side  by  side,  with  their  son  Phine- 
has, in  the  Bunker-Hill  Burial  Ground. 

Their  children,  born  in  Charlestown,  were  : 

825.  Phinehas   (Mixter),  b.  Sept.  4,  1822 ;  d.  in  Charlestown,  April 

30,  1846. 

826.  Calvin  Symmes  (Mixter),  b.  Aug.  27, 1832  ;  m.  Rebecca  (Stevens) 

Golbert,  Aug.  17,  1856.  He  served  in  the  armies  of  his  coun- 
try, during  the  late  civil  war,  from  April,  1861,  to  Dec.  1864. 
At  the  outset  of  the  war  he  enlisted  in  the  5th  Reg't,  Co.  B, 
Mass.  Vols.,  Col.  Samuel  C.  Lawrence.  These  were  "  three 
months'  men."  He  was  in  the  first  battle  of  Bull  Run,  July 
20,  1861;  got  separated  from  his  company,  lay  down  in  the 
woods  and  slept  all  night.  In  the  morning  he  walked  to  Wash- 
ington, twenty-five  miles.  He  came  home  soon  after,  and  in 
October  enlisted  in  the  22d  Mass.  Reg't,  Co.  B,  under  Col.  Jesse 
A.  Gove,  and  continued  to  serve  till  Dec.  1864.  In  April,  1865, 
he  was  a  clerk  in  the  Sanitary  Commission,  Washington.  He  is 
now  in  Boston. 


LUCY  SYMMES'  {Caleb,'  Caleb,'  Thomas,*  TJwmas,^  Zechariah,^ 
Zechariah^),  sister  of  the  preceding;  born  in  Hollis,,N.  H.,  June  29, 
1793;  married  in  Charlestown,  by  Rev.  Bartholomew  Otheman, 
Nov.  20,  1823,  to  John  Clement,  born  in  Centre  Harbor,  N.  H., 
April  12,  1799,  son  of  John  and  Ann  (Adams)  Clement. 

He  was  a  maker  of  soap  and  candles.  They  dwelt  in  Charles- 
town, Mass.,  Dover,  N.  H.,  and  Exeter,  N.  H.,  and  were  members  of 
the  Methodist  church. 

He  died  in  Exeter,  Feb.  20,  1870.  His  wife  survives,  Jan.  1873. 
Has  been  a  consistent  and  worthy  professor  of  religion  nearly  sixty 

Their  children,  born  in  Charlestown,  were: 

827.  Elmira  (Clement),  b.  Sept.  30,  1824;  d.  Nov.  26,  1825. 

828.  John  Wesley  (Clement),  b.  July   1,1826.     He  spent  five  years 

in  California,  from  Oct.  1849,  to  Sept.  1854.  In  Aug.  1861,  he 
enlisted  in  the  3d  N.  H.  Reg't,  Co.  B  ;  vpas  in  the  attack  on 
James  Island,  Charleston  harbor,  June  18,  18G2,  when  the  regi- 
ment lost  103  in  killed,  wounded  and  missing.  They  were  ex- 
posed to  three  cross  fires  for  two  hours.  He  was  also  at  the 
capture  of  Fort  Wagner.  During  his  whole  service,  though 
often  exposed,  he  received  no  injury.     Born  in  Dover,  N.  H. 

829.  Lucy  Ann  (Clement),  b.  Sept.  24,  1828. 


Born  in  Exeter. 

830.  Frances  Asbury  (Clement),  b.  Sept.  22, 1830  ;  d.  ia  Exeter,  Aug. 

27,  1832. 

831.  Martin  Van  Buren  (Clement),  b.  April  11,  1836;  d.  in  Exeter, 

Jan.  13,  1863. 


WILLARD  HALL  SYMMES^  {Cahh,'  Caleb,'  Thomas,'  Thomas,' 
Zechariah^  Zechariah^),  brother  of  the  preceding;  named  for  his 
ancestor.  Rev.  Willard  Hall,  of  Westford ;  born  in  Groton,  Mass., 
March  26,  1796;  married,  Feb.  5,  1819,  Sally  Parkeu,  born  in 
Littleton,  Mass.,  Nov.  2,  1802,  dau.  of  Ebenezer  and  Sally  (Bowers) 

They  lived  in  Charlcstown,  and  their  children  were  born  there. 
He  left  Charlestown  for  New  York,  on  business,  Dec.  25,  1824,  and 
it  is  supposed  died  soon  after. 

Children : 

832.  Calvin,"  b.  Dec.  25,   1819  ;  m.  in  Charlestown,  Feb.  22,  1849, 

Martha  Ann  Rice,  b.  in  Charlestown,  March  7,  1824,  dau.  of 
Samuel  Rand  and  Ann  (Caldwell)  Rice.  He  is  a  carpenter  ; 
resides  in  Charlestown  ;  no  children. 

833.  Charles,'  b.  Oct.  12,  1821 ;  d.  Jan.  29, 1823. 

834.  Sarah  Ann,*  b.  July  26,  1823 ;  m.  first,  in  Charlestown,  June, 

1844,  James  Lawrence  Muriihy,  a  brass-founder  and  copper- 
smith, b.  in  Catskill,  N.  Y.,  1815,  d.  in  Charlestown,  Dec.  11, 
1845  ;  m.  second,  Sept.  26,  1853,  Isaac  McCausland,  b.  in  Fred- 
ericton,  N.  B.,  Feb.  4,  1827,  son  of  Alexander  and  Margery  Mc- 
Causland, and  a  harness-maker  by  trade.  Now  resides  at  Fred- 
ericton,  N.  B. ;  keeps  a  jewelry  store.  Her  child  : 
835.  Lawrence  Leopold  (Murphy),  b.  Nov.  15,  1845  ;  d.  Jan.  23, 


CALVIN  SYMMES^  {Caleb,'  Caleb,'  Thomas,' ThomasyZechariah^ 
ZechariaU),  brother  of  the  preceding,  and  son  of  Caleb*  and  Lydia 
Symmes;    born  in  Groton,  Mass.,  March  8,  1798;  never  married. 

It  may  be  said  of  him  that  he  was  a  born  mechanic.  When  he 
was  a  little  boy,  he  was  always  using  a  jack-knife ;  and  wherever 
there  was  a  little  water-fall  he  would  place  a  water-wheel  made  by 
himself.  When  eighteen  years  of  age,  his  adventurous  spirit  moved 
him  to  go  to  sea.  He  was  absent  five  years,  and  made  two  voyages, 
visiting  Antwerp,  the  Hawaiian  and  Marquesas  Islands,  Sumatra  and 
China.  At  one  island  the  ship  was  in  want  of  charcoal,  and  he  made 
some,  to  the  great  delight  of  the  natives. 

After  his  return,  he  was  employed  as  a  machinist  at  Great  Falls, 
Somers worth,  and  Dover,  N.  H.,  and  at  Manayunk,  seven  miles  from 


Philadelphia ;  but  when  or  where  he  learned  the  business,  his  friends 
never  knew.  He  was  subsequently  employed  by  a  company  to  go 
to  Mexico  and  set  up  a  factory  there.  He  succeeded  well,  and  gained 
golden  opinions. 

After  this,  he  hired  a  small  factory  in  Troy,  N.  Y.,  employing  six- 
teen or  twenty  people  in  spinning  cotton  warp.  He  resided  in  Troy 
about  two  years,  his  sisters  Lydia  and  Harriet  being  with  him. 

In  politics  he  was  a  decided  whig,  and  a  great  admirer  of  Henry 
Clay.  He  died  suddenly  in  Troy,  Nov.  4,  1848,  aged  50,  greatly 
lamented  by  his  friends;  and  his  remains  were  deposited  in  the  fam- 
ily tomb  in  Charlestown. 


MARYSYMMES^  {Caleb,'  Caleb,'  Thomas,^  Thomas^  Zeclmriah? 
Zechariaia-),  sister  of  the  preceding,-  born  in  Groton,  Mass.,  Nov.  16, 
1805;  married  in  Charlestown,  March  22,  1832,  William  Campbell 
Paterson,  born  in  Galston,  Ayrsliire,  Scotland,  May  28,  1810,  son 
of  George  and  Martha  (Armor)  Paterson. 

When  her  husband  was  eight  years  old,  his  father  removed  to  Glas- 
gow, Scotland.  At  the  age  of  twelve,  William  was  apprenticed  to 
his  mother's  brother,  John  Armor,  tailor,  of  Glasgow.  At  nineteen,  he 
crossed  the  Atlantic  to  visit  his  brother  James,  who  then  resided  at 
Ramsay,  Canada  West.  In  that  place,  and  in  Derby,  Vt.,  he  stayed 
two  years,  working  at  his  trade.  In  April,  1831,  he  came  to  Boston, 
and  became  acquainted  with  his  future  wife. 

In  June,  1834,  he  and  his  wife  sailed  from  New  York  to  Liver- 
pool, and  thence  went  to  Glasgow.  They  resided  in  different  places 
in  Scotland,  and  returned  to  New  England  in  January,  1841. 

He  had  been  a  member  of  the  Salem  Church,  in  Boston,'  but  in 
1842  he  and  his  wife  joined  the  First  Baptist  Church  in  Charles- 
town. About  1847,  by  the  advice  of  friends,  and  his  own  previous 
mchnation,  he  engaged  in  theological  studies,  and  not  long  after  was 
ordained  to  the  work  of  the  ministry.  He  was  pastor  of  the  Baptist 
Church  in  East  Dedham,  Mass.,  from  June,  1848,  until  January, 
1862.  At  the  date  last  mentioned,  he  was  appointed  by  Governor 
Andrew  chaplain  of  the  1st  Mass.  Reg't  of  Cavalry,  stationed  at 
Beaufort,  S.  C.  He  was  present  at  the  attack  on  James  Island,  near 
Charleston,  in  June,  1862,  He  obtained  a  discharge  from  the 
army,  Aug.  29,  1862.  In  1865,  he  was  chaplain  of  the  Prison 
at  Dedham,  Mass.  During  the  last  eight  or  nine  years,  he  has  been 
engaged  in  various  secular  pursuits,  preaching  occasionally.  He  now 
resides  at  South  Boston. 

Children  : 

83G.  Martha  Trowbridge  (Paterson),  b.  in  Boston,  July  29,  1833; 
d.  in  Greenock,  Scotland,  Dec.  25,  1837. 


837.  Harriet  Symmes  (Paterson),  b.  in  Glasgow,  Scotland,  Nov.  23, 

1835  ;  died  there,  Oct.  11,  1836. 

838.  Mary  (Paterson),  b.  in  Greenock,  Jan.  8,  1838;  d.  there,  Oct.  17, 


839.  Martha  Jane  (Paterson),  b.  in  Charlestown,  Sept.  7,  1844;  m.  at 

South  Boston,  Feb.  27,  1873,  Caleb  Swann  French,  b.  at  South 
Woburn,  now  Winchester,  Jan.  14,  1842,  son  of  Caleb  and  Caro- 
line Colson  French.     They  reside  at  West  Kindge,  N.  H. 


THOMAS  SYMMES^  {Caleb,'  Caleb,'  Thomas ;  Thomas,^  Zecha- 
riah^  Zechariah^),  half-brother  of  the  pi-eccding,  and  son  of  Caleb® 
and  Mary  (Chittenden)  Symmes ;  born  in  Charlestown,  Dec.  13, 1823 ; 
married,  first,  in  Charlestown,  by  Rev.  Benjamin  Tappan,  Sept..  23, 
1849,  to  Mary  Mitchell,  b.  in  Charlestown,  Oct.  17,  1822,  dau.  of 
John  and  Sarah  (Phipps)  Mitchell.  She  died  April  12,  1850.  He 
married,  second,  at  Milford,  Mass.,  June  25,  1854,  Sarah  Ellen 
Bowers,  born  in  Littleton,  Mass.,  May  18,  1827,  dau.  of  Samuel  and 
Mary  (Downing)  Bowers,  and  half-sister  of  his  brother  Caleb 
Symmes 's  wife. 

In  his  fifteenth  year  he  enlisted  in  the  U.  S.  Navy,  and  served  in 
the  Sloop-of-War  Cyane,  Capt.  Percival.  He  left  the  service  when 
twenty-one,  and  went  to  California,  upon  the  acquisition  of  that 
country  by  the  United  States.  He  was  not  successful  there ;  he  re- 
turned to  his  native  place,  and  some  time  after  became  an  oflScer  in 
the  State  Prison,  in  Charlestown. 

He  was  Acting  Master  of  the  U.  S.  ship  Pocahontas  from  Sept. 
1861,  till  Sept.  1862,  in  the  South  Atlantic  Squadron,  under  Com- 
modore Dupont.  He  was  at  the  capture  of  Port  Royal,  S.  C,  Nov.  7, 
1861.  From  Oct.  1862,  to  Aug.  1863,  the  ship  belonged  to  the  West 
Gulf  Squadron,  under  Admiral  Farragut ;  from  Nov.  1863,  till  the 
close  of  the  war,  to  the  North  Atlantic  Squadron,  under  Admirals 
Phillips  and  Porter.  During  a  part  of  this  time  he  served  on 
board  the  U.  S.  ship  Agawam.  He  was  highly  approved  as  an 
officer,  and  might  have  remained  in  the  navy,  but  the  charms  of 
domestic  life  prevailed,  and  March  4,  1865,  he  obtained  his  discharge. 

He  now  resides  with  his  family  in  Waltham,  Mass.,  and  is  con- 
nected with  the  well-known  Waltham  Watch  Manufactory. 

Children,  all  by  second  wife : 

840.  Mary  Elizabeth,^  b.  in  Charlestown,  May  30,  1857. 

841.  Caleb  Chittenden,^  b.  in  Charlestown,  Sept.   13,  1859  ;  a  fine 

Latin  scholar. 

842.  Thomas  Forestds,*  b.  in  South  Reading,  now  Wakefield,  June  8, 




THOMAS  SYMMES^  {Thomas,'  Caleb,'  Thomas,''  Thomas,''  Zecha- 
riah,^  ZechanaU),  eldest  son  of  Thomas^  and  Rebecca  (Carver) 
Syinmes;  born  in  Westford,  Mass.,  March  27,  1790;  never  married. 

He  was  for  a  short  time  a  lieutenant  on  board  of  a  privateer  in 
the  war  of  1812.  He  was  taken  prisoner,  carried  to  Halifax,  and 
confined  in  the  prison  on  Melville  Island,  where  he  remained  till  the 
war  was  over,  his  health  good,  though  otherwise  suffering  greatly. 

Writing  from  Philadelphia,  April  29,  1815,  he  says:  "  I  arrived 
in  the  brig  Herald,  eight  days  from  Halifax."  From  Philadelphia 
he  proceeded  to  Charleston,  S.  C,  and  engaged  as  a  clerk  in  a  dry- 
goods  store.  Subsequently  he  engaged  in  that  business  for  himself, 
acquired  a  competency,  and  returned  to  Massachusetts  in  1839. 

After  the  death  of  his  father,  in  1817,  he  supplied  the  place  of  a 
father  to  the  other  children.  His  purse  was  always  open  to  the 
needs  of  the  family.  He  lost  his  life  in  that  fearful  storm,  Nov.  27, 
1846,  by  the  stranding  of  the  Steamer  Atlantic,  on  Fisher's  Island, 
at  the  entrance  of  Long  Island  Sound.  Many  others  perished  at  the 
same  time.  He  was  on  his  way  to  Washington  to  spend  the  winter. 
Three  weeks  afterwards,  his  body  was  recovered  and  brought  to 
Westford  for  interment. 


E DE A  FLETCHER  SYMMES^  {Thomas,'  Caleh,"  Thomas,''  Tho- 
mas^ Zcchariah^  ZtcharialL),  sister  of  the  preceding  ;  b.  in  West- 
ford, Mass.,  Aug.  2,  1795;  married,  in  Westford,  April  2,  1822, 
Cephas  Drew,  born  in  Halifax,  Mass.,  April  21,  1797. 

He  was  a  farmer,  and  settled  in  Westford. 

Children : 

843.  TnoMAs  (Drew),  b.  April  20,  1826  ;  m.  April  25,  1858,  Sarah 
Elizabeth  Wilson,  b.  iu  New  Orleans,  March  21,  1831,  dau.  of 
Seth  Wilson,  of  Billerica.   He  is  a  farmer  in  Westford.  Children : 

844.  Ernest,  b.  March  12,  1859. 

845.  Ellen  P.,  b.  June  27,  1861. 

846.  Mary  E.,  b.  March  11,  1864. 

847.  George  (Drew),  b.  Dec.  14,  1828 ;  m.  Sarah  J.  Ober,  b.  Oct.  12, 
1835,  dau.  of  IJenjamin  I.  Ober.  He  is  a  carpenter  in  Westford. 
Children : 

848.  Edea  J.,  b.  Dec.  4,  1864. 

849.  Emma  F.,  b.  Nov.  22,  1867  ;  d.  June  20,  1870. 

850.  Annie  Mabel,  b.  March  5,  1872. 


EDWARD  SYMMES^  {Thomas,'  Caleb;'  Thomas,''  Thomas,"  Zecha- 
riali^  Zechariah'),  brother  of  the  preceding,  and  son  of  Thomas* 


and  Rebecca  (Carver)  Symmes;  born  in  Westford,  Mass.,  April  1, 
1806;  married,  Nov.  19,  1840,  Rebecca  Pierce  Fletcher,  born 
March  30,  1814,  dau.  of  Capt.  Aaron  and  Sally  (Keep)  Fletcher,  of 
Carlisle,  Mass.--' 

In  1826  he  was  employed  in  the  machine-shop  of  the  Hamilton 
Manufacturing  Company,  Lowell.  In  1827,  was  in  the  service  of 
the  Merrimack  Manufacturing  Company,  in  the  same  city.  He  passed 
a  little  more  than  a  year  in  a  manufacturing  establishment  in  Saco, 
Me.,  1828  and  1829,  Returning  to  his  mother's  house  in  Westford, 
1829,  he  studied  surveying;  taught  school  the  following  winter,  and 
again  in  the  winter  of  1830-31.  He  was  assistant  in  a  retail  store 
in  Westford,  in  the  summer  of  1831 ;  and  in  trade  on  his  own  ac- 
count there  from  May  1,  1832,  till  Sept.  17,  1838.  At  the  last  date 
he  removed  to  Lunenburg,  in  Worcester  Co.,  and  engaged  in  trade 
there  till  the  spring  of  1840,  wh(*n  he  returned  to  Westford  and 
resumed  store-keeping  in  that  place.  In  the  spring  of  1 843,  he  re- 
moved to  the  old  homestead  of  his  grandmother,  widow  of  Caleb 
Symmes,  which  he  had  purchased  in  1832,  where  he  has  since  pur- 
sued the  business  of  forming ;  occasionally  serving  as  a  surveyor  of 

He  has  a  special  taste  for  genealogy,  and  has  rendered  important 
aid  to  the  compiler  of  this  volume. 

His  children,  all  born  in  Westford : 

851.  William  Edward,^  b.  Sept.  5,  1841. 

852.  Thomas  Edmijnd,«  b.  Oct.  28, 1843;  grad.  H.  C.  1865  ;  is  now  a 

school  teacher  in  Boone  Co.,  Ind. 

853.  John  Keeler,"  b.  Nov.  5,  1845  ;  d.  Oct.  6,  1848. 

854.  Sarah  Rebecca,^  b.  Oct.  20,  1847;  d.  Oct.  5,  1848. 

855.  Caleb,*  b.  Sept.  11,  1849  ;  d.  same  day. 

856.  Carver,"  b.  Feb.  9,  1851. 

857.  FLETCHER,«'b.  Sept.  10,  1852. 

858.  Harriet  Elizabeth,®  b.  Aug.  19,  1854. 


EDMUND  SYMMES'  {Thomas^  Caleb,' Thomas,^  Thomas,'' Zecha- 
riah^  Zechariah^),  twin  brother  of  the  preceding;  born  in  Westford, 
Mass.,  April  1,  1806;  never  married. 

His  childhood  and  youth  were  spent  in  his  native  town,  Westford. 
In  1829,  he  joined  his  brother  Thomas,  who  was  doing  well  in  the 
dry-goods  business  in  Charleston,  S.  C.  In  1832,  he  returned  to 
Massachusetts,  and  during  some  years  was  a  clerk  in  stores  in  Boston. 
He  went  into  business  there  on  his  own  account,  in   1836.     Three 

*  Capt.  Aaron  Fletcher,  born  Nov.  18,  1777,  was  son  of  Henry  Fletcher,  of  "Westford. 
The  father,  Henry,  was  born  Aug.  17,  1751.  He  married,  Nov.  30,  1773,  Deborah  Parker, 
who  was  born  June  6, 1751,  and  was  a  sister  of  David  Parker,  who  married  Martha,  dau. 
of  Benjamin  Carver.    The  wife  of  Capt.  Aarou  Fletcher  was  Sally  Keep,  born  Nov.  10, 1781, 


years  later,  he  removed  to  Charlestown.  Having  long  been  desirous 
of  going  West,  his  wish  was  gratified  in  1842,  when  he  made  ar- 
rangements with  a  merchant  then  in  Boston  from  Wisconsin,  to  go 
out  with  him.  His  brother  Thomas  accompanied  hiro.  on  the  journey 
thither.  He  spent  several  years  in  Wisconsin,  mostly  in  the  city  of 
Madison.  Late  in  1846,  the  distressing  news  reached  him  of  the 
death  of  his  excellent  brother  Thomas,  in  tlie  steamer  Atlantic,  as 
already  mentioned.  This  sad  and  melancholy  event  caused  his  re- 
turn to  New  England,  and  he  spent  a  year  or  more  in  Wcstfoi'd. 
After  another  stay  in  Wisconsin  of  two  or  three  years,  he  came  back 
in  1850,  and  not  long  after  commenced  business  in  Lexington,  Mass., 
where  he  continued  twelve  years.  Having  acquired  a  competency, 
and  his  health  failing,  he  gave  up  active  business  in  18(33.  He  now 
resides  in  Framingham. 


Capt.  WILLIAM  SYMMES^  {haac^  Isaac,'  Zechariah,^  Thomas,'' 
Zcchar'iah^  ZcdiarialL^),  son  of  Isaac*  and  Mary  (Whitman)  S_\mmos; 
born  Aug.  19,  1802;  married,  first,  March  4,  1832,  Mary  D.  Wash- 
burn, who  was  born  Aug.  17,  1805,  and  died  Feb.  7,  1837  ;  married, 
second,  Nov.  27,  1841,  Caroline  H.  Jameson,  born  July  16,  1816. 

He  lives  at  Kingston,  Mass.  ]  is  a  ship-master,  and  is  said  to  be  a 
skilful  navigator. 

Children,  by  first  wife : 

859.  William  Whitman,"  b.  Feb.  7,  1834 ;  d.  July  1,  1857.  ' 

By  second  wife  : 

860.  Carrie  Francis,'  b.  Aug.  22,  1842. 

861.  John  Jameson,"  b.  May  i),  1844;  deceased. 

862.  Frank  Jameson,"  b.  June  7,  1847  ;  a  graduate  of  the  Scientific 

School  at  Cambridge.     In  1866,  he  was  Acting  Assistant  En- 
gineer in  the  U.  S.  Navy. 

863.  Alexander  Beal,"  b.  June  27,  1849  ;  d.  Sept.  26,  1849. 

864.  Mary  Whitman,"  b.  Oct.  17,  1859  ;  d.  April  5,  1860. 


MARY  WHITMAN  SYMMES'  {Isaac,'  Isaac,'  Zexlianah,"  Tho^ 
mas,^  Zecharmlt,^  ZecharialL^),  sister  of  the  preceding;  born,  I  sup- 
pose, in  Kingston,  Mass.,  Oct.  29,  1805;  married,  Dec.  2,  1827, 
Alden  Sampson,^  born  in  Duxbury,  an  adjoining  town,  April  23, 
1804,  son  of  Constant*  and  Rebecca  Partridge  (Alden)  Sampson. 
Rebecca,  his  mother,  b.  Aug.  1777,  was  dau.  of  Col.  Ichabod  Alden, 
of  Duxbur}^,  who  was  slain,  1778,  in  the  hideous  massacre  at  Cherry 
Valley,  N.  Y.* 

*  The  massacre  was  perpetrated  Nov.  11  and  12,  1778,  by  a  party  of  torics  under  Walter 
N.  Butler,  aceonipanied  by  Mohawk  Indians  under  Brant.  [See  Siinuis's  Histoiy  of  Scho- 
harie County  ;  Stone's  Life  of  Brant,  &c.] 


Alden  Sampson,  in  1863,  resided  in  Charlestown ;  had  resided 
there  eighteen  or  twenty  years,  and  was  a  master  caulker  in  the  U.  S. 
Navy  Yard. 

Their  children  were : 

865.  William  Alden  (Sampson),  b.  Dec.  29,  1829.     He  went  to  Cali- 

fornia when  twenty  or  twenty-one  years  of  age,  and  was  brutally 
murdered,  with  another  American,  in  their  tent,  by  a  party  of 
Mexicans,  July  18,  1851,  for  the  gold  they  had  collected.  He 
was  found  alive  two  hours  after  the  attack,  and  was  able  to  give 
an  account  of  the  affair.  The  Mexicans  were  armed;  the  Ameri- 
cans unarmed,  but  made  what  resistance  they  could. 

866.  Marianxa  (Sampson),  b.  Nov.  2,  1832  ;  unm. ;  living  in  1863, 

867.  GusTAVus  (Sampson),  b.  March  26,  1834;  d.  May  15,  1834. 

868.  GcsTAVUS  (Sampson),  b.  Sept.  12,  1836;  d.  Nov.  9,  1836. 

869.  Isaac  Davis  (Sampson),  b.  Feb.  5,  1838;  d.  March  29,  1838. 

870.  Frances  Maria  (Sampson),  b.  Sept.  26,  1840  ;  d.  Jan.  18,  1841. 

871.  WINSLO^y  (Sampson),  b.  Dec.  26,  1843;  living  in  1863. 

872.  Asaph  Holmes    (Sampson),  b.  Oct.  4,  1845  ;  d.  Aug.  26,  1846. 

873.  Martha  Alice  (Sampson),  b.  May  31,  1849  ;  d.  Aug.  4,  1849. 
Of  this  numerous  family,  only  two  were  living  in  1863. 


LEWIS  SYMMES^  {Zechariah  P.,'  Isaac,"  Zechariah*  Thomas,'' 
Zechariah^  ZechariaJi}),  son  of  Zechariah  Parker  Symmes;^  born 
April  17,  1819;  married,  Nov.  24,  1842,  Sarah  P.  Hood,  dan.  of 
Samuel  and  Abigail  Hood.  Samuel  Hood,  a  mariner,  died  at  the 
age  of  74.  His  wife  Abigail  died,  aged  76.  The  dates  were  not 
given  to  me,  nor  was  the  place  of  their  residence  stated. 

Lewis  Symmes  is  a  shoemaker ;  1  suppose,  of  Beverly. 

Children : 

874.  Lewis  Henry,"  b.   Sept.  10,  1843  ;  d.  Feb.  24,  1858. 

875.  William  Albert,^  b.  March  15,  1846  ;  a  teacher  in  N.  Carolina. 

876.  Sarah  Ellen,'  b.  Jan.  12,  1860. 


CHARLES  SYMMES^  {Zechariah  P.,'  Isaac,"  Zechariah,*  Thomas,'' 
Zechariah,'^  Zechariah^),  brother  of  the  preceding,  son  of  Zechariah 
Parker  Symmes;"  b.  April  10,  1827;  married^  April  11,  1850, 
Nancy  Duffee,  dau.  of  James  Duffee,  blacksmith,  from  Nova  Scotia. 

His  place  of  residence  is  unknown  to  the  compiler  ;  perhaps 

Children : 

877.  Mary  A.,'  b.  May  30,  1851. 

878.  Charles  A.,'  b.  Oct.  20,  1852 ;  a  shoemaker. 

879.  James  A.,"  b.  July  14, 1855. 

880.  Samuel  A.,'  b.  Dec.  27,  1858. 

881.  Georgiana,'  b.  Dec.  25,  1860. 

882.  Henrietta,'  b.  June  14,  1862. 


lElflljt!)  ©^fUflMtCOlT, 

Many  names  belonging  to  the  Eighth  Generation  have  already  found  a  place  U7ider 
the  Seventh. 


Rev.  JOSEPH  GASTON  SYMMES«  (Da^iiel  T.,'  Celadon,'  Timo- 
thy,^ Timothy*  Titnothy,^  IViUiam,^  Zcchariah^),  son  of  Daniel  Tut- 
hilP  and  Lucinda  (Gaston)  Symmes;  born  in  Fairfield  township, 
Butler  Co.,  Ohio,  Jan.  24,  1826;  married.  May,  1854,  Mary  Rose- 
brook  Henry,  dau.  of  Rev.  Symmes  Cleves  Henry,  D.D.,  of  Cran- 
bury,  New  Jersey.  Dr.  Henry's  father's  sister,  Mary  Henry,  was 
the  second  wife  of  Hon.  John  Cleves  Synmies.     [See  p.  61.] 

He  graduated  at  Hanover  College,  Ind.,  1851,  and  at  the  Theo- 
logical Seminary  at  Princeton,  New  Jersey,  1854.  In  the  Seminary 
just  named,  he  was  chosen  Spring  Orator  for  1853,  which  is  there 
esteemed  a  great  honor.  He  was  licensed  to  preach  by  the  Presby- 
tery of  New  Brunswick,  N.  J.,  in  1854,  and  was  ordained  pastor  of 
the  First  Presbyterian  Church  in  Madison,  Indiana,  by  the  Presbytery 
of  Madison,  in  the  same  year.  In  1857,  he  became  pastor  of  the 
First  Presbyterian  Church  in  Cranbury,  N.  J.,  the  place  having 
become  vacant  by  the  death  of  his  father-in-law. 

At  Madison,  the  cliurch  published  one  of  his  sermons,  entitled 
"  Predestination  and  Prayer."  I  have  before  me  a  printed  sermon 
of  his,  preached  at  Cranbury,  Nov.  21,  1863,  on  occasion  of  the 
National  Thanksgiving,  it  being  the  first  thanksgiving  appointed  by 
a  President  of  the  United  States,  unless  on  some  special  occasion.  I 
also  have  before  me  a  printed  Address  delivered  by  him  before  the 
Loyal  Leagues  of  South  Brunswick  and  Monroe,  N.  J.,  June  1,  1865. 
Both  of  these  discourses  are  clear  and  decided  utterances  in  con- 
demnation of  the  great  sin  of  slavery,  and  both  do  honor  to  the 
author's  mind  and  heart.  He  was  very  earnest  and  decided  in  the 
cause  of  union  and  humanity  during  the  great  war  against  the  south- 
ern rebellion,  and  took  a  leading  part  at  the  dedication  of  the  Sol- 
diers' Monument  at  Cranbury,  Aug.  1,  1866.  He  still  remains  at 
Cranbury,  1873. 

His  children  are : 

883.  Henry  Cleves,'  b.  at  Madison,  Ind.,  May  9,  1855. 

884.  Frank  Rosebrook,'  b.  at  Madison,  Oct.  24,  18oG. 

885.  Addison  Henry,'  b.  at  Cranbury,  N.  J.,  Nov.  1858. 

886.  Joseph  Gaston,'  b.  at  Cranbury,  May  3,  1870. 
All  now  living,  Dec.  1872. 



Rev.  FRANCIS  MARION  SYMMES^  {Daniel  T./  Celadon^  Timo- 
thy,^  Timotlnj*  Timothj,^  JViUiam,^  Zcchariah^),  brother  of  the  pre- 
cedino-;  born  in  Fairfield  township,  Butler  Co.,  Ohio,  Nov.  18,  1827; 
married,  March  15,  1855,  Mary  Jane  Dunn. 

He  graduated  at  Hanover  College,  lud.,  1852,  and  at  the  Theo- 
logical Seminary,  Princeton,  1855.  He  was  licensed  to  preach  by 
the  Presbytery  of  Oxford,  Ohio,  in  1856,  and  was  ordained  pastor 
of  the  Presbyterian  Church  at  Pleasant,  Ind.,  by  the  Presbytery  of 
Madison,  in  1856.  He  had  previously  preached  there  as  a  supply 
for  one  year.  In  Aug.  1861,  he  became  pastor  of  the  Presbyterian 
Church  at  Vernon,  Ind.,  where  he  continued  till  April,  1864.  The 
summer  of  that  year  he  spent  at  Crawfordsville,  Ind.  After  preach- 
ing four  months  to  a'  feeble  church  in  Brazil,  Indiana,  he  took 
charge  of  the  Independent  Presbyterian  Church  at  Bedford,  Ind.,  a 
church  which  had  been  formed  by  the  union  of  an  Old  School  church 
with  one  of  the  New,  and  not  connected  with  any  Presbytery.  This 
charge  he  resigned  in  April,  1^67,  and  passed  the  ensuing  summer 
in  mission  work.  In  the  autumn,  he  took  charge  of  the  Presbyterian 
Church  in  Lebanon,  Ind.,  which  he  retained  till  October,  1872.  He 
then  removed  to  Crawfordsville,  and  is  now  prosecuting- mission 
work  in  Alamo  Church,  ten  miles  from  that  city,  and  in  one  other, 
half  the  time  in  each.  Besides  which,  he  superintends  and  teaches 
five  classes  in  the  Crawfordsville  graded  schools,  thus  performing 
more  than  the  work  of  two  men. 

At  Lebanon,  a  member  of  his  church,  who  had  been  subjected  to 
discipline,  brought  an  action  before  the  Circuit  Court  for  an  alleged 
libel,  but  lost  the  case. 

Mr.  Syinmes  sometimes  pays  his  devoirs  to  the  Muses,  as  will  ap- 
pear by  what  follows. 


Formerly  of  Bedford,  Indiana,  now  of  Crawfordsville,  Indiana. 

Citizen.     Say,  soldier  brave,  whence  do  you  come, 
Sl)  lightsome  and  so  cheery, 
With  joyful  heart,  returning  home, 
All  war-worn  and  so  weary  ? 

Soldier.     From  war's  red  field  in  "  Dixie  Land," 
Where  camp-fires  long  were  burning, 
From  dangers  thick  on  every  hand, 
Right  glad  am  I  returning. 

Chorus.     Long  live  our  land,  our  native  land. 
And  those  who  dared  defend  her, 
And  victory,  by  land  and  sea. 
May  Heaven  always  send  her. 



Citizen .    Where  are  the  ones  who  went  with  you , 
When  war  began  its  drumming, 
But  numbered  with  the  missing  now  ; 
Say,  soldier,  are  they  coming  ? 

Soldier.    Some  foremost  in  the  fighting  fell ; 
Died  many  sick  and  wounded, 
While  thousands  starved.  Oh  !  sad  to  tell ! 
By  rebel  guards  surrounded. 

Citizen.    How  long  you  fought,  tell,  soldier,  tell, 
And  when  you  that  have  ended. 
How  the  "  Confederacy  "  fell, 
And  how  its  hosts  were  rended. 

Soldier.    For  four  long  years  we  fought,  and  then, 
Pray  listen  to  my  sonnet, 
What  rebels  were  not  caught  or  slain 
Were  taken  in  a  bonnet. 

Citizen.    My  soldier  brave,  what  shall  be  done 
With  rebels  small  and  great  ones, 
Who  all  this  course  of  ruin  run. 
The  first  one  and  the  late  ones  ? 

Soldier.    Let  Jefi",  and  all  his  leaders  hang, 
As  Haman,  high  and  handy. 
And  let  the  rest,  not  to  be  long. 
Go  settle  up  with  "  Andy." 

Citizen.    The  "Butternut,"  my  soldier  man. 
It  will  not  do  to  slight  him. 
Who  did  all  things  'gainst  "  Uncle  Sam," 
But  take  up  arms  and  fight  him. 

Soldier.    The  mark  of  Cain  be  on  his  head. 
Reproaches  on  him  banging , 
And  let  him  live  in  fear  and  dread, 
Not  good  enough  for  hanging. 


BY     UNCLE     FRANC    M.     STMMES. 

Christmas  Eve. 

Oh,  Christmas  dear, 

You  are  so  near, 
I'll  oif  to  bed  and  not  be  cross. 

For  on  this  night. 

If  fqlks  say  right, 
I'll  get  a  call  from  Santa  Claus. 

But  will  he  come 

Into  my  room. 
And  fill  my  stocking  full  of  things  ? 

I'll  feign  to  sleep. 

And  lie  and  peep. 
And  see  if  he  has  any  wings. 

'Tis  only  Pa, 

Or  else  my  Ma, 
That  does  it  all  in  Santa's  name. 

But  if  they  will 

Just  only  till 
My  stocking  up,  'tis  all  the  same. 



I  tell  you  all 

You  need  not  call 
A  dozen  times  to  make  me  hear. 

You  need  but  say 
"  'Tis  Christmas  day," 
And  I'll  be  up,  my  mother  dear. 

Oh,  I  can't  sleep. 

My  eyes  will  peep 
To  see  what  all  is  going  on. 

I  wonder  too 

What  they  will  do 

Christmas  Morning. 

My  Christmas  gift ! 

My  Christmas  gift  !  ! 
My  father,  mother,  Joe  and  Jake  !  !  ! 

My  stocking !     Ile-e, 

Now  let  me  see — 
I've  candy,  toys,  and  nuts,  and  cake. 

His  cliildren  are : 

887.  Samuel  Dunn,"  b.  Oct.  20,  1856. 

888.  LuciNDiA  Sophia,'  b.  April  2G,  1859. 

889.  Joseph  Gaston,'  b.  Nov.7, 18G2. 


MARTHA  JANE  SYMMES"  {Benjamin  R.,'  Celadon,'  Timothy, 
Timothy,^  Timothy^  William,^  Zcchariah^),  daughter  of  Benjamin 
Randolph  Sjinmes,  of  Symmes's  Corner,  near  Hamilton,  Ohio ;  born 
1829;  married,  1846,  John  Watson,  a  farmer,  formerly  of  Spring- 
dale,  Ohio.  A  man  of  integrity,  an  elder  in  the  United  Presbyte- 
rian Church.     They  now  live  in  Illinois. 

Their  children  were : 

890.  Robert  (Watson),  b.  1847  ;  d.  1849. 

891.  Eliza  Jane  (Watson),  b.  1849. 

892.  Catharine  Bell  (Watson),  b.  1853. 

893.  Phebe  Lucinda  (Watson),  b.  1858. 


PEYTON  RANDOLPH  SYMMES'  {Benjamin  R.,'  Celadon,'  Tim- 
othy,^ Timothy*  Timothy,^  JVilliam,~  Zcchariah^),  brother  of  the  pre- 
ceding; born  1833;  married,  1856,  Elizabeth  Kingery. 

He  has  been  engaged  in  the  pursuits  of  agriculture ;  but  has  also 
borne  arms  in  the  service  of  his  country.  He  was  a  soldier  in  the 
69th  Reg't  Ohio  Vol.  Inf ,  Co.  B,  under  command  of  Capt.  Gibbs. 
He  was  stationed  the  greater  part  of  the  time  at  Camp  Chase, 
Columbus,  Ohio,  guarding  prisoners.  One  day  he  discovered  that 
he  had  under  his  charge  a  cousin,  Capt.  Daniel  Cleves  Symmcs,  of 
Louisville,  Ky.  [767],  Son  of  Americas  Symmes. 

He  resides  at  College  Corner,  Ohio. 



894.  Eliza  Jane,^  b.  1857  ;  d.  18G1. 

895.  Edwin  Clarence,'  b.  1859  ;  d.  1863. 


JAMES  RIGDON  SYMMES'  {Benjamin  R.^  Celadon,'  Timothy," 
Timotlnj*  Timothy^  William^  Zechariah'),  brother  of  the  preceding; 
born  1840;  married,  1860,  Maria  Hagerman. 

He  is  a  iariuer,  at  Symraes's  Corner,  Butler  Co.,  Ohio. 

Children : 
89G.  Ella  Bell,'  b.  1861. 
897.  Martha  Jane,'  b.  1862 ;  d.  1863. 


BETSEY  SNOW  GILES  (Thomas  Giles,  Mary  Jemiison,  Abigail 
Lindall,  Mary  Higginson,  Sarah  Savage,  Mary  Symmcs,  Zechariah 
Symmes),  eldest  child  of  Thomas  and  Mary  (Marshall)  Giles;  b.  in 
Boston,  March  29,1781;  married,  April  7,  1800,  Josiah  Vinton, 
born  in  Braintree,  July  27,  1777,  eldest  son  of  Josiah  and  Anne 
(Adams)  Yinton,  of  that  town.* 

Josiah  Yinton  was  a  dry-goods  merchant  in  Boston,  from  1797  to 
1824.  He  commenced  with  nothing  but  an  upright  heart  and  a  good 
name ;  and  though  his  gains  were  moderate  and  his  success  not  un- 
interrupted, he  ultimately  acquired  a  handsome  property.  He  united 
with  the  Old  South  Church,  Boston,  in  1803.  In  1822,  he  joined  the 
new  church  in  Esses  Street,  of  which  in  Feb.  1823,  he  was  elected 

*  The  Vinton  Family. 

1.  John  Vinton,  the  ancestor  of  this  Family  in  America,  is  supposed  to  have  been  of 
French  extraction ;  the  son  or  grandson  of  some  pious  Huguenot,  exiled  from  France  for 
religion's  sake.  He  was  prohably  born  in  England,  not  fiir  from  1620,  since  he  was  a  young 
man  in  1648,  when  we  first  hear  of  him.  He  came  to  New  England  about  1640,  and  settled 
in  Lynn,  probably  in  that  part  which  is  now  the  town  of  Saugus.  He  died  in  New  Ha- 
ven, Ct.,  1663.  By  his  wife  Ann  he  had  seven  childi-en,  between  1648  and  1662,  of  whom 
the  eldest  son  was 

2.  John  Vinton,  born  March  2,  1650  ;  married,  Aug.  26,  1677,  Hannah  Green,  bom 
1660,  dau.  of  Thomas  Green,  of  Maiden.  He  was  a  worker  in  iron,  a  "  forgeman;"  was 
successful  in  business;  lived  in  Maiden  till  1695,  when  he  removed  to  Woburn,  and  devot- 
ed himself  to  agriculture.    He  died  Nov.  13, 1727,  aged  77. 

3.  Thomas  Vinton,  second  son  of  the  preceding,  born  in  Maiden,  Jan.  31,  1686-7;  mar- 
ried, Aug.  10,  1708,  Hannah  Thayer,  of  the  very  respectable  Thayer  Family  of  Braintree. 
He  came  to  Braintree  under  twenty  years  of  age ;  was  a  "  bloomer,"  which  means  that  he 
was  employed  in  the  Braintree  Iron-AVorks.  By  his  activity,  enterprise  and  thrift,  he  was 
enabled  to  purchase  the  Braintree  Iron-Works  in  1720 ;  and  died,  possessed  of  a  handsome 
property,  Jan.  18,  1757,  aged  70. 

4.  Thomas  Vinton,  his  eldest  son,  born  in  Braintree,  Aug.  22,  1714;  married  Mehita- 
BLE  Allen,  horn  1717,  dau.  of  Josepli  Allen,  of  Braintree.  He  was  a  blacksmith,  like  his 
father  and  grandfather ;  had  a  good  property  ;  had  ten  children,  and  died  Feb.  28,1776, 
aged  62.    His  youngest  son, 

5.  Josiah  Vinton,  born  April  25,  1755;  married,  1776,  Anne  Adams,  b.  1757,  of  the 
celebrated  Adams  Familj%  of  Quincy,  which  has  furnished  two  Presidents  of  the  United 
States.  He  was  a  silversmith  by  trade,  which  he  pursued  for  about  twenty  }'ears,  and  then 
gave  it  up  for  commerce  and  agriculture.  He  died  Dec.  27,  1843,  aged  88.  His  wife  Anne 
died  Dec.  18,  1851,  aged  95.    They  were  the  parents  of  Josiah  Vinton  in  the  text. 


deacon.  In  March,  1836,  after  a  residence  of  eleven  years  in  East 
Braintree,  he  removed  to  South  Boston ;  was  chosen  deacon  of  Phil- 
lips Cliurch,  in  that  place,  and  continued  to  reside  there  till  his 
death.  He  died  of  apoplexy,  without  a  struggle  or  any  apparent 
pain,  Oct.  17,  1857,  a.  80.     His  wife  Betsey  d.  Aug.  9,  1849,  a.  68. 

Their  children  were : 

898.  John  Adams  (Vinton),  b.  Feb.  5,  1801 ;  m.  first,  June  6,  1832, 

Oriuda  Haskell,  of  Hanover,  N.  H. ;  m.  second,  Feb.  24, 1840, 
Laui'inda  Richardson,  of  Stoneham,  Mass. 

899.  George  (Vinton),  b.  Aug.  13,  1803 ;  m.  first,  Charlotte  W.  Cal- 

lender,   Sept.   14,   1826  ;    m.  second,   Mary  Callender,  Nov.  28, 
1844,  sisters,  daughters  of  Joseph  Callender,  of  Boston. 

900.  Eliza  Ann  (Vinton),  b.  Jan.  31,  1806  ;  never  married;  resides  in 

Sontli  Boston. 

901.  Nancy  Adams   (Vinton),  b.  Oct.  26,  1807  ;  m.  William  V.  Alden, 

of  Boston,  Nov.  28, 1833. 

902.  Mary  Marshall  (Vinton),  b.  March  30,  1809  ;  d.  Oct.  31,  1821. 

903.  Alfred  (Vinton),  b.  Dec.  28,  1815  ;  m.  Sarah  Martin,  of  Lancas- 

ter, Pa.,  Feb.  20, 1839. 

904.  Frederic  (Vinton),  b.  Oct.  9,  1817;  m.  first,  Phebe  "Worth  Clisby, 

of  Nantucket,    Sept.   13,    1843 ;    m.   second,   Mary   Blanchard 
Curry,  of  Eastport,  Me.,  at  Boston,  June  1,  1857. 

905.  Harriet  Newell   (Vinton),  b.  March  8,  1819;  never  married ; 

resides  at  South  Boston. 

Rev.  John  A.  Yinton,  the  eldest  of  these  children,  prepared  for 
college  at  Phillips  Academy,  Exeter,  N.  H. ;  graduated  at  Dartmouth 
College,  1828;  and  completed  a  full  course  of  theological  study 
at  Andover,  1831.  He  received  ordination  as  a  minister  of  the 
gospel,  May  16,  1832;  and  has  labored  in  the  ministry,  for  a  longer 
or  shorter  period,  in  Bloomfield  (now  Skowhegan),  New  Sharon, 
Exeter  and  Bristol,  all  in  Maine ;  in  Chatham,  Kingston  and  Stone- 
ham,  in  Massachusetts  ;  in  West  Randolph  and  Williamstown,  in  Ver- 
mont. He  was  also  chaplain  of  the  State  Almshouse,  Monson,  Mass., 
1859-60.  During  the  last  twenty  years  he  has  been  chiefly  retired 
from  the  ministry  by  reason  of  ill  health,  and  has  devoted  himself  to 
literary  pursuits.  From  1852  to  1870,  he  dwelt  in  South  Boston ; 
since  1870,  in  Winchester,  Mass. 


MARY  BOWERS  SYMMES^  {Caleh;'  Caleb,'  Caleb,"  Thomas,'' 
Thomas^  ZecJiariah,'  Zecharmli),  eldest  child  of  Caleb^  and  Mary 
(Bowers)  Symmes;  born  in  Charlestown,  Dec.  1,  1814;  married, 
Sept.  15,  1840,  Joseph  Parsons  Moulton,--'  born  in  Newfield,  Me., 

*  The  town  of  Moiiltonborough,  N.  H.,  was  named  in  honor  of  Gen.  Jonathan  Moulton, 
of  Hampton,  in  that  State,  and  a  kinsman  of  him  in  the  text.  That  officer,  as  Captain 
Monlton,  led  a  body  of  eiglity  resolute  men  to  Norridgewock,  Maine,  took  it  by  surprise, 
and  utterly  destroyed  that  nest  of  savage  Indians,  with  Sebastian  Rasle,  their  spiritual 
adviser  and  guide,  Aug.  23,  1724.  Rasle  was  as  much  of  a  savage  as  any  of  them.  The 
Indian  chieftains,  Mogg,  Bomazeen  and  others,  were  slain  on  that  day,  and  New  England 
thus  freed  from  evils  it  long  had  suffered. 


Aug.  29,  1814,  3^oungest  son  of  Simeou  and  Sally  Moulton,  of  that 
place.  The  father  of  Simeon  removed  from  Hampton,  N.  H.,  to 
Newfield,  and  Simeon  himself  was  born  there. 

Mrs.  Moulton,  previous  to  marriage,  was  a  successful  teacher  in 
Boston,  Charlestown,  and  other  places. 

He  is  a  carpenter  hy  trade ;  lived  in  Charlestown  several  years ; 
afterwards  in  Woburn  Centre.  He  and  his  wife  are  members  of 
the  Congregational  church. 

Children,  born  in  Charlestown : 

906.  Isabel  (Moulton),  b.  Nov.  17,  1842. 

907.  Mary  Parsons  (Moulton),  b.  May  7,  1845  ;  d.  April  2,  1848. 

908.  Caleb  Symmes  (Moulton),  b.  Jan.  13,   1847;  m.  May  7,   1871, 

Mary  Jane  (Lunt)  Hoyt,  dau.  of  Silas  Lunt,  of  Lynn. 

Born  in  Woburn. 

909.  Fanny  (Moulton),  b.  April  18,  1849  ;  d.  Aug.  11,  1849. 

910.  Roger  Hutchinson  (Moulton),  b.  Sept.  17,  1851;  d.  Sept.  3, 


911.  Samuel  Bowers  (Moulton),  b.  Nov.  3,  1856;  d.  Sept.  12,  1857. 

912.  Joseph  Herbert  (Moulton),  b.  Jan.  12,  1858. 


CALEB  TROWBRIDGE  SYMMES«  {Caleb,'  Caleb;  Caleb;  Tho- 
mas; Thomas;  Zechariah;  Zechariah^),  brother  of  the  preceding; 
born  in  Charlestown,  Feb.  23,  1817;  married,  by  Rev.  William  Ives 
Budington,  Oct.  28,  1841,  to  Nancy  Richardson,  born  at  Woburn, 
July  9,  1819,  dau.  of  Job  and  Nancy  Richardson,  of  that  place. 
Job  Richardson  was  son  of  Edward  and  Sarah  (Tidd)  Richardson, 
of  "Button  End,"  Woburn. 

For  nearly  thirty  years,  or  since  1843,  he  has  been  the  faithful 
cashier  of  the  Lancaster  Bank,  in  the  town  of  Lancaster,  Mass.,  where 
he  resides.  He  and  his  wife  are  members  of  the  Congregational 
Church,  and  are  represented  as  being  worthy  and  conscientious  per- 
sons, "  serving  God,  it  is  said,  with  his  prayers,  his  strength,  and  his 

913.  914.     They  have  had  two  children,  who  both  died  in  infancy. 


LYDIA  MARIA  SYMMES"  {Caleb;  Caleb;  Caleb;  Thomas;  Tho- 
mas; Zechariah;  Zechariah^),  sister  of  the  preceding;  b.  in  Charles- 
town, Aug.  11,  1819;  married,  April  20,  1848,  Josiaii  Thomas 
Reed,  born  in  Burlington,  Mass.,  Nov.  11,  1821,  son  of  Isaiah  and 
Sally  (Ellsworth)  Reed. 

They  live  in  Charlestown.  He  was  a  grocer  on  Main  Street,  in 
that  city ;  now  a  dyer  of  kid  gloves.  They  arc  members  of  the 
Winthrop  Church.     He  is  an  active  and  liberal  man. 


Children : 

915.  George  Hyde  (Reed),  b.  April  17, 1849  ;  d.  Oct.  25, 1849. 

916,  917.  Twin  sons,  b.  Oct.  3,  1850  ;  both  died  the  next  day. 

918.  Mary  Eliza  (Reed),  b.  Feb.  17,  1852. 


MARTHA  ELIZA  SYMMES'  {Calch^  Caleb,'  Caleb,'  Thomas* 
Thomas,''  Zediariah^  Zechariah'),  sister  of  the  preceding;  born  in 
Charlestown,  April  26,  1824;  married  in  Charlestown,  by  Rev. 
Benjamin  Tappan,  Oct.  28,  1852,  to  Thomas  Denny  Demond,  b.  in 
Rutland,  Mass.,  Nov.  16, 1814,  son  of  Daniel  and  Hannah  Demond. 

Previous  to  marriage,  she  was  an  approved  teacher  in  Charles- 
town and  other  places. 

He  was  a  merchant  in  State  Street,  Boston.  They  resided  at  124 
Webster  Street,  East  Boston. 

Children : 

919.  George  Albert  (Demond),  b.  Feb.  26,  1854. 

920.  Joseph  Miles  (Demond),  b.  Feb.  15,  1856;  d.  Sept.  27,  1860. 

921.  Mary  Susan  (Demond),  b.  Jan.  10,  1858;  d.  Sept.  26,  1860. 

922.  Edward  Griffin  (Demond),  b.  July  24,  1859  ;  d.  Sept.  26,  1860. 

923.  Warner  (Demond),  b.  Oct.  5,  1861. 

924.  Martha  Symmes  (Demond),  b.  Jan.  25,  1864 ;  d.  Dec.  8,  1867. 

925.  Lincoln  Grant  (Demond),  b.  March  9,  1867. 

926.  Charles  Denny  (Demond),  b.  Dec.  12,  1869. 

Three  children  of  this  family  were  buried  at  the  Forest  Hills  Ceme- 
tery, Dorchester,  the  same  afternoon,  Friday,  Sept.  28,  1860. 


[Pages  G-8.] 

The  subject  of  the  Antinomian  Controversy  of  1637  is  treated  in  full,  in 
a  monograph  by  the  compiler  of  this  volume,  and  published  in  the  "  Con- 
gregational Quarterly  "■  for  April,  July,  and  October,  1873.  It  is  there 
shown,  that  notwithstanding  what  is  often  supposed,  and  the  harsh  aspect 
of  the  case,  as  it  meets  the  eye  of  a  careless  observer,  the  treatment  of  Mrs. 
Hutchinson  and  her  followers  was  not  only  an  absolute  necessity,  if  the 
colony  was  to  survive  the  vigorous  assault  made  upon  it  by  these  persons, 
but  that  they  were  in  fact  treated  with  much  lenity  and  forbearance ;  and 
that  the  affair  was  not  at  all  a  religious  persecution,  as  has  often  been  repre- 
sented, but  a  proceeding  based  on  political  grounds  and  no  other. 

[Pages  IG,  17.] 

Mrs.  Ruth  Willis  and  Mrs.  Deborah  Prout,  daughters  of  Rev.  Z.  Symmes, 
were  living  and  testified  in  Probate  Court,  Dec.  28,  1676. 

[Page  27.] 

The  second  wife  of  Timothy  Symmes  [14],  Elizabeth  Norton,  was  daugh- 
ter of  Capt.  Francis  Norton.  She  married  Capt.  Ephraim  Savage,  as  his 
third  wife,  and  died  April  13,  1710. 

[Page  28.] 

Timothy  [34]  died  on  the  day  of  his  birth.  The  mother  died  twelve 
days  after. 

[Pages  31,  32.] 

According  to  Lewis's  History  of  Lynn,  the  Squaw  Sachem,  in  1639,  sold 
to  Charlestown  "  all  that  parcel  of  land  which  lies  against  the  ponds  of 
Mystic,  together  with  the  said  ponds,  all  which  we  reserved  from  Charles- 
town  and  Cambridge,  this  deed  to  take  effect  after  the  death  of  me,  the  said 
Squaw  Sachem."  The  considei'ation  was,  "  the  many  kindnesses  and  bene- 
fits we  have  received  from  the  hands  of  Capt.  Edward  Gibbons,  of  Boston." 
This  deed  must  have  included  the  Symmes  farm. 

[Page  36.] 

William  Simmes  was,  in  1725,  "a  youth,"  on  board  of  some  vessel,  whose 
name  is  not  given,  sailing  from  Boston  to  a  foreign  port.     [Geneal.  Regis- 


ter,  xxi.  367.]  This  must  have  been  "William,  born  in  Charlestown,  Jan. 
9,  1708-9,  son  of  Zechariah'  and  Dorcas  (Brackenbury)  Symmes  [74]. 
Perhaps  he  was  ancestor  of  the  Simes  or  Symes  Family  of  Portsmouth, 
who  say  their  ancestor  was  a  sea-captain. 

[Page  37.] 

On  further  consideration,  I  am  inclined  to  doubt  as  to  John  Simms,  of 
Maiden,  being  a  descendant  of  Rev.  Zechariah  Symmes.  It  is  more  likely 
that  he  was  brother  of  Stephen  Sims,  who  was  of  Boston,  1720-1730. 

[Page  48.] 

The  list  here  given  of  the  children  of  Andrew  Symmes  is  not  altogether 
correct.  In  the  settlement  of  his  son  Ebenezer's  estate,  1782,  it  is  stated 
that  Ebenezer  had  five  sisters  then  living,  one  of  whom,  the  settlement 
states,  was  Mrs.  Mason,  and  another  Mrs.  Thompson.  Of  the  other  three, 
we  now  learn  one  was  Mrs.  Susanna  Drew,  and  one  was  Mrs.  Experience 
Perkins,  whose  husband  was  father  of  Dr.  Cyrus  Perkins,  of  Dartmouth 
College.  [See  page  106,  710(6.]  There  is  a  mistake  about  the  fifth  sister, 
but  the  compiler  knows  not  how  to  coi-rect  it. 

[Page  62.] 

On  the  7th  of  April,  1788,  the  first  permanent  settlement  was  made  in  the 
Northwestern  Territory,  now  containing  the  populous,  flourishing  and  mighty 
Western  States  of  the  American  Union.  Previously  that  whole  region  was 
a  howling  wilderness,  into  which  no  white  man  had  ventured,  except  a  few 
daring  explorers.  But  the  era  of  emigration  had  come,  and  it  dawned  in 
Massachusetts.  On  the  25th  of  January,  1786,  the  newspapers  of  that 
Commonwealth  contained  a  notice  requesting  "  all  good  citizens  who  wished 
to  become  adventurers  in  the  delightful  region  known  as  the  Ohio  country," 
to  hold  meetings  and  choose  delegates  to  a  convention  in  Boston  on  the  1st 
of  March.  The  movement  resulted  in  the  purchase  of  a  million  and  a  half 
acres  of  land  of  Congress  by  "  The  Ohio  Company,"  and  the  sending  out 
of  a  colony  to  begin  its  occupation.  When  these  venturesome  pioneers  got 
to  Pittsburg,  then  the  extreme  western  limit  of  civilization,  they  had  to 
spend  three  months  in  building  boats  to  convey  themselves  and  their  effects 
down  the  river.  About  noon  of  the  7th  of  April,  1788,  they  reached  Fort 
Harmer,  where  the  town  of  Marietta  now  stands. 

There  began  the  settlement  of  the  Northwest.  Providentially,  by  the 
famous  ordinance  of  '87,  that  whole  region  had  been  devoted  to  freedom,  and 
the  soil  proved  most  congenial  for  the  growth  of  free  institutions.  Only 
the  historian's  pen  can  record  the  ever-increasing  miracle  of  subsequent 
progress,  variegated  as  it  was,  though  hardly  checked,  liy  the  terrors  and 
occasional  reverses  of  Indian  warfare.  In  1798,  the  settlers  were  enabled 
to  avail  themselves  of  the  permission  contained  in  their  organic  law,  to  form 
a  territorial  legislature  when  they  comprised  "  five  thousand  free  male  in- 
habitants of  full  age."  In  1799  Congress  divided  the  territory  by  establish- 
ing the  new  Territory  of  Indiana;  and  in  1802,  Ohio,  then  containing  a 
population  of  45,365,  according  to  the  previous  census,  was  admitted  as  a 
State  into  the  Union.  Indiana  followed  fourteen  years  afterward,  Illinois 
in  sixteen,  and  thenceforward  the  procession  swelled,  till  the  grand  constel- 


latlon  of  commonwealths  became  as  we  now  see  it — the  present  pride  and 
the  future  strength  and  hope  of  the  nation. 

The  first  organized  movement  for  the  settlement  of  the  Great  "West  dates 
from  June,  1783,  in  the  camp  of  the  American  army,  then  soon  to  be  dis- 
banded. In  that  month,  under  the  lead  of  Gen.  llufus  Putnam,  the  chief 
engineer  of  the  army,  a  native  of  Sutton,  Mass.,  and  a  son  of  Elisha  Put- 
nam, of  Danvers,  a  plan  was  formed,  which,  while  provision  would  be  made 
for  the  disbanded  officers  and  soldiers,  would  also  contribute  greatly  to  the 
future  security  and  strength  of  the  nation.  A  petition  was  drawn  up  and 
presented  to  Congress  by  the  officers,  with  this  end  in  view.  A  letter,  ad- 
di'essed  by  Gen.  Putnam  to  Gen.  Washington,  contained  the  first  suggestion 
of  dividiiig  the  tcesfern  lands  into  toionships  of  six  miles  square,  a  plan  soon 
after  adopted  and  continued  to  this  day.  On  the  first  of  March,  1786,  the 
"  Ohio  Company  "  was  formed  at  Boston,  in  pursuance  of  a  circular  ad- 
dressed by  Gen.  Putnam  and  Gen.  Benjamin  Tupper  to  the  officers  and 
soldiers  of  the  army,  as  well  as  other  good  citizens,  disposed  to  remove  to 
the  AVest.  During  the  year  1787,  an  arrangement  was  effected  with  Con- 
gress. On  the  7th  of  April,  1788,  Gen.  Putnam,  with  a  party  of  forty  emi- 
grants, arrived  at  the  mouth  of  the  Muskingum  and  commenced  the  first 
permanent  settlement  of  the  territory  northwest  of  the  Ohio.  They  called 
their  village  Marietta,  in  honor  of  Marie  Antoinette,  the  friend  of  their 
country,  the  queen  of  France. 

[Page  G9.] 


[Furnished  by  Is.vac  J.   Geeenwood,  of  New  York.] 

Lt.-Col.  David  Mason. 

David  Mason,  born  in  1727,  learned,  during  his  earlier  life,  the  art 
of  painting  and  gilding,  and  then  portrait-painting  of  John  Greenwood,  in 
Boston.  He  also  delivered  lectures  on  electricity  in  various  towns.  From 
Allen's  American  Biography,  we  learn,  further,  that  "  Dr.  Franklin  was  a 
friend  in  his  father's  house.  In  the  French  war  he  was  a  lieutenant,  and 
understood  well  the  art  of  gunnery,  commanding  a  battery  of  six  cannon 
at  Fort  "William  Henry.  He  was  there  taken  prisoner,  but  was  released 
in  the  woods  by  the  kindness  of  a  French  officer.  In  17G3,  he  organ- 
ized the  first  artillery  company  in  Boston.  In  1771,  he  was  appointed  en- 
gineer. Two  brass  cannon,  which  the  British  seized  in  Boston,  he  secretly 
carried  ofi",  concealed  in  loads  of  manure.  His  wife  Hannah  (eldest  daugh- 
ter of  Andrew  Symmes,  of  Boston,  and  whom  he  had  married  in  1750) 
cut  out  five  thousand  flannel  cartridges.  From  Salem,  April  19,  1775,  he 
marched  to  Medford  with  four  or  five  hundred  men."  Three  days  there- 
after, being  on  a  furlough  at  Salem,  the  Massachusetts  Committee  of  Safety 
despatched  a  courier  to  request  his  attendance,  and  he  was  ordered  to  pro- 
vide one  field  piece  ready  for  action,  and  to  put  the  remainder,  consisting  of 
eight  3-pounders  and  three  G-pounders,  in  thorough  order.  At  the  same 
time  another  courier  was  sent  to  the  residence  of  Col.  Richard  Gridley,  at 
Stoughton,  requiring  the  immediate  attendance  of  himself  and  son  Scar- 
borough Gridley.  Col.  Gridley,  who  had  already  served  during  the  French 
war  as  chief  engineer,  was  again  appointed  to  that  position,  April  2G,  by 


the  Massacliusetts  Provincial  Congress,  in  the  forces  being  raised  by  that 
colony,  and  William  Burbeck  was  ajipointed  an  engineer.  Soon  after  this,  a 
Train  or  Regiment  of  Artillery  was  projected,  and,  on  June  21st,  the  Pro- 
vincial Congress  issued  commissions  to  Burbeck  as  lieut.-colonel,  David  Ma- 
son as  Ist-major,  and  Scarborough  Gridley  as  2d-major.  The  command 
had  been  secured  to  Col.  GricUey  as  major-general,  a  rank  not  subsequently 
recognized  by  the  Continental  Congress.  This  regiment,  with  one  company 
of  the  Rhode-Island  Train,  commanded  by  Maj.  John  Crane,  comprised  all 
the  artillery  actively  employed  iu  1775,  at  the  siege  of  Boston. 

Nov.  17,  1775,  Col.  Gridley,  on  account  of  his  advanced  age,  was  super- 
seded, through  appointment  of  the  Continental  Congress,  by  Henry  Knox. 
His  son  Scarborough  had  been  discharged,  soon  after  the  battle  of  Bunker 
Hill,  for  some  lack  of  judgment  or  indiscretion  there  exhibited.  Upon  the  re- 
organization of  the  army  in  January,  the  officers  of  the  Artillery  Regiment 
were  Henry  Knox,  colonel ;  William  Burbeck,  1st  lieutenant-colonel ;  David 
Mason,  2d  lieutenant-colonel;  and  John  Crane,  1st  major.  In  April,  Capt. 
John  Lamb  (then  a  prisoner  at  Quebec)  was  apj^ointed  2d  major.  On  the 
nights  of  Saturday,  Sunday  and  Monday,  March  2,  3  and  4,  previous  to 
taking  possession  of  Dorchester  Heights,  a  vigorous  bombardment  and 
cannonade  was  kept  up  from  Cobble  llill,  Lechmere's  Point,  and  Lamb's 
Dam,  with  a  view  of  diverting  the  enemy's  attention.  Unfortunately,  on  the 
first  night,  one  13-inch  and  two  10-inch  iron  mortars  were  burst.  On  Sun- 
day night,  while  Washington  himself  was  present,  it  is  said,  a  brass  13-inch 
mortar  was  likewise  burst,  and  Lt.-Col.  Mason  slightly  wounded.  This  was 
the  only  brass  mortar  in  the  camp,  and  had  been  taken  on  the  ordnance- 
brig  Nancy,  by  Commodore  Manly. 

April  3d,  Washington  issued  his  orders  to  Col.  Knox,  that  the  artillery 
and  ammunition  should  be  forwarded  to  New  York,  whither  Lt.-Col.  Bur- 
beck should  proceed  by  the  most  direct  road  without  any  delay  ;  Lt.-Col. 
Mason  to  follow  as  soon  as  he  was  able  to  travel.  The  former,  fearful  of 
forfeiting  the  four  shillings  sterling  jier  diem,  which  had  been  settled  on 
him  for  life  by  the  Province  of  Massachusetts,  refused,  in  a  letter  to  Col. 
Knox,  of  April  12,  to  quit  his  native  State,  and  was  in  consequence  dismissed 
the  service  by  the  Continental  Congress  during  the  following  month. 

Mason,  who  succeeded  him  in  rank,  came  on  to  Norwich  with  the  ord- 
nance, and  in  consequence  of  his  ill  health,  was  permitted  to  travel  thence 
to  New  York  by  land.  After  the  battle  of  Long  Island,  and  the  retreat 
from  New  York  to  AVestchester,  it  becoming  evident  that  the  enemy  would 
make*  a  vigorous  movement  westward  through  the  Jerseys,  Washington 
wrote  to  Knox  from  White  Plains,  Nov.  10,  desiring  him  to  take  into  con- 
sideration a  proper  partition  of  the  field  artillery,  and  not  to  delay  in  des- 
patching "  those  destined  for  the  western  side  of  Hudson's  river.  With 
respect  to  yourself,"  he  continues,  "  I  shall  leave  it  to  your  own  choice  to 
go  over  or  stay  ;  if  you  do  not  go.  Col.  Mason  must."  Four  days  after,  he 
urged  on  Congress  the  necessity  of  largely  increasing  the  field  artillery,  and 
on  December  20  communicated,  in  a  letter,  which  was  read  on  the  26th,  a 
plan  of  Col.  Knox  for  the  establishment  of  a  Continental  Artillery,  with 
magazines,  laboratories,  &c.  The  question  had  already  been  under  discus- 
sion, however,  and  on  Dec.  21st  and  24th  Congress  had  resolved  to  establish 
three  magazines,  with  laboratories  attached — one  in  Virginia,  another  at 
Carlisle,  Pa.,  and  a  third  at  Brookfield,  Mass. ;  and  on  the  28th,  the  Presi- 
dent of  Congress  wrote  to  the  Council  of  Massachusetts  Bay,  desiring  them 
to  contract  with  proper  persons  for  erecting  the  magazine  in  that  State,  suffi- 


cient  to  contain  10,000  stand  of  arms,  and  200  tons  of  gunpowder,  and  also 
for  erecting  an  adjacent  laboratory,  and  to  take  such  measures  as  they  judged 
necessary  for  the  immediate  execution  of  the  same. 

Some  steps  were  taken  towards  establishing  the  works  at  Brookfield,  but 
the  location  did  not  meet  the  approval  of  Knox,  who  had  been  appointed 
brigadier-general  of  Artillery,  Dec.  23,  1776,  and  on  Feb.  1,  following,  he 
addressed  a  letter  to  Gen.  Washington,  pointing  out  the  superior  advantages 
of  the  town  of  Springfield  as  a  place  for  the  contempleted  cartridge  labora- 
tory and  cannon  foundry.  "Washington,  on  the  14th,  advised  Congress,  in 
a  letter  from  Morristown,  that  in  consequence  of  Gen.  Knox's  opinion,  he 
had  ordered  the  works  to  be  begun  at  Springfield. 

The  care  of  the  ammunition  and  the  manufacture  of  cannon  and  musket- 
cartridges,  had,  previous  to  this,  been  entrusted  to  Ezekiel  Cheever,  Esq., 
appointed  Aug.  17,  1775,  by  Gen.  Washington,  as  commissary  of  artil- 
lery stores,  with  brevet  rank  of  colonel,  and  to  this  gentleman,  and  to 
Lt.-Col.  David  Mason,  was  given  the  charge  and  superintendence  of  the 
new  works.  These  latter  were  at  first  located  on  the  Main  street,  but  dur- 
ing the  year  1778  they  were  removed  to  the  Hill,  where  a  square  of  ten 
acres,  the  old  town  training-field,  had  been  secured. 

Col.  Mason  continued  to  reside  at  Springfield.  Allen  mentions  that  he 
sold  his  State  securities  "  at  a  great  loss,  for  two  or  three  shillings  on  the 
jtound."  In  1786,  he  became  lame,  and  remained  so  until  his  death,  which 
occurred  at  Boston,  Sept.  17,  1794,  at  the  age  of  67.  "  He  was  a  christian 
eminent  for  love  to  God  and  man.  His  daughter  Hannah  married  Capt. 
Jolm  Bryant,  of  Boston,  and  died  at  Springfield.  Susannah  married  Prof. 
John  Smith,  of  Hanover,  N.  H.  Mary  married  Daniel  Tuttle,  of  Boston. 
His  grandson,  John  Bryant,  merchant  of  Boston,  married  Mary,  a  daugh- 
ter of  Prof.  Smith  by  his  first  wife  Mary  Cleveland." 

[Pages  11,  23,31,41.] 

The  territory  now  embraced  in  the  town  of  Winchester  may  be  consider- 
ed as  in  some  sort  the  cradle  of  the  Symmes  Family  in  America.  Rev. 
Zechariah  Symmes,  the  progenitor  of  those  who  write  their  names  in  the 
manner  now  indicated,  was,  it  is  true,  the  minister  of  Charlestown,  and 
dwelt  there  from  1634  till  his  death  in  1671.  But  in  those  early  days 
Charlestown  included  much  of  what  is  now  Winchester,  and  for  some  years 
the  whole  of  it ;  and  the  Symmes  farm  given  to  him  by  Cliarlestown,  was 
nearly  all  of  it  in  Winchester,  and  part  of  it  remains  in  the  hands  of  his  de- 
scendants to  this  day.  The  town  last  named  was  the  residence  of  his  son 
William,  and  it  is  supposed  has  since  contained  more  of  his  descendants 
than  any  other  town,  at  least  in  New  England. 

It  is  a  very  pleasant  town.  The  natural  features  are  attractive,  and 
greatly  embellished  by  cultivation.  Its  rounded  hills  afford  many  fine  pros- 
pects ;  a  beautiful  stream  of  water,  called  the  Aberjona  River,  passes 
through  the  midst  of  it.  Only  eight  miles  from  Boston,  with  railroad  trains 
running  through  its  centre  thirty  times  a  day,  it  is  a  desirable  place  of  resi- 
dence. The  inhabitants  are  mostly  of  a  highly  respectable  character,  many 
of  them  doing  business  in  Boston.  From  Boston,  therefore,  they  derive 
largely  their  manners  and  customs,  and  are  inclined  to  be  formal,  stately, 
distant  and  reserved,  like  the  city  folks.     It  is  hard  for  a  stranger  to  get 


acquainted.  They  do  not  readily  admit  strangers  into  their  society.  The 
members,  for  instance,  of  the  Orthodox  Church  have  their  social  gatherings 
at  their  vestiy  four  or  five  times  during  the  winter  season,  which  are  not 
always  well  attended  ;  and  the  Winchester  folks  think  this  must  suffice. 
Those  who  cannot  be  present  on  such  occasions,  have  little  or  no  opportu- 
nity of  mingling  in  society. 

As  a  large  proportion  of  the  men  of  business,  if  not  nearly  all,  are,  during 
all  the  hours  of  every  day  in  the  week,  the  Sabbath  excepted,  occupied 
with  engrossing  affairs  in  Boston  and  elsewhere,  the  consequence  is  the 
affairs  of  the  town  are  sometimos  committed  to  men  not  the  most  com- 
petent ;■  to  men  governed  more  by  the  letter  of  the  law  than  by  its  spirit, 
and  therefore  liable  to  pursue  a  course  of  conduct  which  may  find  its  excuse, 
but  never  its  justification,  in  the  statute  book.  Consequently  there  is 
sometimes  loss  and  suffering. 

There  is  no  species  of  injustice  more  afflictive  or  more  glaring  than  is 
often  perpetrated  under  color  of  law.  Human  law  is  imperfect  at  best,  and 
may  sometimes  operate  to  the  disadvantage  of  the  innocent  and  the  helpless. 
The  law,  which  is  intended  for  the  protection  of  the  community,  often  be- 
comes an  engine  of  severe  oppression.  Long-continued  observation  haa 
taught  me  that  persons  may  often  be  found  to  lay  hold  of  plausible  but 
wrong  interpretations  of  law  for  purposes  of  oppression:  Cruel  wrongs 
are  thus  committed  for  which  no  redress  can  be  obtained.  If  the  sufferer 
complain,  he  is  gravely  told  that  the  law  allows  it. 

It  is  to  be  feared  that  this  has  sometimes  been  the  case  in  this  pleasant 
town  of  Winchester,  more  especially  in  the  assessment  and  collection  of 
taxes.  Were  this  the  place  to  publish  the  particulars,  a  case  might  be 
related,  on  what  is  supposed  to  be  good  authority,  which  would  fully  jus- 
tify, it  is  believed,  all  that  is  here  said  of  this  liability  to  injustice  in  the 
matter  of  taxation.  In  the  case  alluded  to,  great  suffering  was  caused  to 
one  who  was  ill  able  to  bear  it. 

Since  AVinchester  became  a  town,  the  population  has  greatly  increased 
from  various  sources. 



We  are  able^to  trace  back  the  Family  bearing  the  name  of  Sims, 
Symmes,  or  something  equivalent,  about  live  .hundred  years.  It  is  without 
doubt  an  old  Saxon  Family,  and  the  name  may  have  been  borrowed  from 
the  second  son  of  the  patriarch  Jacob ;  Sims,  meaning  simply,  So7i  of 

John  Symmes,  priest,  was  appointed  Rector  of  Stotesbury,  by  the  Prior 
and  Convent  of  St.  Andrew,  Oct.  13,  1390. 

John  Symme  was  chosen  Bailiff  $  of  the  city  of  Canterbury  in  Kent,  Sept. 
14,  1392. 

The  principal  seat  of  the  Family,  however,  at  least  of  that  part  of  it  with 
which  this  volume  is  chiefly  concerned,  appears  to  have  been,  in  the  early 
time,  in  Northamptonshire,  in  England.  Some  branches  of  it  still  exist  in 
the  neighborhood  of  Daventry  in  that  county.  It  has  been  connected 
with  some  of  the  most  honored  English  families. 

In  Baker's  History  of  Northamptonshire,  Part  II.,  p.  330,  there  is  a 
reference  to  Bridge's  work.  Part  I.,  p.  48,  where  it  is  mentioned  that  the 
church  of  Daveutry,§  in  that  county,  contained,  "  at  the  east  end  of  the 
south  aisle  upon  a  blue  stone,  the  effigies  of  a  man  and  his  wife,  with  the 
following  inscription  on  a  brass  plate:    "for  the  solle  of  William  Symmes, 

sometyme es    his    wife,  which    William  departed June,  A.D. 

1547."     Underneath  were  figures  of  five  sons  and  five  daughters. 

1547.  William  Symes,  or  Symmes,  just  mentioned,  at  his  death,  in 
1547,  was  seized  of  estates  in  Daventry,  held  of  the  duchy  of  Lancas- 
ter.    [Baker's  Northamptonshire,  Part  II.,  p.  30G.] 

1576.  John  Symes,  or  Symmes,  was  bailiff  of  Daventry,  in  1576,  and 
was  named  as  one  of  the  principal  burgesses  or  citizens,  fourteen  in  number, 
in  the  earliest  extant  charter  of  the  corporation  of  Daventry,  1 8  Elizabeth, 
26  March.  The  list  of  bailiffs  begins  in  1574,  with  the  name  of  John 

*  For  much  that  immediately  follows,  the  compiler  is  indebted  to  the  researches  of 
George  C.  Mahon,  Esq.,  of  Framingham,  Mass.,  and  of  Mr.  Isaac  J.  Greenwood,  of  New 
York  City. 

_t  Parallel  to  which  is  Adams,  meaning  son  of  Adam  ;  Abrams,  for  Abraham's  son  ;  Da- 
vis, for  David's  son  ;  Peters,  for  Peter's  son  ;  Roberts,  for  Robert's  son  ;  and  so  on  without 

X  A  bailiff,  the  dictionaries  say,  was  a  sherilT's  deputy  and  assistant.  Some  writers  make 
it  equivalent  to  mayor. 

>}  The  borough  of  Daventry  is  ten  miles  west  of  Northampton,  and  scvcnty-two  north- 
west of  London. 


1591.  May  1.  Richard  Symes,  of  Stareton  (Staverton),  a  short  distance 
west  of  Daventry,  was  recommended  to  Lord  Treasurer  Burghley  as  a  re- 
tainer.    [Vide  Calendar  State  Papers.] 

1592.  To  Edward  Symes,  apparently  a  younger  son  of  the  before  men- 
tioned William  of  Daventry,  was  granted  a  coat  of  arms ;  or  rather  some 
addition  was  then  made  to  the  ancient  arms  of  the  Symmes  Family. 

1593.  Richard  Symes,  or  Simmes,  gentleman,  son  of  Edward  and  grand- 
son of  the  above  mentioned  William  Symes,  in  April,  1593,  purchased 
the  manor  of  Drayton,  near  Daventry,  from  Anthony  Chester,  Esq.,  after- 
wards Sir  Anthony  Chester,  bart.,  and  died  G  Sept.  following,  seized  of  the 
manor  and  lands  of  Drayton,  .Staverton  and  Kislingbury ;  leaving  Richard 
Symes  or  Simmes  his  son  and  heir,  aged  21  years.     [Baker,  ii.  348.] 

1602.  Richard  Symes,  the  son  and  heir  just  mentioned,  alienated  his 
manor  of  Drayton  to  Richard  Raynsford,  Esq.     [Ibid.] 

In  the  Records  of  the  Herald's  College,  Bennett's  Hill,  London,  Mr. 
Mahon,  my  informant,  found  the  name  spelled  variously,  thus:  Symes, 
Symmes,  Synis,  and  Simmes.  The  autograph  of  William  Symes  occurs  in 
C.  14,  1619,  p.  56.  In  the  private  sketch-book  of  the  Herald  who  made 
out  the  grant  of  1592,  he  spells  the  name  Syms.  The  Heralds  of  the  pre- 
sent day  corrected  Mr.  Mahon  for  pronouncing  the  name  Sims,  with  a  short 
vowel,  instead  of  Symes,  with  a  long  vowel.  But  the  diversities  in  the 
ancient  spelling  indicate  that  the  short  sound  gives  the  true  pronuncia- 
tion. Mr.  Mahon  says  that  the  Irish  branch,  from  which  he  is  descended, 
has  never  pronounced  the  name  otherwise  than  Sims,  though  written  for- 
merly Symes,  or  Symmes,  indifferently,  and  for  the  last  one  hundred  years 
invariably  Symes. 

When  in  Northamptonshire,  Mr.  Mahon  made  inquiries  as  to  the  present 
state  of  the  Family.  He  learned  that  though  ancient,  it  is  not  now  very 
opulent.  From  personal  inquiry,  it  appeared  that  there  are  many  members 
of  the  Family  still  existing  in  the  neighborhood  of  Daventry,  principally 
small  landed  proprietors,  whereas  their  ancestors  in  that  vicinity  owned 
large  estates.  They  still  retain  an  aristocratic,  haughty,  proud  spirit — 
what  might  be  called  touchy — so  that  he  did  not  like  to  approach  them,  lest 
they  should  manifest  some  contempt  for  the  Irish  branch  even  of  their  own 

We  find  in  Burke's  General  Armory,  the  arms  of  Symmes  of  Daventry, 
in  the  county  of  Northampton,  granted  to  Edward  Symes  in  1592,  viz. : 
Ermine,  three  crescents,  gules.  Crest,  a  head  in  helmet,  or,  plumed  azure, 
the  beaver  up,  the  face  proper.     Motto,  Droit  et  loyal. 

The  same  coat  of  arms  is  borne  by  the  Symes  Family  of  Ballybeg,  coun- 
ty of  Wicklow,  Ireland,  which  is  an  offshoot  of  the  Symmes  Family  of 
Daventry.     It  is  also  borne  by  the  Symmes  Family  in  America. 

Pedigrees  of  the  Symmes  Family  of  Welton,  one  mile  north  of  Daven- 
try, are  in  the  British  Museum.  Harleian  MSS.  1094,  fol.  1885  b.  1184, 
fol.  180  h.  1553,  fol.  118  ^».  See  Index  of  Pedigrees  in  the  British  Mu- 
seum, by  Richard  Sims  of  the  MS.  Department  in  that  institution. 

From  the  Symes  Family  of  Northamptonshire  is  descended  a  branch 
which  took  I'oot  in  the  county  of  Wexford  in  Ireland,  some  time  previous 
to  1688.  The  arms  are,  with  a  slight  exception,  the  same.  A  member  of 
this  branch,  a  merchant  there,  supplied  some  ships  to  bring  over  the  army 
of  the  Prince  of  Orange,  afterwards  king  William  HI.,  in  the  year  just 

The  Irish  branch  throve  rapidly  and  multiplied.     From  them  sprung 

APPENDIX    I.  159 

the  Symeses  of  the  neighboring  county  of  TVicklow.  At  least,  it  is  known 
that  they  all  are  descendants  of  the  Family  in  Northamptonshire. 

In  1795,  the  British  authorities  in  India,  alarmed  at  the  rapid  and  ex- 
tensive conquests  of  the  new  Burman  dynasty  in  the  vast  regions  beyond 
the  Ganges,  sent  an  embassy  to  promote  a  good  understanding  between 
themselves  and  the  Burman  monarch.  At  the  head  of  this  embassy  was 
Col.  Michael  Symes,  who  spent  some  time  in  that  country,  and  after  his 
return  published  an  interesting  work,  in  two  volumes,  aftbrding  much  light 
in  regard  to  a  portion  of  the  earth  previously  almost  unknown.  It  was  en- 
titled, "  An  Account  of  the  Embassy  to  Ava."  Col.  Symmes  was  descended 
from  the  Irish  branch,  from  that  portion  of  it  known  as  the  Symeses  of 
Ballyarther,  or  more  briefly,  of  Bay  ley.  He  died  in  1809,  leaving  behind 
him  a  very  full  history  of  the  Symes  Family  from  their  first  settlement  in 
Ireland,  and  showing  their  alliances  with  many  of  the  best  Anglo-Irish  and 
Irish  families. 

My  informant,  Mr.  George  C.  Mahon,  now  a  resident  of  Framingham, 
but  having  business  in  Boston,  is  descended  from  the  Symes  Family  in 
England  ;  the  line  being  as  follows  : 

1.  Jere.miah  Symes,  a  younger  son  of  a  Northamptonshire  family, 
came  to  Ireland  in  the  reign  of  Charles  II.  For  faithful  services,  he  re- 
ceived from  king  William  III.  a  grant  of  lands  in  Middleton,  in  the  county 
of  Wexford.  His  wife  was  Barbara  Payne,  an  English  woman,  sister  of 
the  private  secretary  of  James  II.,  the  last  man  who  suffered  the  torture  of 
the  boot  in  Scotland.  Jeremiah  Symes  had  several  sons,  of  whom  the 
fourth  was  : 

2.  John  Symes,  married Sandham,  and  lived  at   Coolboy.     His 

wife's  mother  was  a  Mitchelbourne,  whose  father  assisted  conspicuously  in 
the  defence  of  Londonderry  in  1689.     John  Symes  was  the  father  of  : 

3.  Rev.  Abraham  Symes,  D.D.,  of  Hillbrook,  in  the  county  of  Wick- 
low.  His  wife  was  Anne,  daughter  of  Thomas  Le  Hunte,  an  eminent 
•  Dublin  advocate,  whose  mother  was  a  Miss  Legge,  a  niece  to  the  Earl  of 

Dartmouth,  whose  family  name  is  Legge.  The  mother  of  Anne  Le  Hunte 
was  Alice  Ryves,  daughter  of  a  dean  of  St.  Patrick's.  The  mother  of  Alice 
Ryves  was  a  Miss  Maude,  sister  to  Sir  Cornwallis  Maude.  The  Maude 
Family  is  connected  with  the  Lowther,  De  Clifford,  Percy  and  Mortimer 
Families  in  England,  and  through  them  with  the  royal  line  of  Plantagenet. 
The  first  Le  Hunte  came  to  Ireland  in  Cromwell's  time,  as  Col.  Le  Hunte. 
He  was  commander  of  Cromwell's  body  guard,  and  i-eceived  large  grants 
of  land  in  the  county  of  Wexford.  [See  Pendergast's  Cromwellian  Set- 
tlement of  Ireland.]     Rev.  Dr.  Symes  was  father  of: 

4.  Mary  Anne  Symes,  of  Glencraig-Holly wood,  in  the  county  of  Down 
in  Ireland,  who  died  unmarried,  and  at  an  advanced  age,  about  1865.  She 
had  a  sister,  who  also  lived  and  died  in  Ireland,  the  mother  of  George  C. 
Mahon,  Esq.,  of  Framingham,  Mass.,  my  informant. 

SIMES    or    symes    of    SOMERSETSHIRE. 

1581.     William  Simes,  of  this  county,  was  living  in  this  year. 

1 623.  John  Symes  was  member  of  parliament  for  this  county.  He  was 
living,  1637,  a  justice  of  the  peace  for  the  county.  He  was  a  staunch  adhe- 
rent to  the  party  of  the  king;  was  fined  by  the  parliament  for  his  loyalty 
£945,  and  paid  the  same,  March  8,  1647.  Pardon  was  granted,  however, 
Dec.  31,  1647,  and  the  sequestration  of  his  estate  taken  off.  He  appears 
to  have  been  livintj  in  1664. 


He  was  of  Pounsford,  a  tything,  in  the  parish  of  Petminster,  four  miles 
south  by  west  of  Taunton. 

Pedigrees  of  the  Sj-mes  or  Sims  Family  of  Pounsford,  county  of  Somers, 
maybe  seen  in  the  British  Museum,  Harleian  MSS.,  1141,  fol.  57  b,  and 
fol.  67.     Also,  1445,  fF.  83  b  and  97.     Also,  1559,  ff.  120,  187. 


Pedigree  of  the  Devonshire  Sims  of  Pounsford,  in  British  Museum,  Ilarl. 
MSS.  1091,  foh  133. 

The  coats  of  arms  of  this  and  the  Somersetshire  Syms  Families  differ  ma- 
terially from  those  of  Northamptonshire. 


George  Syrame,  of  Mark,  county  of  York,  was  fined  by  parliament  £22) 
for  his  loyalty  in  the  civil  war. 

Pedigrees  of  Symmes  or  Symes,  of  Yorkshire,  are  in  the  British  Muse- 
um, Hark  MSS.  1394,  fol.  249.     Also,  1415,  fol.  29  b.    Al«o  1420,  fol.  176. 

[From  CaL  of  State  Papers.] 

1589,  July  21.  Randall  Symmes  will  furnish,  on  twelve  days'  warning, 
a  certain  quantity  of  provision,  arms  and  munition. 

1603,  Aug.  6.  To  John  Syme  was  granted  a  gunner's  place  in  the  Tow- 
er: a  warden's  place  in  the  Tower,  Feb.  27,  1604.  Reported  as  lately 
deceased,  March,  1625.  He  was  probably  the  John  Syme,  a  Scotsman, 
to  whom  was  granted  denization,  July  28,  1609. 

1636.  John  Symms  had  been  a  citizen  of  London.  This  year  his 
widoAv  married  Richard  Phillips,  of  Limehouse,  in  Middlesex,  east  of  Lon- 
don ;  the  latter  being  a  widower  at  that  time.  Susan  Symms,  a  daughter, 
had  married  Thomas  Stebranck,  late  coachman  to  Sir  Edward  Barkham. 

1654.  Thomas  Symes,  vintner,  had  a  lease  of  the  White  Cross  Tavern, 


John  Sym,  or  Syms,  a  Scotsman,  born  1580,  was  living  1636,  minister 
of  Leigh,  in  Essex.  A  volume  in  4to.  by  him,  entitled  "  Life's  Preserva- 
tive against  Self-killing,"  was  printed  1637,  with  his  portrait  prefixed. 

John  Sims  was  a  Baptist  minister,  who  preached  at  Hampton  in  Eng- 
land, about  1646.  An  act  of  parliament  had  been  passed  against  un- 
ordained  ministers,  in  virtue  of  which  he  was  apprehended  while  on  a  jour- 
ney to  Taunton,  some  letters  which  he  was  to  deliver  to  pious  friends  taken 
from  him,  and  he  was  examined  before  some  court  for  preaching  without 
being  ordained,  and  for  denying  infant  baptism.* 

Walter  Symmes,  of  West  Wittering,  co.  Sussex,  for  adhering  to  the 
royal  party  and  assisting  forces  raised  against  pai-liament,  was  fined  £86, 
and  his  estate  sequestered.  He  rendered  [surrendered]  before  March  1, 
1643,  and  his  fine  of  £34  was  accepted,  March  23,  1647-48. 

*  Neal's  History  of  the  Puritans,  vol.  iii.  p.  553. 

APPENDIX   I.  161 

1G47,  Oct,  2.  Edward  Symmes,  confined  in  the  county  jail  of  Nortli- 
aniptonsliire,  under  sentence  of  death,  was  pardoned  by  the  [Long]  Parlia- 
ment.    His  oftence  was  probably  of  a  political  nature. 

1G50,  March.  Major  John  Symes,  an  officer  of  Lord  Lichiquin's  Horse 
in  Ireland,  was  taken  prisoner  by  Cromwell's  forces,  brought  to  Cashel, 
tried  and  shot.     His  widow  Margery  was  living  1G63,  with  four  children. 

1651,  Nov.  20.  The  House  of  Commons  considered  tlie  petition  of  Ann 
Symms,  widow  of  Jonas  Symms,  who  had  died  in  the  service  of  parliament. 

1054.  In  the  church  at  South  Lynn,  county  of  Norfolk,  is  a  stone  in 
memory  of  Lidia,  daughter  of  Mr.  Jenkinson,  merchant,  and  wife  of  Mr. 
John  Sims,  merchant  and  alderman.     She  died  1G54. 

1G5G.  William  Sims  was  public  lecturer  of  the  borough  of  Leicester, 
and  confestor  of  Wigston's  Hospital. 

1662-3,  March.  Ilobert  Symmes,  chief  salt-petre  man  of  the  late  king 
at  Oxford,  having  spent  £12U7,  "his  whole  estate,"  in  providing  material 
for  the  said  services,  his  widow  Margaret  petitions  for  relief  and  a  pension. 

1681-2.  William  »Symes  received  the  degree  of  B.A.  at  Queen's  Col- 
lege, Cambridge ;  and  of  M.A.  at  Baliol  College,  Oxford.  He  became 
Master  of  St.  Saviour's  School  at  Southwark,  on  the  Surrey  side  of  the 
river  Thames,  but  reckoned  a  part  of  London. 

1G91,  Rev.  William  Syms,  M.A.,  was  Rector  of  the  church  of  Chisle- 
hurst  in  Kent,  near  Bromley,  eleven  miles  from  London,  from  May  17, 
1G8G,  until  deprived  in  1691.     [Possibly  the  same  person.] 

1713,  May  2.  A  Bill  was  read  in  the  House  of  Lords,  for  enabling 
Symes  Perry  to  change  his  name  of  Perry  to  Symes,  according  to  the  will 
of  John  Symes,  Esq.,  deceased.     Request  granted. 

1739.  Rev.  Joseph  Simms,  M.A.,  was  curate  of  the  church  of  Bromley 
in  Kent,  ten  miles  from  London. 

1739.  Rev.  Robert  Simms  was  inducted  into  office  this  year  as  Rector 
of  the  church  of  Woolwich  in  Kent,  ten  miles  from  London. 

Richard  Simms,  Esq.,  was  of  Mount  Pleasant,  in  the  Parish  of  Bexley 
in  Kent.     His  wife,  a  sister  of  Sir  Robert  Austen,  died  1743. 

John  Symes,  Esq.,  lived  in  the  manor-house  of  Newbury,  in  the  Parish 
of  Crayford  in  Kent,  1797. 

John  Sim  of  Penhill,  in  the  Parish  of  Bexley,  in  Kent,  was  a  subscriber 
to  Greenwood's  Epitome  of  Kent,  published  1838. 

Richard  Sims,  of  London,  was  in  1856,  and  perhaps  is  now,  an  officer  of 
the  British  Museum,  in  charge  of  the  MS.  Department,  and  is  extensively 
and  favorably  known  in  both  hemispheres  for  his  labors  in  that  department, 
and  as  the  author  of  a  "  Manual  for  the  Genealogist,  Topographer,  Anti- 
quary and  Legal  Professor."      [See  N.  E.  Hist,  and  Geneal.  Reg.,  xi.  83.] 

There  was  a  Prof.  Syme,  of  Edinburgh,  in  1869. 

The  "■  Wars  of  the  Roses,"  which  commenced  in  1459,  and  ceased  at  the 
accession  of  Henry  VII.  in  1485,  constituted  a  period  of  great  disquiet  and 
suffering  in  England.  Seven  or  eight  bloody  battles  were  fought ;  suffering 
and  distress  abounded  on  every  side  ;  and  a  cotemporary  writer  observes, 
that  "  their  own  country  was  desolated  by  the  English  as  cruelly  as  the  pre- 
ceding generation  had  wasted  France."  At  that  time  it  is  supposed  that 
many  families  left  the  kingdom  ;  and  it  is  quite  probable  that  this  included 
some  of  the  Symmes  Family.  In  this  manner  we  may  account  for  a  branch 
of  that  family  in  the  northern  kingdom.  The  tradition  is,  that  at  a  subse- 
quent period  numbers  of  them  returned  to  England,  as  we  know  some  did 
on  the  accession  of  the  Stuart  dynasty  to  the  English  throne. 




There  were  other  emigrants  from  Great  Britain  to  America  of  the  name 
of  Symmes  and  names  equivalent,  besides  Rev.  Zechariah  Symmes  and  his 
family.   The  name,  though  differently  spelled,  has  the  same  sonnd  thronghout. 

Simon  Simes  was  a  passenger  for  Virginia,  July  G,  1635.  [Hist,  and 
Gen.  Reg.,  iv.  Gl.]  The  king  in  council,  jealous  of  the  growing  prosperity 
of  New  England,  and  having  got  Virginia  into  his  hands,  had  issued  an  order, 
Feb.  21,  1633-4,  detaining  the  ships  then  in  the  Thames  bound  for  this 
covintry,  and  restraining  all  further  emigration  to  these  parts.  As  no  re- 
straint was  placed  upon  emigration  to  Virginia,  it  is  supposed  that  many 
persons  and  families  took  that  colony  on  their  way  to  New  England. 


John  Symes,  of  Scarborough  in  Maine,  took  the  oath  of  allegiance  to 
Massachusetts,  and  was  admitted  freeman  of  that  colony,  July  13,  1658. 
[Geneal.  Reg.,  iii.  194.] 

As  all  the  people  below  "Wells  were  driven  away  by  the  Indians  about 
1692,  his  family  may  have  shared  the  same  fate,  and  it  may  be  that  some 
persons  of  the  name  whom  we  find  living  in  Massachusetts  fifteen  or  twenty 
years  later,  were  his  descendants. 


John  Simes,  it  is  said,  came  from  England  about  1736,  and  settled  in 
Portsmouth,  N.  H.  He  was  a  ship-master,  and  had  one  son  Joseph  and 
five  daughters,  from  whom  are  descended  all  of  the  name  in  that  vicinity,  and 
some  living  elsewhere. 

Dorothy  Simes,  supposed  to  be  a  daughter  of  this  Capt.  John  Simes, 
married  Humphrey  Fernald,  Dec.  3,  1741.  Both  parties  were  of  Ports- 
mouth. Anna  Simes,  supposed  to  be  another  da\ighter,  married,  Nov.  17, 
1747,  John  Nutter,  born  Feb.  24,  1721,  son  of  Hatevil  Nutter,  of  Newing- 
ton,  N.  H.  She  was  born  Oct.  20,  1727,  and  died  Aug.  11,  1793.  Han- 
nah Simes,  another  daughter,  married  Moses  Noble,  of  Portsmouth,  N.  H., 
Dec.  7,  1756.  He  died  May^  1796,  aged  65.  His  wife  Hannah  survived 
him  two  years.     They  had  eleven  children.     [Geneal.  Reg.,  xiii.  341.] 

Joseph  Simes,  the  only  son  of  Capt.  John  Simes,  was  by  trade  a  painter. 
He  was  a  highly  esteemed  citizen  of  Portsmouth,  and  chairman  of  the 

APPENDIX   II.  163 

board  of  selectmen  in  1776.  He  had  six  sons  and  four  daughters.  The 
sons  were — John,  Thomas,  Mark,  William,  George  and  Joseph.  My  inform- 
ant is  not  quite  sure  that  the  last  of  these  names  is  correct,  as  the  person 
died  quite  young. 

It  appears  very  probable  that  of  these  sons,  John  and  William  went  to 
Lynn  and  Boston,  and  had  fiimilies  there  at  the  period  of  the  Revolution. 

The  children  of  John  Simes,  son  of  Joseph,  who  lived  in  Lynn,  and 
whose  wife  was  Hannah  Dart,  were  as  follows.  They  have  been,  in  the 
body  of  this  work  (page  74),  wrongly  credited  to  another  John  Symmes. 

AV'illiam,  his  sou,  had  a  son  William,  whose  daughter  Susan  married 
Barnes.     She  was  living  in  Boston  in  18G7. 

Elizabeth,  daughter  of  John,  married Colman  ;  had  ten  daughters. 

Abiah,  another  daughter,  married Shepard  ;  had  a  daughter  Susan 

Simes  (Shepard)  who  married,  hrst, Gardner;  second,  Nelson, 

of  Boston.     Abiah  had  also  a  son  John  (Shepard). 

AVilliam,  fourth  son  of  Joseph  Simes,  of  Portsmouth,  appears  to  have 
lived  in  Boston  and  had  issue,  as  follows : 

AVilliam  Simes. 

Elizabeth  Simes,  married  Josiah  Stoddard,  and  had  AVilliam  (Symmes) 
Stoddard,  Susan,  Isaiah,  Edwai'd,  Elizabeth,  Albert,  Ephraim,  Almira, 
Mary  Augustus  (Stoddard). 

Luther  Simes,  who  had  by  first  wife :  John,  unm. ;  Elizabeth  (m.  James 
Arkurson,  ropemaker  in  Brighton)  ;  Luther,  3.  By  second  wife,  whose 
name  was  Reney,  or  Irene ,  five  children,  viz.,  Sarah,  AVilliam,  Tho- 
mas, Anne,  b.  1830,  Joseph  P.  B. 

John  Simes. 

Thoma-s  Simes. 

George  Simes,  fifth  son  of  Joseph,  and  grandson  of  Capt.  John  Simes,  of 
Portsmouth,  was  the  father  of  AVilliam  Simes,  a  merchant  of  that  city,  who 
was  mayor  there  in  1861  ;  and  1862  had  a  son  AVilliam  Simes,  Jr.,  and  ano- 
ther son,  Joseph  S.  Simes,  who  are  of  the  firm  of  Simes  &  Farley,  doing 
business  at  No.  10  Central  Street,  Boston,  and  boarding  at  the  Pavilion,  on 
Tremont  Street. 

Ex-Mayor  Simes,  in  a  letter,  speaks  of  a  cousin,  Stephen  H.  Simes,  who 
must  therefore  be  a  son  of  his  uncle  Thomas  or  his  uncle  Mark.  Ira  IL 
Simes,  of  Lowell,  stands  in  the  same  position ;  and  so,  I  suppose,  does  Capt. 
Jonathan  C.  Simes. 

Mrs.  Mary  H.  Simes  (formerly  Miss  Noble,  of  Portsmouth)  married, 
Jan.  21,  1801,  Capt.  Hiram  Rollins,  born  July  6,  1707,  son  of  John  Rol- 
lins.    She  was  his  second  wife,  and  he  was  her  second  husband. 


In  the  body  of  this  work,  page  18,  note,  mention  was  made  of  "Sarah 
Simes,  of  Cambridge,  Mass.  Bay  in  New  England,"  whose  will,  dated  April 
4,  1653,  we  found  in  the  Probate  Office  in  East  Cambridge.  AVe  ventured 
the  conjecture  in  that  note,  and  on  page  21,  that  the  testatrix  was  the  first 
wife  of  Capt.  AVilliam  Symmes.'  It  now  appears  conclusively  that  this 
conjecture  is  not  justified.  Miss  Sarah  Simes  had  a  grant  of  land  in  1639  ; 
and  therefore  could  not  be  the  wife  of  Capt.  AVilliam  Symmes,  or  of  any 
other  man.  She  was  undoubtedly  a  maiden,  a  lady  of  wealth  and  respecta- 
bility, and  a  member  of  the  church.  She  died  at  Cambridge,  June  10,  1653. 
This  is  all  we  know  about  her,  beyond  what  the  will  itself  contains. 


We  find  in  Boston,  in  1720,  Stephen  and  Elizabeth  Sims,  who  had  the 
following  children,  all  born  in  Boston : 

John,  born  June  22,  1720- 
Stephen,  born  July  11,  1721  ;  died  young. 
Elizabeth,  born  Dec-  1,  1722. 
Mary,  born  May  4,  1724. 
Stephen,  born  May  23,  1728  ;  died  young. 

Stephen,  born  Jan.  23,  1729-30;  married,  first,  Sarah  Norris,  May  oO^, 
1750;  married,  second,  Judith  Stoneman,  March  27,  1768- 

Stephen,  the  fiither  of  the  above  children,  must  have  been  bereft  of  his 
wife  Elizabeth  by  death,  for  he  married  Lydia  Nowell,  Sept.  27,  1750. 

He  seems  to  have  had  a  brother  John  Symes,  who  married,  first,  Mercy 
Youngman,  March  13,  1734  ;  married,  second,  Elizabeth  Dickman,  Feb.  3, 

John,  the  brother  of  the  above  Stephen  Simes,  was  a  "  mariner."  His 
will,  dated  May  3,  1764,  to  which  ho  made  his  "  mark,"  was  witnessed  by 
William  Sinclair  and  AVilliam  Dickman,  the  latter  of  whom  was  probably 
his  wife's  brother.  The  will  was  proved  June  14,  1765,  when  Elizabeth 
his  wife,  the  executrix,  presented  it  in  court.  In  it  he  speaks  of  wife  Eliza- 
beth, and  of  his  children  Mercy,  wife  of  Thomas  Barns  of  Boston,  rope- 
maker,  Isaac  and  Elizabeth.     Kecorded  SufF.  Prob.,  Ixiv.  182. 

Elizabeth  Simmes,  of  Boston,  widow  (doubtless  of  the  above  John),  made 
her  will  Aug.  2,  1793;  proved  May  26,  1795  ;  and  gave  all  her  estate  to 
Sarah  Clemens,  of  Boston,  "  single  woman,  spinster,"  but  says  nothing 
about  any  one  being  of  kin  to  herself.     [Suff.  Prob.,  xciv.  47.] 

When  documents  are  wanting,  there  is  no  end  to  conjecture.  We  now 
conjecture  that  John  Simms,  of  Maiden,  whose  four  children,  born  from 
1721  to  1728,  are  mentioned  on  page  37  of  this  volume,  was  brother  of  the 
above-named  Stephen  Sims,  of  Boston. 

James  Svnie  and  Sarah  Vassall  were  married  at  King's  Chapel,  Boston, 
Dec.  29, 1763. 

Abigail  Symmes  and  Col.  Nathaniel  Barber  were  married  at  Christ 
Chm-ch,  Boston,  July  14,  1782. 

John  Simmes  and  Sally  Thompson  were  married  by  Rev.  Samuel  Still- 
man,  July  21,  1796. 

Samuel  Symmes  and  Pollv  Burastead  [Burchsted?]  married  by  Rev. 
John  Eliot,  Aug.  16,  1796. 

Samuel  B.  Symmes,  of  Boston,  sail-maker,  died  intestate,  and  James 
Burchsted,  of  Boston,  shipwright,  appointed  administrator,  Sept.  20,  1802. 
[Suff.  Prob.,  c.  401.] 

Joseph  Sims,  a  rich  tea  merchant,  of  Boston,  married  the  daughter  of  a 
Plymouth  man,  whose  name  is  not  given,  and  "built  a  fine  house  in  South 
Plymouth,"  six  miles  from  the  j^rincipal  village."  This  was  about  1850  or 

There  was  a  family  of  the  name  of  Sims,  or  its  equivalent,  in  Salem, 
Mass.,  soon  after  1700.  Hannah,  daughter  of  Mr.  Richard  Sims,  was  bap- 
tized at  the  First  Church  in  Salem,  July  31,  1707.  As  the  prefix  Mr.  was 
at  that  time  not  applied  indiscriminately,  we  infer  that  "  Mr."  Richard 
Sims  was  a  man  of  some  note.  This  daughter  Hannah  because  the  wife  of 
Jeffrey  Lang,  of  Salem,  and  had  by  him :  Richard,  b.  Dec.  23,  1733 ;  Han- 

APPENDIX    II.  165 

nah,  1).  May  1,  1735,  and  Nathaniel,  b.  Oct.  17,  173G.  Mr.  Richard  Sims 
probably  died  in  1716,  for  we  find  that  Richard,  son  of  Hannah,  the  widow 
of  Richard  Sims,  was  bapt.  at  Salem,  June  17,  1716.  [Records  of  the 
First  Cluirch,  Salem.] 

From  the  Records  of  the  First  Church,  Salem,  we  obtain  the  following 
list  of  the  children  of  Edmund  and  Sarah  Sims : 

Edmund,  bapt.  June  26,  1726. 
Benjamin,  bapt.  Sept.  29,  1728. 
Sarah,  bapt.  May  9,  1731. 
Ann,  bapt.  March  4,  1733. 
Mary,  bapt.  June  15,  1735. 
Angel,  bapt.  Feb.  25,  1738-9. 
George,  bapt.  Nov.  8,  1741. 

Widow  Sarah  Sims  died  at  Salem,  May,  1 789,  aged  88  years. 

The  above  family  belonged  to  the  First  Church  in  Salem. 

The  Salem  Directory  for  1872  contains  the  names  of  Mrs.  John  D. 
Simes,  who  lives  at  301  Essex  Street,  and  her  son,  Henry  Osgood  Simes, 
who  boards  with  her.  She  was  the  daughter  of  Henry  Osgood,  of  Salem, 
and  the  widow  of  a  Simes,  a  sea-captain,  or  in  some  way  connected  with  the 
sea,  and  who  was  a  resident  in  Portsmouth,  or  Greenland,  N.  H.,  connected 
therefore  with  the  Simes  Family  there  already  mentioned. 


A  settlement  had  been  commenced  at  Squaheag,  or  Northfield,  on  the 
Connecticut  River,  in  Massachusetts,  before  "  Philip's  War."  The  inhabi- 
tants were  driven  away  by  the  Indians  in  September,  1675.  The  progress 
of  the  settlement  was  slow,  and  it  was  not  incorporated  as  a  town  till  Feb. 
22,  1713.  On  the  records  of  the  town  we  find  notice  of  a  grant,  April  4, 
1721,  to  William  Syms,  of  a  house-lot  of  seven  and  one-half  acres,  of  ten 
acres  on  Moose  Plain,  and  ten  acres  on  South  Plain,  on  condition  that  he 
continue  an  inhabitant  of  Northfield  four  years  from  that  date,  and  fence 
and  improve  his  home-lot  within  two  years  from  that  date.  This  of  course 
indicates  that  he  was  a  new  comer,  comparatively  a  stranger  there.  We 
have  no  means  of  ascertaining  the  place  of  his  former  abode,  or  from  what 
branch  of  the  Syms  family  he  sprung.  The  Northfield  settlers  were  largely 
from  New  Haven,  Wallingford,  and  the  vicinity  of  Hartford,  Ct.  The 
Northfield  records  contain  no  births,  marriages  or  deaths  of  his  fomily. 

Since  the  foregoing  notice  was  written,  Rev.  J.  Howard  Temple,  of  Fra- 
mingham,  a  diligent  antiquary,  from  whom  it  was  received,  has  furnished 
the  following  additional  from  the  Northfield  records : 

"jMarried,  Jan.  24,  1732-3,  Israel  AV^oodward,  of  Lebanon,  Ct.,  to  Mary 
Sims."  He  says,  furthermore,  "  Israel  Woodward's  grandfiither,  and  some 
of  his  relatives,  were  residents  in  Northfiehl  in  1685,  and  a  number  of  other 
emigrants  to  Northfield  about  1720,  removed  from  Lebanon  and  that  vici- 
nity in  Connecticut." 

In  1731,  William  Syms  received  a  grant  of  a  lot  in  the  First  Division  of 
Commons,  of  8 J  acres,  and  another  lot  of  19  acres. 

Danger  from  Indian  hostility  being  apprehended,  a  military  force  was 
raised  in  1722,  and  Fort  Dunnner  l.uilt  on  the  Connecticut  River  in  1724. 
William  Syms  served  as  a  coi'poral  in  1722,  and  at  Fort  Dumnier  in  1724. 
Fort    Dummer  was  then  within  the  jurisdiction  of  Massachusetts,  rccciv- 


iiig  its  name  in  honor  of  William  Dummer,  Lieut.-Governor  and  Acting 
Governor  of  that  Province. 

In  June,  1755,  Captain  Sims  was  in  command  of  a  fort  at  Keene,  N.  II. 

About  the  year  1741,  about  twenty  towns,  by  a  decree  of  the  Privy 
Council  of  England,  were  separated  from  Massachusetts  and  annexed  to 
New  Hampshire.  At  this  time,  it  is  probable,  the  northern  part  of  North- 
field  was  made  into  a  town,  and  called  Winchester,  N.  II.  This  seems  to 
explain  how  it  happened  that  Capt.  William  Syms,  in  1743,  was  taxed  in 
the  town  last  named. 


Alexander  Symmes,  with  his  wife  and  their  two  children,  Campbell  and 
Agnes,  emigrated  from  Renfrew,  in  Scotland,  and  settled  in  Ryegate,  Cale- 
donia Co.,  Vermont.  They  were  part  of  a  colony  from  Scotland  who  had 
purchased  lands  on  the  Coimecticut  River,  in  Vermont,  now  constituting 
the  towns  of  Ryegate  and  Barnet.  In  those  towns  the  Scottish  element 
has  ever  since  been  predominant.  Part  of  the  colony  had  arrived  before  the 
Revolutionary  war  commenced,  and  part  were  on  their  way  when  the  vessels 
in  which  they  were  embarked  were  detained  by  the  British  authorities,  and 
all  the  men  capable  ot  bearing  arms  were  impressed  for  the  military  service. 
The  remainder,  disheartened,  returned  home,  though  some  came  to  this 
country  after  the  peace. 

Alexander  Symmes  and  his  family  safely  reached  America  before  the  war. 
His  son  Campbell,  who  wa«  thirteen  at  the  time  of  the  emigration,  and 
who  followed  forming,  married  Abigail  Doyiug,  of  Pembroke,  N.  II.  Their 
children  were : 

Abigail,  born  Oct.  16,  1787;  married  Jonas  Tucker,  of  Newbury,  Vt. 
She  is  a  widow,  and  is  still  living  in  Ryegate.     No  children. 

Agnes,  born  July  20,  1791.     She  is  deceased;  left  no  children. 

Alexander,  born  Nov.  13,  1792;  deceased;  left  three  sons  and  four 

James,  born  July  2,  1794;  died  in  his  eighteenth  year. 

Robert,  born  April  7,  179G  ;  still  living  in  Ryegate;  had  four  sons  and 
seven  daughters. 

Campbell,  b.  Nov.  9,  1797  ;  deceased;  left  two  sons  and  three  daughters. 
His  widow  and  children  are  living  in  Ryegate. 

William,  born  July  14,  1799;  now  residing  in  Lunenburgh,  Vt. ;  had 
five  sons  and  five  daughters. 

John  Henderson,  born  Oct.  4,  1801.     [See  below.] 

David,  born  July  24,  1803  ;  died  recently  in  Brooklyn,  California,  where 
he  and  his  fiimily  had  lived  about  fifteen  years.  He  had  five  sons  and  two 

Daniel,  born  Jan.  17,  180G  ;  died  in  Kentucky,  young  and  unmarried. 

Timothy,  born  July  31,  1807  ;  deceased;  left  two  sons  and  one  daughter. 
His  widow  and  children  reside  in  Baltimore,  Md. 

Margaret  Jane ;  have  no  record ;  m.  George  Donaldson.  Both  are  de- 
ceased ;  left  four  daughters,  one  of  whom  lives  with  her  aunt  Abigail. 

Rev.  John  Henderson  Symmes,  the  eighth  in  the  above  list,  graduated 
at  Dart^iiouth  College  in  1830.  He  pursued  theological  studies  in  the 
Seminary  of  the  Reformed  Presbyterian  Church  in  Philadelphia  ;  united 
with  the  General  Assembly  of  the  Presbyterian  Church,  and  became  pas- 
tor of  the   Presbyterian   Church  in  Columbia,  Lancaster  Co.,  Pii.,  in  the 

APPENDIX   II.  167 

autumn  of  1833.  In  1840,  he  became  pastor  of  the  First  Presbyterian 
Church  in  Lansingburg,  N.  Y.,  and  in  1844  became  pastor  of  the  First  Pres- 
byterian Church  in  Cumberland  City,  Md.  In  18G2,  the  AVar  of  the  Re- 
belHou  having  broken  out,  and  nearly  all  the  families  of  wealth  and  social 
influence  taking  part  with  the  rebels,  and  Mr.  Syrames  not  being  able  to 
sympathize  with  them,  the  church  in  Cumberland  was  nearly  broken  up, 
and  he  resigned  his  pastoral  charge.  Being  strongly  urged  to  become 
chaplain  of  the  Second  Regiment  of  Maryland  Volunteer  Infantry,  com- 
posed principally  of  men  from  Cumberland  and  the  vicinity,  he  yielded, 
and  served  in  that  capacity  three  years. 

He  has  now,  Oct.  1872,  been  pastor  of  the  First  Presbyterian  Church  in 
Conshohocken,  Pa.,  nearly  five  and  a  half  years.  Conshohocken  is  on  the 
river  Schuylkill,  about  twelve  miles  from  Philadelphia,  connected  with  that 
city  by  the  Philadelphia  &  Norristown  Railroad. 

He  marrieil,  March  7,  1833,  Catharine  McAdam,  daughter  of  Thomas 
McAdam,  of  Philadelphia.     They  have  no  children. 


William  Simmes  was  married  to  Mary  Barrick,  in  the  Dutch  Church  of 
New  York,  May  11,  1701.  He  was  a  joiner,  lived  in  his  own  house  on 
Pearl  Street,  and  died  1735,  leaving  a  widow  and  three  daughters — Mary, 
Ruth  and  Charity  ;  also  an  undutiful  son  James,  whom  he  cuts  off  with  a 

Thomas  Simmes  was  a  petitioner  among  the  Protestants  of  New  York, 
in  December,  1701. 

W.  J.  Symes  was  a  merchant  in  New  York  about  18G0.  His  father 
came  from  Devonshire,  Eng. 

Hugh  Sim  graduated  at  the  College  of  New  Jersey,  Princeton,  in  17G8. 

William  D.  Simms,  at  same  College  in  1801  ;  and  John  D.  Simms  at 
same  in  180G. 

John  G.  Sims,  at  same  College  1809. 

Alexander  D.  Sims,  at  Union  College  in  1823. 

Simms's  History  of  Schoharie  County,  N.  Y.,  was  written  by  Jeptha 
Root  Simms,  born  in  Canterbury,  Ct.,  in  1807.  He  lived  in  New  York 
city  in  1831.  [See  Allibone's  Diet,  of  Authors,  and  Drake's  Biog.  Diet.] 
In  that  history  the  fearful  devastations  committed  by  the  toi'ies  and  Indians 
from  1775  to  1778,  are  related.  Mr.  Simms  is  the  author  of  several  other 

Clifford  Stanley  Sims,  of  Philadelphia,  says  that  his  branch  of  the  fomil}^ 
was  driven  out  of  Scotland  into  England  by  political  troubles  some  time 
between  1450  and  1550.  Part  of  them  returned  to  Scotland,  some  remain- 
ed in  England.     He  is  from  the  Scottish  branch. 

Sarah  Symmes,  of  Philadelphia,  married  Robert  Hewes  Hinckley,^  sen 
of  Capt.  Robert  Hinckley,*  by  his  wife  Esther  Messinger,  daughter  of 
Daniel  Messinger,  of  Wrentham,  Mass.  The  date  of  the  marriage  is  rot 
given  ;  but  as  the  father  was  born  in  1774,  and  died  on  his  farm  at  Milton, 
near  Boston,  Jan.  2G,  1833,  a  reasonable  conjecture  may  be  made.  Mr. 
Hinckley  was  the  sixth  in  descent  from  Gov.  Thomas  Hinckley,  born  in 
England  about  1G18,  governor  of  Plymouth  Colony.  [See  N.  E.  Geneal. 
Reg.,  vol.  xiii.  pp.  208-212.] 

William  Gihnore  Simms,  LL.D.,  was  born  in  Charleston,  S.  C,  April 
17,  180G;  and  died  there  June  11,  1870,  He  was  cf  Irish  descent,  and  a 
well-known  author  of  novels.     [See  Drake's  Amer.  Diet,  of  Biography.] 


His  father,  of  the  same  name,  married  Harriet  Ann  Augusta  vSinfrleton, 
of  a  Virginia  family.  He,  the  fatlier,  was  once  a  merchant  in  Cliarleston. 
He  removed  to  Tennessee,  and  served  in  the  war  against  the  Creeks  and 
JSeminoles.  The  son  came  to  New  York  in  1832.  [See  Duyckinck's  Cy- 
clopedia of  American  Literature,  and  Drake's  Diet.  American  Biography.] 


"We  are  indebted  in  great  part  to  Mr.  Isaac  J.  Greenwood,  of  New  York, 
for  the  following  sketch  of  a  man  somewhat  noted  in  his  day. 

Immediately  after  the  news  arrived  in  New  York  of  the  deposition  of 
James  H.  from  the  throne  of  England,  much  confusion  prevailed  in  that 
city.  There  were  two  parties,  each  striving  for  the  ascendancy ;  the  tory 
party,  or  the  friends  of  aristocratic  and  arbitrary  power,  and  the  party  of  the 
common  people.  It  was  necessary  that  something  should  be  done  immediately 
for  the  preservation  of  order.  A  Committee  of  Safety  assumed  the  task, 
and  gave  a  commission  to  Jacob  Leisler,  the  head  of  the  popular  party,  to 
take  possession  of  the  fort  at  New  York  and  to  assume  the  government. 
Tiiis  he  did  without  opposition,  June  8,  1G89. 

The  government  of  Leisler  was  regarded  as  only  temporary,  and  to  be 
superseded  on  the  arrival  of  a  governor  bringing  a  commission  from  the  new 
king.  On  one  of  the  last  days  of  January,  1690-1,  some  transports  arrived, 
hav'ino-  on  board  two  companies  of  foot  under  the  command  of  Major  Rich- 
ard Ingoldsby,  a  kinsman  of  Sir  Henry  Ingoldsby.  With  the  mnjor  came 
bis  brother-in-law  Lancaster  Sy.mes,  at  that  time  a  lieutenant  of  infantry. 
This  lieutenant,  in  company  with  Lieut.  Matthew  Shank,  went  to  demand 
the  surrender  of  the  fort  from  Leisler. 

It  appears  that  Ingoldsby  had  no  right  to  make  such  a  demand,  for  he 
produced  no  order  from  the  king,  nor  from  the  new  governor,  who,  it  Avas 
known,  had  been  appointed,  but  did  not  arrive  till  near  two  months  after- 

It  seems  clear,  therefore,  that  Leisler  acted  rightly  in  refusing  to  deliver 
up  the  fort  to  Ingoldsby.  He  promised  obedience  to  Col.  Henry  Slough- 
ter,  the  new  governor,  when  he  should  arrive,  and  on  the  evening  of 
his  arrival,  March  19,  1090-1,  Leisler  sent  to  receive  his  orders.  The 
next  morning  he  asked,  by  letter,  to  whom  he  should  surrender  the 
fort.  The  letter  was  unheeded  ;  and  Sloughter,  giving  no  notice  to  Leis- 
ler, commanded  Ingoldsby  to  arrest  Leisler,  his  son-in-law  Milborne,  and 
the  Council  of  the  Province.  To  gratify  the  tory  party,  Leisler  and  Mil- 
borne  were  brought  before  a  tory  tribunal  instituted  by  Sloughter,  con- 
demned as  guilty  of  higli  treason,  and  in  a  drenching  rain  executed  on  the 
gallows,  ]May  10,  1691.  Impartial  history  brands  the  transaction  as  a  foul 
judicial  murder. 

It  is  painful  to  find  a  man  bearing  the  name  of  Symes  implicated  in 
such  an  aftair.  It  is  painful,  moreover,  to  find  him  in  high  favor  with  such 
a  profligate,  unscrupulous  wretch  as  Sloughter.  The  latter,  writing  to 
Charles,  duke  of  Bolton,  asks  that  nobleman's  "  favor  that  Lancaster 
Symes  may  be  confirmed  as  lieutenant,  for,"  he  says,  "  he  is  a  good  soldier 
and  qualified  in  every  respect."  The  next  year,  the  young  lieutenant,  so 
recommended,  obtained  the  rank  of  captain,  and  a  few  years  later  that  of 
major.  Sloughter  dying  suddenly,  July  23,  1691,  was  superseded  by 
Ingoldsby  as  commander-in-chief,  and  he  by  Col.  Benjamin  Fletcher,  who 
arrived  as  governor,  Aug.  28,  1692.     Capt.  Symes  was   despatched  by  him 

APPENDIX    II.  169 

to  England,  to  recruit  the  two  companies  of  grenadiers  stationed  at  New 
York  and  Albany.  Ou  his  return  he  entered  into  trade  in  the  city  of  New 
York,  still  retaining  his  military  position. 

In  the  Dutch  Church  in  New  York,  Nov.  4,  1094,  he  married  Catha- 
RiNE,  widow  of  James  Larkin,  and  daughter  of  Matthias  De  Hart,  who, 
when  a  widower,  married  the  w'idow  Johanna  De  Wit.  Catharine  De 
Hart  was  baptized  in  the  Dutch  Church,  Jan.  21,  1G73. 

Nov.  11,  1695,  Capt.  Lancaster  Symes  and  wife  petitioned  for  a  confirma- 
tion of  a  tract  of  land  on  the  boundary  line  of  New  York  and  New  Jersey, 
between  the  Hudson  River  and  Ovepeck's  Creek,  formerly  granted  by  the 
governor  of  New  Jersey  to  Balthazar  De  Hart,  uncle  to  Mrs.  Catharine 
Symes.  In  the  course  of  a  few  years,  Capt.  Symes  received  a  grant  of  all 
the  lands  on  Staten  Island,  not  already  covered  by  a  patent ;  also  of  an  ex- 
tensive tract  of  land  on  the  west  side  of  Hudson  River,  in  Orange  County. 
Besides  the  possessions  already  mentioned,  Capt.  Symes  appears  to  have 
held  an  extensive  and  valuable  leasehold  estate  in  the  city  of  New  York. 
It  had  formerly  belonged  to  Gov.  Dongan  ;  but  he,  owing  £200  to  James 
Larkin,  the  former  husband  of  JMrs.  Symes,  and  not  able  to  pay,  executed 
a  mortgage  to  Symes,  April  12,  lG91,upon  his  property  in  New  York;  part 
of  it  lying  near  the  water  just  east  of  the  Battery,  and  part  eastward  of  the 
INIeadows  (or  Park)  between  the  present  Nassau  Street  and  Park  Row. 
The  sum  for  which  the  mortgage  was  given  was  not  paid,  and  March  25, 
1G98,  the  mortgage  was  superseded  by  a  lease  of  the  premises  for  four- 
teen years,  "  at  the  rent  of  one  pepper-corn  a  year." 

Meanwhile,  Capt.  Lancaster  Symes,  intent  on  the  acquisition  of  wealth, 
and  enjoying  his  fine  mansion  at  Whitehall  in  New  York,  formerly  the 
residence  of  Gov.  Dongan,  had  wholly  neglected  his  military  duties,  while 
continually  receiving  the  stipulated  pay.  Gov.  Bellamont,  arriving  in  New 
York,  April,  1G98,  and  finding  how  matters,  under  the  connivance  of  In- 
goldsby  and  Gov,  Fletcher,  had  for  two  years  stood,  suspended  Lancaster 
Symes  from  his  military  rank,  declaring  that  he  ought  to  be  broken. 

Capt.  Symes  was  present  in  July,  1701,  at  a  conference  with  the  Five 
Nations,  held  at  Albany.  One  year  after,  he  again  visited  that  town  in  the 
suite  of  the  newly  arrived  governor,  Edward  Hyde,  lord  Cornbury.  The 
latter  personage,  though  a  cousin  of  Queen  Anne,*  reached  this  country, 
as  is  well  knovv'n,  in  straitened  circumstances,  and  on  his  removal  from 
the  gubernatorial  chair  in  1708,  was  still  detained  in  the  city  by  his  credi- 
tors. On  his  succeeding  to  the  title  of  Earl  of  Clarendon,  at  the  death  of  his 
father  in  October,  1709,  Capt.  Symes  came  to  his  relief  with  sundry  loans, 
and  he  departed  for  England  at  the  close  of  July,  1710. 

Capt.  Symes  continued  to  reside  in  the  city  of  New  York  quite  a  num- 
ber of  years;  became  one  of  the  vestry  of  Trinity  Church,  and  in  1701 
was  admitted  to  the  freedom  of  the  city. 

On  giving  up  a  mercantile  life,  he  seems  to  have  removed  to  Albany.  In 
the  summer  of  172G,  he  was  one  of  the  two  representatives  chosen  for 
Orange  County,  and  held  his  seat  in  the  General  Assembly  from  the  29th 
of  September  following  until  his  death,  which  took  place  in  the  earlier  part 
of  1729.  During  his  membership,  his  name  as  Major  Symes  is  of  frequent 
occurrence  in  the  journals  of  the  Assembly. 

We  find  no  will  of  Major  Symes ;  but  a  will  of  Major  Richard  Ingolds- 

*  Both  were  grandchildren  of  Edward  Hyde,  first  Earl  of  Clarendcu. 


by,  his  brother-in-law,  dated  Stillwater,  Albany  Co.,  Aug.  ol,  1711,  proved 
at  New  York,  Oct.  8,  1719,  mentions  his  two  nephews  Lancaster  and  Kich- 
ard  Symes.  The  elder  of  these,  Lancaster,  became  a  freeman  of  New 
York  in  1737.  That  one  of  these  sons  married  and  had  issue,  we  learn 
from  the  will  of  Mrs.  Catharine  Symes,  of  New  York,  widow  of  Major 
Lancaster  Symes,  which  mentions  her  granddaughter  Susanna  Catharine 
Symes  living  with  her,  and  also  Elizabeth  Symes,  (juite  young,  sister  of 
said  Susanna,  and  their  brother  Lancaster  Symes.  This  will  is  dated  June 
24,  1749;  proved  Jan.  23,  1750.  This  third  Lancaster  Symes  died  1759, 
without  issue. 

The  elder  of  these  sisters,  Susanna  Catharine,  was,  in  1754,  wife  of  Rev. 
John  Ogilvie,  the  Episcopal  minister  at  Albany,  and  afterwards  assistant 
minister  of  Trinity  Church,  New  York.  At  the  time  last  mentioned,  she 
had  received,  under  the  wills  of  her  grandfather,  grandmother,  father  and 
brother,  large  estates  in  the  Provinces  of  New  York  and  New  Jersey,  in 
Holland  and  elsewhere.  She  died  previous  to  April  17,  17G9,  when  Mr. 
Ogilvie  married  a  second  wife,  Margaret,  widow  of  Philii)  Philips,  and 
daughter  of  Nathaniel  Marston,  merchant,  of  New  York.  Mi-.  Ogilvie 
died  Nov.  2G,  1774,  aged  51. 

The  Boston  Directory  for  1872,  contains  the  following  names  : 

Symmes,  Alfred,  boards  1618  Washington  Street. 
Miss  Anna,  house  G  Greenville  Place. 
Jacob  P.,  1  Bath  Street,  house  265  Bowen  Street. 
Rufus  K.,  watchman  Faneuil  Hall  Market,  boards  11  Lyman  St. 
Sarah  W.,  teacher  in  Mather  School,  boards  Winter  St.,  Wd.  16. 
Selwin,  printer,  house  122  Leverett  Street. 
Simms,  George,  salesman,  cellar  17  Commercial  Street. 

Thomas,  carpenter,  141  Northampton  Street. 
Simes,  Joseph  S.  (Simes  &  Farley),  10  Central  Street,  boards  Pavilion,  57 
Tremont  Street. 
William,  Jr.,  10  Central  Street. 
Symes,  Albert,  teamster,  boards  13  Preble  Street. 

Charles,  tin-smith,  house  13  Preble,  AVashington  Village. 
Charles,  Jr.,  brass-worker,  house  Preble,  Washington  Village. 
Joseph  H.,  brass-moulder,  boards  13  Preble,  Washington  Village. 
James  R.  (Park,   Symes  &  Co.),  120  Milk,  house  1^81  Bowen  St. 
William  H.,  porter,  13    Custom   House   Street,  house  180  Seventh 

Street,  South  Boston. 
William  H.,  Jr.,  carpenter,  boards  12  Crescent  Place. 
Sims,  Benjamin  William,  sail-maker,  house  7  Orange  Lane. 
AVilliam  A.,  laborer,  house  7  Orange  Lane. 
Charles,  clerk,  boards  9  Florence  Street. 
Mrs.  Isabella,  house  2  Vincent  Court. 
Oliver,  6  Faneuil  Hall  Square,  house  Cambridge  Street. 


The  New  York  Directory  contains  the  following.  The  name  is 
spelled  in  no  fewer  than  seven  different  ways  :  Sim,  Simes,  Sims,  Si7n7}is, 
Si/ms,  Si/,  and  lastly,  Symmes. 

In  the  Directory  for  1789,  the  first  of  the  series,  the  name  does  not  occur. 

APPENDIX   II.  171 

The  Directory  for  1800  has  Sim,  William,  a  clerk  in  the  Loan  Office; 
bmies,  P.hzabeth  ;  Sims,  Tobias,  butcher. 
1811.     Sims,  John,  teacher;  Sims,  Michael,  coachman. 
1818.     Sims,   Francis,  carpenter;  Symes,  John,  cooper ;  Sims,  Palin,  car- 
penter.    This  name  is  found  in  the  Directory  every  year  till  184^0. 
There  were  subsequently  in  New  York  several  carpenters  of  the 
P^^Q  of  Smis,  probably  relatives  of  this  man. 
18^0.     Sinims,  Robert  13.,  gunsmith.     Tiiis  man   is  found   every  year  till 
1841.     In  1840,  and  afterwards,  we  find  several  gunsmiths  of  the 
name,  or  something  like  it. 
Simms,  Thomas  S.,  carpenter,  and  every  year  till,  1831. 
Simms,  AVilliam,  hair-dresser,  and  so  on  till  1828. 
Syms,  John,  cordwainer,  also  1821,  1822. 
1821.     Sims,    Charles;     Sims,  John,   coachman;   Sims,   Peter,   carpenter, 
also  1822,  1823.  '         i  ? 

Simms,  John  C,  hair-dresser,  and  till  1828. 
Syms,  Mary,  widow,  seamstress,  and  till  1829. 
1823.     Simms,  Thomas  A.,  merchant. 

Syms,  John,  shoe-store,  and  every  year  till  1842. 
Jo?-"     §!"^'^^^'  J^^"^es  H.,  turner  ;  Simms,  Robert,  merchant. 
1820.     Simms,  William,  carpenter,  and  so  on  till  1840. 
1  Qo^      Simms,  Julia,  widow ;  Simms,  Mary,  widow  of  Thomas,  till  1831. 
182(j.     Simms,  Thomas  S.,  grocer;  also  1827. 

1828.  Simms,  Edward. 

Simms,  Thomas,  hatter,  and  till  1840. 

Sims    Orrin  H.,  mason,  and  till  1839.     He  seems  to  have  died  in 

Syms,  Samuel,  shoe-maker,  shoe-store,  1829 .;  boot-maker,  1837  and 
till  1845. 

1829.  Simms,  Thomas  S.,  drug-broker  till  1835,  afterwards  auctioneer  till 

J  o4o. 
ioon      Simms,  William  P.,  wheelwright;  also  1839  to  1844. 
18o0.     Sims,  John  M.,  coach-maker;   also  1837. 

1 831 .  Simms,  Jeptha  R.,  author  of  the  History  of  Schoharie  County,  N.  Y. 
Symmes,  D.  &  T.,  grocers. 

1832.  Sims,  Samuel,  butcher,  till  1840. 
Simms,  John,  hair-dresser,  till  1839. 

1834.     Sims,  Martin,  carpenter;  also  1838,  1839.  * 

Simms,  Ebenezer  W,,  mason,  till  1854. 
,  Qo^      e^'^^"'  ^^f  J  5  Symes,  Mary,  widow  of  William  [hair-dresser  ?]. 
Ibob.     Simms,  John,  hatter ;   also  1845. 

ooo      o^""""'  ^^'"^''  ^•^•'  ^'^^  1^*5'  then  chemist  till  1860  or  after. 
.»o8.     Simms,  Robert  W.,  gunsmith. 

Simms,  Robert  L.,  teas,  till  1844. 

Simms,  Samuel  D.,  butcher. 

''^'r'^o'.)y'"''"'''  ''''^''''' '  ''^'^  ^^^^'  '-1^'  '^1  5  carpenter  from   1841 
to  1850. 

Symes,  Mary,  widow  of  John  L.,  and  till  1855. 

839.     Sinjs  Orrin  H.,  Jr.,  mason,  till  1850.     The  "Junior"  omitted  after 

Sims,  Samuel  M.,  butcher,  and  till  1865. 

Sims,  William  S.,  mason,  till  1844. 

Sims,  Frances  H.,  widow  of  Peter,  till  1841. 


Sims,  Tliomas,  porter,  till  18G0  ;  tavern-keeper,  1840-41. 

Sims,  William  E.,  painter,  till  1841. 

Simms,  Matthew,  porter-house,  till  1841. 

Simms,  William,  hatter. 

Syme,  Rev.  Daniel,  teacher  ;    also  1840. 

Syms,  William,  gmismith,  till  1842. 

Symes,  Samuel  J.,  gunsmith,  till  1845. 

Symes,  William,  milkman,  till  1855. 

1840.  Sims,  David,  contractor. 

1841.  Sims,  Robert,  grocer  ;  carpenter,  1842  ;  clerk,  1842. 

1842.  Simes,  Sarah,  boarding-house,  till  1865,  or  after. 
Sims,  Martin,  fruit ;  carpenter,  till  1855. 

Sims,  Hannah,  widow  of  Palin,  carpenter,  till  1845. 

1843.  Sims,  David,  carman,  till  1860. 

Sims,  Linsley  D.,  accountant,  afterwards  of  Montreal. 
Sims,  William,  laborer,  till  1860. 
Syme,  John,  druggist;  also  1844. 
Symes,  William  J.,  importer. 

1844.  Simes,  William,  furniture,  till  1850. 
Symes,  William  T.,  blacksmith,  till  1855. 

1850.     Sim,  Robert,  shipwright. 

Sims,  John  D.,  merchant,  till  1860,  or  after. 
Simms,  Charles  &  David  T.,  carpenters. 
•      Simms,  George,    pattern-maker;      1860,    carriage-trimmev ;    1870, 
Simms,  Henry  A.,  brewer. 
Simms,  Philip,  merchant,  till  1865. 
Simms,  Robert,  coachmaker. 
Simms,  Robert  B.,  cooper. 
Simms,  Thomas  Scott,  agent;  broker,  1854, 
Sims,  Jane,  widow,  seamstress,  till  1870. 
Sims,  Robert,  hatter. 
Sims,  William  H.,  brewer. 
Syms,  John  G.,   Samuel  R.,  and  William  J.  (partners),  gtmsmiths, 

'till  1870. 
Symes,  John  L.,  wheelwright,  till  1865. 
1855.     Sims,  Eliza,  widow  of  John,  till  1870.  ^ 

Sims,  Margaret,  widow  of  Orrin  H.     See  1839, 
Sims,  James  Marion,  doctor,  till  18-70. 
Sims,  Patrick,  carpenter,  till  1870. 
Sims,  William  P.,  carriage-maker,  till  1865, 
Simms,  Charles  E.,  butcher,  till  1870, 
Simms,  Horatio,  lawyer,  till  1870. 

Simms,  Mary,  widow  of  David  T.,  till  1860.     See  1850. 
Simms,  Robert  B.,  gas-metres  till  1860;  cooper,  1870. 
Simms,  William,  carpenter,  till  1870. 
Simms,  William,  police,  till  1870. 
I860.     Sims,  Cicero  H.,  safe-maker,  till  1865;  machinist,  1870. 
Sims,  Daniel,  clerk. 
Sims,  John  H.,  clerk. 
Sims,  James,  carpenter. 
Simms,  Augustus  L.,  painter. 
Simms,  John  G.,  U.  S.  H. 

APPENDIX    II.  173 

Simmg,  Isabella,  widow  of  Charles,  boarding-liouse,  till  1870. 

Simms,  Maria,  widow  of  Ebenezer  W.,  till  1870.     See  1834. 

Simms,  John  E.,  milkman;  1870,  butcher. 
18G5.     Sims,  Jasper  H.,  printer,  till  1870. 

Sims,  John,  coals  ;  engineer,  till  1870. 

Syme,  Charles,  U.  S.  Army. 

Syme,  David,  tailor. 
1870.     Sims,  Alfred,  plumber. 

Sims,  Henry,  mason. 

Simms,  Jacob  H.,  agent. 

Simms,  Samuel  S.,  hatter. 

Syme,  William,  lawyer. 

Many  of  the  above,  perhaps  the  greater  number,  are  of  foreign  birth. 
There  are  several  other  names  in  the  Directory  for  1860  and  1870,  for 
whom  room  could  not  be  found.  In  the  volume  for  1870  are  several  Ger- 
mans bearing  the  names  of  Siems,  Semni,  and  Semmes. 

The  Montreal  Directory  for  18 Go,  and  later,  has  : 

Sims,  John,  laborer. 

Sims  &  Pigeon,  lumber. 

Symm,  Hugh,  machinist. 

Simms,  Uobert,  Charles  and  Francis  II.  (partners),  commission  merchants. 

Simmes,  Charles  H.  and  Linsley  D.,  in  New  York  1843. 

Simmes,  James,  laborer. 

Simmes,  James  Campbell,  P.  O.  clerk. 

Symmes,  Albert,  produce  mei'chant. 

There  are  none  of  the  name  in  the  Quebec  Directory  for  1871. 

I]:^DEX    I. 


Tlie  figures  before  each  name  denote  the  year  of  birtli ;  tlic  ficrures  after  the  name  denotc- 
the  consecutive  number  under  which  the  birth  is  recorded.  The  interrogation  mark  ( ?) 
intimates  uncertainty  as  to  the  year. 

0=  Tliose  who  are  known  to  have  died  young  arc  onntted. 









Aaron  Blackburn 









Abbie  Elizabetli 



Catharine  J. 


























Celadon  II. 





















'  Elizabeth 






<  harles 












'  Elizabeth 






Charles  A. 




24  (i 


Ailflie  Maria 



Charles  C. 






Addison  H. 



(  harles  H. 


18 — 




Adeline  M. 

2'.  12 

1  N.'lS 

Charles  K. 



El  zaheth 



Agnes  Adelaide 



Charles  'I'homas 









Charles  Thomas 





Alexander  S. 



Charles  W. 



Elizabeth  Ann 






Charlotte  E. 









Charlotte  K. 






Alice  Frances 



Ella  Bell 



Allen  Cleves 




Klla  Lrnhe 



Amelia  Maria 






Ellen  Louisa 









];nima  Sophia 


















Esther  W. 









Ethan  Allen 



Andrew  Eliot 



Daniel  Cleves 






Daniel  Cleves 







Daniel  T. 









Daniel  T. 






Anna  Eliza 



Daniel  W. 









David  M. 



Francis  E. 









Fiaii.'is  M. 



Anthony  L. 



Frank  J. 



Arthur  C. 




Frank  It. 






Frederic  M. 











George  \V. 



Benjamin  It. 
Betsey  C. 



Edea  F. 














Edmund  A. 















K.lwiii  Albert 




Caleb  C. 









Caleb  T. 



Eliza  Ann 









Eliza  Ann 




















lf>02  ? 




Carrie  Francis 






Hannah  C. 



Carrie  Homer 






Iluuuah  E, 




IS—    nannali  M. 




Peyton  R. 


l,so4    Hannah  P. 


1781    Lazarus 



I'eyton  .S. 


IHTi     Harriet 


l.s'JO     lAMuiora  ^Y. 





LSI!)     Harriet 


1S19     Lewis 



Phebe  R. 


ISH     Harriet  E. 


IsC.-i     Lillian  F. 



I'hilemou  MV. 


IS!-     Harriet  L. 


1843    Littleton  F. 


IM-     Harriet  1'. 


1826    Lorenzo 



l.sjl     Harriet  S. 


1820  ?  Louisa 


1830 ' 

Rachel  A. 


ISli.!     Heiiiletta 


184-    Louisa 





ls:ts    Henrietta  R. 


1810    Louisiana 





IS-'i    Henry 
is,)^    Henry 


1859    LucindaS. 






1793    Lucy 





]S4i     Henry  diaries 


1852    Lucy 


IS  10 


lUifus  William 


ls,-,->     ll.nrv  Cleves 


181-    Lucy  Ann 
1822    Luther  R. 




is;:.     llciirV  Kdwartl 






IS'i     II.Mu'v  llarlver 


1856    Luther  R. 





Isls     llc-nrv  i;. 


1708    Lydia 





]S.".»     Heiirv  \V. 


1791    Lvilia 


ISI-     llephzihali 


1819    Lydia  Maria 



is.-.r?  ileph/.ibali 


1831    Lydia  Maria 





is:jl     Hester  A. 


1812    Lydia  \Vyinan 





179.5    Horatio 



Samuel  A. 


lS.i4    Horatio 




Samuel  D. 


1G31    Huldah 

1777    Margaret 



Samuel  F. 


1858    iMargaretM. 



Samuel  J. 



3858    Ida 

1762?  JIaria 



Samuel  S. 



1789    Marshall 





1S55    Ida  Carr 


1818    Marshall 





isn    Ida  Livermore 

.   613 

1729    JIartha 
1770    JIartha 






174;j     Isaac 


1797    Martha 





Vn     I.saac 
irys    Isaac 


1806    Martha 






1809    JIartha 

52 1 




1824    Martha  Eliza 





1829    Martha  Jane 






1813    Marthas. 





1790?. Tames 


1628    Mary 





1855    .Tames  A. 


1676    Jlary 





1810    James  H. 


1717  ?  Mary 



Sarah  Ann 


1837    James  T. 


1724    Mary 



Sarah  Deborah 


1834    Jefferson 


174-    JIary 



Sarah  1). 


1861    Jennie 


17(i4     Mnry 



Sarah  Elizabeth 


18;0    JerusliaR. 


178-    JIary 



Sarah  Elizabeth 


ISO-    Jesse 


1785    Mary 



Sfirah  Ellen 


184-    Joanna  A. 


1785    Mary 



Sarah  Jane 


170  i    Jolin 


18—    Jlnry 



Sarah  Jane 


1720?  John 


180-    Jlary 



Sarah  Smith 


1722    John 


1805    JIary 



Sarah  Walton 


1740    John 


1812    JIary 





1741    John 


1823    Mary 





1755    Jolin 


18.54    Mary 





177-    John 


1851    Mary  A. 





1781    John 


177-    Mary  Ann 





1786    John 


1775    Mary  Ann 





ISIO    .lohn 


180-    Mary  Anne 





1S12    John  Albert 


1814    Jlary  ISowers 



Susannah  B. 


1X45     Jolin  Albert 


1848     Marv  Kli/abetli 


170.-.     John  I!. 


1857     Mav'y  Elizabeth 



174,'     .liilui  Ch-ves 


1853    Mary  Ella 





irr'.i     .Idliu  cleves 


1855     Mary  Ella 





IsiMi     .1., Ill,  Cleves 


1858    Mary  Ellen 



Theodore  W. 


l,s-,'4     .l.ilni  Cleves 


184-    Mary  Jane 





ISliC.    .lolin  11.  Cleves 


IS—    Jlary  L. 
1822    Marv  Susan 





1833    John  JMilton 






1836    John  Thomas 


18U5    Mary  A\'. 





ISO-    Jolm.son 


1809    Marv  Wright 





1815     .losejih 


178-    Slehitable 





ir,s:l     .Icseph  n. 


178-    Mehitable 





1S4I)    .loseph  Cleves 


180-    Mehitable 





ls45     Joseph  E. 





1S20    Joseph  G. 






ISCi    Joseph  G. 


1788    Nancy 



Thomas  Edmund 


1870    Joseph  G. 


1824    Nancy 



Thomas  F. 


1S14    Joseph  R. 


1786    Nancy  H. 


Thomas  John 


1763    Joshua  Gee 


1687  ?  Nathaniel 



Thomas  John 


1710    Josiah 



Thomas  ]{ussell 


1758    Josiah 




Thomas  RusseU 


ISO-    Josiah 


1854    Oliver  RteJer 



Tiberius  W. 


1749    Judith 





17'J1    Juliana 





1807    Pamelia 






1817    Parker 



» Timothy 


1SG3    liate  Frances 


1842    Parker  Fox 














William  Henry 


1770 : 







William  Joseph 









William  S. 









William  W. 









William  W. 


























Walter  Fay 














1080?  Zechariah 



Willard  H. 







































William  Albert 








William  H. 









AVilliam  K( 










William  F. 









William  F. 




Zechariali  P. 






William  H. 




Zechariah  11. 


Errata.— Edward  Symmes,:  No.  495,  on  page  140.  Line  3  from  top,  for  "  Keep  "  read  JVeef. 
In  the  next  paragraph,  the  closing  sentence  should  read—'"  In  the  spring  of  1843,  he  removed  to 
the  old  homestead  of  his  mother,  the  widow  of  Thomas  Symmes,  which  descended  to  her 
children  in  1836,"  &c. 


I  ::^  D  E  X   II. 

[For  Explanations,  see  Index  I.] 





Henry  P. 



Annie  M. 






Edea  J. 



John  D. 




Ellen  P. 



Charles  F. 



















Mary  E. 













Anna  Cleves 



Americas  S. 



Anna  Slaria 



Anna  Tuthill 



Mary  S. 



B.  Wiiulow 






Charles  VV. 







Charles  W. 








Mary  W. 



Betsey  B. 



Symmes  H. 






Betsey  H. 




William  A. 



Carter  Bassett 


Dudley  H. 








Elva  Elizabeth 



James  Findley 



John  Wesley 



Lorenzo  A. 


James  Findley 



Lucy  Ann 



Minnie  G. 



James  Findley 



Martin  V.  B. 




Octavia  S. 




James  Irwin 








Lucy  Ann 



John  Cleves 





John  C.  Symmes 







John  C.  Symmes 








John  Scott 









Lucy  Symmes 









Mary  Symmes 



William  S. 




John              (note, 



p.  80) 

182-    Montgomery  P. 

1830  ?  Sarah 

1802    William  Henry 








William  Henry 



James  L. 






William  Henry 



Mary  G. 






William  Henry 



Clara  O. 




Ethan  Allen 










Henry  L. 




?  Abigail 













Betsey  S. 








James  L. 





















r>  iTTQ 


Matthew  S. 






(page  26) 













Charles  D. 









George  Albert 






Nancy  S. 



Lincoln  G. 







31  6 





Walter  Harris 



llowena  M. 







Frederic  G. 






Scott  P. 









William  E. 



Grenville  T. 














Calvin  Symmes 





Martha  A. 








Rebecca  S. 





Sarah  J. 









Charlotte  E. 





Cleves  51. 



Abby  aiaria 


Clara  P. 



Hugh  M. 












Symmes  H. 



John  Cleves 













Mary  Ann 














Calviu  S. 



Caleb  Symmes 



Anna  C. 



Celadon  J. 






Bessie  S. 






Joseph  Herbert 



Edward  E. 



John  Cleves 



Fannie  K. 



Lucinda  S. 




James  W. 



Mary  Clara 
Phebe  C. 






Jane  H 







John  Thomas 



Sarah  Jane 





Lucy  S. 



William  N. 




Mary  F. 
Nellie  B. 








Richard  C. 



Edward  C. 



Edward  A. 



Virginia  B. 



Sarah  E. 



William  H.  H. 



AVilliam  C. 



Jlartha  Jane 



Alice  E 







Anna  Harrison 






Esther  Ann 









Slartha  Jane 






Sarah  Ellen 



William  H.  H. 




Florence  M. 





Frances  A. 



Allen  H. 



Henry  J. 



Allen  Lake 



Julia  Ann 




Anna  Harrison 



Timothy  Symmes 






Charles  S. 






Daniel  O. 







Edward  O. 









Julia  Ann 



Anna  Caroline 



Laura  G. 



Arthur  T. 




ilary  Symmes 
William  E. 



Emma  S. 



Abigail  B. 





Fannie  G. 



Elizabeth  Symmes 



Frederic  S. 



Frances  Stimson 




Larkin  T. 









Lizzie  Ellen 



Mary  Tufts 



William  A. 



Virginia  P. 



Sarah  Symmes 






Thomas  Synmiea 










Eliza  Ann 











Julia  Symmes 









Kate  Burney 






Harriet  Newell 



Louis  Isham 





John  Adams 
Nancy  Adams 






Anna  Maria 







Charles  W. 



Catharine  B. 









Eliza  Jane 






John  Cleves 



Phebe  L, 

















Ellen  S. 






Frank  0. 



Charles  E. 



Harriet  S. 






John  W. 



Harry  E. 








Frances  Elizabeth 






Humphrey  Marsl.all    804 





Julia  Symmes 



Andrew  Symmes 



Willi...,  Cleves 



Edward  T. 




Eliza  S. 





i:^DEX     III. 


The  veil-  of  Makeiage,  wiicn  known  to  the  compiler,  precedes  the  name.  The  figures 
rvfter  tlie  name  deuKte  the  consecutive  number  belonging  to  the  Descendant  with  whom 
the  marriage  was  contracted. 

The  interrogation  point  [  ?  ]  implies  doubt  as  to  the  year. 


Aflams,  Esther 
Adams,  Experience 

1833     AUle.i,  \Villi;iiii  V. 
AlM^iii.  Caroline 

1848    Aver,  Elizabetli  A. 

1854    Ayer,  Thomas  1'. 

1852    Ayleu,  Peter 


Baker,  Joel 

Banks,  T.  M. 

Bargen,  H 

Barker,  Kensseia'er 

Bates,  Adna 

Bavley,  John 
"00  ?  BakteV,  Joseph 


Piellamy,  Blartlia 

Berrv,  Elizabeth  D. 

Bisham,  Marv  C. 

Billiiiu's,  >IarL'a>-et 


Bhuiriianl.  C  f.  :;■-.'-', 

lUowers,  Elizabeth 
.„    Boardmau,  Uuth 
;o  ?  Bodge,  Elizabeth 


10.5-    Bootli,  Humphrey 
1814    Bowers,  Mary 
1854     Bowers,  Sarah  Ellen 
1700    Brackenbury,  Dorcas 

Bray,  Rhod.i 

Brock,  John 


Budtnam,  Ira 

BuUongli,  Joseph 

Bursley,  Henry 

Butler,  Dr. 

Butters,  Sarah 

Cabot,  Esther 
Call,  Martha 
Calleiidcr,  Charlotte 
Callender,  Mary 
Caiter,  ?.Iary  K. 
Carter,  Emily 
Carver,  Hebecca 
Cazneau,  Isaac 
Chickering,  John 
Chittenden,  iMary 
Clark,  Lydia  E. 






18  ij 







Clark,  Ulary 
Clement,  John 
Cleves,  Marv 
Cliirord.  Lvdia 
Cli>l)v,  Pliebe  W. 
Close',  Hannali  B. 
Clvmer,  M. 
Coffin,  Eliza 
Congin,  .Jacob 
Cogswell,  Eunice 
Colburn,  Amanda 
Colburn,  Charles  L. 
Collamore,  Elizabeth 
Compton,  John  A. 

Crane,  .Mar^'ar.t 
Cniice,  l;iei)aiV,  W. 
Culver,  .Mary  E. 
Cunningham,  Am.  D, 
Curry,  Mary  B. 
?  Cutter,  Joseph 


Dalton,  Mehitable 
Danfoid,  Amos 

Danford,  .tdsepli 

Davis,  Ilaunah 
Davis,  Hanuali 
Davis.  James 
Davis,  Margaret 
Davis,  William 
Dean,  Joseph 
Demond,  Thomas  D. 

Devine, ■ 

Diekinsnn,  Edw.  J. 
Dix,  Abifi-ail 
Dix.m,  Ellen  II. 
Dixon,  Isaiah 
Drew,  Cephas 
Dudley,  Benjamin 
Dutfee,  Nancy 
Dunbar,  Cleora 
Dunbar,  Hosea 
Dunn,  Mary  Jane 

Eady,  Harriet 
Eames,  Caleb 
Eames,  Judith 


taton,  George  C. 

1841    Elliot,  Lydia  A. 
1801     Emerson,  Sophia 
1819     Este,  D.  K. 

Esty,  Caroline  F. 

Everden,  Kaomi 


Fay,  Sullivan 
Field,  Lucy 
Fiske.  .Moses 
Fletcher.  Kebecca  P. 
Fogg,  Harriet 
Ford,  Jeiiersort 
Forrester,  Eunice  F. 
Fovvle,  Iliioda 
French,  Caleb  S. 
Frothingham,  Mary 

Gale,  Lydia 
Gardner,  Tlionias 
Gaston,  Kliza 
Gaston,  Lucinda 
Gee,  Anna 
Giles.  Thomas 
Gline,  Bradford  E. 
Golbert,  Rebecca 
Gott,  Hannah 
Craves,  Susanna 
Gray,  Martha  H. 
Green,  Abigail 
Greenwood,  Hannah 
Greenwood,  Jolni 
Grimes,  Harriet 
Gunnison,  VVm.  H. 


Hagermau,  Maria 

Hall,  Elizabeth 

Hall,  Ruth 
'  llalsey,  .^^lary 

llargan,  .lames 

Marker,  Mercy 
'  Harris,  Clara 

Harrison,  Mary 

Hakkison,  Wm.  H. 

Haskell,  Orinda 

Haskins,  Lvdia 

Hauyh,  Samuel 

Haven,  Langdon  II. 

Hawkins,  Mary  J. 

Havden,  William 

HaUbrd,  Abner 



Heath,  Frederic  A. 



Mason,  David 



?  Henry,  Jlary 



Matthews,  Chas.  E 



Henry,  Mary  R. 



Mavland,  Eliza  A. 



Herrick,  James 



3IcAllister,  Wm.  R. 



Herrick,  Lizzie  P. 






Higgiuson,  John 



.M.-Farlau(l.  Fran's  1 

'.  348 


Hildreth,  Sarah  D. 



Miller,  Joseph 



Hill,  Anna 



Milliken,  Anna 



Hill,  James 



Mitchell,  Mary 



Hill,  Sally 






Hill,  Scarborough 



Mixter,  Joshua 



Hills,  Lydia 



Moore,  George  D. 



Heel,  Barnabas 



Moore,  Hugh 



Holmes,  Laurana 





Holmes,  Mary 


Morris.  Sanniel 



Holmes,  Mary  C. 



Moulton,  Josepli  P. 



Hohvay,  Thomas  E. 



Moulton,  Jlehitable 



Hood,  Sarah  P. 



Moulton,  Olive  F. 



Howe,  Henry  W. 





Hoyt,  Mary  jane 



Murphy,  James  L. 



Huh,  Nelson  H. 



Hunt,Abby  Elizab'th  361 



Hunt,  Charles 


Newcomb,  Charles  L.  331 

Hunt,  John 



Newman.  John  W. 


Hunt,  John 



Nichols,  Mary 


Hunt,  John  G. 



Norton,  Elizabeth 



Huuttr,  Wm.  Nol)le 



Norwood,  Margaret 



Huston,  Miirtha  J. 



Huston,  Wni.  Hall 




Hutchinson,  Adeline  290 


'  OI)er,  Sarah  .T. 



'  Oliver,  Elizabeth 




Osgood,  Ebeuezer 


Irwin,  Elizabeth 


Irwin.  Jane 



Page,  Anna 




Page,  Mary  E. 



Jackson,  Mnrr  E. 



Palmer,  Mehitable 






Parker,  Grace 



JiMiUiiis,  II. .ratio 



Parker,  Sally 



Jeunison,  William 



Paterson,  Wm.  C. 



Johnson,  Charlotte 


Patterson,  James 



Johnson,  Elizabeth 



Pauley,  Jane 



Johnson,  Jesse 



Perkins,  Nancy 



Johnson, Lncretia  K 


Peters,  John  C. 



Jolinson,  Marg't  A. 



,  Philadelpliia 


Jones,  Juliette 



Phippen,  Lydia  (page  .30) 


Jordan,  Edwin  T. 



Pierce,   Benjamin 



Pike,  Clarissa 




Pike,  Hannah 



Keadv.  John  G. 


Plvmpton,  Maria 



Kettelle,  Samuel 


Pollard,  Catiiarine 



Kidder,  Ellon 





Kidder,  Sanniel 



Powell,  Susanna 





Powers,  Enoch 



Kingery,  Elizabeth 



I'ratt,  Jane  G. 



Kingsbury,  Daniel 
Kittrcdge,  Harriet  P 



Prentice,  Tkomas 



Kneeland,  Martha 




Randolph,  Pliebc 




Randolph,  Rebecca 



Lane,  Mary 





Langdon,  Elizabeth 



Rapaije,  Jane 


Lathrop.  Isaac 



Rednnui,  Allston  M. 



Lee,  Lydia 



P.eed,  (ieorge  \Y. 



Lepowitz,  Marie 



Reed,  Josi.ah  Thomas .821 


Lindall,  James 



Reed.  Priscilla 



Livermore,  Saraii  J. 



Reeder,  .leremiah 



Livingston,  Susan 




Locke,  Elizabeth 



Rice,  Martha  A. 



Locke,  James 



Richards,  James  B. 



Locke,  Josiali 


Richardson,  Hannah 



Lnekwood,  Mai-iauu. 


is  10 


Lunt,  Charles  F. 



Richardson,  Mary 



Luut,  Mary  Jaue 



Richardson,  Nancy 



Lutwyche,  Lawrence 



Richardson,  Nancy 



Richardson,  Pamelia  185 



Richardson,  Su'ianna 



Mallet,  Mary 


Richardson.  Tobias 



Marsh,  Joseph 





IMarshall,  JauU'S  B. 



Ricker,  Hannah 



Jlarsliall,  Mary  S. 



Ridgeley,  Elizabeth 



Marshall,  U.-l,ccca 


J{oberts, ■ 



Blurtin,  Saiah 


Rogers,  Charles 


Rogers,  Charles  E. 

Rogers,  William 
1710  Rose,  Elizabeth 
1700  ?  Ruggles,  Thomas 

Kussell,  Elizabeth 

1827    Sampson,  Alden 
1809    Saunders,  Rizpah 
1652    Savage,  Thomas 

Scott,  Carrie 
1840    Scott,  Frances 
1697    Scottow,  Joshua 
1846    Sedam,  Belinda 

Short,  John  Clevea 
1790  ?  Short,  Peyton 

Sliute,  Bettie 

Skinner,  Henry  B. 
1820    Smith,  Elizab.  Ann 

1852  Smith,  Horatio  A. 
1785    Smit!i,John 

1839    Smith,  Lydia  M. 
1803    Smith,  Martha 
1857    Smith,  Oscar 
1795    Snelling,  .Jonathan 
1836    Spaulding,  Sophia 

Spooner,  James 
1817    Spurrier,  Ruth 

Stanton,  Jacob  C. 

Staples,  Mary 
1715    Stevens,  Benjamin 

Stevens,  Solomon 
1779    Stevens,  Mary  Ann 

1853  Stevens,  Rebecca 
184-  Stoddard,  Almira 
1846    Stowell,  Abbie 

Stowell,  Abel 
Stowell,  i:ii/a  P. 








Stradcr,  Malilda 
Strong,  Eliza  T. 
Sutherland,  Mary 

Tarr,  Daniel  S.  815 

Tarr,  Olive  814 

Taylor,  James  W.  419 
Taylor,  Wm.  H.  H.  402 
Teel,  Josephine  G.  374 
Thompson,  .Tennie  B.  501 
Thompson,  William  135 
Thorne,  John  507 

Thornton,  J.  F.  H.  400 
Tidd,  Samuel  B.  272 

Tilford,  Edward  A.      038 
Tincher,  Joseph 
Todd,  Andrew 



Trowbridge,  Lydia 
Tufts,  Elias 
Tuley,  Sarah 
Tuthill,  Abigail 
Tuthill,  Anna 
Tuttle,  Rebecca 



Urann,  Prudence         1.30 
1652    Usher,  Hezekiah  6 

1860    Vinnedge,  JFary  H.     705 
1800    Vinton,  Josiah  812 



Wait,  Francis 


Wait,  Sarah  Lloyd 


Ward,  Wm.  R.  L. 



Washburn,  iMaryD. 



Watson,. I  oh  n 


Watson,  Rol)crt 






Wavne,  Pl-ebe  A. 





Webber,  Euth                SO 


Webster,  Sally             813 


Weld,  Edward               64 


Wellington,01iver  L.  360 
Wendell,  Sarah  (page  30) 



Weston,  Mary              258 

Weston,  Selina  A.       522 


Wevmouth,  Mary        387 


White,  Frederic           383 


Whitman,  Mary           253 

1850  ?  Wiley,  Almira  W.  640 

Wilkins,  Mary  A.  324 

1608    Willis,  Edward  10 

1830    \V  ilmuth,  Harriet  418 

1858    Wilson,  Sarah  E.  843 

AVithington,  Henry  345 

Woods,  Joseph  301 

180-    Woodward,  William  200 

1843    Wright,  Caroline  M.  347 

1780    Wright,  Elizabeth  100 

1851  Wright,  Emily  429 

1855  Wright,  William  W.  430 

Wyman,  Hannah  289 

1846  Wyman,  Joseph  282 

1811  Wyman,  Lydia  163 

179-  Wyman,  Martha  06 

1828  Wyman,  William  174 


1836  ?  Young,  Elizabeth 

lE^DEX    lY. 


The  figures  preceding  the  name  indicate  the  year  when  the  transaction  occurred,  in 
connection  with  which  the  individual  is  mentioned. 
The  figures  following  the  name  denote  the  Page  where  the  name  appears. 












Bacon,  John      23,  32,  42, 
43,  65 
Bacon,  Robert  32,  86 

Batchelor,  Rev.  Ste- 
phen 4 
Balcomb,  Henry           20 
Barnard,  Rev.  John     44 
Barnard,  Richard         20 
Barnard,  Rev.  Thos.     39 
Beecher,  Capt.  Tho- 
mas                    note,  30 
Belcher,  Andrew          47 
Blanchard,  David         82 
Blowers,  Rev.  Tho- 
mas                   note,  37 
Bond,  Joseph,   his 

crackers  87 

Boylston,  Richard 

note,  47 
Boylston,  Zabdiel  "  47 
Brackenbury  Family 

note,  30 
Brattle,  Thomas  38 

Brooks,  Ebenezer  61 
Brown,  John  19 

Brown,  Joseph  42,  54,  78 
Burbeck,  William  154 
Burnap,  Joseph  22 


Call,  Caleb  46 

Carter,  John  21 

Carter,  Rev.  Thomas  3 
Champney,  Richard 

7iote,  30 
Cheever,  Ezekiel  155 

Chickering,  Rev.  Jo- 
seph 79,  82 
Cleveland,  Rev.  Eben- 
ezer 105 
Convers,  Edward 

12,  22— note,  30 
Convers,  James  IS,  20 
Convers,  Josiah  note,  30 
Cotton,  Rev.  John 

3,  11, 17 
Coytmore,  Thomas  20 
Crane,  Maj.  John  154 
Cummings,  Daniel        80 

1717    Curwin,  Rev.  George 

note,  30 
Curwin,  Jonathan        45 

1764    Dana,  Richard  48 

1634    Danforth,  Nicholas       49 

DailU,  Rev.  I'ierre        74 



Fames,  Robert 
Eaton,  Charles 
Eliot,  Rev.  Andrew 
Emerson,  a  teacher 
Emerson,  Rev.  Jos. 
Everett,  Edward 

Fletcher,  Aaron  140 

Fletcher,  Benj.       69,  104 
Freeman,  William        60 


Gardiner,  Samuel  22 

Gee,  Rev.  Joslnia         43 
Giles,  Sir  Edward 

7iote,  101 
Graham,  Isabella  90 

Green,  Rev  Henry       17 
Greenwood,  J  ohn  70 

Gridley,  Col. Richard  153 
Gridley,  Scarborough 



Hall,  Capt.  Isaac  65 

Henry,  Col.  James  63,  89 
Higginson,  Rev.  Fran- 
cis note,  36 
Higginson,  Rev.  John 

Holmes,  Benjamin  M.  72 
Hosmer,Rev.  Stephen  44 

James,  Rev.  Thomas  4 
Johnson,  Edward  8 

Johnson.  Ezekiel, Levi  58 
Johnson,  Matthew  20,  21 
Johnson,  Reuel,  Lucy  58 

1642    Knowles,  Rev.  John  4, 1 J 


1672  Larkin,  John  20 

1774  Lee,  Judge  49 

1808  Lewis,  Matthew  G.     108 

1776  Livingsion,  William  61 

180-  Lockwood,  Benjamin  95 

1820  Loring,  Rev.  Bailey  44 

1634  Lothrop,  Rev.  John  3 

1725  Lovewell,  Capt.  John  39 

BIcBride,  Jamea  96 

1707     Blears,  Capt.  34 

1666    Miles,  Rev.  John  27 

1796    Blinot,  Jonas  103 

1084    Moody,  Rev.  Joshua    37 
1642    Mousal,  John       note,  30 

1601    Newman,  Rev.  Samuel  20 
1712    Noyes,  Oliver  35 

1642    No  well,  Increase     22,  32 
1730    Kowell,  Joseph    note,  17 


774    Oliver,  Thomas 
779    Osborne,  John 



Palfrey,  Peter  note,  102 
Palmer,  Henry  26 

Parker,  John  60 

Parker,  Rev.  Edw.  L.  60 
Parsons,  Samuel  H.  62 
Parsons,  Theoiiliilus  59 
Pearson, Rev  .Eliphalet  59 
Perkins,  Dr.  Cyrus 

106,  152 
Pierce,  Sylvester  G.  84 
Pike,  Rev.  John,  7iote,  37 
Putnam,  Gen.  Rufus 

62,  153 
Pynchon,  William        26 

17—    Quincy,  Daniel  29 

1737    Quincy,  Edmund,  note,  30 



1769  Keed,  Joseph  71 

1S20  Itichardsou,  Abel    56,  58 

1722  Kichardson,  James        32 

1726  Richardsou,  John         32 

1776  Ripley,  Rev.  Sylvanus  105 

1752  Rogers,  Rev.  Nathan '1  45 

1810  Russell,  Benjamiu  7-1,  lO'J 

16S8  Savage,  Ephraim  28 

1777  ScoUay,  Johu  73 

18—  Sims,  \Vm.  Gilraore      44 

1808  Skeffiugton,  Mr.  108 

1629  Skeltou,  Rev.  Samuel  36 

1870  Skilton,  John  68 

182-  Stackpole,  Charles        77 

1810  Stearus,  Luther  107 

170-  Stoddard,  Rev.  Solo'n    28 

1823  Sullivan,  Richard  56 

1823  Sullivau,  William         66 

ISO-  Tliacher,  Hon.  Geo.      60 

1854  Tolman,  Rev.  Richard  82 

1642  Tompson,Rev.Wm.4,.38 

1806  Torrey,  Samuel  107 

17—  Trowbridge,  Rev.  Caleb 

1640  TuthiU,  John  61 


1689    Usher,  John  25 

1787    Varnum,  James  M.       62 


1688    Wade,  Jonathan  18 

1725    Wadsworth,  Rev.  Ben- 

[jamin  49 
1712    Walker,  Israel  31 

16.32  Welde,  Rv.  Thomas  4,  16 
1675  Willard,  Simon  note,  48 
1674    Wilson,  Edward  17 

1630    Wilson,  Rev.  John     3,  5 
1776    Wright,  John  and  Phi- 
lemon 55 

INDEX    T. 

[D=  The  figures  denote  the  Page. 

Aberginians,  an  Indian  Tribe  31 

Abeij^jna  River  31,  32,  42,  43,  8b 

Allen,  Rev.  Thomas,  brief  notice  5,  11 

Alliance,  the  "  crack  ship  "of  the  Revolut'n  132 
Andover,  town  of,  opposed  to  the  Federal 

Constitution  59 

Andros,  Sir  Edmund,  his  tyrannical  pro- 
ceedings 1^ 


Baconville  57 

Baptists  in  Charlestown  10 

Bridgewater,  battle  of  '-*!> 

Bunker  Hill  battle  55,  102 

Byron,  Lord,  quotation  from  108 


Chelmsford,  deed  of,  quoted  18 

Chetry  Valley,  massacre  at  note,  141 

Christmas  Rhyme  1^5 

Concentric  spheres,  theory  of  % 

Continental  money,  depreciation  of  55,  1.33 

Cruelties  suffered  by  the  Nonconformists  2 


Danforth,  Samuel,  resigns  the  position  of 
Mandamus  Councillor  49 

Dialogue  Song  between  a  Citizen  and  a 
Returning  Soldier  141 

Elizabeth  Tudor,  her  arrogant  pretensions  ; 
makes  herself  Pope  of  England  1 

Fairfield,  Daniel,  not  the  Author  of  Mar- 
shall's Diary  note,  29 


Gaston,  Joseph,  suffers  for  patriotism     note,  122 
Graves,  Thomas,    Admiral,  of  Charlestown 
and  Woburn  note,  26 


"  Half-way  Covenant  " 
Harvard  College  founded 
Harvard,  Rev.  John,  of  Charlestown 
Hutchinson,  William  and  Aune 
Hutchinson,  Anne,  her  proceedings 




3,  24 


Inoculation  for  small-pox 

Johnson,  Edward,  eulogium  on  Mrs.  Symmes  8 

Knox,  Gen.  Henry,  Revolutionary  services   154 

Lafayette's  visit  to  the  United  States  72 

Lamb,  Major  John  ,  .   , „ 

"Land  of  Nod,"  where  H,  y,  18 

Locke  Genealogy  quoted  51,  .6 

Lovewell's  Fight  note,  39 

Lundy's  Lane,  battle  of  95 


Marriages,  how  solemnized   in  the    olden 

time  ,  .        note,  24 

Marshall,    John,    of   Braintree,    his    Diary 

quoted  -f^i  29 

Mason,  David,  Col.,  his  Revolutionary  ser- 
vices *J9,  153 
Mather,  Rev.  Samuel,  notice  of               note,  73 
"Mather  Church,"  Boston,  vain  search  for 

its  Records  note,  73 

Medford  enlarged  31 

Middlesex  Canal,  history  of  in  part  56 

Ministers  in  the  early  time,  how  ordained        3 

Nanepashemit,  an  Indian  Sachem  31 

Newspapers    in  Boston    previous   to    1800 

note,  74 
Nonconformists  in  England,  their  sufferings  2 
Norridgewock,  its  capture  note,  148 

Northwest,  its  settlement  begun  62,  152 

Ohio  Company  62,  152 

Oliver.  Andrew,  hung  in  effigy  71 

Ordination  in  early  times,  how  performed    3,  4 
'•  Our  Western  Empire  "  152 

Pedigrees  : 

Alden  Family 
Carver  Family 
Giles  Family 

■note,  70 
note,  104 
note,  101 



HALL  Family  note,    47 

Hall  Family  note,    68 

Jennison  Family  note,    67 

Marshall  Family  note,  131 

Snelling  Family  note,  106 

Vinton  Family  note,  147 

Pigwacket  Fight  note,    39 

Frichard,  Thomas,  his  brave  conduct  65 

Quakers,  their  disorderly  conduct  9,  10 


Rasle,  Sebastian,  his  death  note,  148 

Kevolutionary  scenes     55,  62,  69,  72,  102,  122, 
132,  153 
Kevolutionary  soldiers,  how  requited       55,  132 
Kich  Mountain,  battle  of  119 

Shepard,  Kev.  Thomas,  of  Charlestown  5 

Simes  Family  in  New  England  157  et  seq. 

Simes,  Miss  Sarah,  her  will  note,  18 

"Sons  of  Liberty,"  their  great  festival  in 
Dorchester,  1769  71 

Springfield,  Mass.,  chosen  as  a  site   for  a 

National  Armory  155 

Sullivan,  John  L.,  his  connection  with  the 

Middlesex  Canal  66,  58,  86 

"Symmes's  Corner  "  43,  65,  84,  86,  88,  93,  112, 
114,  122,  124 
Synimes'  Farm  11,  12,  86,  114 

Symmes's  Theory  of  Concentric  Spheres         96 
Symes  Family  in  Ireland  .  158,  159 

Symes,  Col.  Michael,  his  embassy  to  Ava      159 
Synod  of  1662  11 


Tabernacle  Church,  Salem  note,  .30 

Thacher,  George,  a  scene  in  Court  60 

Tories  of  the  Revolution,  their  ravages  note,  122 
note,  141 
Toi-rey,  Rev.  Samuel,  notice  of  21,  22,  23 


War  of  the  Rebellion,  services  in  117,  119,  120, 
127,  130,  135,  137,  138,  146 
Warner,  John,  his  statement  20 

Welde,  Kev.  Thomas,  his  arrival  4 

Woburn  settled  9, 11, 12